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hypertension

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Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - ...Clinical Question: How many blood pressure readings are necessary to accurately diagnose hypertension? Bottom Line: Several blood pressure measurements, taken over time, should be averaged to obtain a patient's "true" blood pressure. Using a single measurement to determine whether...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/ot2.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - ...the "white-coat hypertension" that occurs when physicians take a patient's blood pressure. (Level of Evidence: 1b) Reference: Myers MG, Godwin M, Dawes M, et al. Conventional versus automated measurement of blood pressure in primary care patients with systolic hypertension:...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/ot3.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2012 - ...induction group were more likely to be white, 35 years or older, and nulliparous. They were also more likely to have diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, a macrosomic neonate, and a Bishop score less than 5. Nulliparous women who were induced took significantly longer to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1068a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2012 - ...contraindications to estrogen-containing pills (e.g., a history of venous thromboembolism, complex migraine headaches, uncontrolled hypertension), preterm birth, small- or large-for-gestational-age newborn, and a newborn with a major congenital anomaly. Baseline data were collected,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p80a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2012 - ...Background: The incidence of hypertension-induced heart failure is as common as that of stroke, especially in patients with diabetes mellitus, older persons, and those at higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Numerous trials have shown that all principal antihypertensive agents...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0401/ot2.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2011 - ...The Study: The authors randomized 299 men 75 years or older with hypertension to receive daily placebo or vitamin B supplementation at doses known to reduce homocysteine levels (25 mg of B6, 2 mg of B9 [folic acid], and 400 mcg of B12). The primary outcome was assessment of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p320.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2011 - ...system (i.e., with angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers [ARBs]) may prevent patients with hypertension or other cardiovascular disease from developing diabetes mellitus. However, this effect was not a primary outcome of most trials, and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p311.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - ...Hypertension High-density lipoprotein cholesterol < 35 mg per dL (0.91 mmol per L) or triglyceride level > 250 mg per dL (2.82 mmol per L) Women with polycystic ovary syndrome Impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose on previous tests Other...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p684.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2010 - ...beta blockers; those who had fallen after the diagnosis of dementia; and those with a history of myocardial infarction, heart failure, or hypertension. Conclusion: The authors conclude that patients with dementia who are treated with cholinesterase inhibitors are at greater risk of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p1035.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2010 - ...Women were excluded if they had preexisting diabetes, an abnormal glucose screening result before 24 weeks of gestation, asthma, hypertension, a history of corticosteroid use, or a history of previous fetal anomalies. Multiple maternal and fetal complication rates were compared...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p539.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2010 - ...to IV kidney disease, defined by a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 15 to 80 mL per minute per 1.73 m2 of body surface area, and with hypertension. Patients were excluded if they had renal artery stenosis, other major illnesses, or if they had received a kidney transplant. All...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p540.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - ...No eligible articles were identified concerning the effect of colon cleansing on general health or on specific conditions such as hypertension, asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, sinus congestion, or alcoholism. One study reported that heroin withdrawal...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p337.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - ...study, which was conducted in three cities in France. An extensive history concentrating on coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, angina, peripheral artery disease, Parkinson disease, hypercholesterolemia, and recent hip fracture was collected from every...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p340.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2009 - ...Thiazide Diuretics Remain First-Line Treatment for Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2009 Oct 15;80(8):882. Background: The 2002 ALLHAT (Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial) generated attention and controversy with its finding that thiazide...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p882.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2009 - ...of risk factors such as diabetes and hypertension. View/Print Table Table Scoring System for Predicting Future Chronic Kidney Disease FactorScore Age 1 to 3* Female sex 1 Anemia 1 Diabetes mellitus 1 Hypertension 1 Peripheral vascular disease 1...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p1003.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2009 - ...(using a customized growth chart that accounted for the women's demographic data), late miscarriage, preterm delivery, gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, and stillbirth. Birth outcomes were obtained from the electronic maternity database. Results: Caffeine intake was...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1153a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2009 - ...recommend that patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease (e.g., patients with diabetes; patients older than 40 years; patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, or a family history of these conditions) take aspirin to prevent a first cardiovascular event. These clinical...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p997a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - ...migraine. Women with a history of migraine were more likely to smoke, have elevated cholesterol levels, and have current or previous hypertension. Family history of myocardial infarction (MI) was equally distributed among the migraine groups. The mean concentration of high-density...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p396.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2009 - ...Is Immunization Against Hypertension Possible? Am Fam Physician. 2009 Feb 15;79(4):online. Background: Despite the availability of a range of effective therapies, only about one third of U.S. adults with hypertension have their blood pressure under control. Non-adherence to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/ot2.