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hypertension

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Challenge for Small Medical Practices

Testimony to House Regarding the Challenge for Small Medical Practices

Advocacy

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/advocacy/workforce/gme/TS-House-Challenges-070809.pdf

chapter-c.pdf

...hypertension Multiparity Multiple gestations Previous cesarean delivery Tobacco use Uterine curettage Previous uterine surgery, including uterine curettage Cocaine use History of placenta previa Chronic hypertension In vitro fertilization Placental Abruption Chronic...

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/also-content/chapter-c.pdf

chapter-f.pdf

...out this time. If a woman has intact membranes, if fetal monitoring is not concerning, and if there are no other medical concerns such as hypertension, it may be possible to send her home rather than doing a cesarean delivery when cervical change is not occurring despite best...

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/also-content/chapter-f.pdf

chapter-p.pdf

...up to 0.5 to 1 mL/ kg of 1:10,000 concentration (0.05 to 0.1 mg/ kg). Do not give the higher dose IV because it has been associated with hypertension and brain and heart damage.2 Epinephrine may be repeated every 5 minutes as needed. Chest compressions and ventilation should be...

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/also-content/chapter-p.pdf

chapter-q.pdf

...10. NSAIDs may be used for pain management, but are discouraged beyond 24 hours postpartum in setting of hypertension 11. Droperidol 1.25 to 5.0 mg every 4 hours intravenously as needed for nausea (or promethazine 25 to 50 mg every 4 hours intramuscularly as needed or...

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/also-content/chapter-q.pdf

Chest Pain with Diffuse T-Wave Inversion - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - A 45-year-old man presented with worsening left-sided, sharp pleuritic chest pain that began one week earlier.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p257.html

CHFMCatalog10thEd

...- A Family Practice Approach to Managing Hypertension (1988) [DVD Transfer] - The Family Practice Approach to Managing Hypertension-#858 (1989) [DVD Transfer] - Guidelines and Barriers in the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes (1998) [DVD Transfer] - Heart Disease in Women...

https://www.aafp.org/dam/foundation/documents/who-we-are/cfhm/CHFMCatalog.pdf

Chicago Universities Collaborate on 'Problem-Oriented Diagnosis' Series - Inside AFP - ...

Feb 15, 2000 - ...department include urinary tract infection, headache, dyslipidemia and cervical cytology. Dr. Rudy has a personal research interest in hypertension and insulin resistance, and is interested in teaching and learning about osteoporosis and colon cancer—watch for Dr. Rudy's upcoming...

American Family Physician : Inside AFP

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p922.html

Child with Swollen Eyes - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2019 - A six-year-old child presented with eye swelling, cold-like symptoms, and fever.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p313.html

Childhood Obesity Report Delivers Mixed Results

Nov 5, 2019 - A Robert Wood Johnson Foundation report on childhood obesity found that although overall obesity rates remain high, they have begun to stabilize -- and even decrease -- in some populations.

AAFP News : Health of the Public

https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20191105rwjfobesityrpt.html

Childhood Obesity: Highlights of AMA Expert Committee Recommendations - American Family...

Jul 1, 2008 - Childhood obesity is an increasingly serious problem; 13.9 percent of children two to five years of age, 18.8 percent of children six to 11 years of age, and 17.4 percent of adolescents 12 to 19 years of age in America are obese. Practical strategies that primary care physicians can use...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p56.html

Childhood Obesity: Time for Action, Not Complacency - Editorials - American Family ...

Feb 15, 1999 - ...predominantly when there is a strong genetic component.8 The complications of obesity in adulthood are well known (heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus [formerly known as non–insulin-dependent diabetes], etc.). Estimation of annual costs related to obesity and its...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p758.html

Children, Physical Activity, and Public Health: Another Call to Action - Editorials - ...

