American Family Physician

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Point-of-Care Guides

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Point-of-Care Guides: Risk Stratification of Patients Presenting with Syncope - ...

Jun 1, 2012 - A previous Point-of-Care Guide addressed risk stratification in patients with syncope and described two validated clinical decision rules. Shared variables between the two rules included abnormal findings on electrocardiography (ECG) and a history of congestive heart failure; other ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0601/p1047.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Evidence-Based Adjustment of Warfarin (Coumadin) Doses - American...

May 15, 2005 - A previous Point-of-Care Guides article,1 presented several validated approaches to the initiation of anticoagulation therapy with warfarin. Once a patient is receiving warfarin, it is important to have a systematic approach to the management of anticoagulation and adjustment of ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1979.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting the Risk of Recurrence After Surgery for Prostate ...

Dec 15, 2005 - A previous Point-of-Care Guide identified a clinical decision rule that estimates the likelihood of an abnormal biopsy for prostate cancer. One of the next questions facing the patient and his physician is the likelihood of recurrence after surgery.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2511.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Suspected Pulmonary Embolism: Evidence-Based Diagnostic Testing -...

Feb 1, 2004 - The first part of this two-part Point-of-Care Guide discusses how to use two validated clinical decision rules to determine the likelihood of pulmonary embolism.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p599.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Brief Screening Instruments for Dementia in Primary Care - ...

Mar 15, 2009 - In addition to identifying patients who may benefit from pharmacotherapy, early detection of dementia helps families anticipate the patient’s needs and helps physicians identify those in need of additional support.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0315/p497.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Diagnosis of Appendicitis: Part I. History and Physical ...

Mar 15, 2008 - Appendicitis is a relatively uncommon, but potentially serious, cause of abdominal pain in the primary care setting. An accurate diagnosis is important to prevent unnecessary surgery and avoid complications.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/p828.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Estimating the Risk of Ovarian Cancer - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2009 - Every year, 25,000 women in the United States (about one in 3,000 women older than 40 years) receive ovarian cancer diagnoses, and 14,000 die of the disease. Risk factors for ovarian cancer include family history of ovarian cancer, personal history of breast cancer, obesity, not ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/p632.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Risk-Assessment Tools for Detecting Undiagnosed Diabetes - ...

Jul 15, 2009 - Early intervention with lifestyle modifications or pharmacotherapy has been shown to effectively delay or prevent type 2 diabetes in adults.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0715/p175.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Procalcitonin-Guided Treatment of Respiratory Tract Infections - ...

Sep 15, 2008 - Procalcitonin is a precursor to calcitonin. The final step in the synthesis of calcitonin is inhibited by cytokines and endotoxin released during bacterial infections; therefore, procalcitonin levels are selectively elevated in patients with bacterial infections.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p756.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Diagnosis of Anxiety Disorders in Primary Care - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2008 - Generalized anxiety disorder leads to considerable morbidity and affects approximately 3 percent of patients in primary care practices.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p501.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Benefit of Spinal Manipulation for Low Back Pain - ...

Feb 15, 2009 - Two systematic reviews found that spinal manipulation is superior to sham therapy or placebo in patients with acute low back pain, and has effectiveness similar to analgesics, physical therapy, or usual care by a primary care physician.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/p318.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Diagnosis of Appendicitis: Part II. Laboratory and Imaging Tests ...

Apr 15, 2008 - Although individual signs and symptoms are of limited value in the diagnosis of appendicitis, the Alvarado (also known as the MANTRELS [Migration of pain to the right lower quadrant, Anorexia, Nausea/vomiting, Tenderness in the right lower quadrant, Rebound pain, Elevation of ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0415/p1153.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Computed Tomography After Minor Head Injury - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2006 - Minor head injury is commonly seen in the primary care and emergency department settings. Minor head injury typically includes brief loss of consciousness or other symptoms of concussion. Several clinical decision rules have been developed and validated to help identify patients who ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2205.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Prognoses in Patients with Acute Stroke - American ...

Jun 15, 2008 - A number of clinical decision models and scoring systems have been developed and validated to assist physicians in assessing the prognosis of patients with acute stroke.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1719.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting the Likelihood of Successful Vaginal Birth After ...

Oct 15, 2007 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend that pregnant women with a single previous cesarean delivery and a low-transverse incision be offered a trial of labor.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1192.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk in Adults with ...

May 15, 2008 - Early use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) markedly reduces inflammation and joint destruction associated with RA.1,2 Therefore, with early diagnosis of RA and appropriate use of DMARDs, there is a window of opportunity to change the clinical course of this disabling ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1451.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Pneumonia in Adults with Respiratory Illness - ...

Aug 15, 2007 - Identifying patients with pneumonia (defined as acute respiratory illness with an infiltrate seen on a chest radiograph) is important.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p560.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Screening Instruments for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - ...

Dec 15, 2007 - PTSD is a relatively common and disabling psychiatric condition with a lifetime prevalence of about 8 percent. The condition is not only triggered by combat, but also by natural disasters, accidents, and physical assault such as rape. Although a detailed diagnostic interview is the ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1848.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting - American Family ...

May 15, 2007 - Postoperative nausea and vomiting are uncomfortable for patients, can prolong hospitalization, and can lead to more serious complications, including aspiration pneumonia.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1537.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Mortality Risk in Patients Undergoing Bariatric ...

Jan 15, 2008 - Bariatric surgery has become increasingly common in the United States. Recent randomized controlled trials have shown that mortality is modestly reduced 11 years after bariatric surgery (absolute risk = 5.0 versus 6.3 percent; P = .04; number needed to treat = 77).2 The overall ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0115/p220.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Delirium in Hospitalized Older Patients - American ...

Nov 15, 2007 - Delirium is a common complication in hospitalized older patients, particularly in those in the intensive care unit.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1115/p1527.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Postoperative Pulmonary Complications - American ...

Jun 15, 2007 - Pneumonia and respiratory failure are among the most common serious complications following surgery.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1837.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Hip Fracture Risk in Older Women - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2007 - Approximately one in six women will have a hip fracture during her lifetime, and approximately one in 35 of all women will die of complications from hip fracture.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p273.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Diagnosis of Migraine Headache - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - Headache is a common reason for primary care office visits and is a complaint in more than 1 percent of patient visits. The prevalence of migraine headache in the general population is approximately 6 percent in men and 15 percent in women, peaking at 40 years of age and then declining.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2087.html

Point-of-Care Guides: Predicting Mortality Risk in Patients with Acute Exacerbations of...

Apr 15, 2007 - Accurate risk stratification in patients with heart failure can help physicians choose the most appropriate place for hospitalization (general hospital ward or intensive care unit) and the intensity of care needed.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1231.html

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