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hypertension

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High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2018 - High blood pressure in children and adolescents is a growing health problem that is often overlooked. Children should be screened for elevated blood pressure annually beginning at three years of age or at every visit if risk factors are present. In children younger than 13 years, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/p486.html

Health Maintenance in School-Aged Children: Part I. History, Physical Examination, ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The goals of the health maintenance visit in school-aged children (five to 12 years) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. During the visit, the physician should address patient and parent/caregiver concerns and ask about ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p213.html

Poststreptococcal Illness: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2018 - Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus can cause several postinfectious, nonsuppurative immune- mediated diseases including acute rheumatic fever, poststreptococcal reactive arthritis, pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders, and poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis. Except for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p517.html

Hypertension in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

May 1, 2006 - The development of a national database on normative blood pressure levels throughout childhood has contributed to the recognition of elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents. The epidemic of childhood obesity, the risk of developing left ventricular hypertrophy, and evidence ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1558.html

Newborn Respiratory Distress - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2015 - Newborn respiratory distress presents a diagnostic and management challenge. Newborns with respiratory distress commonly exhibit tachypnea with a respiratory rate of more than 60 respirations per minute. They may present with grunting, retractions, nasal flaring, and cyanosis. Common ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p994.html

Proteinuria in Children: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2017 - Although proteinuria is usually benign in the form of transient or orthostatic proteinuria, persistent proteinuria may be associated with more serious renal diseases. Proteinuria may be an independent risk factor for the progression of chronic kidney disease in children. Mechanisms of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p248.html

AHA/ATS Release Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Pulmonary ...

Apr 1, 2016 - These guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Thoracic Society (ATS) address evaluation and treatment of pediatric pulmonary hypertension, including diagnosis, pharmacotherapy, and outpatient treatment recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/p605.html

Signs and Symptoms of Childhood Cancer: A Guide for Early Recognition - American Family...

Aug 1, 2013 - Although cancer in children is rare, it is the second most common cause of childhood mortality in developed countries. It often presents with nonspecific symptoms similar to those of benign conditions, leading to delays in the diagnosis and initiation of appropriate treatment. Primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p185.html

Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents - Putting Prevention ...

Feb 15, 2015 - L.S. is a 14-year-old black adolescent who presents for a routine school physical examination. Her mother tells you that she and her husband have hypertension, and they worry about their daughter's blood pressure. She asks you whether L.S. should be periodically checked for high blood ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p257.html

Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation ...

Feb 15, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for primary hypertension in asymptomatic children and adolescents to prevent subsequent cardiovascular disease in childhood or ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/od1.html

High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2012 - High blood pressure in children and adolescents is a growing health problem that is often overlooked by physicians. Normal blood pressure values for children and adolescents are based on age, sex, and height, and are available in standardized tables. Prehypertension is defined as a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0401/p693.html

Well-Child Visits for Infants and Young Children - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2018 - The well-child visit allows for comprehensive assessment of a child and the opportunity for further evaluation if abnormalities are detected. A complete history during the well-child visit includes information about birth history; prior screenings; diet; sleep; dental care; and medical,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0915/p347.html

Proteinuria in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - Proteinuria is common in children and may represent a benign condition or a serious underlying renal disease or systemic disorder. Proteinuria may occur secondary to glomerular or tubular dysfunction. Although a 24-hour urine protein excretion test is usually recommended, it may be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p645.html

Neonatology/Newborn Issues - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2019 - This collection features AFP content on neonatology and newborn issues and related topics, including breastfeeding, circumcision, jaundice, newborn examination, newborn resuscitation, newborn screening, premature infant care, postpartum counseling, and well-child visits. This collection...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=18

AAP Updates Policy Statement on Athletic Participation by Children and Adolescents with...

Nov 15, 2010 - The most common cardiovascular condition in competitive athletes is hypertension. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated its policy statement using new recommendations made in the 2005 36th Bethesda Conference guidelines; the 2004 Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1285.html

Health Maintenance in School-aged Children: Part I. History, Physical Examination, ...

