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hypertension

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Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - ...Clinical Question: How many blood pressure readings are necessary to accurately diagnose hypertension? Bottom Line: Several blood pressure measurements, taken over time, should be averaged to obtain a patient's "true" blood pressure. Using a single measurement to determine whether...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/ot2.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - ...the "white-coat hypertension" that occurs when physicians take a patient's blood pressure. (Level of Evidence: 1b) Reference: Myers MG, Godwin M, Dawes M, et al. Conventional versus automated measurement of blood pressure in primary care patients with systolic hypertension:...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/ot3.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2012 - ...induction group were more likely to be white, 35 years or older, and nulliparous. They were also more likely to have diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, a macrosomic neonate, and a Bishop score less than 5. Nulliparous women who were induced took significantly longer to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1068a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2012 - ...contraindications to estrogen-containing pills (e.g., a history of venous thromboembolism, complex migraine headaches, uncontrolled hypertension), preterm birth, small- or large-for-gestational-age newborn, and a newborn with a major congenital anomaly. Baseline data were collected,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p80a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2012 - ...Background: The incidence of hypertension-induced heart failure is as common as that of stroke, especially in patients with diabetes mellitus, older persons, and those at higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Numerous trials have shown that all principal antihypertensive agents...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0401/ot2.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2011 - ...The Study: The authors randomized 299 men 75 years or older with hypertension to receive daily placebo or vitamin B supplementation at doses known to reduce homocysteine levels (25 mg of B6, 2 mg of B9 [folic acid], and 400 mcg of B12). The primary outcome was assessment of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p320.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2011 - ...system (i.e., with angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers [ARBs]) may prevent patients with hypertension or other cardiovascular disease from developing diabetes mellitus. However, this effect was not a primary outcome of most trials, and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p311.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - ...Hypertension High-density lipoprotein cholesterol < 35 mg per dL (0.91 mmol per L) or triglyceride level > 250 mg per dL (2.82 mmol per L) Women with polycystic ovary syndrome Impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose on previous tests Other...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p684.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2010 - ...beta blockers; those who had fallen after the diagnosis of dementia; and those with a history of myocardial infarction, heart failure, or hypertension. Conclusion: The authors conclude that patients with dementia who are treated with cholinesterase inhibitors are at greater risk of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p1035.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2010 - ...Women were excluded if they had preexisting diabetes, an abnormal glucose screening result before 24 weeks of gestation, asthma, hypertension, a history of corticosteroid use, or a history of previous fetal anomalies. Multiple maternal and fetal complication rates were compared...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p539.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2010 - ...to IV kidney disease, defined by a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 15 to 80 mL per minute per 1.73 m2 of body surface area, and with hypertension. Patients were excluded if they had renal artery stenosis, other major illnesses, or if they had received a kidney transplant. All...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p540.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - ...No eligible articles were identified concerning the effect of colon cleansing on general health or on specific conditions such as hypertension, asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, sinus congestion, or alcoholism. One study reported that heroin withdrawal...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p337.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - ...study, which was conducted in three cities in France. An extensive history concentrating on coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, angina, peripheral artery disease, Parkinson disease, hypercholesterolemia, and recent hip fracture was collected from every...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p340.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2009 - ...Thiazide Diuretics Remain First-Line Treatment for Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2009 Oct 15;80(8):882. Background: The 2002 ALLHAT (Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial) generated attention and controversy with its finding that thiazide...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p882.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2009 - ...of risk factors such as diabetes and hypertension. View/Print Table Table Scoring System for Predicting Future Chronic Kidney Disease FactorScore Age 1 to 3* Female sex 1 Anemia 1 Diabetes mellitus 1 Hypertension 1 Peripheral vascular disease 1...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p1003.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2009 - ...(using a customized growth chart that accounted for the women's demographic data), late miscarriage, preterm delivery, gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, and stillbirth. Birth outcomes were obtained from the electronic maternity database. Results: Caffeine intake was...