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Practice Guidelines

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Effects of Altered Dietary Salt Intake in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease - ...

Apr 1, 2017 - Reducing salt intake lowers blood pressure and reduces proteinuria in patients with CKD, but there is no evidence to determine whether lowering salt consumption leads to clinically significant reductions in end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular events, or all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p423.html

NAMS Releases Position Statement on the Treatment of Vasomotor Symptoms Associated with...

Jul 15, 2004 - The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) has released an evidence-based position statement on the treatment of vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause to provide recommendations on the most effective treatments.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p393.html

Screening for Breast Cancer: Current Recommendations and Future Directions - American ...

Jun 1, 2007 - Breast cancer is one of the most significant health concerns in the United States. Recent reviews have questioned the value of traditional breast cancer screening methods. Breast self-examination has been shown not to improve cancer-specific or all-cause mortality in large studies, but ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1660.html

Common Hyperpigmentation Disorders in Adults: Part I. Diagnostic Approach, Cafe au Lait...

Nov 15, 2003 - The cause of hyperpigmentation usually is traced to the activity and presence of melanocytes. Cafe au lait macules may be solitary benign findings or may indicate the presence of neurofibromatosis with its associated complications. Diffuse hyperpigmentation should prompt a search for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/p1955.html

Screening for Breast Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - S.O. is a 47-year-old woman who presents to your office for a well-woman visit. She is healthy, takes no medications, and has no health concerns. She has never been diagnosed with breast cancer, nor have any of her first-degree relatives. Her digital mammography two years ago was ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p143.html

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Fibromyalgia - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2016 - SSRIs may have a small to moderate effect on pain (number needed to treat [NNT] = 10), global improvement (NNT = 7), and depression (NNT = 13) in patients with fibromyalgia, but the quality of evidence is very low because of bias and small studies. SSRIs do not reduce fatigue related to...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/p548.html

Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, ...

May 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)–approved pharmacotherapy for cessation to adults who use tobacco.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/od1.html

The 2004 Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Dec 15, 2003 - The Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule, United States, 2003–2004 is now available, as cooperation continues between the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2453.html

Using the CDC Guideline and Tools for Opioid Prescribing in Patients with Chronic Pain ...

Jun 15, 2016 - The new CDC guideline is intended to help clinicians decide whether and how to prescribe opioids for chronic pain; offer safer, more effective care for patients with chronic pain; improve clinician-patient communication; and prevent opioid use disorder and opioid-related overdose.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p970.html

Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in Women - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the primary cause of death in women for almost a century, and more women than men have died of CVD every year since 1984. Although CVD incidence can be reduced by adherence to a heart-healthy lifestyle and detection and treatment of major risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1331.html

Counseling Women About Breast Cancer Screening - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2016 - Practical strategies can help family physicians and women in their 40s make more informed decisions about breast cancer screening.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0415/p652.html

Eating Less Meat: A Healthy and Environmentally Responsible Dietary Choice - Editorials...

Mar 15, 2016 - What should physicians tell their patients about eating meat?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p451.html

Selecting Medications for the Treatment of Urinary Incontinence - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2005 - In response to the growing population of older patients with incontinence, pharmaceutical companies are developing new drugs to treat the condition. Before prescribing medications for incontinence, however, physicians should determine the nature and cause of the patient's incontinence. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p315.html

More Nuanced Guidelines for Lipid Lowering to Prevent CVD - POEMs - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2016 - The authors of this guideline give a more nuanced and less aggressive approach to lipid lowering than other groups. For the primary prevention of CVD, check blood pressure and lipids (nonfasting is fine) to calculate the 10-year CVD risk. If greater than 12%, treat; if 12% or less, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p59.html

ACS Updates Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cervical Neoplasia and Cancer - ...

May 1, 2003 - Guidelines for the early detection of cervical neoplasia and cancer are available from the American Cancer Society (ACS). The ACS recommends that cervical cancer screening begin approximately three years after the onset of vaginal intercourse or no later than 21 years of age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0501/p2011.html

The Epley Maneuver for Treatment of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo - Cochrane for...

Aug 1, 2015 - Treatment with the Epley maneuver resolves benign paroxysmal positional vertigo better than sham therapy or control. Minor adverse effects are uncommon.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p184.html

Care of a Transgender Adolescent - Curbside Consultation - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2015 - Although the actual number may be higher, research estimates that approximately 700,000 Americans are transgender. Many in this population have inadequate insurance to cover appropriate health care. Primary care clinicians treat transgender patients in their practices, and although not ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0715/p142.html

Walking Program Effective for Chronic Low Back Pain - POEMs - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2015 - Giving patients a pedometer, a walking diary, and instructions to walk at least four days per week, then gradually increase the walk's duration and intensity (see synopsis) results in improvement in pain and disability similar to usual physical therapy or a group exercise program.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p230.html

The 2003 Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Dec 15, 2002 - The 2003 Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule provides age-based recommendations for routine vaccinations in a color-coded chart. In addition, it summarizes the recommendations and some contraindications of eight vaccines for adults with various medical conditions.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2329.html

Should Family Physicians Screen for Testosterone Deficiency in Men? Yes: Screening for ...

Feb 15, 2015 - With the possible exception of patients with cardiovascular disease, testosterone replacement therapy remains a potentially beneficial option in improving health-related quality of life in men.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p220.html

JNC 8: Relaxing the Standards - Editorials - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2014 - The Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) recently issued the most anticipated hypertension guideline in some time. The most significant change in the JNC 8 guideline is relaxation of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure goals for adults 60 years and older. As a result of the new...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/p449.html

Buprenorphine Maintenance vs. Methadone Maintenance or Placebo for Opioid Use Disorder ...

Feb 1, 2015 - At dosages greater than 2 mg per day, buprenorphine maintains treatment retention better than placebo. When flexible dosing (doses adjusted based on patient symptoms) is used, the effectiveness of buprenorphine is comparable to that of methadone in suppressing opioid use.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p165.html

Diagnosing and Managing Acute Heart Failure Guidelines: NICE - POEMs - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2015 - There is not much new in these guidelines except some caveats on what not to do. Diagnose new acute heart failure with a natriuretic peptide measurement and, if the level is high, follow with transthoracic echocardiography. Do not routinely treat with opiates, nitrates, inotropes, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p260.html

AUA and ASRM Produce Recommendations for Male Infertility - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 15, 2002 - The American Urological Association, Inc. (AUA) and the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) have collaborated to produce recommendations intended to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2589.html

Safety of Long-Acting Beta Agonists in Adults with Asthma - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2014 - LABAs appear to be safe when used with inhaled corticosteroids. LABA monotherapy is associated with an increase in asthma-related mortality and nonfatal serious adverse events, but not in all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/p453.html

Should Family Physicians Follow the New ACC/AHA Cholesterol Treatment Guideline? Yes: ...

Aug 15, 2014 - The recommendations appropriately focus treatment on those most likely to benefit.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p212.html

Topiramate for the Prophylaxis of Episodic Migraine in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Jul 1, 2014 - Topiramate in a dosage of 100 mg per day is effective for decreasing the frequency of headaches in adults with episodic migraine.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p24.html

Should Family Physicians Follow the New ACC/AHA Cholesterol Treatment Guideline? Not ...

Aug 15, 2014 - The recommendations should have paid more attention to the inherent uncertainties in risk estimates and the importance of individual patient circumstances and preferences.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p223.html

Efficient Identification of Adults with Depression and Dementia - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2004 - Family physicians must decide how to screen for depression or dementia and which patients to screen. Mental health questionnaires can be helpful. In practice-based screening, questionnaires are administered to all patients, regardless of risk status. In case-finding screening, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1101.html

No Benefit to Addition of Stenting for Treatment of Atherosclerotic Renal Artery ...

Apr 1, 2014 - In patients with severe atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis and hypertension or chronic kidney disease, renal artery stenting does not provide an additional benefit when added to comprehensive medical therapy that includes blood pressure and diabetes mellitus management, and ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p576.html

NIH Statement on Adjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer - Practice Guidelines - American ...