Mar 15, 2011 - The goals of the well-child examination in school-aged children (kindergarten through early adolescence) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. A complete history should address any concerns from the patient and family and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p683.html

Respiratory Distress in the Newborn - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - The most common etiology of neonatal respiratory distress is transient tachypnea of the newborn; this is triggered by excessive lung fluid, and symptoms usually resolve spontaneously. Respiratory distress syndrome can occur in premature infants as a result of surfactant deficiency and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p987.html

Gastroenteritis and Diarrhea in Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2019 - This collection features AFP content on gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children and related issues, including dehydration, foodborne illnesses, probiotics, and rotavirus vaccination. This collection features AFP content on gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children and related issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=9

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Children - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2018 - The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents has increased worldwide over the past three decades. This increase has coincided with the obesity epidemic, and minority groups are disproportionately affected. The American Diabetes Association recommends screening ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p590.html

Disorders of Puberty: An Approach to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2017 - Disorders of puberty can profoundly impact physical and psychosocial well-being. Precocious puberty is pubertal onset before eight years of age in girls and before nine years of age in boys. Patients with early isolated pubertal changes, prepubertal linear growth, and no worrisome ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/p590.html

Evaluation of Short and Tall Stature in Children - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2015 - Short stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations below the mean for age (less than the 3rd percentile). Tall stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations above the mean for age (greater than the 97th percentile). The initial evaluation of short ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p43.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Acute urinary tract infections are relatively common in children, with 8 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys having at least one episode by seven years of age. The most common pathogen is Escherichia coli, accounting for approximately 85 percent of urinary tract infections in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p409.html

Evaluation and Management of Heart Murmurs in Children - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2011 - Heart murmurs are common in healthy infants, children, and adolescents. Although most are not pathologic, a murmur may be the sole manifestation of serious heart disease. Historical elements that suggest pathology include family history of sudden cardiac death or congenital heart ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p793.html

Common Sleep Disorders in Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - Up to 50% of children will experience a sleep problem. Early identification of sleep problems may prevent negative consequences, such as daytime sleepiness, irritability, behavioral problems, learning difficulties, motor vehicle crashes in teenagers, and poor academic performance. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p368.html

Croup: An Overview - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Croup is a common illness responsible for up to 15 percent of emergency department visits due to respiratory disease in children in the United States. Croup symptoms usually start like an upper respiratory tract infection, with low-grade fever and coryza followed by a barking cough and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1067.html

Evaluation of Anemia in Children - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Anemia is defined as a hemoglobin level of less than the 5th percentile for age. Causes vary by age. Most children with anemia are asymptomatic, and the condition is detected on screening laboratory evaluation. Screening is recommended only for high-risk children. Anemia is classified ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1462.html

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Primary Care Principles - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2016 - Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p972.html

Evaluating Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Nov 1, 2008 - Obesity continues to be a growing public health problem. According to the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 17 percent of persons two to 19 years of age are overweight. The number of obese children and adolescents has tripled in the past 20 years. Obesity in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1052.html

Sleep Disorders in Children - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2017 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=84

Screening and Management of High BP in Children and Adolescents: An Updated Guideline ...

Apr 15, 2018 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) previously published guidance on screening for and managing high blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents in 2004. An updated guideline was released by the AAP to address increased interest in childhood hypertension (HTN) and an updated ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p543.html

Revised AAP Guideline on UTI in Febrile Infants and Young Children - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2012 - In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics released a revision of its 1999 clinical practice guideline on urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children two to 24 months of age. The new clinical practice guideline has several important updates based on evidence ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p940.html

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2015 - Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden unexpected death of a child younger than one year during sleep that cannot be explained after a postmortem evaluation including autopsy, a thorough history, and scene evaluation. The incidence of SIDS has decreased more than 50% in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p778.html

Management of Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: An Update - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - Although type 1 diabetes historically has been more common in patients eight to 19 years of age, type 2 diabetes is emerging as an important disease in this group. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 8 to 45 percent of new childhood diabetes. This article is an update from the National ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p658.html