Mar 15, 2002 - ...are less active and more obese than ever before.1 They are, therefore, at increased risk for negative health outcomes such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease, which are associated with sedentary lifestyles. Multiple social, cultural, and environmental factors have...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1033.html

Chlorthalidone Vs. Hydrochlorothiazide for Treatment of Hypertension

December 1, 2015 Clinical Inquiries

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1015.pdf

Chlorthalidone vs. Hydrochlorothiazide for Treatment of Hypertension - FPIN's Help Desk...

Dec 1, 2015 - Chlorthalidone produces slightly greater reductions in blood pressure compared with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), but it is associated with greater declines in serum potassium levels. Chlorthalidone lowers the risk of cardiovascular events about 18% more than HCTZ at the same achieved ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1015.html

Cholesterol Treatment Guidelines Update - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - Hypercholesterolemia is one of the major contributors to atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease in our society. The National Cholesterol Education Program of the National Institutes of Health has created a set of guidelines that standardize the clinical assessment and management of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p871.html

Cholesterol Treatment Guidelines Update -- American Family Physician

...lipopro- tein (LDL) cholesterol is the primary lipoprotein mediating atherosclerosis. Other risk factors such as cigarette smok- ing, hypertension, diabetes, and a low level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol also have been implicated in CHD.3 In an effort to address...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p871.pdf

Choosing a Skeletal Muscle Relaxant - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2008 - Skeletal muscle relaxants are widely used in treating musculoskeletal conditions. However, evidence of their effectiveness consists mainly of studies with poor methodologic design. In addition, these drugs have not been proven to be superior to acetaminophen or nonsteroidal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p365.html

Choosing Between Warfarin (Coumadin) and Aspirin Therapy for Patients with Atrial ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Pooled data from randomized trials show that warfarin reduces the risk of stroke from 4.5 percent to 1.4 percent per year in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and no history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2348.html

Choosing Topical Corticosteroids - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2009 - Topical corticosteroids are one of the oldest and most useful treatments for dermatologic conditions. There are many topical steroids available, and they differ in potency and formulation. Successful treatment depends on an accurate diagnosis and consideration of the steroid's delivery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p135.html

Choosing Wisely: Avoid nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in individuals ...

Avoid nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in individuals with hypertension or heart failure or chronic kidney disease of all causes, including diabetes.

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/viewRecommendation.htm?recommendationId=36

Choosing Wisely: Don’t initiate an outpatient hypertension workup in asymptomatic ...

Don’t initiate an outpatient hypertension workup in asymptomatic pediatric patients prior to repeating the blood pressure measurement.

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/viewRecommendation.htm?recommendationId=362

Choosing Wisely: Don’t initiate antihypertensive treatment in individuals ≥ 60 years of...

Don’t initiate antihypertensive treatment in individuals ≥ 60 years of age for systolic blood pressure < 150 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure < 90 mm Hg.

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/viewRecommendation.htm?recommendationId=267

Choosing Wisely: Don’t initiate routine evaluation of carotid artery disease prior to ...

Don’t initiate routine evaluation of carotid artery disease prior to cardiac surgery in the absence of symptoms or other high-risk criteria.

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/viewRecommendation.htm?recommendationId=86

Choosing Wisely: Don’t order routine screening urinalysis in healthy, asymptomatic ...

Don’t order routine screening urinalysis in healthy, asymptomatic pediatric patients as part of routine well-child care.

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/viewRecommendation.htm?recommendationId=359

Choosing Wisely: Don’t request just a serum creatinine to test adult patients with ...

Don’t request just a serum creatinine to test adult patients with diabetes and/or hypertension for chronic kidney disease; use the kidney profile (serum creatinine with eGFR and urinary albumin-creatinine ratio.)

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/viewRecommendation.htm?recommendationId=387

Choosing Wisely: Don’t screen for renal artery stenosis in patients without resistant ...

Don’t screen for renal artery stenosis in patients without resistant hypertension and with normal renal function, even if known atherosclerosis is present.

