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Practice Guidelines

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Common Questions About Chronic Low Back Pain - American Family Physician

May 15, 2015 - More than 30% of U.S. adults report having experienced low back pain within the preceding three months. Although most low back pain is nonspecific and self-limiting, a subset of patients develop chronic low back pain, defined as persistent symptoms for longer than three months. Low back...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p708.html

Management of ACL Injuries: Clinical Practice Guideline from the AAOS - Practice ...

Aug 1, 2015 - Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, which are usually related to sports, have an incidence of approximately 252,000 yearly. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has provided guidance in determining the best options for treating an ACL injury.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p232.html

Management of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is the most common cause of knee pain in the outpatient setting. It is caused by imbalances in the forces controlling patellar tracking during knee flexion and extension, particularly with overloading of the joint. Risk factors include overuse, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p194.html

Gabapentin for Treatment of Radicular Low Back Pain - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 1, 2019 - Gabapentin is not effective for the treatment of radicular low back pain and is associated with adverse effects.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p309.html

AAN Recommendations on Symptomatic Treatment for Muscle Cramps - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Muscle cramps occur when the motor system is stressed by neuromuscular disease, a medical condition, or a physiologic process, such as dehydration or excessive exercise. Cramps are also common during the last trimester of pregnancy. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) recommends ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p540.html

Walking Program Effective for Chronic Low Back Pain - POEMs - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2015 - Giving patients a pedometer, a walking diary, and instructions to walk at least four days per week, then gradually increase the walk's duration and intensity (see synopsis) results in improvement in pain and disability similar to usual physical therapy or a group exercise program.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p230.html

Is Spinal Manipulation an Effective Treatment for Low Back Pain? Yes: Evidence Shows ...

Apr 15, 2012 - Yes: Evidence Shows Benefit in Most Patients. The goal of manipulation is to restore maximal, pain-free movement of the musculoskeletal system in postural balance. In the past decade, there has been a significant growth in evidence supporting the benefits of manipulation.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0415/p756.html

Is Spinal Manipulation an Effective Treatment for Low Back Pain? Yes: Spinal ...

Apr 15, 2012 - Yes: Spinal Manipulation Is a Useful Adjunct Therapy. Spinal manipulation is one of many potential treatment options that have been used by many different types of clinicians for more than a century. Only in the past 50 years have research studies evaluated the benefits of spinal ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0415/p760.html

Antidepressants to Treat Nonspecific Low Back Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Jul 1, 2008 - Although antidepressants have been shown to be superior to placebo in some forms of chronic pain, they do not reduce pain or improve functional status or depression in patients with nonspecific low back pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p51.html

Exercises for Mechanical Neck Disorders - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2006 - There is some evidence that a variety of exercises help patients with mechanical neck pain. Evidence is strongest for a multimodal approach that includes exercise and mobilization or manipulation of the cervical spine, although this research has been criticized for having an imperfect ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1126.html

Spinal Manipulative Therapy for Low Back Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Feb 1, 2005 - In the short term, manipulative therapy is as effective for acute or chronic low back pain as other treatments such as analgesics, physical therapy, exercises, back school, and routine care from a primary care physician. Radiation of pain, type of manipulation, and use of multiple ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p464.html

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