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Practice Guidelines

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Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis in Children - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2017 - Bronchiolitis is a common lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of this infection. RSV is transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets either directly from an infected person or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p94.html

Acute Appendicitis: Efficient Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2018 - Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute abdominal pain in adults and children, with a lifetime risk of 8.6% in males and 6.7% in females. It is the most common nonobstetric surgical emergency during pregnancy. Findings from the history, physical examination, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p25.html

Treatment of the Common Cold - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2019 - Acute upper respiratory tract infections are extremely common in adults and children, but only a few safe and effective treatments are available. Patients typically present with nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, sore throat, cough, general malaise, and/or low-grade fever. Informing patients...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p281.html

Otitis Media: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2019 - Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common diagnosis in childhood acute sick visits. By three years of age, 50% to 85% of children will have at least one episode of AOM. Symptoms may include ear pain (rubbing, tugging, or holding the ear may be a sign of pain), fever, irritability, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p350.html

Revised AAP Guideline on UTI in Febrile Infants and Young Children - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2012 - In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics released a revision of its 1999 clinical practice guideline on urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children two to 24 months of age. The new clinical practice guideline has several important updates based on evidence ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p940.html

Hepatitis B: Screening, Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2019 - Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a partly double-stranded DNA virus that causes acute and chronic liver infection. Screening for hepatitis B is recommended in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit and in adolescents and adults at high risk of chronic infection. Hepatitis B vaccination ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/p314.html

Current Concepts in Adult Acute Rhinosinusitis - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - Acute rhinosinusitis is one of the most common conditions that physicians treat in ambulatory care. Most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by viral upper respiratory infections. A meta-analysis based on individual patient data found that common clinical signs and symptoms were ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p97.html

Aseptic and Bacterial Meningitis: Evaluation, Treatment, and Prevention - American ...

Sep 1, 2017 - The etiologies of meningitis range in severity from benign and self-limited to life-threatening with potentially severe morbidity. Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency that requires prompt recognition and treatment. Mortality remains high despite the introduction of vaccinations ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p314.html

Common Questions About Streptococcal Pharyngitis - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) infection causes 15% to 30% of sore throats in children and 5% to 15% in adults, and is more common in the late winter and early spring. The strongest independent predictors of GABHS pharyngitis are patient age of five to 15 years, absence of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p24.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2011 - Urinary tract infections are the most common bacterial infections in women. Most urinary tract infections are acute uncomplicated cystitis. Identifiers of acute uncomplicated cystitis are frequency and dysuria in an immunocompetent woman of childbearing age who has no comorbidities or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p771.html

Diabetic Foot Infections - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2013 - Diabetic foot infection, defined as soft tissue or bone infection below the malleoli, is the most common complication of diabetes mellitus leading to hospitalization and the most frequent cause of nontraumatic lower extremity amputation. Diabetic foot infections are diagnosed clinically...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p177.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Streptococcal Pharyngitis - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2009 - Common signs and symptoms of streptococcal pharyngitis include sore throat, temperature greater than 100.4 degrees F (38 degrees C), tonsillar exudates, and cervical adenopathy. Cough, coryza, and diarrhea are more common with viral pharyngitis. Available diagnostic tests include throat...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p383.html

IDSA Releases Guidelines for Management of Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis - Practice ...

Mar 15, 2013 - The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has released a guideline for the management of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children and adults in the community or emergency department settings. Each recommendation includes a quality of evidence grade (i.e., strong or weak) and a...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p445.html

Treatment of the Common Cold in Children and Adults - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2012 - The common cold, or upper respiratory tract infection, is one of the leading reasons for physician visits. Generally caused by viruses, the common cold is treated symptomatically. Antibiotics are not effective in children or adults. In children, there is a potential for harm and no ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0715/p153.html

CDC Updates Guidelines for the Prevention of Perinatal GBS Disease - Practice ...

May 1, 2011 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published guidelines for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococcus (GBS) disease in 1996; the guidelines were updated in 2002 and again in 2010. The most recent guidelines elaborate on laboratory methods and thresholds for GBS...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1106.html

CDC Updates Interim Guidance on Caring for Women with Possible Exposure to Zika Virus -...

May 15, 2016 - Based on limited evidence on the persistence of Zika virus RNA in blood and semen, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated its interim guidance on caring for reproductive-aged women who may have been exposed to the virus, including those who do not live in areas...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p874.html

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Children - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2011 - Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an RNA virus that causes respiratory tract infections in children. In the North- ern Hemisphere, the peak infection season is November through April. By two years of age, most children will have had an RSV infection. Bronchiolitis, a lower ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p141.html

ACIP Releases Influenza Vaccination Updates for 2013-2014 - Practice Guidelines - ...