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1153a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2009 - ...recommend that patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease (e.g., patients with diabetes; patients older than 40 years; patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, or a family history of these conditions) take aspirin to prevent a first cardiovascular event. These clinical...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p997a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - ...migraine. Women with a history of migraine were more likely to smoke, have elevated cholesterol levels, and have current or previous hypertension. Family history of myocardial infarction (MI) was equally distributed among the migraine groups. The mean concentration of high-density...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p396.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2009 - ...Is Immunization Against Hypertension Possible? Am Fam Physician. 2009 Feb 15;79(4):online. Background: Despite the availability of a range of effective therapies, only about one third of U.S. adults with hypertension have their blood pressure under control. Non-adherence to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/ot2.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2009 - ...(hazard ratio = 2.15 for high UAE, and 2.14 for low eGFR). This risk was independent of other cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking, and obesity. Conclusion: High UAE and low eGFR can be used to detect renal impairment, but tend to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p796.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2009 - ...Several risk factors at study enrollment (current smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity) were independently associated with greater risk of dying before 90 years of age (hazard ratio of 2.10, 1.86, 1.28, and 1.44, respectively). Regular vigorous exercise reduced mortality...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2008 - ...strongest risk factor is history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA; relative risk [RR] = 2.5), followed by diabetes (RR = 1.7), hypertension (RR = 1.6), coronary artery disease (RR = 1.5), heart failure or impaired left ventricular systolic function (RR = 1.4), and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2008 - ...care between 12 and 19 weeks' gestation were eligible for the study if they had a history of preeclampsia or non-proteinuric chronic hypertension. Women were excluded from the study if they had a multiple pregnancy, fetal anomaly, diabetes mellitus, proteinuria, or if they used...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/ot2.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - ...*—Risk factors include family history of coronaryartery disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes,or current smoking. Table. Thrombolysis in MyocardialInfarction Risk Factors for UnstableAngina or ST Elevation MyocardialInfarction Age 65 years or older At least three...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/ot2.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2008 - ...36 kg per m2. Almost all studies excluded participants with obesity secondary to endocrine conditions, as well as those with uncontrolled hypertension, psychiatric conditions, medical illness, previous bariatric surgery, and those receiving drugs that affect body weight. Women who...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - ...effects, vitamin D deficiency is associated with elevated blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Ecologic studies report that hypertension and coronary heart disease rates increase with further distance from the equator, which may be related to decreasing exposure to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - ...stroke. In subgroup analysis, the reductionsin vascular events were similar betweenparticipants with diabetes who had vasculardisease or hypertension, and those who didnot have these conditions at the beginning oftrials. The reductions in vascular events werealso similar in patients...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - ...years, and the majority of eachgroup consisted of smokers. About 47 percentof the placebo group and 53 percentof the omeprazole group had hypertension.The mean PRI in the omeprazole groupchanged from 83.9 percent on the first day to51.4 percent on the seventh day. In the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/ot3.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - ...in the previous six months. The presence of depression, other health conditions, and a history of coronary heart disease, stroke, or hypertension was also recorded at baseline. The health status of each patient was monitored annually by questionnaire, clinical data, and, when...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/ot1.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2008 - ...failure or poor left ventricular function, but 20 percent had diabetes, 40 percent had previous myocardial infarction, 50 percent had hypertension, and 50 percent had hyperlipidemia. Results: Short-term survival (within 30 days of the procedure) was high in both groups, and was not...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/ot3.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2008 - ...Hypertension Older age WBC = white blood cell; WHI = Women's Health Initiative. Table Characteristics Associated with Higher and Lower WBC Counts Among Postmenopausal Women in the WHI Study Lower WBC countsHigher WBC counts Alcohol consumption Aspirin use...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p641.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - ...Hypertension Obesity Sedentary lifestyle Smoking CAD = coronary artery disease. Table. Risk Factors for CAD and Colonic Neoplasm Diabetes mellitus High-fat, low-fiber diet Hyperlipidemia Hypertension Obesity Sedentary lifestyle Smoking CAD =...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1742a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - ...is associated with several potentially serious short- and long-term health consequences, including type 2 diabetes, hyperlip-idemia, and hypertension. Excessive weight in childhood also is highly predictive of overweight or obesity in adulthood. Effective interventions for childhood...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1746.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2008 - ...and had a minimum body mass index (BMI) of 34 kg per m2 for men and 38 kg per m2 for women. Patients with comorbidities (e.g., diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction or stroke that occurred more than six months before the study) were eligible unless they were...