Common Questions About Outpatient Care of Premature Infants - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Preterm births (deliveries before 37 weeks’ gestation) comprise 12% of all U.S. births and are responsible for onethird of all infant deaths. Neonatal medical advances have increased survival, and primary care physicians often care for infants who were in the neonatal intensive care ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p244.html

When to Suspect a Genetic Syndrome - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - Family physicians should be able to recognize findings on physical examination and history that suggest the presence of a genetic syndrome to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of potentially affected patients, as well as subspecialty referral. General themes that can alert family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/p826.html

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Children - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2011 - Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an RNA virus that causes respiratory tract infections in children. In the North- ern Hemisphere, the peak infection season is November through April. By two years of age, most children will have had an RSV infection. Bronchiolitis, a lower ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p141.html

The Abnormal Fontanel - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2003 - The diagnosis of an abnormal fontanel requires an understanding of the wide variation of normal. At birth, an infant has six fontanels. The anterior fontanel is the largest and most important for clinical evaluation. The average size of the anterior fontanel is 2.1 cm, and the median ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0615/p2547.html

Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children and Pregnant Women: Recommendation...

Oct 15, 2019 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for elevated blood lead levels in asymptomatic children.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/od1.html

Acute Abdominal Pain in Children - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2003 - Acute abdominal pain in children presents a diagnostic dilemma. Although many cases of acute abdominal pain are benign, some require rapid diagnosis and treatment to minimize morbidity. Numerous disorders can cause abdominal pain. The most common medical cause is gastroenteritis, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2321.html

Evaluation and Management of Common Childhood Poisonings - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2009 - Family physicians often manage substance ingestions in children, most of which are nontoxic in nature. Physicians should know the phone number of the poison control center, understand the appropriate initial assessment of suspected toxin ingestion, and recognize important toxidromes. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p397.html

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - American Family Physician

May 15, 2009 - Sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death among healthy infants, affecting 0.57 per 1,000 live births. The most easily modifiable risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome is sleeping position. To reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, parents should be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p870.html

Feed Thickener for Newborn Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Feed thickeners decrease the number of reflux episodes in full-term formula-fed infants. Additionally, full-term formula-fed infants with GER who are given thickeners are more than twice as likely to be asymptomatic compared with infants not receiving thickeners at one to eight weeks of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p275.html

Nebulized Hypertonic Saline for Bronchiolitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jul 1, 2018 - Despite reported benefits associated with the use of hypertonic saline for bronchiolitis, we have chosen a yellow recommendation because the more recent trials and systematic reviews have shown either much smaller effect size or no benefit at all compared with the older trials. Learn more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p23.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1998 - Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections encountered by primary care physicians. Although UTIs do not occur with as great a frequency in children as in adults, they can be a source of significant morbidity in children. For reasons that are not yet ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1573.html

Interventions to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Apr 15, 1999 - Certain modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease have their beginnings in childhood. Cigarette smoking, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia, homocysteinemia and poor nutrition in childhood and adolescence may all contribute to the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2211.html

Recognition of Common Childhood Malignancies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Although cancer has an annual incidence of only about 150 new cases per 1 million U.S. children, it is the second leading cause of childhood deaths. Early detection and prompt therapy have the potential to reduce mortality. Leukemias, lymphomas and central nervous system tumors account ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2144.html

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Oct 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for obesity in children and adolescents 6 years and older, and offer or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvements in weight status.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/od4.html

Childhood Obesity: Highlights of AMA Expert Committee Recommendations - American Family...