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/viewRecommendation.htm?recommendationId=37

Choosing Wisely: Interventions to Improve Health Care Quality and Reduce Harm

...hypertension or heart failure or chronic kidney disease of all causes, including diabetes. American Society of Nephrology The use of NSAIDS, including cyclooxygenase type 2 inhibitors, for the pharmacological treatment of musculoskeletal pain can...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/journals/afp/choosing-wisely-table-10-14.pdf

Choosing Wisely: More Good Clinical Recommendations - American Family Physician

Choosing Wisely: More Good Clinical Recommendations to Improve Health Care Quality and Reduce Harm

American Family Physician : Choosing Wisely Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/search.htm

Choosing Wisely: More Good Clinical Recommendations to Improve Health Care Quality and ...

Aug 1, 2013 - The Choosing Wisely campaign provides key clinical recommendations for physicians and patients that promote best practices and help avoid unnecessary medical interventions.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p164.html

Choosing Wisely: Tests for Heart Disease

...Have your blood pressure taken. Make sure your doctor regularly checks your blood pressure, especially if you have hypertension or a history of heart disease. Talk to Your Doctor About... When You Need Tests for Heart Disease - and When You Don’t. 1. 2. 3. THe ProbLem...

About AAFP

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/about_us/initiatives/CR_Poster_SympSpec_Letter_Size.pdf

Choosing Wisely: Top Interventions to Improve Health and Reduce Harm, While Lowering Costs

...Screen for type 2 diabetes mellitus in asymptomatic adults with hypertension USPSTF Use only generic statins when initiating lipid- lowering drug therapy (IM) All statins are effective in decreasing mortality, heart attacks, and strokes when dose is titrated to effect...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0715/p128.pdf

Choosing Wisely: Top Interventions to Improve Health and Reduce Harm, While Lowering ...

Jul 15, 2012 - Initially sponsored by nine medical specialty societies, the campaign consists of specialty-specific top-five lists of common tests and procedures that are often performed unnecessarily, when they are not likely to improve a patient's health. The primary focus of the campaign is to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0715/p128.html

choosing-wisely-table.pdf

...hypertension in older adults. Achieving a goal systolic blood pressure of 150 mm Hg reduces stroke incidence, all-cause mortality, and heart failure. Target systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels should be set cautiously, however, as data do not suggest benefit...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/journals/afp/choosing-wisely-table.pdf

Chronic Atrial Fibrillation - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2012 - What are the effects of oral medical treatments to control heart rate in patients with chronic (longer than one week) nonvalvular atrial fibrillation? What is the effect of different treatment strategies for patients with persistent nonvalvular atrial fibrillation?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p757.html

Chronic Bronchitis: Primary Care Management - American Family Physician

May 15, 1998 - Chronic bronchitis is a clinical diagnosis characterized by a cough productive of sputum for over three months' duration during two consecutive years and the presence of airflow obstruction. Pulmonary function testing aids in the diagnosis of chronic bronchitis by documenting the extent...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2365.html

Chronic Care Management:

...• Hypertension • Ischemic Heart Disease • Osteoporosis **Not limited to these conditions What is Required in Order to Bill? 1. Provide 24/7 access by telephone and secure email 2. Coordinate referrals and transitions 3. Provide timely appointments, as needed...

Practice Management

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/practice_management/webcasts/CCMGettingPaidBest.pdf

Chronic Conditions CME -- CME

Feb 14, 2018 - Chronic Conditions CME. Explore the AAFP's Continuing Medical Education options, including free online content, live courses, and self-study materials.

CME : Browse

https://www.aafp.org/cme/browse/topic.tag-illness.html

Chronic Cough - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2093.html

Chronic Critical Limb Ischemia: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Chronic critical limb ischemia is manifested by pain at rest, nonhealing wounds and gangrene. Ischemic rest pain is typically described as a burning pain in the arch or distal foot that occurs while the patient is recumbent but is relieved when the patient returns to a position in which...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1899.html

Chronic Disease Care -- FPM Topic Collection

Jul 22, 2010 - This article collection features popular FPM content on the subject of chronic disease care. This article collection features popular FPM content on the subject of chronic disease care.

