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hypertension

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Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - ...editor's note: These were not healthy patients. One half had hypertension, 36 percent had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 80 percent had coronary heart disease, 31 percent had lower limb ischemia, and 14 percent had diabetes. Fourteen percent reported current smoking, and 17...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2128.html

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May 15, 2002 - ...and had higher incomes than women in other groups. The groups were similar in rates of pregnancy loss, neonatal death, pregnancy-induced hypertension or diabetes, anemia, and antenatal hospital admission. Women who exercised reported more acute upper respiratory problems (colds and...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2156.html

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Mar 1, 2002 - ...Midlife Hypertension Increases Later Stroke Risk Am Fam Physician. 2002 Mar 1;65(5):963-964. Currently, elevated blood pressure (hypertension) is a known risk factor for stroke. The positive effect of eliminating hypertension on stroke occurrence is apparent within a few years of...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p963a.html

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May 1, 2002 - ...bias; for example, patients with lung disease may have excess respiratory signals that effectively block the perception of pain. Hypertension, increasing age, and diabetes mellitus have also been considered risk factors for unrecognized MI; however, this supposition has not been...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1902.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - ...occur. Long-term use of ephedra is associated with tachyphylaxis and may cause hemodynamic instability during the perioperative period. Hypertension, coma, and fatal hyperpyrexia may occur when ephedra is used with monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Atherosclerosis risk is diminished in...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1927.html

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Dec 15, 2001 - ...Resistant hypertension, defined as failure to lower the blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg with a maximized three-drug regimen, is relatively common. An organized approach helps physicians identify complicating factors that hinder better blood pressure control. O'Rorke and Richardson...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1215/p2001.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2001 - ...steal syndrome are unknown, it generally occurs in patients older than 55 years and has a 2:1 male-to-female ratio. Risk factors include hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, tobacco use and vigorous exercise of the affected extremity. In more than 95 percent of cases,...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1101/p1625.html

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Mar 15, 2002 - ...sympathomimetic agent that stimulates alpha-adrenergic receptors on smooth muscle and can reduce nasal congestion. Toxic effects include hypertension, tachycardia, and central nervous system (CNS) stimulation (presenting as agitation, insomnia, psychosis, and/or seizures). Cerebral...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1195.html

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Mar 1, 2002 - ...uterine atony than low-dose oxytocin. Reduced need for second-line uterotonic agents has the potential of avoiding side effects such as hypertension or bronchospasm and may also lead to cost savings. Read the full article. Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere. Choose a single...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p947a.html

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Mar 1, 2002 - ...All 1,860 study participants had either hypertension or diminished renal function. The ACE inhibitor used varied among studies. All patients received regular blood pressure measurements and laboratory testing. The primary outcomes were end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and a twofold...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p951.html

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Mar 1, 2002 - ...The study consisted of 1,715 patients who were enrolled at more than 200 clinical sites. Eligible patients had type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and at least 900 mg of proteinuria in a 24-hour specimen. In addition to the randomly assigned study medication, patients were allowed to use...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p963.html

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Mar 1, 2002 - ...are at risk of developing diabetes and related conditions later in life and face a range of complications during pregnancy, including hypertension, preeclampsia, and cesarean delivery. Macrosomia is more common in infants exposed to GDM, as are the risks of operative delivery,...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p964.html

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Jan 15, 2002 - ...Home Monitoring in Patients with Essential Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2002 Jan 15;65(2):309. Results of studies using self-reporting of blood pressure measurement by way of telecommunication systems have demonstrated declines in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, but...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p309.html

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Feb 15, 2002 - ...studies that have examined the renal effects of coxib drugs are noted by the authors, but smaller trials have shown the occurrence of hypertension in about 1 percent of patients and peripheral edema in about 2 to 4 percent of patients. The authors conclude that celecoxib and...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p696.html

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Feb 1, 2002 - ...indication for CPAP in patients with sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome is excessive daytime sleepiness, the relationship of this syndrome to hypertension and, possibly, myocardial infarction and stroke should be considered. It is unclear, however, if CPAP treatment will actually reduce...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p503.html

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Nov 15, 2001 - ...life expectancy of fewer than five years, those with other potential causes of thromboembolism and patients with uncontrolled diabetes or hypertension, unstable angina, progressive neurologic signs or myocardial infarction within six months were excluded. The 2,885 participants were...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1115/p1749.html

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Jul 15, 2001 - ...Pulmonary Hypertension: Diagnosis and Treatment Am Fam Physician. 2001 Jul 15;64(2):316-319. Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is familial in at least 6 percent of cases with an autosomal dominant inheritance, and is more common in women than in men. Anorexigens (such as...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0715/p316.html