May 1, 2001 - The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has released a statement on adjuvant therapy for breast cancer. Adjuvant therapies administered after surgery eradicate deposits of cancer cells that may have spread from the primary cancer site, and such therapies increase a woman's chance of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1857.html

AUA Issues a Policy Report on PSA Monitoring - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2000 - The American Urological Association (AUA) has released a policy report on the use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in screening for and monitoring of prostate cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0815/p883.html

Insulin for Glycemic Control in Acute Ischemic Stroke - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Dec 1, 2012 - Administering insulin to maintain glycemic control does not improve the rates of mortality or dependency, or the final neurologic outcome after an acute ischemic stroke. Additionally, in randomized controlled trials, patients in the intervention groups (those under tight glycemic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1008.html

ACS/ASCCP/ASCP Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cervical Cancer - Editorials - ...

Sep 15, 2012 - The American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP), and the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) recently published updated recommendations for the early detection of cervical cancer. The guidelines are based on a systematic ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p501.html

Amphetamines for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2012 - Amphetamines improve ADHD symptom severity but, when compared with placebo, they are associated with increased discontinuation rates because of adverse effects. There does not appear to be a difference among dosages or between the immediate- and sustained-release formulations.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p413.html

Managing Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2002 - Medical and surgical options for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia have expanded in recent years. Saw palmetto, the most widely used complementary medication, is less effective than standard medical therapy but has fewer side effects. Although non-selective alpha blockers ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p77.html

Evaluation of Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria in Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1999 - In patients without significant urologic symptoms, microscopic hematuria is occasionally detected on routine urinalysis. At present, routine screening of all adults for microscopic hematuria with dipstick testing is not recommended because of the intermittent occurrence of this finding ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1143.html

Preoperative Testing for Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Dec 1, 2009 - Routine preoperative testing before cataract surgery does not reduce intraoperative or postoperative complications.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1228.html

Guidelines for Treating Adults with Acute Cough - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - ...Adapted with permission from diagnosis and management of cough: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest 2006;129(1 suppl):1S–292S. Available online at http://www.chestjournal.org/cgi/content/full/129/1_suppl/1S. Management of Acute Cough Figure 1. Algorithm for the...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p476.html

Clinical Diagnosis and Evaluation of Sinusitis in Adults - Editorials - American Family...

Dec 1, 2007 - ...seven days, or worsens at any time. Observing patients with uncomplicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis is consistent with other practice guidelines.4-6 The rationale for recommending observation in patients with uncomplicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis is based on randomized...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1620.html

Screening for Breast Cancer: What to Do with the Evidence - Editorials - American ...

Jun 1, 2007 - ...Related Practice Guideline For many of the conditions we encounter in primary care, there is insufficient evidence to tell us the best course of action. Breast cancer screening is different. We now have nine randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and numerous case-control,...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1623.html

Should Risk Factors for Breast Cancer Influence Evaluation of Breast Abnormalities? - ...

Jul 1, 2004 - ...The Steering Committee on Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Care and Treatment of Breast Cancer3 states that when a woman presents with a breast lump or a suspicious change in breast texture, her risk factors for breast cancer should be noted, but the presence or absence of risk...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p35.html

Screening for Barrett's Esophagus - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - ...clinical practice should be based on the imperfect data that are available. The original American College of Gastroenterology Practice Guidelines of the Diagnosis Surveillance and Therapy of Barrett’s Esophagus6 recommended that patients with longstanding GERD symptoms, particularly...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2061.html

Overcoming the Barriers to Change: Screening for Colorectal Cancer - Editorials - ...

Mar 15, 2000 - ...from four steps: (1) knowledge, (2) acceptance, (3) ability and (4) reinforcement. Knowledge is the awareness of new evidence or practice guidelines, and acceptance is agreement that the proposed policy represents good care. Ability involves having the time and resources to...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1621.html

Screening for Breast Cancer - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2000 - ...aged 40 to 49 years should decide for herself whether to undergo mammography. 7 The American Academy of Family Physicians' (AAFP) practice guideline recommends discussing the risks and benefits of mammography with women between the ages of 40 and 49 and recommends encouraging women...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0801/p500.html

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