Family Practice Management : Topic Collections

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=47

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Renamed and Redefined

Mar 2, 2015 - The Institute of Medicine released a Feb. 10 report proposing new diagnostic criteria for the condition commonly known as chronic fatigue syndrome, as well as renaming it systemic exertion intolerance disease.

AAFP News : Health of the Public

https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20150302newchronicfatigue.html

Chronic Illness and Sexual Functioning - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - Chronic illness and its treatments can have a negative impact on sexual functioning. The mechanism of interference may be neurologic, vascular, endocrinologic, musculoskeletal, or psychologic. Patients may mistakenly perceive a medical prohibition to the resumption of sexual activity, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p347.html

Chronic Kidney Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease Diagnosis and Management

...for CKD? A. 55 yo M with h/o HTN and urinary microalbumin excretion of ≥30 mg/day B. 60 yo F with h/ CAD, HLD, and HTN with eGFR of 95 mL/min/1.73 m2 C. 52 yo M with creatinine of 1.3 and eGFR of 100 mL/min/1.73 m2 D. 40 yo F with h/o IDDM, HTN, and eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2...

Events

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/events/fmx/handouts/fmx19-155-156.pdf

Chronic Kidney Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease: Screening Monitoring and Treatment ...

...Hispanics have higher rates of ESRD. • Diabetes and Hypertension responsible for 75% of cases Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic Kidney Disease Surveillance System-United States. website. http://www.cdc.gov/ckd Shahady E, Diabetes and Chronic Kidney...

Events

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/events/fmx/handouts/fmx18-178-179.pdf

Chronic Kidney Disease Guideline Implementation in Primary Care

The TRANSLATE CKD study is an ongoing national, mixed-methods, cluster randomized control trial that examines the implementation of evidence-based guidelines for CKD into primary care practice. A complete study protocol has been published elsewhere. Thirty-eight primary care practices ...

Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/patient_care/nrn/vest-ckd-guidelines-2015.pdf

Chronic Kidney Disease: Detection and Evaluation - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2017 - Chronic kidney disease affects 47 million people in the United States and is associated with significant health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. Because this disease can silently progress to advanced stages, early detection is critical for initiating timely interventions. Multiple ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1215/p776.html

Chronic Kidney Disease: Detection and Evaluation - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - Chronic kidney disease affects an estimated 27 million adults in the United States, and is associated with significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Patients should be assessed annually to determine whether they are at increased risk of developing chronic kidney...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1138.html

Chronic Kidney Disease: Prevention and Treatment of Common Complications - American ...

Nov 15, 2004 - Chronic kidney disease is a progressive condition that results in significant morbidity and mortality. Because of the important role the kidneys play in maintaining homeostasis, chronic kidney disease can affect almost every body system. Early recognition and intervention are essential ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1115/p1921.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes -- American Family ...

...Purpuric rash, nonspecific swelling Hematuria and proteinuria if renal involvement; check for hypertension; urinalysis at least monthly for six months to evaluate for renal involvement Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Three subtypes distinguished by the number of affected joints:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.pdf

Chronic Neck Pain - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2009 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p595.html

Chronic Nonallergic Rhinitis - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2018 - Chronic nonallergic rhinitis encompasses a group of rhinitis subtypes without allergic or infectious etiologies. Although chronic nonallergic rhinitis represents about one-fourth of rhinitis cases and impacts 20 to 30 million patients in the United States, its pathophysiology is unclear...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/p171.html

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2019 - This collection features AFP content on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and related issues, including acute and chronic COPD, spirometry, pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, corticosteriods, and pulmonary complications. This collection features AFP content on chronic ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=32

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnosis and Management

April 1, 2017:Date xx, xxxx

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p433.pdf

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnosis and Management - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2017 - The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be suspected in patients with risk factors (primarily a history of smoking) who report dyspnea at rest or with exertion, chronic cough with or without sputum production, or a history of wheezing. COPD may be suspected ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p433.html

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnostic Considerations - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2006 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is characterized by the gradual progression of irreversible airflow obstruction and increased inflammation in the airways and lung parenchyma that is generally distinguishable from the inflammation caused by asthma. Most chronic obstructive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p669.html

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD): A Breath of Fresh Air

...3. Treatment Plans: Comorbidities • Cardiovascular Disease • Heart Failure • Atrial Fibrillation • Hypertension • Osteoporosis • Anxiety and Depression • Diabetes • Impaired cognitive function 29 3. Treatment Plans: End of Life Care • COPD as third most common cause of death •...

