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hypertension

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Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2003 - ...mortality. Recent research has demonstrated the important role of the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system in the increased risk for hypertension and cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. McFarlane and Sowers reviewed the role of aldosterone as an added risk...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p962.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2003 - ...Graduated compression therapy to overcome venous hypertension is useful and can be applied using inelastic or elastic bandages. An inelastic bandage such as the Unna boot (a moist, pasty bandage that hardens to inelasticity) applies more pressure with activity. However, this type of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p755.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2003 - ...Because untreated pulmonary embolism (PE) can be rapidly fatal or cause permanent disability from pulmonary hypertension, an accurate and rapid diagnosis is essential. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism are closely associated. The approach to patients with signs and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p737a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - ...Synopsis: The investigators of this multinational study enrolled 1,715 patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy, most of whom had hypertension. Allocation to treatment assignment was concealed. The patients had significant proteinuria, averaging 2.9 g of urinary protein per...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p534.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - ...vascular endothelial function that is compromised by other risk factors for cardiovascular disease including hyperlipidemia, smoking, and hypertension. Endothelial dysfunction can result from these disorders and can progress to atherosclerosis. To evaluate the correlation between...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p537.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - ...creatinine levels. The dosage used in this study was substantially less than the dosage normally used in the treatment of cirrhosis or hypertension (25 to 50 mg per day). Spironolactone is easier to start and titrate than the standard heart failure treatment of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p543.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2003 - ...were included in the study. Aspirin use and tobacco cessation were recommended to all patients, along with tight control of diabetes and hypertension. Patients were aggressively treated, resulting in optimal improvement in all lipid parameters. About 50 percent of patients in both...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0715/p372.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2003 - ...population that attended was similar to those who were invited except they tended to be more affluent and smoked less. The prevalence of hypertension and coronary heart disease was similar to that in the general population. Information obtained during the session included a...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0615/p2599.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2003 - ...Recent evidence shows that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases nocturnal blood pressure and is a risk factor for arterial hypertension during the day. While nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) has been shown to improve symptoms in patients with OSA, its role in...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2404.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - ...Compared with white Americans, blacks are six times more likely to develop hypertension-related end-stage renal disease. In the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension, Wright and colleagues attempted to determine whether lowering blood pressure would slow the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2207.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - ...did not show any changes. Baseline characteristics, including age, sex, body mass index, cholesterol levels, smoking status, presence of hypertension, presence of diabetes, and presence of family history of coronary heart disease, were compared among the groups. During a median...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1601.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2003 - ...included cholesterol level, age, gender, etiology of valvular stenosis, smoking history, and diagnosis of other chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and coronary disease. A second echo-cardiogram of the aortic valve was obtained at least six months after the initial...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1800.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2003 - ...Hypertension is a risk factor for CHF and also increases the risk of myocardial infarction. Uncontrolled hypertension is an important contributor to the lifetime risk of CHF. In patients who have blood pressures greater than 160/100 mm Hg, the lifetime risk of developing CHF is...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1339a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2003 - ...The cost of antihypertensive drugs accounts for nearly one half of the expense of caring for patients with hypertension and its complications. To determine the relative efficacy of newer antihypertensive agents compared with older, less costly drugs, the research group of the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1366.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2003 - ...instability begins with endothelial activation caused by both the classic cardiac risk factors (elevated cholesterol levels, smoking, and hypertension) and more recently identified factors (homocysteine, immune complexes, and some infectious agents). Activated endothelium causes...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1362a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - ...Most patients with hypertension are advised to reduce dietary salt intake, yet this advice is largely based on short-term trials with diverse methodologies and outcomes. Hooper and colleagues systematically reviewed evidence for the benefit of salt restriction in reducing...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p410.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - ...common adverse effects involved cutaneous effects on the skin, but Cushingoid changes, gastrointestinal upset, myopathy, weight gain, hypertension, and osteoporosis were also common. Only two patients (5 percent) had complications resulting from surgical treatment. Complete...