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2009 - ...(hazard ratio = 2.15 for high UAE, and 2.14 for low eGFR). This risk was independent of other cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking, and obesity. Conclusion: High UAE and low eGFR can be used to detect renal impairment, but tend to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p796.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2009 - ...Several risk factors at study enrollment (current smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity) were independently associated with greater risk of dying before 90 years of age (hazard ratio of 2.10, 1.86, 1.28, and 1.44, respectively). Regular vigorous exercise reduced mortality...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2008 - ...strongest risk factor is history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA; relative risk [RR] = 2.5), followed by diabetes (RR = 1.7), hypertension (RR = 1.6), coronary artery disease (RR = 1.5), heart failure or impaired left ventricular systolic function (RR = 1.4), and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2008 - ...care between 12 and 19 weeks' gestation were eligible for the study if they had a history of preeclampsia or non-proteinuric chronic hypertension. Women were excluded from the study if they had a multiple pregnancy, fetal anomaly, diabetes mellitus, proteinuria, or if they used...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/ot2.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - ...*—Risk factors include family history of coronaryartery disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes,or current smoking. Table. Thrombolysis in MyocardialInfarction Risk Factors for UnstableAngina or ST Elevation MyocardialInfarction Age 65 years or older At least three...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/ot2.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2008 - ...36 kg per m2. Almost all studies excluded participants with obesity secondary to endocrine conditions, as well as those with uncontrolled hypertension, psychiatric conditions, medical illness, previous bariatric surgery, and those receiving drugs that affect body weight. Women who...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - ...effects, vitamin D deficiency is associated with elevated blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Ecologic studies report that hypertension and coronary heart disease rates increase with further distance from the equator, which may be related to decreasing exposure to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - ...stroke. In subgroup analysis, the reductionsin vascular events were similar betweenparticipants with diabetes who had vasculardisease or hypertension, and those who didnot have these conditions at the beginning oftrials. The reductions in vascular events werealso similar in patients...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - ...years, and the majority of eachgroup consisted of smokers. About 47 percentof the placebo group and 53 percentof the omeprazole group had hypertension.The mean PRI in the omeprazole groupchanged from 83.9 percent on the first day to51.4 percent on the seventh day. In the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/ot3.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - ...in the previous six months. The presence of depression, other health conditions, and a history of coronary heart disease, stroke, or hypertension was also recorded at baseline. The health status of each patient was monitored annually by questionnaire, clinical data, and, when...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2008 - ...failure or poor left ventricular function, but 20 percent had diabetes, 40 percent had previous myocardial infarction, 50 percent had hypertension, and 50 percent had hyperlipidemia. Results: Short-term survival (within 30 days of the procedure) was high in both groups, and was not...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/ot3.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2008 - ...Hypertension Older age WBC = white blood cell; WHI = Women's Health Initiative. Table Characteristics Associated with Higher and Lower WBC Counts Among Postmenopausal Women in the WHI Study Lower WBC countsHigher WBC counts Alcohol consumption Aspirin use...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p641.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - ...Hypertension Obesity Sedentary lifestyle Smoking CAD = coronary artery disease. Table. Risk Factors for CAD and Colonic Neoplasm Diabetes mellitus High-fat, low-fiber diet Hyperlipidemia Hypertension Obesity Sedentary lifestyle Smoking CAD =...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1742a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - ...is associated with several potentially serious short- and long-term health consequences, including type 2 diabetes, hyperlip-idemia, and hypertension. Excessive weight in childhood also is highly predictive of overweight or obesity in adulthood. Effective interventions for childhood...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1746.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2008 - ...and had a minimum body mass index (BMI) of 34 kg per m2 for men and 38 kg per m2 for women. Patients with comorbidities (e.g., diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction or stroke that occurred more than six months before the study) were eligible unless they were...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/p837.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2007 - ...groups, more than one half were men, 60 percent were white, and the average age was 66 years. About 70 percent of the participants had hypertension, 30 percent had diabetes, and 28 percent had a previous stroke. Study treatment was initiated an average of 1.2 days from onset of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1859.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2008 - ...Demographic data were collected and included comorbidities (e.g., hypertension, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, gallstones, osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea). Multiple terms were assessed to capture obesity management plans even when obesity was not...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p362.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2008 - ...between baseline blood pressure and five-year survival rates in patients 80 years or older with hypertension. The Study: A subsample of 4,071 patients at least 80 years of age with hypertension were studied retrospectively using clinic data from a larger study of veterans. For 1,289...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p94.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - ...Alcohol Consumption and CVD Risk in Men with Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2007 Oct 15;76(8):1208-1210. Background: Adults with hypertension are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Epidemiologic studies have suggested a protective effect of moderate...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1208.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2002 - ...Thyroid Hormone Effect on Hypertension, Aortic Stiffness Am Fam Physician. 2002 Sep 1;66(5):851-852. Hypertension, most commonly diastolic, is increased in patients with hypothyroidism because of increased peripheral vascular resistance. Hypertension is caused by hypothyroidism in...