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hypertension

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Liraglutide (Saxenda) for Weight Loss - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - Liraglutide, combined with lifestyle counseling, produces a clinically significant and sustained weight loss that continues as long as it is used. Nausea and vomiting, however, are common adverse effects, and about one in 10 patients will discontinue treatment.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p161.html

Low-Dose Aspirin Use for the Prevention of Morbidity and Mortality from Preeclampsia: ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of low-dose aspirin (81 mg per day) as preventive medication after 12 weeks of gestation in women who are at high risk of preeclampsia.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/od1.html

Management of Withdrawal Syndromes and Relapse Prevention in Drug and Alcohol Abuse - ...

Jul 1, 1998 - The primary care physician is in a good position to diagnose, manage and intervene with patients who are undergoing the process of treatment and recovery from alcohol and drug disorders. Medications such as benzodiazepines are effective in the treatment of withdrawal syndromes, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0701/p139.html

Metformin Therapy and Diabetes Prevention in Adolescents Who Are Obese - FPIN's ...

Nov 1, 2007 - No studies have addressed the question of whether metformin reduces development of diabetes among adolescents who are obese. Metformin treatment in adolescents who are obese can modestly reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including elevated body mass index (BMI), fasting insulin ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1357.html

Migraine Headache Prophylaxis - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2019 - Migraines impose significant health and financial burdens. Approximately 38% of patients with episodic migraines would benefit from preventive therapy, but less than 13% take prophylactic medications. Preventive medication therapy reduces migraine frequency, severity, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p17.html

Minimizing Adverse Drug Events in Older Patients - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2007 - Adverse drug events are common in older patients, particularly in those taking at least five medications, but such events are predictable and often preventable. A rational approach to prescribing in older adults integrates physiologic changes of aging with knowledge of pharmacology. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1837.html

n-3 Fatty Acids Do Not Prevent Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk Patients - POEMs - ...

Nov 1, 2013 - There is no evidence that n-3 fatty acids prevent cardiovascular events or death in older adults who have cardiovascular disease (or who are at risk of it but have not had a myocardial infarction).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/od2.html

New Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin in Atrial Fibrillation: No Clear Winner - POEMs - ...

Jul 15, 2014 - In this meta-analysis, newer anticoagulants appear to be slightly more effective than warfarin in the short term (two years) in preventing strokes of all kinds in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, they are no more effective than warfarin in preventing ischemic strokes, and ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p110a.html

NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p776.html

Nut Consumption Associated with Reduced Mortality - POEMs - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - In a study of health professionals, nut consumption was associated with reduced all-cause mortality. This was primarily because of a reduction in heart disease associated with any nut consumption and a reduction in cancer associated with tree nut consumption.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p389.html

Nutrition in Toddlers - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Toddlers make a transition from dependent milk-fed infancy to independent feeding and a typical omnivorous diet. This stage is an important time for physicians to monitor growth using growth charts and body mass index and to make recommendations for healthy eating. Fat and cholesterol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1527.html

Nutritional Assessment and Counseling for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular ...

Jan 15, 2006 - Physicians face several barriers to counseling their patients about nutrition, including conflicting evidence of the benefit of counseling, limited training and understanding of the topic, and imperfect and varied guidelines to follow. Because cardiovascular disease remains the leading ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p257.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation Does Not Decrease CVD-Related Outcomes - POEMs - ...

Nov 1, 2014 - Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation does not decrease the risk of cardiovascular outcomes in this older population. Although the numbers are small, supplementation may prevent heart disease in patients already at low risk; that is, patients without a history of cardiovascular disease ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p662.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health ...