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1611.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - ...either had confirmed cerebrovascular or cardiovascular disease or were at significant risk of these conditions because of smoking, hypertension, or diabetes. After completing a battery of physical and psychologic screening tests, all patients participated in a four-week placebo...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p1119.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2003 - ...from the hospital. Patient information was collected on all participants and included information on age, gender, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, smoking, and cardiac history. The participants were then followed for an average of 3.3 years to determine all causes of mortality. There...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1354a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2003 - ...Approximately 42 percent of patients who are successfully treated for mild to moderate hypertension remain normotensive 12 months after withdrawal of medication. Nelson and colleagues studied patients 65 to 84 years of age who were presenting to general practitioners in Australia to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p860.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2003 - ...had been taking antihypertensive medication for more than four years. One half of the 20 men and 18 women took only one medication for hypertension, but 25 of the patients took other medications regularly (range: one to more than five additional drugs). The most commonly prescribed...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p607.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2003 - ...rates were similar in the two groups (4.2 percent for celecoxib, 3.5 percent for diclofenac-omeprazole). Adverse renal effects (e.g., hypertension, peripheral edema, creatinine level greater than 2.2 mg per dL [200 mmol per L]) occurred in a substantial portion of both groups (24.3...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1372.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2003 - ...but true ischemic events are rare. Contraindications include risk of heart disease, basilar or hemiplegic migraine, or uncontrolled hypertension. Intranasal dihydroergotamine may be useful; the efficacy of intravenous preparations is less clear. Of the opioid preparations, only...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1375.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2003 - ...with altered autonomic function include neurogenic essential hypertension, psychogenic ischemic heart disease, and congestive heart failure. About 40 percent of patients with untreated essential hypertension have increased norepinephrine levels that stimulate the heart, elevate...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p841.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2003 - ...because of their anticholinergic properties, but they are also responsible for side effects such as insomnia, anxiety, palpitations, hypertension, dry mouth and eyes and, possibly, urinary problems. In approximately one half of all asthma cases, chronic cough is the only symptom,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p169a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2003 - ...Clinical clues that should lead to a suspicion of sleep apnea include snoring, obesity, hypertension, and daytime somnolence. Of course, sleep apnea is not the only sleep disorder that can cause daytime sleepiness. In the differential diagnosis, the author includes insufficient...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p590.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2003 - ...of the medications. Other components of type 2 diabetes treatment include management of nonglycemic risk factors, including dyslipidemia, hypertension, and, possibly, hormone replacement. The author concludes that aggressive treatment of type 2 diabetes will decrease the incidence...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p639.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2003 - ...The greatest absolute risk reduction in ischemic stroke occurred in patients who had the highest baseline risk for stroke (e.g., hypertension, diabetes, previous cerebral ischemia). For example, the absolute risk reduction was 6.0 percent per year in patients who had a previous...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p831.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2003 - ...(45.5 kg) more than ideal body weight or more than 200 percent of ideal body weight, is associated with serious comorbid diseases such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. Obesity surgery, including gastric bypass (GBP), biliopancreatic diversion (BPD), and gastroplasties...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p866.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2002 - ...Asymptomatic Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2002 Oct 15;66(8):1547-1548. In patients with diastolic blood pressures between 115 and 129 mm Hg, only three patients require treatment to prevent one death, stroke, or myocardial infarction. In other forms of hypertension, the numbers...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1547.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2003 - ...younger than 18 years or older than 75 years, patients who were already taking vasoactive agents, and patients with noncirrhotic portal hypertension, contraindications to the trial drugs, low blood pressure, or bradycardia were excluded. Researchers randomized 172 participants to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p609.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - ...have shown that garlic use can lower serum cholesterol levels from 5 to 15 percent, reduce plaque size, and cause a modest reduction in hypertension. Nevertheless, knowledge about the active compounds and the exact mechanisms of action are lacking. Other cardiovascular benefits can...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1318.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - ...of follow-up available for review after a first report of syncope was 8.6 years (n = 2,181). After adjustments for age, sex, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, use of cardiac medications, and several other relevant clinical variables, the overall risk of death...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p414.