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p851a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2007 - ...with a body mass index between 27 and 40 kg per m2. Patients with chronic illnesses were excluded, except for those with well-controlled hypertension or hypercholesterolemia. Participants were randomly selected to receive a book about one of the four diets, and all groups received...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1115/p1545a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - ...oz (400 g). The statistical analyses adjusted for age, indigenous status, smoking status, pregnancy interval, medical conditions (i.e., hypertension, diabetes, or asthma), obstetric complications, patient insurance status (i.e., public or private), gestational age, and obstetric...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1210a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - ...proton pump inhibitors was recommended for patients at high risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. All patients also received treatment for hypertension based on the recommendations of the seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p431.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - ...cough suppressants. At appropriate doses it suppresses cough, but at high doses it may cause hallucinations, tachycardia, hypertension, agitation, ataxia, or psychosis. Products containing dextromethorphan are readily available to adolescents, and abuse of these medications has...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p432.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2007 - ...After six months, the treatment group showed no significant changes in mean heart rate or blood pressure, and no episodes of supine hypertension occurred. The only adverse event reported was mild gastrointestinal discomfort in one patient. Conclusion: The authors conclude that...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p130.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - ...required to be a singleton vaginal birth. Mothers with human immunodeficiency virus infection were excluded from the study. Those with hypertension and diabetes also were excluded because of the high rates of labor induction associated with these diseases. Data collected on each...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1862.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - ...Background: Beta blockers are one of the medications most commonly prescribed for treating arrhythmias, hypertension, heart failure, and angina pectoris, and for helping prevent myocardial infarction (MI). Their use also has been shown to significantly reduce post-MI mortality....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p284.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2007 - ...experienced significantly more severe adverse effects (6 percent compared with 11 percent). The most common serious adverse events were hypertension (12 patients), depression (8 patients), diarrhea (7 patients), and congestive heart failure (7 patients). Conclusion: Women who...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p127.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - ...ACE inhibitors have demonstrated reductions in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and are used to prevent nephropathy and treat hypertension. One advantage of ARBs is that they do not produce cough, an adverse effect of ACE inhibitors that occurs in less than 10 percent of all...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1854.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - ...study found that babies born to mothers who used SSRIs after 20 weeks' gestation had a sixfold increase in persistent pulmonary hypertension. Recommendations: The ACOG Committee on Obstetric Practice recommends that decisions about SSRI treatment during pregnancy be individualized...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1851.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - ...previously on statins, 12,648 (51.4 percent) initiated statin therapy. Prevalence of known coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes, and hypertension was greater in patients prescribed statins than those not prescribed statins, as were higher levels of low-density lipoprotein and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1070.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - ...gastric bypass and 47.5 percent for gastric banding), with concomitant reductions in comorbidities such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea. However, the duration of weight loss and improved health status has not been thoroughly studied. The...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p556.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - ...patients more than those with fewer risk factors (e.g., diabetes, previous myocardial infarction, raised troponin concentration, hypertension). At five years, 21.2 percent of medium- to high-risk patients in the invasive group reached the combined end point of death or myocardial...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p721.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2006 - ...five trials, one each on the effectiveness of multivitamin and mineral supplements for the prevention of cancer, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cataracts, and age-related macular degeneration; however, no RCTs on other chronic diseases were found. The overall study quality...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1944.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - ...delivery, and neonatal information. Reasons for exclusion from the study included multiple gestations, congenital abnormalities, chronic hypertension, diabetes, and birth before 37 weeks’ gestation. Each patient’s reported prepregnancy weight was taken as baseline, and all other...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2103a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - ...Blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm Hg or taking drugs for hypertension Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level of 160 mg per dL (4.15 mmol per L) or higher or taking drugs for hyperlipidemia High-density lipoprotein cholesterol level of 40 mg per dL (1.05 mmol per L) or...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1610.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2006 - ...from non–HIV-related causes rose by one third during this period (from 19.8 to 26.3 percent of all deaths). Ischemic heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and lung cancer were significant contributors to non–HIV-related deaths in women and men older than 55 years. The authors...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1958.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2006 - ...editor’s note: In 2003, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended screening for type 2 diabetes in adults with hypertension or hyperlipidemia, but found insufficient evidence to determine whether routine screening of otherwise healthy populations provides an additional...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1960a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - ...years, with about 12 percent older than 75 years. About 30 percent of each group was women. Rates of current smoking (43 to 45 percent), hypertension (50 to 52 percent), and diabetes (13 to 15 percent) were almost identical between each group, as was average body mass index (26 kg...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1609.html

