American Family Physician

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STEPS

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STEPS: Guanfacine (Intuniv) for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - American ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Guanfacine is an effective short-term treatment option for ADHD in children six to 12 years of age. Sedation is a marked problem in many children. Patients should take the medication daily to avoid adverse effects that occur with abrupt discontinuation or when the guanfacine is restarted.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p468.html

STEPS: Indacaterol (Arcapta) for COPD - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Indacaterol provides a similar benefit to other long-acting bronchodilators for the treatment of moderate to severe COPD, with once-daily dosing. As with other LABAs, it should be used only as add-on therapy in patients already taking inhaled corticosteroids.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p252.html

STEPS: Doxepin (Silenor) for Insomnia - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - In older patients with primary insomnia, Silenor can increase duration of sleep without next-day effects. However, it does not significantly decrease the time to sleep onset, and it is less effective in younger adults.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p453.html

STEPS: Ivermectin Lotion (Sklice) for Head Lice - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2014 - Topical ivermectin is safe, effective, and easy to administer because it involves only a single application-rinse cycle and does not require nit combing. However, it is significantly more expensive than nonprescription treatments and its benefits may not be worth the cost for most ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0615/p984.html

STEPS: Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation - American ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Apixaban is at least as effective as aspirin or warfarin for preventing strokes in high-risk patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, especially those who cannot or will not take warfarin. It is slightly less likely to cause major bleeding and may have better compliance because it...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p672.html

STEPS: Tranexemic Acid (Lysteda) for Cyclic Heavy Menstrual Bleeding - American ...

Oct 15, 2011 - Tranexamic acid is a nonhormonal option that reduces menstrual blood loss and improves quality of life in patients with heavy menstrual bleeding. It is more expensive than nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and hormonal therapies, but is an option when these treatments are not desired...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p883.html

STEPS: Roflumilast (Daliresp) for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - American ...

Feb 15, 2014 - Roflumilast therapy has a limited role in patients with severe COPD, and no role in patients with mild to moderate COPD. It will not decrease the number of hospitalizations.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p300.html

STEPS: Ticagrelor (Brilinta) for Secondary Prevention of Thrombotic Events Following...

Dec 15, 2013 - Ticagrelor is an alternative to clopidogrel for secondary prevention of cardiovascular death in patients with acute coronary syndrome. In an international study it was found to be more effective, but patients in the United States did not experience superior outcomes.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1215/p821.html

STEPS: Emtricitabine/Tenofovir (Truvada) for HIV Prophylaxis - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2013 - When used with a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy, emtricitabine/tenofovir effectively prevents HIV-1 infection in high-risk patients. Adherence to daily dosing is important to maintain protection. The cost of therapy may limit access, and not all insurance companies currently ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p535.html

STEPS: Spinosad (Natroba) for Head Lice - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2013 - Spinosad is safe and effective for the treatment of head lice; most patients will be lice-free after a single treatment. Nit combing following treatment is not necessary. These benefits must be weighed against its prescription-only status and higher cost compared with nonprescription ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p874.html

STEPS: Vilazodone (Viibryd) for the Treatment of Depression - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - The available evidence does not support the routine use of vilazodone in the treatment of depression. It is significantly more expensive than generic alternatives and is no more effective for moderate to severe depression than selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or tricyclic ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p263.html

STEPS: Bromocriptine Mesylate (Cycloset) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - American ...

May 15, 2013 - Cycloset will lower A1C levels by 0.3 to 0.5 percent when taken alone or in combination with a sulfonylurea, without undesirable adverse effects such as hypoglycemia and weight gain. It will not cause further improvement of glucose control when used with insulin, metformin, or other ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p718.html

STEPS: Tinidazole (Tindamax) for Trichomoniasis and Bacterial Vaginosis - American ...