Events

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/events/fmx/handouts/fmx18-306-307.pdf

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD): Vital Inspiration

...Treatment Plans: Comorbidities • Cardiovascular Disease • Heart Failure • Atrial Fibrillation • Hypertension • Osteoporosis • Anxiety and Depression • Diabetes • Impaired cognitive function 29 Treatment Plans: End of Life Care • COPD as third most common cause of death • A...

Events

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/events/fmx/handouts/fmx19-260-261.pdf

Chronic Pancreatitis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2007 - Chronic pancreatitis is the progressive and permanent destruction of the pancreas resulting in exocrine and endocrine insufficiency and, often, chronic disabling pain. The etiology is multifactorial. Alcoholism plays a significant role in adults, whereas genetic and structural defects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1679.html

Chronic Rash in a Middle-Aged Woman

...cream, but never fully resolved. She had a history of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, chronic foot ulcer, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity. Physical exami- nation revealed multiple dark plaques that extended from the left buttock to the back of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p987.pdf

Chronic Rash in a Middle-Aged Woman - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

May 15, 2012 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p987.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family...

Sep 1, 2006 - Cirrhosis and chronic liver failure are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, with the majority of preventable cases attributed to excessive alcohol consumption, viral hepatitis, or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Cirrhosis often is an indolent disease; most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p756.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part II. Complications and Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2006 - Major complications of cirrhosis include ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatic encephalopathy, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding, and hepatorenal syndrome. Diagnostic studies on ascitic fluid should include a differential leukocyte count, total protein level, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p767.html

Cirrhosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention

...Portal hypertension results in an increase in hydrostatic pressure within the splanchnic bed. Decreased oncotic pressure caused by decreased protein synthesis may con- tribute to the condition. Ascites should be treated with salt restriction and diuretics.8,15 Diuretic regimens...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1353.pdf

Cirrhosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2011 - Cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. It accounted for 29,165 deaths in 2007, with a mortality rate of 9.7 per 100,000 persons. Alcohol abuse and viral hepatitis are the most common causes of cirrhosis, although nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is emerging ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1353.html

Claims #236 NQF #0018: Controlling High Blood Pressure

2017 Individual Measures

Practice Management

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/practice_management/payment/controlling-high-blood-pressure-claims.pdf

Clarification About Smoking Cessation Interventions - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Apr 15, 2007 - ...should be implemented in primary care settings.2,3 Their position also runs counter to how other major chronic medical conditions such as hypertension and diabetes are to be addressed. A physician would be expected to address elevated blood pressure or blood glucose levels in a...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1151.html

Clerkship Flash Drive Request Form -- Family Medicine Interest Groups

Jun 11, 2013 - The AAFP and American Family Physicians offer to clerkship directors a USB drive of resources to aid in clinical rotations.

Med School and Residency : Family Medicine Interest Groups

https://www.aafp.org/medical-school-residency/fmig/lead/fmig-advisors/clerkship-request.html

Clif Knight: Introducing the Challenge

...Hypertension 86% Cholesterol problems 80% Emotional problems 80% Cough/cold 79% Obesity 78% Arthritis 78% Adult vaccinations 78% Dermatologic problem 76% Reflux disease heartburn 76% Allergies 74% Urinary track infection 74% COPD 73%...

