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hypertension

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Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - ...Hypertension: Gaps Between Guidelines and Practice Am Fam Physician. 2005 May 1;71(9):1800-1802. Hypertension, one of the most common reasons patients visit outpatient medical facilities, affects approximately 50 million Americans. Treatment of hypertension has been shown to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1800.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - ...Cardiovascular endpoints were assessed blindly, and mortality data were available for all patients. Although 41 percent of patients had hypertension, only 4 percent had a history of myocardial infarction (MI); 2 percent had a history of stroke; 7 percent, angina; and 2 percent,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p158.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - ...Persons with diabetes are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease because classical risk factors including obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are common in this group. However, the link between cardiovascular disease and hyperglycemia is not as clear. Studies have shown that...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2200.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - ...age of participants was 71 years, 29 percent were women, 71 percent were white, 62 percent had coronary artery disease, 72 percent had hypertension, and 28 percent had diabetes. Most patients had systolic heart failure (70 percent) with an average ejection fraction of 35 percent in...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2170.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - ...to 325 mg daily) of six randomized controlled trials. The mean age of participants was 72 years, 37 percent were women, 46 percent had hypertension, and 22 percent had a previous stroke or transient ischemic attack. All five rules were able to divide patients into low-, moderate-,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1776.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...Should Atenolol Be Used for Hypertension? Am Fam Physician. 2005 Mar 15;71(6):1177-1178. Study Question: Does atenolol reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with hypertension? Setting: Various (meta-analysis) Study Design: Systematic review Synopsis: The...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1177.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - ...Regression of LVH in Patients with Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2005 Mar 1;71(5):972. Clinical Question: Should antihypertensive therapy be targeted at regression or prevention of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH)? Setting: Outpatient (any) Study Design: Cohort (retrospective)...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p972.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - ...10 years, surgical patients were significantly more likely than control patients to have recovered from diabetes (36 versus 13 percent), hypertension (19 versus 11 percent), and hypertriglyceridemia (46 versus 24 percent). There was no difference at two or 10 years in the rate of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1392.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - ...receptor blockade for all patients with left ventricular dysfunction (i.e., ejection fraction of 40 percent or less), heart failure, or hypertension. [ corrected] B: Beta blockade for all patients and blood pressure control, with a goal of 130/85 mm Hg or less. C: Cholesterol...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1770a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - ...enrolled 160 overweight or obese adults (mean body mass index = 35; range = 27 to 42) who were 22 to 72 years of age with known hypertension, dyslipidemia, or fasting hyperglycemia. Participants were randomized to one of the following diet groups: Atkins (carbohydrate restriction),...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1783.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - ...Common side effects include drying of the skin and mucous membranes, and headaches, which can be an indication of benign intracranial hypertension. Isotretinoin is contraindicated in pregnancy and can cause elevations in liver enzymes and lipids. It may be associated with...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1798.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...Hypertension and Thiazide Diuretics: Reviewing ALLHAT Am Fam Physician. 2005 Mar 15;71(6):1216. The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) was a strongly powered, randomized, double-blind, multicenter clinical trial comparing the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1216.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - ...In patients with cirrhosis, the presence of esophageal varices on upper endoscopy may be an indication of the development of portal hypertension. Because variceal bleeding is a major cause of mortality in cirrhotic patients, prevention of such bleeding is a high priority of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p980a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - ...at baseline. Those who improved the most tended to be younger, to have reported greater depression at baseline, or to have a history of hypertension. Five participants reported exercise-related musculoskeletal injuries, but only one of these discontinued training. The authors...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1400.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - ...Women comprised 37 percent of each group. Previous ischemic stroke was reported by 26 percent of participants, TIA by 19 percent, hypertension by 78 percent, diabetes by 68 percent, and elevated cholesterol levels by 56 percent. One additional risk factor was reported by 79 percent...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1421a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - ...Patients who already were taking statins were more likely than the other groups to have hyperlipidemia, hypertension, vascular disease, or diabetes, and were slightly less ill at the time of hospitalization. These patients were much less likely to have a final diagnosis of...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1416.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...with diabetes and hypertension? Setting: Outpatient (any) Study Design: Randomized controlled trial (double-blinded) Allocation: Concealed Synopsis: In this substudy of the landmark United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study, 1,148 patients with hypertension and diabetes were...