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2002 - ...if the pain seems to be ischemic. Because of their mechanism of action, trip-tans should not be used in patients with uncontrolled hypertension; however, triptans may be an appropriate treatment for migraine if blood pressure is well controlled. Pregnant women are proscribed from...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2578.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2002 - ...pressure levels less than 140/90 mm Hg. Although commonly cited obstacles to good blood pressure control include lack of awareness of hypertension, suboptimal medical management, and poor patient adherence to medication regimens, a key factor associated with successful blood...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1115/p1979.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2002 - ...of risk factors was high. About one half of the patients were smokers, 36 to 40 percent had hypercholesterolemia, 20 to 27 percent had hypertension, and more than 30 percent had a family history of cardiovascular disease. The three treatment groups were comparable in demographic and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1115/p1992.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - ...occur in one person per 1,000. A review by Gibson and Watson stresses the importance of early detection of the condition and control of hypertension. At least two forms of APKD are currently recognized. The more common PKD1 (approximately 86 percent of cases) is attributed to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1314.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - ...syndrome. Other features include intrauterine fetal death and deliveries before 34 weeks' gestation associated with pregnancy-induced hypertension or intrauterine growth retardation. Mothers may also have livedo reticularis, arterial or venous thrombosis, or neurologic conditions...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1307.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2002 - ...Reduces myocardial infarction and atherosclerosis; reduces hypertension; improves outcome in IgA nephropathy, lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, and psychiatric disorders Omega-6 fatty acids Generalized reduction in immune...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p875.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2002 - ...with atrial fibrillation who have a lower risk of thromboembolic stroke, including those with no history of cardiovascular events or hypertension, no therapy or aspirin might be a better alternative. Stroke Prophylaxis Treatment Recommendations, Based on Maximizing QALYs The...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0915/p1081a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2002 - ...older, nonsmokers, more likely to take aspirin and multivitamins regularly, and more physically active. Their rates of obesity and hypertension, however, were higher. After adjusting for age and cardiovascular risk factors, intake of fish was inversely associated with incidence of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p851.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - ...previous stroke or transient ischemic attack (1,013 patients), peripheral artery disease (4,051 patients), diabetes (3,577 patients), or hypertension (4,355 patients). The average age was 66 years, and the average blood pressure was 139/79 mm Hg. Patients were randomly allocated to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p669.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2002 - ...Many patients with hypertension must use more than one antihypertensive medication to achieve blood pressure control. Drug interactions are possible, especially when patients require medications for other conditions. Flockhart and Tanus-Santos reviewed the drug metabolic effects...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/p2356.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2002 - ...in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). Individual patients may, however, develop serious complications such as pulmonary hypertension or cor pulmonale. Pregnant patients with CF should continue physiotherapy and medication use with adjustment for physiologic changes of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2583a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2002 - ...and euphoric effects. They also offer some cardiopulmonary benefits, including decreased cardiac congestion and decreased pulmonary hypertension. Opioids can be administered by various routes, including cutaneous patches, subcutaneous injection, parenteral, oral, inhaled, or per...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p152.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2002 - ...obtained on admission and at 26 to 28 weeks of gestation. Women with preterm delivery and pregnancies complicated by hemoglobinopathies, hypertension, or multiple gestation were excluded. In addition to gathering data on the pregnant women, the authors interviewed 31 obstetric...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/p1670.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2002 - ...Hypertension, advanced cardiovascular disease, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, agitated states, history of drug abuse Phendimetrazine (Bontril) Noradrenergic 17.5 to 70 mg two to three times per day or 105 mg sustained-release per day $1.20 to $5.25 per day III Same as...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/p1675.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2002 - ...risk. These associations did not change when adjusted for physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, ancestry, and family history of diabetes. Obesity increased the positive risk associated with the western-pattern diet. Whole-grain intake...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/p2331.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2002 - ...Moderate exercise and improved diet, accompanied by a small weight loss, have proven efficacy in the treatment of mild hypertension. Members of the Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group extended that logic to the management of patients with impaired glucose tolerance, who are...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/p2338.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - ...months but had not used any hormonal medications or herbal supplements during that time. Exclusions included hysterectomy, uncontrolled hypertension, and history of stroke, cancer, myocardial infarction, or transient ischemic attack during the previous five years. Blood levels of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2143.html

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