Mar 15, 2019 - Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 12% to 20% of Americans 60 years and older. The most significant risk factors for PAD are hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and smoking; the presence of three or more factors confers a 10-fold...
American Family Physician : Article
Dec 15, 2013 - The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is the ratio of the systolic blood pressure at the ankle to the systolic blood pressure at the brachial artery. The American Heart Association (AHA) released a scientific statement on the measurement and interpretation of ABI, including standardization of ...
American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines