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hypertension

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Methamphetamine Abuse - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Methamphetamine is a stimulant commonly abused in many parts of the United States. Most methamphetamine users are white men 18 to 25 years of age, but the highest usage rates have been found in native Hawaiians, persons of more than one race, Native Americans, and men who have sex with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1169.html

Medications for COPD: A Review of Effectiveness - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common problem among patients presenting to primary care. This condition has multiple individual and combined treatment regimens. The goals of treatment are to improve quality of life, exercise tolerance, sleep quality, and survival; and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1141.html

Respiratory Distress in the Newborn - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - The most common etiology of neonatal respiratory distress is transient tachypnea of the newborn; this is triggered by excessive lung fluid, and symptoms usually resolve spontaneously. Respiratory distress syndrome can occur in premature infants as a result of surfactant deficiency and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p987.html

Gout: An Update - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Arthritis caused by gout (i.e., gouty arthritis) accounts for millions of outpatient visits annually, and the prevalence is increasing. Gout is caused by monosodium urate crystal deposition in tissues leading to arthritis, soft tissue masses (i.e., tophi), nephrolithiasis, and urate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p801.html

Management of Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: An Update - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - Although type 1 diabetes historically has been more common in patients eight to 19 years of age, type 2 diabetes is emerging as an important disease in this group. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 8 to 45 percent of new childhood diabetes. This article is an update from the National ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p658.html

Vibrio vulnificus Infection: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2007 - Vibrio vulnificus infection is the leading cause of death related to seafood consumption in the United States. This virulent, gram-negative bacterium causes two distinct syndromes. The first is an overwhelming primary septicemia caused by consuming raw or undercooked seafood, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p539.html

Prevention of Recurrent Ischemic Stroke - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - Recurrent ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack are common problems in primary care, with stroke survivors averaging 10 outpatient visits per year. Risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia should be evaluated during each office visit. Attention ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p382.html

Home Monitoring of Glucose and Blood Pressure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - Home monitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure levels can provide patients and physicians with valuable information in the management of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Home monitoring allows patients to play an active role in their care and may improve treatment adherence and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p255.html

Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Children - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2007 - A growing body of literature points to the significance of premature cardiovascular disease in certain childhood diagnoses and emphasizes the importance of risk reduction by disease stratification.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1873.html

Late Pregnancy Bleeding - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Effective management of vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy requires recognition of potentially serious conditions, including placenta previa, placental abruption, and vasa previa. Placenta previa is commonly diagnosed on routine ultrasonography before 20 weeks' gestation, but in nearly ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1199.html

Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Noninvasive cardiac imaging can be used for the diagnostic and prognostic assessment of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease. It is central to the treatment of patients with myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease, or acute coronary syndromes with or without ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1219.html

Prevention and Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2007 - Postpartum hemorrhage, the loss of more than 500 mL of blood after delivery, occurs in up to 18 percent of births and is the most common maternal morbidity in developed countries. Although risk factors and preventive strategies are dearly documented, not all cases are expected or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p875.html

Preparation of the Cardiac Patient for Noncardiac Surgery - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Approximately 20 to 40 percent of patients at high risk of cardiac-related morbidity develop myocardial ischemia perioperatively. The preferred approach to diagnostic evaluation depends on the interactions of patient-specific risk factors, surgery-specific risk factors, and exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p656.html

Treatment of the Common Cold - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - The common cold is a viral illness that affects persons of all ages, prompting frequent use of over-the-counter and prescription medications and alternative remedies. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms (e.g., cough, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea). Dextromethorphan may be beneficial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p515.html

Guidelines for Treating Adults with Acute Cough - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - ...anti-inflammatory drug naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve) unless there is a contraindication (e.g., glaucoma, benign prostatic hypertrophy, hypertension, renal failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, congestive heart failure).15 They also strongly recommend that newer-generation, nonsedating...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p476.html

Appropriate Prescribing of Medications: An Eight-Step Approach - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - A systematic approach advocated by the World Health Organization can help minimize poor-quality and erroneous prescribing. This six-step approach to prescribing suggests that the physician should (1) evaluate and dearly define the patient's problem; (2) specify the therapeutic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p231.html

Diagnosis of Acute Abdominal Pain in Older Patients - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Acute abdominal pain is a common presenting complaint in older patients. Presentation may differ from that of the younger patient and is often complicated by coexistent disease, delays in presentation, and physical and social barriers. The physical examination can be misleadingly ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1537.html

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are common, closely related vasculitic conditions that almost exclusively occur in patients older than 50 years. They may be manifestations of the same underlying disease and often coexist. Patients with polymyalgia rheumatica usually ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1547.html

Nutrition in Toddlers - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Toddlers make a transition from dependent milk-fed infancy to independent feeding and a typical omnivorous diet. This stage is an important time for physicians to monitor growth using growth charts and body mass index and to make recommendations for healthy eating. Fat and cholesterol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1527.html

Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in Women - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the primary cause of death in women for almost a century, and more women than men have died of CVD every year since 1984. Although CVD incidence can be reduced by adherence to a heart-healthy lifestyle and detection and treatment of major risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1331.html

Tight Control of Type 1 Diabetes: Recommendations for Patients - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - Tight control of blood glucose levels and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (e.g., hypertension, hypercholesterolemia) can substantially reduce the incidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications from type 1 diabetes. Physicians play an important role in helping ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p971.html

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: An Emerging Health Risk - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - Hemolytic uremic syndrome is caused primarily by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7. The most common cause of acute renal failure in children, hemolytic uremic syndrome also can occur in adults. Characteristic features of the syndrome are microangiopathic anemia, thrombotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p991.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family...

Sep 1, 2006 - Cirrhosis and chronic liver failure are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, with the majority of preventable cases attributed to excessive alcohol consumption, viral hepatitis, or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Cirrhosis often is an indolent disease; most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p756.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part II. Complications and Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2006 - Major complications of cirrhosis include ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatic encephalopathy, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding, and hepatorenal syndrome. Diagnostic studies on ascitic fluid should include a differential leukocyte count, total protein level, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p767.html

Digoxin Therapy for Heart Failure: An Update - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2006 - Digoxin therapy has long been used to treat heart failure; however, its effectiveness was not completely known until recently. Results of the Digitalis Investigation Group trial showed that adding digoxin to standard heart failure therapy had no effect on mortality. However, adding ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0815/p613.html

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