Jul 1, 2008 - Childhood obesity is an increasingly serious problem; 13.9 percent of children two to five years of age, 18.8 percent of children six to 11 years of age, and 17.4 percent of adolescents 12 to 19 years of age in America are obese. Practical strategies that primary care physicians can use...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p56.html

Stuttering: An Overview - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - Speech dysfluency (stuttering) is common in children. Although stuttering often resolves before adulthood, it can cause significant anxiety for children and their families. Stuttering speech patterns are often easily identifiable; when a child is learning to talk, repetition of sounds ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1271.html

Reducing Tobacco Use in Adolescents - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2008 - After steadily decreasing since the late 1990s, adolescent smoking rates have stabilized at levels well above national goals. Experts recommend screening for tobacco use and exposure at every patient visit, although evidence of improved outcomes in adolescents is lacking. Counseling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p483.html

Nutrition in Toddlers - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Toddlers make a transition from dependent milk-fed infancy to independent feeding and a typical omnivorous diet. This stage is an important time for physicians to monitor growth using growth charts and body mass index and to make recommendations for healthy eating. Fat and cholesterol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1527.html

Urinary Tract Infection in Children - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - Up to 7 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys will have a symptomatic, culture-confirmed urinary tract infection by six years of age. Urinary tract infection may be suspected because of urinary symptoms in older children or because of fever, nonspecific symptoms, or failure to thrive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2483.html

Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - ...

Dec 15, 2016 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for lipid disorders in children and adolescents 20 years or younger.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/od1.html

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is common in children. From 3 percent to 12 percent of children snore, while obstructive sleep apnea syndrome affects 1 percent to 10 percent of children. The majority of these children have mild symptoms, and many outgrow the condition. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1147.html

Viral Croup - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2004 - Viral croup is the most common form of airway obstruction in children six months to six years of age. The frightening nature of croup often prompts parents and caregivers to seek physician consultation. For children with mild croup, symptomatic care and mist therapy may be all that is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p535.html

Preventive Health Counseling for Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The leading causes of adolescent mortality are accidents (death from unintentional injury), homicide, and suicide. Additional morbidity is related to drug, tobacco, and alcohol use; risky sexual behaviors; poor nutrition; and inadequate physical activity. One third of adolescents engage...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1151.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

What to Do at Well-Child Visits: The AAFP’s Perspective - Editorials - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2015 - Well-child visits provide the best opportunities to deliver evidence-based preventive services. Family physicians have limited time at these visits and therefore should prioritize preventive services that have strong evidence of net benefit.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p362.html

AAFP Releases Position Paper on Breastfeeding - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Family physicians can have an important role in promoting breastfeeding, and are well positioned to provide support in the context of family-centered care. The position paper from the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) provides key recommendations to assist family physicians ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p56.html

AAP Issues Updated Guidance on Palivizumab Prophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases has updated its guidance on the use of palivizumab (Synagis) prophylaxis in infants and children at increased risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Because the palivizumab package labeling does not ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p867.html

The Newborn Examination: Part I. Emergencies and Common Abnormalities Involving the ...

Jan 1, 2002 - The routine newborn assessment should include an examination for size, macrocephaly or microcephaly, changes in skin color, signs of birth trauma, malformations, evidence of respiratory distress, level of arousal, posture, tone, presence of spontaneous movements, and symmetry of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0101/p61.html

Practice Guidelines - Apr 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released an opinion statement on issues specific to pregnancy in obese women. Women who are obese are at increased risk of complications of pregnancy such as gestational hypertension and diabetes, preeclampsia, fetal ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1471.html

Headaches in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2002 - Headaches are common during childhood and become more common and increase in frequency during adolescence. The rational, cost-effective evaluation of children with headache begins with a careful history. The first step is to identify the temporal pattern of the headache--acute, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p625.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Managing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients 10 to 18 Years ...