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Nov 1, 2006 - ...The study included 6,706 patients who had atrial fibrillation plus at least one risk factor for stroke (e.g., 75 years or older, hypertension, history of transient ischemic attack [TIA], left ventricular ejection fraction less than 45 percent, peripheral arterial disease). Patients...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1614.html

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Oct 15, 2006 - ...headache in black patients treated for hypertension (17 percent compared with 2 percent for nonblack patients). A retrospective study of East Asian patients found a 26 percent rate of reported adverse drug reactions during treatment for hypertension compared with 13 percent for...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1410a.html

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Aug 1, 2006 - ...Beta Blockers as First-line Therapy for Hypertension? Am Fam Physician. 2006 Aug 1;74(3):492-498. Beta-blocking drugs have been the mainstay of hypertension therapy for three decades. Because recent analyses have questioned the effectiveness of atenolol (Tenormin), Lind-holm and...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p492.html

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Sep 1, 2006 - ...older who had prehypertension (i.e., systolic blood pressure, 120 to 139 mm Hg; and diastolic blood pressure, 80 to 89 mm Hg) or stage 1 hypertension (i.e., systolic blood pressure, 140 to 159 mm Hg; or diastolic blood pressure, 90 to 95 mm Hg) averaged over three screening visits....

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p841a.html

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Oct 15, 2006 - ...patient and those nearby, postoperative nausea and vomiting stresses sutures, drains, and intravenous lines; promotes bleeding and venous hypertension; and increases the risk of pulmonary aspiration. Prolonged vomiting may cause problems with hydration and electrolyte balances....

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1418.html

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Sep 1, 2006 - ...of preeclampsia; diagnosis of HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets) syndrome; treatment for essential hypertension; gestational hypertension; treatment for diabetes type 1 or 2; antiphospholipid syndrome; chronic renal disease; multiple pregnancies; or...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p835.html

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Jul 1, 2006 - ...Sildenafil for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jul 1;74(1):169-170. Sildenafil (Viagra) is a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor currently used for treating erectile dysfunction. Part of its mechanism is the inhibition of cyclic guanosine mono-phosphate (cGMP)...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p169.html

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Sep 15, 2006 - ...sociodemographic data, and they received physical examinations and laboratory testing for established cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes). Participants had chest computed tomography (CT) to measure coronary calcium levels. A cardiologist, who...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p1032a.html

