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PERTUSSIS

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CDC Releases Best Practices for the Use of PCR Testing for Diagnosing Pertussis - ...

Nov 15, 2011 - Diagnosing pertussis in the early stages can be difficult, because early signs and symptoms are often nonspecific. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing, a technique used to detect DNA sequences specific for Bordetella pertussis, is used for diagnosis; however, results should be ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1176.html

CDC Releases Guidelines on Antimicrobial Agents for the Treatment and Postexposure ...

Jul 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released guidelines on antimicrobial agents for the treatment and postexposure prophylaxis of pertussis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p333.html

Cesarean Delivery: Counseling Issues and Complication Management

Date xx, xxxx Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p178.pdf

Cesarean Delivery: Counseling Issues and Complication Management - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2015 - Nearly one-third of all deliveries in the United States are cesarean deliveries. Compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions that decrease the chance of a cesarean delivery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p178.html

Choosing Wisely: Avoid prescribing antibiotics for upper respiratory infections. - ...

Avoid prescribing antibiotics for upper respiratory infections.

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/viewRecommendation.htm?recommendationId=254

Choosing Wisely: More Good Clinical Recommendations - American Family Physician

Choosing Wisely: More Good Clinical Recommendations to Improve Health Care Quality and Reduce Harm

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/search.htm

choosing-wisely-table.pdf

...pertussis (whooping cough) should be treated with antibiotic therapy. Symptomatic treatment for upper respiratory infections should be directed to maximize relief of the most prominent symptom(s). It is important that health care providers have a dialogue with their...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/journals/afp/choosing-wisely-table.pdf

Chronic Cough: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2017 - Although chronic cough in adults (cough lasting longer than eight weeks) can be caused by many etiologies, four conditions account for most cases: upper airway cough syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux disease/laryngopharyngeal reflux disease, asthma, and nonasthmatic eosinophilic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/p575.html

Chronic Diarrhea - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - ...Previous: CDC Releases Best Practices for the Use of PCR Testing for Diagnosing Pertussis Next: Caring for Older Family Members with Depression View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 84/No. 10(November 15, 2011) / Chronic Diarrhea...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1133.html

Clinical Briefs - Aug 15, 2002 - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - ...Supplies of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine, and measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine in the United States have become sufficient to permit the resumption of the routine schedule for DTaP and MMR use as recommended by the Advisory Committee...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p690.html

Clinical Briefs - Jul 1, 2000 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2000 - ...influenzae type b vaccine and one dose of measles-containing vaccine. Coverage with four doses of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine/diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and three doses of hepatitis B vaccine was the highest ever reported (84 and 87 percent,...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0701/p241.html

Clinical Briefs - Sep 15, 2002 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2002 - ...Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP) No2 Tetanus and Diphtheria Toxoids (Td) No Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)1 See note3 Inactivated Polio (IPV) No Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) No2 Varicella No Pneumococcal...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0915/p1110.html

Colonic Diverticular Disease - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - What are the effects of treatments for uncomplicated diverticular disease and what treatments prevent complications? What are the effects of treatments for acute diverticulitis?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1163.html

Common Eye Emergencies - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2013 - Ocular emergencies such as retinal detachments, mechanical globe injuries, and chemical injuries can cause permanent vision loss if they are not recognized and treated promptly. Family physicians should be familiar with the signs and symptoms associated with each condition, and be able ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p515.html

Common Questions About Wound Care

Date xx, xxxx Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p86.pdf

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children

...of age.8,35-37 Children should also be vaccinated against other potential causes of pneumonia, including influenza, H. influenzae type b, pertussis, varicella, and measles. Data Sources: PubMed Clinical Queries was searched using the key terms community acquired pneumonia,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p661.pdf

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Community-acquired pneumonia is a potentially serious infection in children and often results in hospitalization. The diagnosis can be based on the history and physical examination results in children with fever plus respiratory signs and symptoms. Chest radiography and rapid viral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p661.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2004 - Community-acquired pneumonia is one of the most common serious infections in children, with an annual incidence of 34 to 40 cases per 1,000 children in Europe and North America. When diagnosing community-acquired pneumonia, physicians should rely mainly on the patient's history and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p899.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children - American Family Physician