Nov 15, 2013 - Childhood type 2 diabetes poses a challenge to many physicians who are not used to treating this disease in such young patients. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a guideline of evidence-based recommendations for treating type 2 diabetes in patients 10 to 18 years of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p710.html

Prevention of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - The prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers has declined dramatically since 1960. However, satisfaction with this achievement must be tempered because iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers is associated with long-lasting diminished mental, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1217.html

NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p776.html

Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2012 - Overall, children up to 12 years of age benefited from school-based obesity prevention interventions; this effect was not demonstrated among adolescents 13 years and older. Although the overall effect size was small, interventions that promoted physical activity, alone or in combination...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p30.html

Evaluating the Child with Purpura - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2001 - Purpura is the result of hemorrhage into the skin or mucosal membrane. It may represent a relatively benign condition or herald the presence of a serious underlying disorder. Purpura may be secondary to thrombocytopenia, platelet dysfunction, coagulation factor deficiency or vascular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p419.html

Common Issues in the Care of Sick Neonates - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2002 - Newborn infants may be transferred to a special care nursery because of conditions such as prematurity (gestation less than 37 weeks), prolonged resuscitation, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and jaundice, and for evaluation of neonatal sepsis. Newborn infants' core temperature should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1685.html

Abuse of Over-the-Counter Medications Among Teenagers and Young Adults - Editorials - ...

Oct 1, 2011 - In recent years, recognition of over-the-counter (OTC) medication abuse by patients—especially teenagers and young adults—has increased.1 Abuse is defined as the use of a drug to experience psychoactive effects instead of for its medical indication. OTC medications are easily abused ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p745.html

AHA Releases Recommendations on Cardiovascular Monitoring and the Use of ADHD ...

May 15, 2009 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a scientific statement and recommendations about cardiovascular monitoring and the use of stimulants in children suspected or known to have heart disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p905.html

Caring for Infants with Congenital Heart Disease and Their Families - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Congenital heart defects are classified into two broad categories: acyanotic and cyanotic lesions. The most common acyanotic lesions are ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, atrioventricular canal, pulmonary stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic stenosis and coarctation...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1857.html

Respiratory Indications for Polysomnography in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2012 - Although assessment of sleep disorders in children relies on the history and physical examination, polysomnography (PSG) is sometimes used to aid in the diagnosis. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine has provided recommendations regarding the use of the test in children. This ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p290.html

Evaluation and Treatment of ADHD - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are present in as many as 9 percent of school-age children. ADHD-specific questionnaires can help determine whether children meet diagnostic criteria for the disorder. The recommended evaluation also includes documenting the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p817.html

Exercise-Related Syncope in the Young Athlete: Reassurance, Restriction or Referral? - ...

Nov 1, 1999 - A common event in young adults, syncope is usually benign and only rarely requires more than simple reassurance. However, exercise-related syncope always requires investigation because it may be the only symptom that precedes a sudden cardiac death. Syncope that occurs during exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2001.html

AAP Reports on Diagnosis and Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia - Practice Guidelines...

Mar 1, 2011 - Iron is the most common single-nutrient deficiency among children in developing countries and is a common cause of anemia in industrialized nations. A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides information on the diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency anemia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p624.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

Hyperlipidemia Treatment in Children: The Younger, the Better - Editorials: ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Despite the absence of data in children demonstrating morbidity and mortality reduction by aggressive treatment of lipid disorders, the overwhelming data in adults (e.g., decreasing LDL cholesterol, improved morbidity and mortality) and evidence of atherosclerotic lesions developing in ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p460.html

Effectiveness of Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

May 1, 2011 - Bronchodilators may transiently improve the clinical status of infants with bronchiolitis and no prior history of wheezing. However, moderately strong evidence shows that key outcomes such as oxygen saturation, need for hospitalization, length of hospitalization, and duration of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1045.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Childhood Obesity - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - The prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has risen dramatically in the past several decades. Although 25 to 30 percent of children are affected, this condition is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Hormonal and genetic factors are rarely the cause of childhood obesity; ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p861.html

Primary Care of Infants and Young Children with Down Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1999 - Down syndrome is caused by triplicate material of chromosome 21. The syndrome has a variable physical expression, but congenital cardiac defects, transient myelodysplasia of the newborn and duodenal atresia are highly specific for this chromosomal disorder. Routine health maintenance is...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p381.html

Urinary Tract Infection in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2010 - What are the effects of treatment for acute UTI in children? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence of UTI in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1252.html

The Child With ADHD: Using the AAP Clinical Practice Guideline - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - The American Academy of Pediatrics developed an evidence-based clinical practice guideline that provides recommendations for the assessment and diagnosis of school-aged children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This guideline, the first of two guidelines to provide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1803.html

AAP Clinical Report on Lipid Screening in Children - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 15, 2009 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a clinical report in July 2008 that recommends lipid screening in children and adolescents with a fasting lipid profile, and focuses on improving childhood and adolescent lipid and lipoprotein concentrations to lower the lifetime risk of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p703.html

Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia-Including Iron Supplementation for Children and ...