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1186.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - ...Hoerger and associates performed a cost-benefit analysis comparing universal diabetes screening and screening targeted to patients with hypertension. A model of five types of potential complications was developed using mathematical models of diabetes progression to simulate lifetime...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p802a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...reduce weight are appropriate in patients with a body mass index greater than 27 kg per m2, especially in patients with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, or increased waist circumference. When lifestyle modification does not induce weight loss, pharmacotherapy may be useful. A...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p597.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...heart failure. More than 75 percent of the participants were men, and nearly 90 percent were white. More than 60 percent had a history of hypertension, but less than one third currently were receiving a diuretic. Initial blood pressure measurement averaged 129/78 mm Hg for all...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1182a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...of patients met the criteria for a major depressive disorder. Other studies have found an association between coronary artery disease and hypertension and anxiety disorders. Davies and colleagues reviewed biologic explanations for the increased prevalence of depression and anxiety...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p600a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...Synopsis: In this study, 250 participants with diabetes who had mild to moderate hypertension and evidence of early nephropathy (i.e., urinary albumin excretion rate between 11 and 999 mcg per minute and a serum creatinine level of less than 1.6 mg per dL) were randomized to receive...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1178a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - ...acute coronary syndrome, recent stroke, recent cardiac surgery or angioplasty, valvular heart disease, or hypotension or uncontrolled hypertension. The primary outcome was a composite of death, hospitalization, and change in quality of life. The authors took an innovative approach...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p972a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - ...enzyme. Because angiotensin II is important in blood pressure regulation, adipose tissue production may be the link between obesity and hypertension. Enzymes involved in the metabolism of steroid hormones and glucocorticoids also are produced in adipose tissue, having a direct...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p989.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - ...significantly with the possibility of avoiding inexorable renal insufficiency. To avoid or minimize the long-term damage of diabetes, hypertension, and other chronic conditions, we must offer patients all the resources they need to manage their diseases. For many, this assistance...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p996.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...macrovascular complications in persons with type 2 diabetes who have any other cardiovascular risk factors (i.e., older than 55 years, hypertension, smoking, left ventricular hypertrophy, previous cerebrovascular or peripheral arterial disease). Statins appear to be the drug of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p588a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2004 - ...Two guidelines address alcohol consumption in patients with hypertension. The new American Heart Association advisory recommends that patients with hypertension avoid alcohol consumption. This recommendation conflicts with the Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1215/p2367.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...western Washington. Control patients (n = 2,268) were selected randomly from the same health plan and were matched for age, sex, treated hypertension status, and occurrence of myocardial infarction. Information on the use of estrogen and other medications was obtained from...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p560a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...valve may be most diagnostic, because the aortic and mitral valves may show age-related changes. Pergolide also may cause pulmonary hypertension as it interacts with the serotonin 5-HT receptor implicated in the induction of heart disease by appetite-suppressing drugs. Read the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p584.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - ...should be closely monitored. Because OCPs can increase blood pressure, they should be prescribed with caution in patients with mild hypertension and patients who smoke (see accompanying table). The best OCP to select is the one with the lowest effective estrogen dose. Side effects...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p547.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - ...enrolled 2,838 men and women 40 to 75 years of age with type 2 diabetes mellitus of at least six months’ duration who also had hypertension, retinopathy, microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria, or current tobacco use. Patients were assigned randomly (concealed allocation) to receive...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p347a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2004 - ...sphygmomanometer is subject to interobserver variability. In addition, blood pressure measurement is only intermittent, and white-coat hypertension might confound results. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has been shown to have better prognostic value than office monitoring, but...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1015/p1558.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2005 - ...history of military service, higher body mass index, diabetes mellitus, vitamin B12 deficiency, rheumatoid arthritis, and the absence of hypertension. Patients with one or more deficits frequently reported numbness of extremities (28 percent), pain or discomfort (48 percent),...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p146.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2005 - ...symptom onset. The researchers adjusted for age, blood glucose level, NIHSS score, diastolic blood pressure on admission, and previous hypertension. At three months, 14 percent of the patients had died or had the worst assigned score. An additional 25.5 percent were severely...