About AAFP

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/about_us/strategic_partnerships/partner-summit/knight.pdf

Clinical Briefs - Apr 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - ...patients and 101 physicians (primarily cardiologists and family physicians) showed that 36 percent of patients who are being treated for hypertension have changed medications at least once because of severe side effects. The dosage of their current medication had to be adjusted at...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2545.html

Clinical Briefs - Aug 01, 1998 - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1998 - ...maleate ophthalmic solution (Cosopt) for the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who do not respond adequately to treatment with beta blockers alone. It is the first eye drop that combines a topical carbonic...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0801/p575.html

Clinical Briefs - Dec 01, 1998 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - ...pneumonia, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. The manual also has professional educational handouts, such as Practical Interventions for Eating-Related Behavioral Problems in...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2171.html

Clinical Briefs - Dec 1, 2002 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - ...Updated Recommendations to Prevent Hypertension The National High Blood Pressure Education Program (NHBPEP) has updated its recommendations to prevent hypertension. The recommendations appear in the October 16, 2002 issue of JAMA. New recommendations include adequate intake of...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2168.html

Clinical Briefs - Dec 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2000 - ...care, visit frequency and laboratory determinations. Special considerations, such as hospitalizations, hypoglycemia, retinopathy, hypertension, nephropathy, neuropathy, cardiovascular disease and early pregnancy management are also discussed. Climatic Heat Stress and Exercise in...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1215/p2704.html

Clinical Briefs - Feb 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1998 - ...diabetes mellitus. Risk factors may include the following: a family history of coronary heart disease; cigarette smoking; hypertension; obesity (more than 120 percent desirable weight; body mass index of more than 28 in women and 27 in men); albuminuria; and high lipid levels (total...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p876.html

Clinical Briefs - Feb 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2003 - ...According to the report, about 38 percent of people with emphysema, 25 percent of people with asthma, 20 percent of people with hypertension or cardiovascular problems, and 18.5 percent of people with diabetes reported in 2000 that they continued to smoke. In addition, three out of...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p887.html

Clinical Briefs - Jan 15, 1999 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1999 - ...and hypogonadal conditions. Thromboembolic disease, endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer, endometriosis, breast cancer, and hypertension and weight gain are the risk factors discussed. According to ACOG, studies have shown unquestionably that estrogen replacement therapy...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p477.html

Clinical Briefs - Jul 1, 2002 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2002 - ...granted marketing approval for olmesartan medoxomil (Benicar). Olmesartan is an angiotensin II receptor blocker for the treatment of hypertension. It may be used alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents. According to the manufacturer, olmesartan works by blocking...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p164.html

Clinical Briefs - Jul 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2003 - ...present during childhood, there is no consensus on the optimal assessment and treatment of insulin resistance syndrome (i.e., obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and hyper-insulinemia). The American Heart Association has issued a statement reviewing risk factors for these...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0715/p382.html

Clinical Briefs - Jun 1, 2003 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2003 - ...to be taken by unknowing nitrate users is real, because erectile dysfunction is often a concurrent condition in patients with diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipi-demia, and in smokers and patients with ischemic heart disease. Consumers who have used this product and have medical...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2417.html

Clinical Briefs - Jun 15, 2001 - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2001 - ...report states that one in three hospitalized patients has two or more comorbidities. In addition to their main diagnosis, one fifth have hypertension, which can complicate treatment of the primary diagnosis. The second most common comorbidity is fluid and electrolyte disorders,...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0615/p2467.html

Clinical Briefs - Mar 1, 1998 - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - ...The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a new warning in the labeling of mibefradil (Posicor), a treatment for hypertension and chronic angina. The label now provides additional information about two risks associated with the drug: extremely low heart rates, and, when...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1148.html

Clinical Briefs - Mar 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1998 - ...is indicated for obese persons with an initial body mass index of 30 or more, or 27 or more in the presence of other risk factors such as hypertension or diabetes. Sibutramine is a neurotransmitter reuptake inhibitor that merely enhances the body's normal function. It works by...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0315/p1433.html

Clinical Briefs - May 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - ...selectively blocking aldosterone receptors. Clinical studies suggest that aldosterone contributes to the development and progression of hypertension. Eplerenone can be administered separately or in combination with other antihypertensive therapies. Side effects include dizziness,...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2227.html