May 15, 2009 - Case study: H.H., a 25-year-old woman, comes to your office with her six-month-old son during her first trimester of pregnancy. She is taking a prenatal vitamin and asks whether she should also take an iron supplement. There is a family history of anemia, and H.H. would like to be tested.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p897.html

Stimulants, ADHD, and the Heart - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 15, 2009 - ...Next: Evaluation and Management of the Patient with Difficult-to-Control or Resistant Hypertension View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 79/No. 10(May 15, 2009) / Editorials: Stimulants, ADHD, and the Heart...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p846.html

AHA Publishes Statement on Drug Therapy for Lipid Abnormalities in Children and ...

Mar 1, 2008 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has published a scientific statement on drug therapy for the treatment of high-risk lipid abnormalities in children and adolescents.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p694.html

Obesity in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2007 - What are the effects of lifestyle interventions for the treatment of childhood obesity?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1701.html

Metformin Therapy and Diabetes Prevention in Adolescents Who Are Obese - FPIN's ...

Nov 1, 2007 - No studies have addressed the question of whether metformin reduces development of diabetes among adolescents who are obese. Metformin treatment in adolescents who are obese can modestly reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including elevated body mass index (BMI), fasting insulin ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1357.html

Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Children - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2007 - A growing body of literature points to the significance of premature cardiovascular disease in certain childhood diagnoses and emphasizes the importance of risk reduction by disease stratification.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1873.html

Practice Guidelines - Nov 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2006 - The Partnership for Prevention conducted a study to accurately rank 25 preventive health care services. These rankings represent the most valuable preventive services and should be used to help physicians prioritize which services to emphasize with patients.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1115/p1787.html

AAP Examines Prevention of Childhood Obesity Through Lifestyle Changes - Practice ...

Oct 15, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement, Active Healthy Living: Prevention of Childhood Obesity Through Increased Physical Activity, addresses how physicians can encourage physical activity in children and adolescents who are currently or are at risk of becoming ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1434.html

AAP Reports on Healthy Weight-Control Practices in Young Athletes - Practice Guidelines...

Jun 1, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released recommendations on healthy weight-control behaviors in young athletes to address counseling issues that physicians may encounter in caring for these patients. Children and adolescents often are involved in sports in which weight loss...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2069.html

AAP Report on Pregnancy in Adolescents - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently published a clinical report on the state of adolescent pregnancy in the United States. The average age at first intercourse is 16 years for males and 17 years for females.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1398.html

Urinary Tract Infection in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatment of acute urinary tract infection in children? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p858.html

Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children ...

Mar 1, 2005 - The National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents has issued its Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p1014.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Thickened feeds and metoclopramide reduce symptoms of GER in normally developing infants. However, elevating the head of the crib appears to have no effect.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091.html

Does Lidocaine-Prilocaine Cream (EMLA) Decrease the Pain of Neonatal Circumcision? - ...

Feb 15, 2004 - EMLA cream reduces the pain experienced by newborns during circumcision compared with placebo.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p909.html

Does Screening for Tuberculosis in Children Decrease Morbidity or Mortality? - FPIN's ...

Mar 15, 2004 - Routine screening of low-risk children for tuberculosis infection before entering kindergarten is not necessary.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1479.html

AHA Releases Scientific Statement on Cardiovascular Health in Childhood - Practice ...

Feb 1, 2003 - The American Heart Association (AHA) recently published a scientific statement on cardiovascular health in childhood. Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, making it responsible for about 500,000 deaths each year.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p645.html

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