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Behavioral Disorders in Dementia: Appropriate Nondrug Interventions and Antipsychotic ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia pose management challenges for caregivers and clinicians. Firstline nonpharmacologic treatments include eliminating physical and emotional stressors, modifying the patient’s environment, and establishing daily routines. Family members ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p276.html

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Primary Care Approach to Diagnosis and Management - ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that affects many systems, including the skin, musculoskeletal, renal, neuropsychiatric, hematologic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, and reproductive systems. Family physicians should be familiar with the manifestations of lupus to aid ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p284.html

Failure to Thrive: A Practical Guide - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2016 - Children with very low weight for age or height and those who do not maintain an appropriate growth pattern may have failure to thrive (FTT), also known as weight faltering. If confirmed by repeated valid measurements, FTT should prompt a search for causes of undernutrition, including ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p295.html

Diagnosis and Management of Sodium Disorders: Hyponatremia and Hypernatremia - American...

Mar 1, 2015 - Hyponatremia and hypernatremia are common findings in the inpatient and outpatient settings. Sodium disorders are associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Plasma osmolality plays a critical role in the pathophysiology and treatment of sodium disorders. Hyponatremia ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p299.html

Evaluation of Patients with Leukocytosis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2015 - An elevated white blood cell count has many potential etiologies, including malignant and nonmalignant causes. It is important to use age- and pregnancy-specific normal ranges for the white blood cell count. A repeat complete blood count with peripheral smear may provide helpful ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1004.html

Treating Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: An Update - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy occurs in approximately 25% of patients with diabetes mellitus who are treated in the office setting and significantly affects quality of life. It typically causes burning pain, paresthesias, and numbness in a stocking-glove pattern that progresses...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p227.html

Diabetes: Type 2 - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - This collection features AFP content on type 2 diabetes and related issues, including blood glucose levels, diabetic complications (such as ketoacidosis and neuropathy), glycemic control, insulin management, and gestational diabetes.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=7

A Stepwise Approach to the Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests - American Family...

Mar 1, 2014 - Office-based pulmonary function testing, also known as spirometry, is a powerful tool for primary care physicians to diagnose and manage respiratory problems. An obstructive defect is indicated by a low forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) ratio, which...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p359.html

Hypertension - American Family Physician

May 15, 2016 - This collection features AFP content on hypertension and related issues, including pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies, and blood pressure monitoring and screening.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=12

Dog and Cat Bites - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Animal bites account for 1% of all emergency department visits in the United States and more than $50 million in health care costs per year. Most animal bites are from a dog, usually one known to the victim. Most dog bite victims are children. Bite wounds should be cleaned, copiously ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p239.html

Current Concepts in Adult Acute Rhinosinusitis - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - Acute rhinosinusitis is one of the most common conditions that physicians treat in ambulatory care. Most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by viral upper respiratory infections. A meta-analysis based on individual patient data found that common clinical signs and symptoms were ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p97.html

Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2016 - This collection features AFP content on urinary tract infections/dysuria and related issues, including asymptomatic bacteriuria, bladder infections, cystitis, painful bladder syndrome, pyelonephritis, urinalysis, and urine dipstick testing.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=30

Vision Loss in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Vision loss affects 37 million Americans older than 50 years and one in four who are older than 80 years. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for impaired visual acuity in adults...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p219.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrinopathy among reproductive-aged women in the United States, affecting approximately 7% of female patients. Although the pathophysiology of the syndrome is complex and there is no single defect from which it is known to result, it is ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p106.html

Premenstrual Syndrome and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Premenstrual disorders affect up to 12% of women. The subspecialties of psychiatry and gynecology have developed overlapping but distinct diagnoses that qualify as a premenstrual disorder; these include premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. These conditions ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p236.html

Common Questions About Streptococcal Pharyngitis - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) infection causes 15% to 30% of sore throats in children and 5% to 15% in adults, and is more common in the late winter and early spring. The strongest independent predictors of GABHS pharyngitis are patient age of five to 15 years, absence of...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p24.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Hip Pain - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2014 - Hip pain is a common and disabling condition that affects patients of all ages. The differential diagnosis of hip pain is broad, presenting a diagnostic challenge. Patients often express that their hip pain is localized to one of three anatomic regions: the anterior hip and groin, the ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0101/p27.html

Edema: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2013 - Edema is an accumulation of fluid in the interstitial space that occurs as the capillary filtration exceeds the limits of lymphatic drainage, producing noticeable clinical signs and symptoms. The rapid development of generalized pitting edema associated with systemic disease requires ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p102.html

When to Order Contrast-Enhanced CT - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2013 - Family physicians often must determine the most appropriate diagnostic tests to order for their patients. It is essential to know the types of contrast agents, their risks, contraindications, and common clinical scenarios in which contrast-enhanced computed tomography is appropriate. ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p312.html

Evaluation of Neck Masses in Adults - American Family Physician

May 15, 2015 - Neck masses are often seen in clinical practice, and the family physician should be able to determine the etiology of a mass using organized, efficient diagnostic methods. The first goal is to determine if the mass is malignant or benign; malignancies are more common in adult smokers ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p698.html

Hyperlipidemia - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2016 - This collection features AFP content on hyperlipidemia and related issues, including dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, kidney disease, lipid disorders, metabolic syndrome, statins, and triglyceride levels.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=13

Upper Respiratory Tract Infections - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - This collection features AFP content on upper respiratory tract infections and related issues, including acute bronchitis, acute rhinosinusitis, bronchiolitis, common cold, croup, pharyngitis, rhinosinusitis, streptococcal pharyngitis, and strep throat.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=29

Diagnosis and Management of Tinea Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2014 - Tinea infections are caused by dermatophytes and are classified by the involved site. The most common infections in prepubertal children are tinea corporis and tinea capitis, whereas adolescents and adults are more likely to develop tinea cruris, tinea pedis, and tinea unguium ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1115/p702.html

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - This collection features AFP content on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and related issues, including acute and chronic COPD, spirometry, pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, corticosteriods, and pulmonary complications.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

http://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=32

Updated Guidelines on Outpatient Anticoagulation - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2013 - The American College of Chest Physicians provides recommendations for the use of anticoagulant medications for several indications that are important in the primary care setting. Warfarin, a vitamin K antagonist, is recommended for the treatment of venous thromboembolism and for the ...

American Family Physician : Article

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p556.html

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