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p171a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - ...reading in patients with hypertension cause concern? Setting: Outpatient (primary care) Study Design: Cohort (retrospective) Synopsis: The authors of this study used an electronic medical record to identify a cohort of 5,825 patients with hypertension who were seen in 1993. They...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1770.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2004 - ...dL (3.50 mmol per L) and a history of diabetes or cerebrovascular, coronary, or occlusive arterial disease; men 65 and older with treated hypertension also were eligible. Exclusions from the study included patients with significant coronary or cerebrovascular events within the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1115/p2001.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - ...of the TIA patients reported a previous episode, more than one half were taking antiplatelet therapy, and one half were being treated for hypertension). Although physicians and patients must take all TIAs or stroke events seriously, the risk for a serious subsequent stroke could be...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2204.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - ...Hypertension (probably) Dementia in older adults (possibly) Alzheimer’s disease (possibly) Information from references 1 and 2. Disorders Associated with Elevated Homocysteine Levels Coronary artery disease Stroke Peripheral arterial disease Aortic...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1372.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - ...disease were more likely to be older and to have a higher BMI, a higher total cholesterol level, and a higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension than patients without incident kidney disease. Of note, those who were being treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors at...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1391.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2004 - ...Sildenafil Effective for Primary Pulmonary Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2004 Sep 15;70(6):1135-1136. Clinical Question: Can sildenafil increase quality of life in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension? Setting: Outpatient (specialty) Study Design: Crossover trial...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1135a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - ...were women. Patients typically had multiple chronic medical conditions. The most common comorbidities were coronary artery disease, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes. Use of the BNP assay decreased the average time spent in the emergency department...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1796.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2004 - ...of the three comorbidity groups. The vascular disease group included patients with hypertension alone, and those with manifested peripheral, cerebrovascular, or cardiovascular disease without hypertension. The study also included a so-called none-plus group of 159 patients without...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1162.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - ...Self-measurement might lower costs and offer other advantages over office measurement. Staessen and colleagues, in the Treatment of Hypertension Based on Home or Office Blood Pressure (THOP) trial, compared self-measurement and conventional office measurements of blood pressure as...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1387a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2004 - ...rises in serum glucose levels were noted in 21 percent of patients in the treatment group compared with 6 percent in the control group. Hypertension was reported in 13 percent of patients in the control group compared with 2 percent in the treatment group. The authors conclude that...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1157a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - ...is contraindicated in patients with congestive heart failure, asthma, Raynaud’s disease, and type 1 diabetes, patients with angina or hypertension may benefit. Antidepressants are useful in patients with depression and certain anxiety disorders in addition to migraine, but only...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1380.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2004 - ...British Hypertension Society Guidelines Update Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jul 1;70(1):172. Clinical Question: How should hypertension be managed? Setting: Various (guideline) Study Design: Practice guideline Synopsis: The British Hypertension Society has issued its fourth update on...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p172.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - ...Elevated C-Reactive Protein and Risk of Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jun 15;69(12):2924. The C-reactive protein level is an indicator of systemic inflammation that is associated with an increased risk of stroke and myocardial infarction. C-reactive protein, perhaps mediated...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2924.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2004 - ...Is Treatment for Hypertension Aggressive Enough? Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jul 15;70(2):387. Hypertension is one of the most common diseases in the United States, accounting for a significant number of outpatient physician visits. Although hypertension usually is asymptomatic, it may...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p387.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2004 - ...was halted for several days and then resumed. This same patient later developed moderate edema of the right forearm and moderate hypertension. No further adverse events were noted when the dosage was reduced to 25 mg. Five patients had increases in angina scores, but these increases...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p955a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2004 - ...occurred even after adjustments were made for blood pressure level. Beta blockers and diuretics are the initial recommended treatment for hypertension. Several classes of antihypertensive medications are available to treat this condition. Each of these classes has been shown to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p194.html

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