May 1, 2018 - What is the effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on cardiovascular outcomes?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p562.html

Optimal Management of Cholesterol Levels and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in women, is largely preventable. Lifestyle modifications (e.g., diet and exercise) are the cornerstone of primary and secondary prevention. Elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides and low levels of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p217.html

Oral Anticoagulants vs. Antiplatelet Therapy - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

May 1, 2008 - Compared with antiplatelet therapy, oral anticoagulation significantly reduces stroke at an average follow-up of one to three years, but does not reduce mortality. Intracranial or extracranial hemorrhage is more common with anticoagulation and must be weighed against its therapeutic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1250.html

Overview of New ACC/AHA Lipid Guidelines - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2019 - These updated guidelines, made without any input from primary care physicians who manage most patients with hyperlipidemia, are more complex than the 2013 guidelines and will likely lead to even more recommendations for statins, ezetimibe (Zetia), and PSK9 inhibitors.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p716.html

Physical Activity Counseling - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2008 - Every year in the United States, at least 250,000 deaths are attributed to lack of physical activity. Because of the health benefits of physical activity, national guidelines recommend participation in 30 minutes of accumulated moderate-intensity physical activity such as walking fast ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0415/p1129.html

Physical Activity Guidelines for Older Adults - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2010 - Few older adults in the United States achieve the minimum recommended amount of physical activity. Lack of physical activity contributes to many chronic diseases that occur in older adults, including heart disease, stroke, diabetes mellitus, lung disease, Alzheimer disease, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p55.html

Postexposure Prophylaxis for Common Infectious Diseases - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2013 - Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is effective in preventing illness after potential or documented exposure to a variety of microbial pathogens and in reducing the risk of secondary spread of infection. Guidelines have been published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p25.html

Postmenopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic ...

Jan 15, 2003 - These are the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for the primary prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p358.html

Practice Guidelines - Feb 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2006 - A report that identifies ways to improve prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in persons with type 1 diabetes has been released by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p730.html

Practice Guidelines - Nov 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2006 - The Partnership for Prevention conducted a study to accurately rank 25 preventive health care services. These rankings represent the most valuable preventive services and should be used to help physicians prioritize which services to emphasize with patients.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1115/p1787.html

Practice Guidelines - Oct 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released its report on assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures conducted in the United States in 2002.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1614a.html

Preconception Care Is Primary Care: A Call to Action - Editorials - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2017 - Alarmingly, the United States is the only developed country with a rising maternal mortality rate; women are more likely to die in or around childbirth now than 20 years ago. Regardless of community, profession, or political affiliation, this should create a sense of urgency for action ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/p492.html

Preconception Health Care - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2002 - Appropriate preconception health care improves pregnancy outcomes. When started at least one month before conception, folic acid supplements can prevent neural tube defects. Targeted genetic screening and counseling should be offered on the basis of age, ethnic background, or family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2507.html

Preeclampsia, Eclampsia, and Hypertension - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

May 15, 2009 - What are the effects of preventive interventions in women at risk of preeclampsia? What are the effects of interventions in women who develop mild to moderate hypertension during pregnancy? What are the effects of interventions in women who develop severe preeclampsia or very high blood...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p895.html

Preoperative Care of Patients with Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2002 - Patients with chronic kidney disease often require surgical interventions for vascular access and for medical problems related to comorbid conditions. Perioperative morbidity and mortality rates are increased in these patients. Preoperative attention to common medical problems that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1471.html

Preparation of the Cardiac Patient for Noncardiac Surgery - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Approximately 20 to 40 percent of patients at high risk of cardiac-related morbidity develop myocardial ischemia perioperatively. The preferred approach to diagnostic evaluation depends on the interactions of patient-specific risk factors, surgery-specific risk factors, and exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p656.html

Prescribing for Older Adults: Finding the Balance - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2007 - ...of minimal gain. Much drug therapy in older adults is to prevent illnesses by decreasing risks that will never affect them. We treat hypertension, hyperlipidemia, osteoporosis, and other risk factors—these are not diseases—just as we would in younger persons. The benefit of these...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1768.html

Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in Women - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the primary cause of death in women for almost a century, and more women than men have died of CVD every year since 1984. Although CVD incidence can be reduced by adherence to a heart-healthy lifestyle and detection and treatment of major risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1331.html

Preventing Dementia: Is There Hope for Progress? - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Undoubtedly, there is an increasing need to clarify the modifiable risk factors for cognitive impairment. Because the prevalence of dementia doubles every five years, the global burden of dementia will increase significantly—an impact that warrants a more anticipatory approach to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1034.html

Preventing Diagnostic Errors in Primary Care - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Taking specific steps to make diagnosis more reliable is something we should all consider. We will never be perfect, but we owe it to our patients and our profession to improve. A diagnostic checklist is included.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p426.html

Preventing Falls in Older Persons - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2017 - The American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society recommend that all adults older than 65 years be screened annually for a history of falls or balance impairment. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and American Academy of Family Physicians recommend exercise or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p240.html

Preventing Postpartum Hemorrhage: Managing the Third Stage of Labor - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Postpartum hemorrhage is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Most postpartum hemorrhages are caused by uterine atony and occur in the immediate postpartum period. Expectant or physiologic management of the third stage of labor has been compared with active ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1025.html

Preventing Sports Injury and Illness: Key Resources for Family Physicians - Editorials ...