Clinical Briefs - May 15, 2004 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2004 - ...have failed. Bariatric surgery has been shown to have salutary effects on obesity-related diabetes, hypertension, lipid profiles, and quality of life. Comorbidities such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia should be managed intensively. For sedentary patients, a comment such as, It...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0515/p2479.html

Clinical Briefs - Nov 1, 2000 - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2000 - ...complications of insulin-treated diabetes (such as hypoglycemia) and the long-term complications of diabetes (such as renal disease, hypertension and cardiovascular disease). Improvement of overall health through optimal nutrition. The ADA statement discusses the various aspects of...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2152.html

Clinical Briefs - Oct 1, 1998 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1998 - ...in death rates among black adults and white men may reflect improved early detection of and changes in the management of patients with hypertension, myocardial infarction and heart failure. A statement from the American Heart Association (AHA) regarding the report in MMWR says that...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1219.html

Clinical Briefs - Oct 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - ...Good evidence suggests that treatment of hypertension lowers the risk for CHD events in women, and that these benefits may be greater in black women. Fair or good evidence suggests that the use of diagnostic tests and treatments may differ by gender. Men are more likely than women...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1667.html

Clinical Briefs - Sep 1, 1999 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - ...by the pregnancy. The three leading causes of pregnancy-related death, according to the report, were hemorrhage, pregnancy-induced hypertension and embolism. Black women are at greater risk than white women for dying from all pregnancy-related complications. The report notes that...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p1023.html

Clinical Briefs - Sep 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1998 - ...Salt Intake and Hypertension At the 13th International Interdisciplinary Conference on Hypertension in Blacks, the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks (ISHIB) reiterated its position statement that modest dietary salt avoidance is almost always helpful and is of no...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p1009.html

Clinical Briefs - Sep 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2003 - ...heart attacks or strokes in persons at average risk and to avoid the need for intensive pharmacotherapy to control risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes. Behaviors targeted for change include diets high in cholesterol, saturated fat, salt, and calories, and...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0915/p1224.html

Clinical Case Managers Improve Chronic Care Outcomes

Jun 29, 2016 - Clinical Case Managers Improve Chronic Care Outcomes

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/clinical_case_managers_improve_chronic.html

Clinical Decision Tools -- FPM Toolbox

Apr 27, 2016 - Download algorithms, calculators, and other tools to help you treat hypertension, adjust warfarin levels, and more.

Family Practice Management : FPM Toolbox : Clinical Decision Tools

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/toolBox/viewToolType.htm?toolTypeId=29

Clinical Diagnosis of Gout Without Joint Aspirate - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Sep 15, 2016 - Gout is ideally diagnosed through identification of characteristic negatively birefringent crystals under polarized light microscopy in fluid aspirated from end-organ deposits, typically from a joint. However, fewer than 10% of patients with gout see a rheumatologist, and most cases of ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p505.html

Clinical Evaluation of Bleeding and Bruising in Primary Care

Date xx, xxxx Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p279.pdf

Clinical Evaluation of Bleeding and Bruising in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2016 - Bleeding and bruising are common symptoms in the primary care setting. The patient history can help determine whether the bruising or bleeding is abnormal. The International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis has developed a bleeding assessment tool that can be used to indicate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p279.html

Clinical Evidence Handbook Department Collection - American Family Physician

This collection is a series of chapters excerpted from Clinical Evidence Handbook, published by the BMJ Publishing Group. They offer systematic reviews of evidence supporting key treatment recommendations on important clinical topics.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=69&page=0

Clinical Evidence Handbook Department Collection - American Family Physician

This collection is a series of chapters excerpted from Clinical Evidence Handbook, published by the BMJ Publishing Group. They offer systematic reviews of evidence supporting key treatment recommendations on important clinical topics.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=69

Clinical Indicators of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

...for Clinical Sys- tems Improvement, the following clinical indicators may suggest a significant risk of OSA: awakening with choking, hypertension, intense snoring, large neck circumference, male sex, postmenopause, obesity, apnea or choking as reported by sleep partner, atrial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/od1.pdf

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