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Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis

...more than 90 percent of acute bronchitis infections. Antibiotics are gener- ally not indicated for bronchitis, and should be used only if pertussis is suspected to reduce transmission or if the patient is at increased risk of developing pneumonia (e.g., patients 65 years or older)....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1345.pdf

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2010 - Cough is the most common symptom bringing patients to the primary care physician’s office, and acute bronchitis is usually the diagnosis in these patients. Acute bronchitis should be differentiated from other common diagnoses, such as pneumonia and asthma, because these conditions may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1345.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Pyelonephritis in Women - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2011 - Acute pyelonephritis is a common bacterial infection of the renal pelvis and kidney most often seen in young adult women. History and physical examination are the most useful tools for diagnosis. Most patients have fever, although it may be absent early in the illness. Flank pain is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p519.html

Diuretics for Treatment of Patients with Heart Failure? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2006 - Compared with other active medications, diuretics can improve exercise capacity in patients with heart failure by about 30 percent. Withdrawal of diuretic therapy from patients with heart failure may increase the risk of hospital readmission or death. About eight deaths are prevented ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p411.html

Dog and Cat Bites - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Animal bites account for 1% of all emergency department visits in the United States and more than $50 million in health care costs per year. Most animal bites are from a dog, usually one known to the victim. Most dog bite victims are children. Bite wounds should be cleaned, copiously ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p239.html

Dog and Cat Bites<FEFF>

...Prevention. Preventing tetanus, diphtheria, and pertus- sis among adults: use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and recommendation of ACIP, supported by the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p239.pdf

Essentials of Skin Laceration Repair - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - Skin laceration repair is an important skill in family medicine. Sutures, tissue adhesives, staples, and skin-closure tapes are options in the outpatient setting. Physicians should be familiar with various suturing techniques, including simple, running, and half-buried mattress (corner)...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/p945.html

Evaluation and Management of Apparent Life-Threatening Events in Children - American ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Apparent life-threatening event syndrome predominantly affects children younger than one year. This syndrome is characterized by a frightening constellation of symptoms in which the child exhibits some combination of apnea, change in color, change in muscle tone, coughing, or gagging. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2301.html

Evaluation and Management of Apparent Life-Threatening Events in Children - American ...

...Recommended diagnostic tests with high yield include complete blood count, serum bicarbonate and lactate, urinalysis, chest radiography, pertussis and respiratory syncytial virus samples, and gastroesophageal reflux disease investigations. C 4 Home monitoring is recommended...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2301.pdf

Evaluation of Apparent Life-threatening Events in Infants - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries -...

Jul 1, 2007 - A comprehensive, detailed history and physical examination with pulse oximetry and nondilated funduscopy (to look for traumatic retinal hemorrhage) helps to determine the underlying etiology of an ALTE in 70 percent of infants.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p124.html

Evaluation of Patients with Leukocytosis

...per L]) can occur in patients with pertussis, syphilis, viral infections, hypersensitivity reactions, and certain subtypes of leukemia or lymphoma. Lymphocytosis is more likely to be benign in children than in adults.4 Epstein-Barr virus infection, tuberculosis or fungal disease,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1004.pdf

Evaluation of Patients with Leukocytosis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2015 - An elevated white blood cell count has many potential etiologies, including malignant and nonmalignant causes. It is important to use age- and pregnancy-specific normal ranges for the white blood cell count. A repeat complete blood count with peripheral smear may provide helpful ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1004.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough

...that is accom- panied by an inspiratory whooping sound (in young children), coughing paroxysms, or post-tussive emesis.3 The incidence of pertussis has been increasing since 2007. Booster immunizations should be administered to persons 18 to 64 years of age and to those 65 years...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p887.pdf

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - Initial evaluation of the patient with chronic cough (i.e., of more than eight weeks’ duration) should include a focused history and physical examination, and in most patients, chest radiography. Patients who are taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor should switch to a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p887.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - Patients with chronic cough should avoid exposure to irritants that can trigger cough, and those who smoke should stop smoking. Patients who develop chronic cough in association with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy should be switched to an agent from another drug class. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2159.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

...after an infection (i.e., upper respiratory tract infec- tion not accompanied by pneumonia).2,3 Subacute cough resolves without treatment. Pertussis may be acute or subacute.2 Chronic cough can have many causes, but only a few diseases account for most cases2,4 (Table 1).1,2,5-7...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2159.pdf

Family Physicians and Immunizations - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - ...Substituting tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine for one dose of the 10-year Td booster through age 64. Using alternative vaccination strategies if needed to ensure that high-risk adults are immunized against hepatitis B. Given the...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2027.html

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis

...toxoids and whole-cell pertussis (DTP); and measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR).13-15 A Cochrane review and a review of 530,000 chil- dren receiving the MMR vaccine showed that the risk of febrile seizures increased only dur- ing the first two weeks after vaccination, was small (an...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p149.pdf

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2019 - A febrile seizure is a seizure occurring in a child six months to five years of age that is accompanied by a fever (100.4°F or greater) without central nervous system infection. Febrile seizures are classified as simple or complex. A complex seizure lasts 15 minutes or more, is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p445.html

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2012 - Febrile seizures are common in the first five years of life, and many factors that increase seizure risk have been identified. Initial evaluation should determine whether features of a complex seizure are present and identify the source of fever. Routine blood tests, neuroimaging, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p149.html

FPIN's Help Desk Answers Department Collection - American Family Physician

Help Desk Answers from the Family Physicians Inquiries Network (FPIN) provide short, concise, evidence-based answers to clinical questions common in family medicine. The answers include a summary of the evidence and commentary that puts the answers into perspective.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=114

FPIN's Help Desk Answers Department Collection - American Family Physician

Help Desk Answers from the Family Physicians Inquiries Network (FPIN) provide short, concise, evidence-based answers to clinical questions common in family medicine. The answers include a summary of the evidence and commentary that puts the answers into perspective.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=114&page=0

GERD Treatment for Chronic Nonspecific Cough in Children and Adults

...Cochrane Briefs Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children Clinical Question Are acellular vaccines as safe and effective as whole-cell vaccines for preventing pertussis (whooping cough) in children? Evidence-Based Answer Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acel-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p504.pdf

GERD Treatment for Chronic Nonspecific Cough in Children and Adults

...Cochrane Briefs Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children Clinical Question Are acellular vaccines as safe and effective as whole-cell vaccines for preventing pertussis (whooping cough) in children? Evidence-Based Answer Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acel-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p502.pdf

GERD Treatment for Chronic Nonspecific Cough in Children and Adults - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Acid suppressants or prokinetic agents should not be used to treat chronic nonspecific cough in infants or children. There is insufficient evidence to support or discourage use of these agents to treat chronic non-specific cough in adults, even in those with a history of GERD.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p502.html

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