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Sep 15, 2001 - ...Results from the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) trial show that dietary changes could affect blood pressure reductions on a par with drug therapy in persons with mild hypertension. The DASH diet emphasizes eating increased amounts of fruits and vegetables, and using...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p1062.html

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Aug 15, 2001 - ...About 4,500 patients and 15 hospital hypertension units were recruited for the study by 315 participating general practitioners. The mean age of the 2,583 women and 1,912 men was 64.4 years. In each group, about 30 percent of patients had one risk factor, and 40 percent had two risk...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0815/p661a.html

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Sep 1, 2001 - ...to reduce the number and severity of migraine attacks. Based on observational and anecdotal evidence, patients taking lisinopril for hypertension were believed to have fewer migraine attacks. Schrader and colleagues conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study to...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p854.html

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Oct 1, 2001 - ...over the past few years. A number of studies have revealed that obese children are at increased risk for developing dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and other weight-related morbidities. This increase in childhood obesity is multifactorial. Despite the fact that the...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1001/p1251.html

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Sep 15, 2001 - ...in the study. The mean age of the subjects was 70.5 years, with a range from 25 to 96 years. Comorbid illnesses were common, including hypertension, ischemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus and chronic renal insufficiency. The diagnosis of...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p1082.html

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Feb 15, 1998 - ...Medications used to treat hypertension are known to reduce the risk of complications such as stroke, congestive heart failure, renal failure and myocardial infarction that are often associated with hypertension. Despite strong evidence of the effectiveness of such medications,...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p837.html

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Sep 1, 2001 - ...Acute supportive care includes cautious treatment of patients with hypertension. In fact, treatment should not be initiated for hypertension because it normally resolves over a period of hours to days. Patients with hypotension should be treated more aggressively, with fluids,...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p853.html

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Sep 15, 2001 - ...The withdrawal syndrome progresses over the first two or three days with mild autonomic instability resulting in tachycardia, hypertension, tremor and diaphoresis. Central nervous system symptoms include vivid hallucinations and anxiety, as well as confusion, disorientation,...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p1059.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - ...and the suspicion for PE is still high. In an unstable patient, bedside echocardiography can be performed initially to look for pulmonary hypertension, a thrombus or other cardiologic conditions (such as pericardial tamponade, valvular disease) to explain the clinical presentation....

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p844a.html

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Jun 15, 2001 - ...trials of calcium antagonists involved more than 5,500 participants, with the majority being elderly patients with systolic hypertension. The treated patients experienced a 39 percent reduction in stroke and a 28 percent reduction in major cardiovascular events. For both agents,...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0615/p2458.html

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Jun 1, 2001 - ...The study included 630 research subjects, 82 percent of whom were men. The mean age was 42 years. Twenty-three percent had a history of hypertension, 22 percent had a family history of heart disease and 11 percent were smokers. Based on the Framingham Risk Index, the five-year...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2259a.html

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May 15, 2001 - ...had a history of allergies or anaphylaxis, and carried injectable epinephrine with them. Children were excluded if they had a history of hypertension, heart disease, seizures or other neurologic disorders, and if they were unable to discontinue the use of adrenergic drugs for at...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p2034.html

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May 15, 2001 - ...and when the risk of withdrawal seizures is high. Clonidine or atenolol, both of which reduce withdrawal symptoms, are useful if hypertension occurs during withdrawal. The dosage and duration of treatment should be guided by the severity of the withdrawal symptoms.—r.s. Add/view...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p2046.html

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Apr 15, 2001 - ...Hypertension Morbid obesity Smoking Little physical exercise Diabetes mellitus Low temperature Diet: high salt and fats, low potassium and vitamins Cholesterol concentration—at least in patients with coronary disease Excess alcohol intake Reprinted with...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0415/p1621a.html

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May 1, 2001 - ...and untreated hyperlipidemia were calculated. These estimates were adjusted for age, sex, history of coronary or cerebrovascular disease, hypertension, smoking and body mass index. The relative risk of dementia in patients with untreated hyperlipidemia was not significantly reduced...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1822a.html

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May 1, 2001 - ...humans. The role of homocysteine in the long-term progression of atherosclerosis and CAD maybe overshadowed by other risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes and lipid levels. The relationship between homocystinemia and other risk factors or protective mechanisms in different...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1829.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - ...of 115 mg per L (3.0 mmol per L). Patients at the absolute highest risk for coronary heart disease with nonlipid risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes and smoking should be targeted for treatment. The author concludes that evidence seems to contradict the lower is better...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1852.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - ...disorders. (POTS = postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome; HR = heart rate; BP = blood pressure; OH = orthostatic hypotension; HTN = hypertension; SSRI = selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) Adapted with permission from Professional Postgraduate Services, a division of...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2209a.html

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Mar 15, 2001 - ...Hyperglycemia, fever and hypertension are associated with poor stroke prognosis. Glucose levels should be normalized, and acetaminophen used for fever. Hypertension should not be treated aggressively in the first week because of the risk of reducing cerebral blood flow....