Oct 15, 2013 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has updated its annual guidelines for routine influenza vaccination in 2013–2014. Vaccination is recommended for all persons six months or older who do not have contraindications.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p543.html

ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2012-2013 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2012 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued its annual guideline on influenza vaccination. This year’s guideline provides information on dosing considerations for children six months to eight years of age, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p686.html

Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2011 - Herpes zoster (shingles) is diagnosed clinically by recognition of the distinctive, painful vesicular rash appearing in a unilateral, dermatomal distribution. An estimated 1 million cases occur in the United States each year, and increasing age is the primary risk factor. Laboratory ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1432.html

Guidelines for the Use of Antibiotics in Acute Upper Respiratory Infections - American ...

Sep 15, 2006 - To help physicians with the appropriate use of antibiotics in children and adults with upper respiratory tract infection, a multidisciplinary team evaluated existing guidelines and summarized key practice points. Acute otitis media in children should be diagnosed only if there is abrupt...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p956.html

Diagnosis, Initial Management, and Prevention of Meningitis - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2010 - Although the annual incidence of bacterial meningitis in the United States is declining, it remains a medical emer- gency with a potential for high morbidity and mortality. Clinical signs and symptoms are unreliable in distinguishing bacterial meningitis from the more common forms of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1491.html

ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2011-2012 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2011 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued its annual guideline on vaccination against influenza. It includes information on a newly licensed intradermal vaccine, a change in the number of vaccine doses required ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p827.html

CDC Updates Guidelines for Influenza Vaccination for 2010-2011 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2010 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released updated recommendations on influenza control for the 2010–2011 season. Seasonal influenza vaccines in 2010–2011 will contain A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)-like, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p838.html

AASLD Updates Chronic Hepatitis B Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2009 - Updated recommendations from the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) include the preferred diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive approaches to chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/p338.html

Guidelines Released for Investigation of Potential Contact with Infectious Tuberculosis...

Apr 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Tuberculosis Controllers Association (NTCA) have released guidelines for investigation of exposure and transmission of tuberculosis and prevention of future infections through contact investigations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1460.html

Management of Group A Beta-Hemolytic Streptococcal Pharyngitis - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2001 - Bacteria are responsible for approximately 5 to 10 percent of pharyngitis cases, with group A beta-hemolytic streptococci being the most common bacterial etiology. A positive rapid antigen detection test may be considered definitive evidence for treatment; a negative test should be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0415/p1557.html

Hepatitis A - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2006 - The introduction of hepatitis A vaccines in 1995 led to a drop in the number of reported cases of hepatitis A and a shift to a higher percentage of cases occurring in older age groups. The hepatitis A virus survives for extended periods in the environment. Transmission primarily is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2162.html

IDSA Releases Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Diabetic Foot Infections - ...

Apr 1, 2005 - Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections have been developed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). In persons with diabetes, foot infections can cause substantial morbidity and are the most common nontraumatic cause of amputations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1429.html

CDC Updates Guidelines for Prevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease - ...

Mar 1, 2003 - The National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID) recently issued revised guidelines for prevention of perinatal group B streptococcal (GBS) disease. GBS disease remains one of the leading causes of newborn morbidity and mortality, resulting in an estimated 1,600 early-onset cases and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p1121.html

Overview of Histoplasmosis - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2002 - Histoplasmosis is an endemic infection in most of the United States and can be found worldwide. The spectrum of this illness ranges from asymptomatic infection to severe disseminated disease. Life-threatening illness is usually associated with an immunocompromised state; however, 20 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2247.html

Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection and Reflux - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - Urinary tract infections in children are sometimes associated with vesicoureteral reflux, which can lead to renal scarring if it remains unrecognized. Since the risk of renal scarring is greatest in infants, any child who presents with a urinary tract infection prior to toilet training ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1472.html

Antimicrobial Resistence: A Plan of Action for Community Practice - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2001 - Antibiotic resistance was once confined primarily to hospitals but is becoming increasingly prevalent in family practice settings, making daily therapeutic decisions more challenging. Recent reports of pediatric deaths and illnesses in communities in the United States have raised ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1087.html

Treating Adult Women with Suspected UTI - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2006 - More than 7 million women are diagnosed with urinary tract infections (UTIs) annually, making it one of the most commonly seen conditions in primary care.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p293.html

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