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Mar 15, 2006 - ...Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 73/No. 6(March 15, 2006) / Weight Loss Reduces Long-term Risk of Hypertension

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1099.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - ...stroke. The researchers identified 106 patients with this syndrome following stroke. After excluding those with diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, heart disease, ulcer, or mild disease, there were 60 patients remaining for the study. These patients were randomized (allocation...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p832a.html

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Aug 15, 2006 - ...diagnosis of PE combined with a primary diagnosis of cardiorespiratory failure, cardiogenic shock, cardiac arrest, secondary pulmonary hypertension, syncope, thrombolysis, or intubation/mechanical ventilation. The prediction rule was derived from 11 clinical variables routinely...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0815/p658.html

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Aug 1, 2006 - ...to have depression than those in the dementia group. Health conditions such as coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and hypertension were less common in the dementia-free group. After accounting for these factors, age, and sex, participants who exercised regularly were...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p491.html

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Jul 15, 2006 - ...state that surgical procedures or antibiotic therapy may prevent renal damage in children with VUR who are at risk of renal failure and hypertension.1 Because this study questions the assumptions that VUR is a causal step in the progression to renal scarring and that patients with...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p329a.html

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Jun 15, 2006 - ...and colleagues conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of timolol (Betimol) in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. They authors enrolled 213 patients with cirrhosis and elevated portal pressures, which are defined by a hepatic venous pressure...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2223.html

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Jun 15, 2006 - ...Beta-blocker therapy has been proven to benefit patients with heart failure, arrhythmias, hypertension, or unstable angina. In some studies, early use of beta blockers has been associated with a 25 percent reduction in mortality rates for one or two days after suspected acute...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2224.html

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Jun 15, 2006 - ...Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a rare but often fatal condition in which the fetal circulation persists after birth, leading to hypoxemia and respiratory failure. Results of a previous cohort study suggested a possible link between PPHN and maternal...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2227.html

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Jul 1, 2006 - ...and the mean time from symptom onset to treatment was 10 hours. Eight percent of participants had a previous MI, and 43 percent had hypertension. Before this event, 18 percent had used aspirin. One half of the study participants received fibrinolytic therapy before randomization....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p172.html

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Mar 15, 2006 - ...Weight Loss Reduces Long-term Risk of Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2006 Mar 15;73(6):1099-1100. Excessive weight is the strongest risk factor for high blood pressure. Recent studies have evaluated different ways to treat and prevent hypertension. Most of these studies evaluated...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1099a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - ...Effect of Caffeine Intake on Risk of Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2006 Mar 15;73(6):1081. Clinical Question: Does habitual caffeine intake increase the risk of hypertension in women? Setting: Population-based Study Design: Cohort (prospective) Synopsis: Caffeine intake acutely...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1081.html

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Jun 15, 2006 - ...with dyspnea accounted for 6 percent of the total group and were more likely to be older, have left ventricular enlargement, and have hypertension or diabetes. They also had less inducible ischemia than patients with typical angina. During the follow-up period, 786 patients without...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2230.html

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Sep 1, 2005 - ...months) steroid treatment has been recommended by several studies, but this can result in multiple side effects, including osteoporosis, hypertension, cataracts, and hyperglycemia. Methotrexate (Rheumatrex) has been used to reduce inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis, systemic...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p891.html

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Jun 1, 2006 - ...45 kg per m2 who wanted to lose weight. Patients were excluded if they or their family physicians reported the presence of uncontrolled hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, pregnancy and breastfeeding, or psychiatric problems. At the study's onset, all...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2043.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - ...participants and 496 in the control group. Participants were more likely than those in the control group to have a history of diabetes or hypertension; aspirin use was similar in both groups. Participants were divided into five groups based on their three lipid marker levels....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2052.html

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Jun 1, 2006 - ...average body mass index was about 28 kg per m2. About 30 percent of the women reported hysterectomy, and a similar percentage reported hypertension. The parous and nulliparous participants did not differ significantly in any important variable. The parous sisters reported an average...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2059.html