Jan 15, 2009 - Tinidazole is generally an expensive alternative to metronidazole for the treatment of trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis. It offers little, if any, advantage with regard to safety, tolerability, and effectiveness; however, its once-daily dosing and shorter course of therapy may be ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p102.html

STEPS: Tapentadol (Nucynta) for Treatment of Pain - American Family Physician

May 1, 2012 - Tapentadol is a DEA schedule II opioid medication with a safety profile, duration of action, frequency of dosing, and analgesic effect similar to those of other oral narcotics, although it is more expensive. At low doses, immediate-release tapentadol is better tolerated than oxycodone ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0501/p910.html

STEPS: Fidaxomicin (Dificid) for Clostridium difficile Infection - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2013 - Fidaxomicin is effective for the treatment of C. difficile infection, but it is much more expensive than traditional therapy. Until it is known that the benefits outweigh the significant cost, metronidazole or oral vancomycin is the preferred treatment for most patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p211.html

STEPS: Denosumab (Prolia) for Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis - American ...

Feb 15, 2012 - Prolia is an expensive method of preventing osteoporotic hip fractures, and is associated with significant adverse effects. Safer, less expensive options exist for preventing fracture in high-risk women.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p334.html

STEPS: Rivaroxaban (Xarelto) for Prevention of Thromboembolic Events - American ...

Oct 15, 2012 - In patients at high risk of stroke because of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, rivaroxaban is as safe and effective as warfarin. However, it should not be used in patients at risk of stroke for reasons other than nonvalvular atrial fibrillation until research shows its relative safety ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p768.html

STEPS: Linagliptin (Tradjenta) for the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus - American ...

Dec 15, 2012 - Linagliptin reduces A1C levels to a lesser extent than first-line therapy (metformin) and is significantly more expensive than metformin and sulfonylureas. Importantly, its ability to affect diabetes-related morbidity and mortality is not known.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1144.html

STEPS: Ulipristal (Ella) for Emergency Contraception - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2012 - Ulipristal is a prescription-only emergency contraceptive. It is at least as effective as levonorgestrel when administered within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse, and is more effective than levonorgestrel in the 72- to 120-hour window.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p365.html

STEPS: Dutasteride/Tamsulosin (Jalyn) for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - American ...

Jun 15, 2012 - Jalyn offers the convenience of taking one medication instead of two. Although monotherapy with dutasteride or tamsulosin is beneficial for many men, the combination drug is slightly better than either component alone at decreasing symptom scores; however, these benefits are of ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1194.html

STEPS: Adapelene/Benzoyl Peroxide (Epiduo) for Acne Vulgaris - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2011 - Adapalene/benzoyl peroxide is as effective as other combination products for the treatment of acne. Once-daily application is an advantage in terms of simplicity and adherence to therapy, but the cost is much higher than that of the individual components sold separately; this may create...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1486.html

STEPS: Dabigatran (Pradaxa) for Prevention of Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation - ...

Dec 15, 2011 - Dabigatran is superior to warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation, with similar rates of major bleeding. Because it does not require laboratory monitoring, dabigatran therapy is less complicated than warfarin therapy, but it costs significantly more.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1397.html

STEPS: Methylnaltrexone (Relistor) for Opioid-Induced Constipation - American Family...

Sep 15, 2010 - Methylnaltrexone can temporarily relieve opioid-induced constipation in patients with advanced illness who have not responded to laxative treatment. However, it must be given by injection, is expensive, and has been studied only for short-term use.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p678.html

STEPS: Alvimopan (Entereg) for the Treatment of Postoperative Ileus - American ...

Apr 15, 2011 - Use of alvimopan should be restricted to patients at a higher risk of postoperative ileus following abdominal surgeries, such as hospitalized patients undergoing bowel resection with primary anastomosis. It is an expensive option with limited indications; head-to-head studies with ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p978.html

STEPS: Risperidone (Risperdal) for Management of Autistic Disorder - American Family...

Jun 15, 2009 - Risperidone does not alter the course of autistic disorder, but is effective for controlling irritability and other associated symptoms. Patients taking risperidone should be appropriately monitored for adverse effects, especially abnormal movements.

American Family Physician : STEPS

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1104.html

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