...of CAP in older children and adolescents.10,11 Pertussis should be considered in all children with CAP, especially if immunizations are not current. Mycobacterium tubercu- losis also may cause CAP in children at risk for exposure. Coinfection with two or more microbial agents is...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p899.pdf

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2015 - ...and pertussis vaccine. The article should have stated that there is a small but real association between febrile seizures and concurrent administration of influenza plus pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine and/or diphtheria and tetanus toxoids, and acellular pertussis (DTaP)...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p353.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - ...toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination in pregnant women. The article Recommendations for Preconception Counseling and Care (p. 499) contained an error in the second column (Recommendations) of the second to last row (Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis) of Table 2 (p. 501)....

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p316a.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - ...was used for pertussis vaccine administered at the same time as diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. The correct abbreviation is DTaP. The text should read as follows: When administered at the same time as diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) at a...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p799a.html

Cough: Diagnosis and Management - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - On a typical day, a family physician will see at least one patient presenting with cough. Information on the diagnosis and management of coughs is available from the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p567.html

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Bronchitis - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - Acute bronchitis is one of the top 10 conditions for which patients seek medical care. Physicians show considerable variability in describing the signs and symptoms necessary to its diagnosis. Because acute bronchitis most often has a viral cause, symptomatic treatment with protussives,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2039.html

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Bronchitis -- American Family Physician

...Bacteria: Bordatella pertussis, Bordatella parapertussis, Branhamella catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, atypical bacteria (e.g., Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Legionella species) Yeast and fungi: Blastomyces dermatitidis, Candida...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2039.pdf

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis

...more than 90 percent of acute bronchitis infections. Antibiotics are gener- ally not indicated for bronchitis, and should be used only if pertussis is suspected to reduce transmission or if the patient is at increased risk of developing pneumonia (e.g., patients 65 years or older)....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1345.pdf

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2010 - Cough is the most common symptom bringing patients to the primary care physician’s office, and acute bronchitis is usually the diagnosis in these patients. Acute bronchitis should be differentiated from other common diagnoses, such as pneumonia and asthma, because these conditions may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1345.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Pyelonephritis in Women - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2011 - Acute pyelonephritis is a common bacterial infection of the renal pelvis and kidney most often seen in young adult women. History and physical examination are the most useful tools for diagnosis. Most patients have fever, although it may be absent early in the illness. Flank pain is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p519.html

Diuretics for Treatment of Patients with Heart Failure? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2006 - Compared with other active medications, diuretics can improve exercise capacity in patients with heart failure by about 30 percent. Withdrawal of diuretic therapy from patients with heart failure may increase the risk of hospital readmission or death. About eight deaths are prevented ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p411.html

Dog and Cat Bites - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Animal bites account for 1% of all emergency department visits in the United States and more than $50 million in health care costs per year. Most animal bites are from a dog, usually one known to the victim. Most dog bite victims are children. Bite wounds should be cleaned, copiously ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p239.html

Dog and Cat Bites<FEFF>

...Prevention. Preventing tetanus, diphtheria, and pertus- sis among adults: use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and recommendation of ACIP, supported by the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p239.pdf

Essentials of Skin Laceration Repair - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - Skin laceration repair is an important skill in family medicine. Sutures, tissue adhesives, staples, and skin-closure tapes are options in the outpatient setting. Physicians should be familiar with various suturing techniques, including simple, running, and half-buried mattress (corner)...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/p945.html

Evaluation and Management of Apparent Life-Threatening Events in Children - American ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Apparent life-threatening event syndrome predominantly affects children younger than one year. This syndrome is characterized by a frightening constellation of symptoms in which the child exhibits some combination of apnea, change in color, change in muscle tone, coughing, or gagging. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2301.html

Evaluation and Management of Apparent Life-Threatening Events in Children - American ...

...Recommended diagnostic tests with high yield include complete blood count, serum bicarbonate and lactate, urinalysis, chest radiography, pertussis and respiratory syncytial virus samples, and gastroesophageal reflux disease investigations. C 4 Home monitoring is recommended...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2301.pdf

Evaluation of Apparent Life-threatening Events in Infants - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries -...