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/p837.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2007 - ...groups, more than one half were men, 60 percent were white, and the average age was 66 years. About 70 percent of the participants had hypertension, 30 percent had diabetes, and 28 percent had a previous stroke. Study treatment was initiated an average of 1.2 days from onset of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1859.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2008 - ...Demographic data were collected and included comorbidities (e.g., hypertension, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, gallstones, osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea). Multiple terms were assessed to capture obesity management plans even when obesity was not...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p362.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2008 - ...between baseline blood pressure and five-year survival rates in patients 80 years or older with hypertension. The Study: A subsample of 4,071 patients at least 80 years of age with hypertension were studied retrospectively using clinic data from a larger study of veterans. For 1,289...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p94.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2002 - ...Thyroid Hormone Effect on Hypertension, Aortic Stiffness Am Fam Physician. 2002 Sep 1;66(5):851-852. Hypertension, most commonly diastolic, is increased in patients with hypothyroidism because of increased peripheral vascular resistance. Hypertension is caused by hypothyroidism in...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p851a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - ...Alcohol Consumption and CVD Risk in Men with Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2007 Oct 15;76(8):1208-1210. Background: Adults with hypertension are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Epidemiologic studies have suggested a protective effect of moderate...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1208.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2007 - ...with a body mass index between 27 and 40 kg per m2. Patients with chronic illnesses were excluded, except for those with well-controlled hypertension or hypercholesterolemia. Participants were randomly selected to receive a book about one of the four diets, and all groups received...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1115/p1545a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - ...oz (400 g). The statistical analyses adjusted for age, indigenous status, smoking status, pregnancy interval, medical conditions (i.e., hypertension, diabetes, or asthma), obstetric complications, patient insurance status (i.e., public or private), gestational age, and obstetric...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1210a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - ...proton pump inhibitors was recommended for patients at high risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. All patients also received treatment for hypertension based on the recommendations of the seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p431.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - ...cough suppressants. At appropriate doses it suppresses cough, but at high doses it may cause hallucinations, tachycardia, hypertension, agitation, ataxia, or psychosis. Products containing dextromethorphan are readily available to adolescents, and abuse of these medications has...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p432.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - ...required to be a singleton vaginal birth. Mothers with human immunodeficiency virus infection were excluded from the study. Those with hypertension and diabetes also were excluded because of the high rates of labor induction associated with these diseases. Data collected on each...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1862.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2007 - ...After six months, the treatment group showed no significant changes in mean heart rate or blood pressure, and no episodes of supine hypertension occurred. The only adverse event reported was mild gastrointestinal discomfort in one patient. Conclusion: The authors conclude that...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p130.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - ...Background: Beta blockers are one of the medications most commonly prescribed for treating arrhythmias, hypertension, heart failure, and angina pectoris, and for helping prevent myocardial infarction (MI). Their use also has been shown to significantly reduce post-MI mortality....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p284.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2007 - ...experienced significantly more severe adverse effects (6 percent compared with 11 percent). The most common serious adverse events were hypertension (12 patients), depression (8 patients), diarrhea (7 patients), and congestive heart failure (7 patients). Conclusion: Women who...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p127.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - ...ACE inhibitors have demonstrated reductions in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and are used to prevent nephropathy and treat hypertension. One advantage of ARBs is that they do not produce cough, an adverse effect of ACE inhibitors that occurs in less than 10 percent of all...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1854.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - ...study found that babies born to mothers who used SSRIs after 20 weeks' gestation had a sixfold increase in persistent pulmonary hypertension. Recommendations: The ACOG Committee on Obstetric Practice recommends that decisions about SSRI treatment during pregnancy be individualized...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1851.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - ...previously on statins, 12,648 (51.4 percent) initiated statin therapy. Prevalence of known coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes, and hypertension was greater in patients prescribed statins than those not prescribed statins, as were higher levels of low-density lipoprotein and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1070.html

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