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Diagnosis of Acute Stroke - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2015 - Stroke can be categorized as ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, or subarachnoid hemorrhage. Awakening with or experiencing the abrupt onset of focal neurologic deficits is the hallmark of the diagnosis of ischemic stroke. The most common presenting symptoms of ischemic stroke ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p528.html

Hypertension - American Family Physician

Apr 6, 2015 - This collection features AFP content on hypertension and related issues, including pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies, and blood pressure monitoring and screening.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=12

Diabetes: Type 2 - American Family Physician

Mar 17, 2015 - This collection features AFP content on type 2 diabetes and related issues, including blood glucose levels, diabetic complications (such as ketoacidosis and neuropathy), glycemic control, insulin management, and gestational diabetes.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=7

Hyperlipidemia - American Family Physician

Aug 11, 2014 - This collection features AFP content on hyperlipidemia and related issues, including dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, kidney disease, lipid disorders, metabolic syndrome, statins, and triglyceride levels.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=13

Edema: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2013 - Edema is an accumulation of fluid in the interstitial space that occurs as the capillary filtration exceeds the limits of lymphatic drainage, producing noticeable clinical signs and symptoms. The rapid development of generalized pitting edema associated with systemic disease requires ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p102.html

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2015 - Abdominal aortic aneurysm refers to abdominal aortic dilation of 3.0 cm or greater. The main risk factors are age older than 65 years, male sex, and smoking history. Other risk factors include a family history of abdominal aortic aneurysm, coronary artery disease, hypertension, ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p538.html

Acute Kidney Injury: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Acute kidney injury is characterized by abrupt deterioration in kidney function, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine level with or without reduced urine output. The spectrum of injury ranges from mild to advanced, sometimes requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnostic ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p631.html

Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2014 - This collection features AFP content on urinary tract infections/dysuria and related issues, including asymptomatic bacteriuria, bladder infections, cystitis, painful bladder syndrome, pyelonephritis, urinalysis, and urine dipstick testing.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=30

Options for Women with Unintended Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2015 - Unintended pregnancy refers to unwanted, unplanned, or mistimed pregnancies. One-half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended, and family physicians are often asked to provide counseling, support, and resources for women with unintended pregnancies. Options include ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p544.html

Iron Deficiency Anemia: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2013 - Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional disorder worldwide and accounts for approximately one-half of anemia cases. The diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia is confirmed by the findings of low iron stores and a hemoglobin level two standard deviations below normal. Women should be...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0115/p98.html

Causes and Evaluation of Mildly Elevated Liver Transaminase Levels - American Family...

Nov 1, 2011 - Mild elevations in levels of the liver enzymes alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase are commonly discovered in asymptomatic patients in primary care. Evidence to guide the diagnostic workup is limited. If the history and physical examination do not suggest a cause, a stepwise...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1101/p1003.html

Updated Guidelines on Outpatient Anticoagulation - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2013 - The American College of Chest Physicians provides recommendations for the use of anticoagulant medications for several indications that are important in the primary care setting. Warfarin, a vitamin K antagonist, is recommended for the treatment of venous thromboembolism and for the ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p556.html

Diagnostic Imaging of Acute Abdominal Pain in Adults - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2015 - Acute abdominal pain is a common presentation in the outpatient setting and can represent conditions ranging from benign to life-threatening. If the patient history, physical examination, and laboratory testing do not identify an underlying cause of pain and if serious pathology remains...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p452.html

Evaluation and Management of Orthostatic Hypotension - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2011 - Orthostatic hypotension is defined as a decrease in systolic blood pressure of 20 mm Hg or a decrease in diastolic blood pressure of 10 mm Hg within three minutes of standing when compared with blood pressure from the sitting or supine position. It results from an inadequate physiologic...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p527.html

Preoperative Testing Before Noncardiac Surgery: Guidelines and Recommendations - ...

Mar 15, 2013 - Preoperative testing (e.g., chest radiography, electrocardiography, laboratory testing, urinalysis) is often performed before surgical procedures. These investigations can be helpful to stratify risk, direct anesthetic choices, and guide postoperative management, but often are obtained ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p414.html

Antibiotic Use in Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - Upper respiratory tract infections account for millions of visits to family physicians each year in the United States. Although warranted in some cases, antibiotics are greatly overused. This article outlines the guidelines and indications for appropriate antibiotic use for common upper...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/p817.html

When to Order Contrast-Enhanced CT - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2013 - Family physicians often must determine the most appropriate diagnostic tests to order for their patients. It is essential to know the types of contrast agents, their risks, contraindications, and common clinical scenarios in which contrast-enhanced computed tomography is appropriate. ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p312.html

Nocturnal Leg Cramps - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2012 - Up to 60 percent of adults report that they have had nocturnal leg cramps. The recurrent, painful tightening usually occurs in the calf muscles and can cause severe insomnia. The exact mechanism is unknown, but the cramps are probably caused by muscle fatigue and nerve dysfunction ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p350.html

Management of Acute Asthma Exacerbations - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2011 - Asthma exacerbations can be classified as mild, moderate, severe, or life threatening. Criteria for exacerbation severity are based on symptoms and physical examination parameters, as well as lung function and oxygen saturation. In patients with a peak expiratory flow of 50 to 79 ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p40.html

Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2013 - Diabetic ketoacidosis is characterized by a serum glucose level greater than 250 mg per dL, a pH less than 7.3, a serum bicarbonate level less than 18 mEq per L, an elevated serum ketone level, and dehydration. Insulin deficiency is the main precipitating factor. Diabetic ketoacidosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p337.html

Diagnosis and Management of Genital Ulcers - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2012 - Herpes simplex virus infection and syphilis are the most common causes of genital ulcers in the United States. Other infectious causes include chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale (donovanosis), secondary bacterial infections, and fungi. Noninfectious etiologies, ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p254.html

Upper Respiratory Tract Infections - American Family Physician

Apr 6, 2015 - This collection features AFP content on upper respiratory tract infections and related issues, including acute bronchitis, acute rhinosinusitis, bronchiolitis, common cold, croup, pharyngitis, rhinosinusitis, streptococcal pharyngitis, and strep throat.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=29

Inguinal Hernias: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2013 - Inguinal hernias are one of the most common reasons a primary care patient may need referral for surgical intervention. The history and physical examination are usually sufficient to make the diagnosis. Symptomatic patients often have groin pain, which can sometimes be severe. Inguinal ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p844.html

Stress Fractures: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2011 - Stress fractures are common injuries in athletes and military recruits. These injuries occur more commonly in lower extremities than in upper extremities. Stress fractures should be considered in patients who present with tenderness or edema after a recent increase in activity or ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p39.html

Diagnosis and Management of Sodium Disorders: Hyponatremia and Hypernatremia - ...

Mar 1, 2015 - Hyponatremia and hypernatremia are common findings in the inpatient and outpatient settings. Sodium disorders are associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Plasma osmolality plays a critical role in the pathophysiology and treatment of sodium disorders. Hyponatremia ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p299.html

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