Jul 1, 2007 - A comprehensive, detailed history and physical examination with pulse oximetry and nondilated funduscopy (to look for traumatic retinal hemorrhage) helps to determine the underlying etiology of an ALTE in 70 percent of infants.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p124.html

Evaluation of Patients with Leukocytosis

...per L]) can occur in patients with pertussis, syphilis, viral infections, hypersensitivity reactions, and certain subtypes of leukemia or lymphoma. Lymphocytosis is more likely to be benign in children than in adults.4 Epstein-Barr virus infection, tuberculosis or fungal disease,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1004.pdf

Evaluation of Patients with Leukocytosis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2015 - An elevated white blood cell count has many potential etiologies, including malignant and nonmalignant causes. It is important to use age- and pregnancy-specific normal ranges for the white blood cell count. A repeat complete blood count with peripheral smear may provide helpful ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1004.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough

...that is accom- panied by an inspiratory whooping sound (in young children), coughing paroxysms, or post-tussive emesis.3 The incidence of pertussis has been increasing since 2007. Booster immunizations should be administered to persons 18 to 64 years of age and to those 65 years...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p887.pdf

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - Initial evaluation of the patient with chronic cough (i.e., of more than eight weeks’ duration) should include a focused history and physical examination, and in most patients, chest radiography. Patients who are taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor should switch to a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p887.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - Patients with chronic cough should avoid exposure to irritants that can trigger cough, and those who smoke should stop smoking. Patients who develop chronic cough in association with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy should be switched to an agent from another drug class. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2159.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

...after an infection (i.e., upper respiratory tract infec- tion not accompanied by pneumonia).2,3 Subacute cough resolves without treatment. Pertussis may be acute or subacute.2 Chronic cough can have many causes, but only a few diseases account for most cases2,4 (Table 1).1,2,5-7...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2159.pdf

Family Physicians and Immunizations - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - ...Substituting tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine for one dose of the 10-year Td booster through age 64. Using alternative vaccination strategies if needed to ensure that high-risk adults are immunized against hepatitis B. Given the...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2027.html

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis

...toxoids and whole-cell pertussis (DTP); and measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR).13-15 A Cochrane review and a review of 530,000 chil- dren receiving the MMR vaccine showed that the risk of febrile seizures increased only dur- ing the first two weeks after vaccination, was small (an...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p149.pdf

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2019 - A febrile seizure is a seizure occurring in a child six months to five years of age that is accompanied by a fever (100.4°F or greater) without central nervous system infection. Febrile seizures are classified as simple or complex. A complex seizure lasts 15 minutes or more, is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p445.html

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2012 - Febrile seizures are common in the first five years of life, and many factors that increase seizure risk have been identified. Initial evaluation should determine whether features of a complex seizure are present and identify the source of fever. Routine blood tests, neuroimaging, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p149.html

FPIN's Help Desk Answers Department Collection - American Family Physician

Help Desk Answers from the Family Physicians Inquiries Network (FPIN) provide short, concise, evidence-based answers to clinical questions common in family medicine. The answers include a summary of the evidence and commentary that puts the answers into perspective.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=114

FPIN's Help Desk Answers Department Collection - American Family Physician

Help Desk Answers from the Family Physicians Inquiries Network (FPIN) provide short, concise, evidence-based answers to clinical questions common in family medicine. The answers include a summary of the evidence and commentary that puts the answers into perspective.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=114&page=0

GERD Treatment for Chronic Nonspecific Cough in Children and Adults

...Cochrane Briefs Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children Clinical Question Are acellular vaccines as safe and effective as whole-cell vaccines for preventing pertussis (whooping cough) in children? Evidence-Based Answer Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acel-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p504.pdf

GERD Treatment for Chronic Nonspecific Cough in Children and Adults

...Cochrane Briefs Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children Clinical Question Are acellular vaccines as safe and effective as whole-cell vaccines for preventing pertussis (whooping cough) in children? Evidence-Based Answer Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acel-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p502.pdf

GERD Treatment for Chronic Nonspecific Cough in Children and Adults - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Acid suppressants or prokinetic agents should not be used to treat chronic nonspecific cough in infants or children. There is insufficient evidence to support or discourage use of these agents to treat chronic non-specific cough in adults, even in those with a history of GERD.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p502.html

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