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Apr 1, 2006 - ...To answer these questions, Chodosh and colleagues conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of self-management programs for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and osteoarthritis. The authors defined chronic disease self-management as a systematic disease intervention that...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1260a.html

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May 15, 2006 - ...concerns for children. These conditions are associated with future insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, lipid abnormalities, and hypertension. The combination of increased caloric intake and decreased physical activity causes obesity in children. Addressing caloric intake...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1823.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - ...protein, and carbohydrates in lowering lipids and blood pressure has not been satisfactorily clarified. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension trial demonstrated that a high-carbohydrate diet emphasizing fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy can lower blood pressure and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1823a.html

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Apr 1, 2006 - ...age of 65 years or older and ejection fraction less than 40 percent. The final patient population included mostly men with a history of hypertension, coronary artery disease, diabetes, or chronic pulmonary disease. The study showed that 30.9 percent of patients who did not meet the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1263.html

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Oct 1, 2004 - ...or polyhydramnios (1.4), first pregnancy (1.4), and female infant (1.3); and a relatively lower incidence of high BMI (0.7), hypertension (0.7), parity three or more (0.7), early amniocentesis (0.7), gestational diabetes (0.7), and eclampsia (0.3). Within the congenital...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1366.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2006 - ...Although exercise is part of the nonpharmacologic treatment of hypertension, studies of older patients have included only a small number of participants and have had inconsistent results. Hypertension in older patients usually is caused by increased peripheral resistance and...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p326.html

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Dec 1, 2005 - ...Soybean Protein Supplements Improve Mild Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2005 Dec 1;72(11):2344-2349. Nonpharmacologic treatments for hypertension include weight loss, alcohol and sodium restriction, and aerobic exercise. The only nutritional intervention shown to reduce blood...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2344.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - ...Equal to Bosentan in Pulmonary Hypertension Therapy Am Fam Physician. 2005 Oct 1;72(7):1330-1335. Clinical Question: Is sildenafil (Viagra) more effective than bosentan (Tracleer) in the treatment of patients with class III pulmonary hypertension? Setting: Outpatient (specialty)...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1330.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - ...The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends diabetes screening every three years for patients with hypertension because they have an increased risk of developing diabetes. Experts do not agree on the usefulness of screening because no study has found early...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1369.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...All study participants received a complete physical and functional assessment at baseline; were screened for stroke, diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease; had lipid measurements and apolipoprotein E genotyping; and had their BMI calculated. It also was determined...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1859.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - ...more than 1,500 obese adults from 60 European and U.S. centers. Inclusion criteria were a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or a BMI of 27 plus hypertension or dyslipidemia. Participants also were required to have experienced less than 11-lb (5-kg) variation in body weight in the three...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2119.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...models to control for potential confounders such as age, education level, and physical activity; medical problems such as diabetes and hypertension; and use of hormone therapy, nutritional supplements, and tobacco. Nondrinkers and women who consumed one to two drinks daily had...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1846.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - ...between the treatment groups in demographics or medical and obstetric history. The main indications for labor induction were post-term, hypertension, fetal disease (e.g., small for gestational age or macrosomia), premature rupture of membranes, polyhydramnios, or oligohydramnios....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1384.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - ...criteria were a history of CHD and use of lipid-lowering medications. The authors noted baseline risk factors (e.g., body mass index, hypertension, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglyceride levels, smoking history, and diabetes). The...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1364.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2005 - ...and if glycemia is an independent metabolic risk factor or a confounding factor with other known cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., hypertension, obesity). Levitan and associates conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies to determine if nondiabetic...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1106.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - ...with increased mortality; however, voluntary weight loss appeared to be protective in another analysis. Chronic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease increase at a higher rate in obese persons than in normal-weight persons, so it is likely that t hese...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p939.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - ...identified members who were 50 years and older who reported using medications for the treatment of diabetes, depression, heart problems, hypertension, or high cholesterol. The survey asked if the respondents took less of their medication in the past 12 months because of cost, and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p686.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2005 - ...present the first systematic review of the impact of bariatric surgery on comorbid conditions, in particular, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea. Studies reporting outcomes of comorbid conditions after bariatric surgery were extracted. Weight loss...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p337.html

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