Apr 15, 2017 - Given the limited attention paid to the role and importance of physical activity in medical schools and the limited exposure to sports medicine and musculoskeletal problems during residency, many physicians would likely benefit from additional knowledge to improve their ability to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p479.html

Preventing Stroke in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Stroke is the third most common overall cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability in the United States. New therapeutic interventions instituted in the period immediately after a stroke have revolutionized the approach to ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Recognition of a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2329.html

Prevention of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - The prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers has declined dramatically since 1960. However, satisfaction with this achievement must be tempered because iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers is associated with long-lasting diminished mental, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1217.html

Prevention of Recurrent Ischemic Stroke - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - Recurrent ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack are common problems in primary care, with stroke survivors averaging 10 outpatient visits per year. Risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia should be evaluated during each office visit. Attention ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p382.html

Preventive Health Counseling for Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The leading causes of adolescent mortality are accidents (death from unintentional injury), homicide, and suicide. Additional morbidity is related to drug, tobacco, and alcohol use; risky sexual behaviors; poor nutrition; and inadequate physical activity. One third of adolescents engage...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1151.html

Preventive Health: Time for Change - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - It is time to make a decision. Which will be our health promotion strategy—primary prevention or secondary prevention?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p610.html

Preventive Therapy for Diabetes: Lifestyle Changes and the Primary Care Physician - ...

Jan 15, 2004 - ...Regular exercise has the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality from diabetes and many other conditions such as vascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis. Although the data are mixed about the positive impact of counseling, the potential benefits of exercise combined...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p269.html

Primary Care for Persons Who Inject Drugs - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2019 - More than 750,000 persons in the United States inject opioids, methamphetamine, cocaine, or ketamine, and that number is increasing because of the current opioid epidemic. Persons who inject drugs (PWID) are at higher risk of infectious and noninfectious skin, pulmonary, cardiac, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p109.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Low Back Pain in Adults: Recommendation Statement...

Jun 15, 2005 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on low back pain and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2d ed.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2337.html

Primary Prevention of CHD: Nine Ways to Reduce Risk - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - Lowering cholesterol can reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease. Treating hypertension reduces overall mortality and is most effective in reducing the risk of coronary heart disease in older patients. Smoking cessation reduces the level of risk to that of nonsmokers within about...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1455.html

Primary Prevention of CVD: Physical Activity - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

Jul 15, 2010 - Does counseling to increase physical activity lead to increased physical activity in healthy persons without existing CVD? What are the health benefits of increasing physical activity in relation to cardiovascular outcomes in healthy persons without existing CVD?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p136.html

Promoting and Prescribing Exercise in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - Regular exercise provides a myriad of health benefits in older adults, including improvements in blood pressure, diabetes, lipid profile, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and neurocognitive function. Regular physical activity is also associated with decreased mortality and age-related ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p419.html

Provision of Contraception: Key Recommendations from the CDC - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released comprehensive recommendations for provision of family planning services. Contraceptive services may be addressed in five steps, and counseling may be provided in a tiered approach, whereby the most effective options are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p625.html

Putting Prevention into Practice - Dec 15, 2012 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2012 - Case study: A 73-year-old woman comes to your office for routine follow-up for hypertension. She lives alone in an apartment and walks slowly, requiring the use of a cane. She is otherwise healthy and alert. Her most recent eye examination was three years ago.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1135.html

Radon: A Leading Environmental Cause of Lung Cancer - Editorials - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Protracted exposure to radon is the leading environmental cause of cancer deaths in the United States. Family physicians play a key role in informing patients about the health risks.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p280.html

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