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1182.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - ...snoring, upper airway resistance syndrome and obesity-hypoventilation syndrome. It may lead to daytime somnolence, impaired cognition, hypertension (systemic or pulmonary), cardiac arrhythmia or infarction. The gold standard for diagnosis of OSA is all-night polysomnography (which...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1188a.html

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Mar 1, 2001 - ...less than 25 pg per mL (92 pmol per L). Exclusion criteria included history of a hormone-dependent tumor, thromboembolic disorders, hypertension, myocardial infarction or stroke. Women who smoked (one pack or more per day) or were more than 30 percent above ideal body weight, and...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0301/p948.html

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Oct 15, 1998 - ...Effects of Hypertension in Black Pregnant Women Am Fam Physician. 1998 Oct 15;58(6):1432. Preterm birth occurs in approximately 18 percent of live births to black mothers and is reported to be increasing in incidence. Black infants have a risk of mortality two times higher than white...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1432.html

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Jan 15, 1999 - ...Hypertension: Not a Benign Condition Am Fam Physician. 1999 Jan 15;59(2):455. Patients whose blood pressure readings are elevated when measured in a clinical setting but are within normal range in nonmedical environments are considered to have white coat, or transient,...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p455.html

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Feb 1, 1999 - ...Chronic Hypertension and Adverse Neonatal Outcomes Am Fam Physician. 1999 Feb 1;59(3):656-662. Up to 5 percent of all pregnant women have underlying chronic hypertension, and rates are higher among women who are older, obese or black. Chronic hypertension increases the risk of...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0201/p656a.html

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Jan 1, 2000 - ...Walking to Work Decreases Risk of Hypertension in Men Am Fam Physician. 2000 Jan 1;61(1):221. Physical activity has been shown to reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease, possibly in part by decreasing blood pressure. The level of physical activity needed to reduce blood pressure...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p221a.html

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Dec 1, 1999 - ...Prostacyclin Therapy for Pulmonary Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 1999 Dec 1;60(9):2653. Pulmonary artery hypertension may be primary with an unknown cause or secondary to other conditions, including lung disease, sarcoidosis, collagen vascular disease, congenital heart disease,...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2653.html

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Feb 15, 2001 - ...who delivered at or after 40 weeks of gestation at a large public hospital in Texas during 1998 were eligible for the study. Women with hypertension, diabetes, previous Cesarean births, fetal malformations, breech presentations and placenta previa were excluded. Gestational age was...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p739.html

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Mar 1, 1998 - ...Current hypertension† Somewhat helpful findings‡ Dyspnea, § orthopnea, tachycardia,∥ low SBP,∥ PPP <25%, S3, rales, abnormal abdominojugular reflux, radiographic cardiomegaly¶ Pulse >90, or >100 bpm, SBP <90 mm Hg, PPP <33%, S3, rales, dyspnea, any previous infarction, CPK...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1104.html

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Apr 1, 1999 - ...Even though hypertension is one of the most common reasons for visits to a physician's office, many patients have poorly controlled hypertension. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey found that only 24 percent of patients with hypertension had blood...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1962.html

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Oct 1, 1999 - ...cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, despite the fact that it is a preventable condition. Known risk factors include hypertension, myocardial infarction (MI), atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, carotid artery disease and lifestyle choices....

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1505.html

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Sep 15, 1998 - ...for Parenteral Treatment of Severe Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 1998 Sep 15;58(4):978-980. Fenoldopam, a peripheral dopamine-1 agonist, is labeled by the U.S. Food and Drug Association for parenteral treatment of severe hypertension. The drug induces arteriolar vasodilation...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p978.html

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Jul 15, 2000 - ...Historically, diastolic blood pressure has been considered the most important factor in adverse sequelae of hypertension. However, recent evidence has shown that systolic blood pressure has an equal or even greater role in cardiovascular risk. Kannel reviewed the evidence suggesting...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p440.html

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Feb 15, 2000 - ...Controlling Hypertension with Angiotensin II Receptors Am Fam Physician. 2000 Feb 15;61(4):1140. Hypertension remains poorly controlled in the United States, even with many options for antihypertensive treatment. Data from the 1994 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination...

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https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1140.html

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