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hypertension

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Diagnosis and Management of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2012 - Upper gastrointestinal bleeding causes significant morbidity and mortality in the United States, and has been associated with increasing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and the high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding. Rapid ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p469.html

Detection and Evaluation of Chronic Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Chronic kidney disease affects approximately 19 million adult Americans, and its incidence is increasing rapidly. Diabetes and hypertension are the underlying causes in most cases of chronic kidney disease. Evidence suggests that progression to kidney failure can be delayed or prevented...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1723.html

Risk of Gout with the Use of Thiazide Diuretics - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Oct 1, 2015 - Thiazide diuretics may be used in most patients with hypertension who have only minimally increased risk of gout.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p622.html

Diabetes Mellitus: Management of Gastrointestinal Complications - American Family ...

Dec 15, 2016 - Gastrointestinal disorders are common complications of diabetes mellitus and include gastroparesis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and chronic diarrhea. Symptoms of gastroparesis include early satiety, postprandial fullness, nausea, vomiting of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p980.html

Using ACE Inhibitors Appropriately - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2002 - When first introduced in 1981, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors were indicated only for treatment of refractory hypertension. Since then, they have been shown to reduce morbidity or mortality in congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, diabetes mellitus, chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p461.html

Sleep Disorders in Children - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2017 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=84

Diagnosis and Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Disease - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2013 - Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is atherosclerosis leading to narrowing of the major arteries distal to the aortic arch. The most common presenting symptom is claudication; however, only 10% of patients have classic claudication. Approximately 8 to 12 million Americans have PAD, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p306.html

The Adult Well Male Examination - American Family Physician

May 15, 2012 - The adult well male examination should incorporate evidence-based guidance toward the promotion of optimal health and well-being, including screening tests shown to improve health outcomes. Nearly one-third of men report not having a primary care physician. The medical history should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p964.html

Behavioral Disorders in Dementia: Appropriate Nondrug Interventions and Antipsychotic ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia pose management challenges for caregivers and clinicians. Firstline nonpharmacologic treatments include eliminating physical and emotional stressors, modifying the patient’s environment, and establishing daily routines. Family members ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p276.html

Sexual Dysfunction in Women: A Practical Approach - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2015 - Sexual dysfunction in women is a common and often distressing problem that has a negative impact on quality of life and medication compliance. The problem is often multifactorial, necessitating a multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment approach that addresses biological, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p281.html

The Pretravel Consultation - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2016 - Key components of the pretravel consultation include intake questions regarding the traveler’s anticipated itinerary and medical history; immunizations; malaria prophylaxis; and personal protection measures against arthropod bites, traveler’s diarrhea, and injury. Most vaccinations that...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p620.html

Cardiac Rehabilitation: Improving Function and Reducing Risk - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - Cardiac rehabilitation is a comprehensive multidisciplinary program individually tailored to the needs of patients with cardiovascular disease. The overall goals focus on improving daily function and reducing cardiovascular risk factors. Cardiac rehabilitation includes interventions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p37.html

Vision Loss in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Vision loss affects 37 million Americans older than 50 years and one in four who are older than 80 years. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for impaired visual acuity in adults...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p219.html

Provision of Contraception: Key Recommendations from the CDC - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released comprehensive recommendations for provision of family planning services. Contraceptive services may be addressed in five steps, and counseling may be provided in a tiered approach, whereby the most effective options are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p625.html

Club Drugs: MDMA, Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Rohypnol, and Ketamine - American Family...

Jun 1, 2004 - Club drugs are substances commonly used at nightclubs, music festivals, raves, and dance parties to enhance social intimacy and sensory stimulation. The most widely used club drugs are 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), also known as ecstasy; gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB); ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/p2619.html

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2009 - Excessive daytime sleepiness is one of the most common sleep-related patient symptoms, and it affects an estimated 20 percent of the population. Persons with excessive daytime sleepiness are at risk of motor vehicle and work-related incidents, and have poorer health than comparable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p391.html

Tight Control of Type 1 Diabetes: Recommendations for Patients - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - Tight control of blood glucose levels and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (e.g., hypertension, hypercholesterolemia) can substantially reduce the incidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications from type 1 diabetes. Physicians play an important role in helping ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p971.html

Glaucoma - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2016 - Glaucoma is a set of irreversible, progressive optic neuropathies that can lead to severe visual field loss and blindness. The two most common forms of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma and primary angle-closure glaucoma, affect more than 2 million Americans and are increasing in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0415/p668.html

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2013 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver (hepatic steatosis). Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is characterized by steatosis, liver cell injury, and inflammation. The mechanism of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is unknown but involves ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p35.html

Blood Pressure Goal of 140 to 150 mm Hg Is Best for Patients with Diabetes - POEMs - ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Although most recent practice guidelines have relaxed the blood pressure goals for patients with diabetes, there are still a few holdouts that suggest aggressive treatment. This analysis shows that the ideal range for hypertension control in patients with diabetes is between 140 and 150...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p59a.html

Treatment of Adult Obesity with Bariatric Surgery - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2016 - In 2013, approximately 179,000 bariatric surgery procedures were performed in the United States, including the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (42.1%), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (34.2%), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (14.0%). Choice of procedure depends on the medical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p31.html

Meta-Analysis: Intensive BP Control Decreases Major CV Events and Stroke, but Not MI, ...

Jun 15, 2016 - Patients with hypertension who are treated intensively are less likely to have major cardiovascular events, stroke, or progression of albuminuria or retinopathy than those treated less intensively, but intensive lowering had no meaningful effect on myocardial infarctions, heart failure,...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1036.html

Genetic Test Results That Identify Increased Risk Do Not Change Behavior - POEMs - ...

Jul 15, 2016 - Patients informed via genetic test results that they were at increased risk of disease did not subsequently alter their behaviors. For example, persons at increased risk of diabetes mellitus or hypertension were no more likely to change their diet or increase their physical activity. ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p168.html

JNC 8: Relaxing the Standards - Editorials - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2014 - The Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) recently issued the most anticipated hypertension guideline in some time. The most significant change in the JNC 8 guideline is relaxation of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure goals for adults 60 years and older. As a result of the new...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/p449.html

Lung Cancer: Diagnosis, Treatment Principles, and Screening - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2015 - Lung cancer is classified histologically into small cell and non–small cell lung cancers. The most common symptoms of lung cancer are cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, and systemic symptoms such as weight loss and anorexia. High-risk patients who present with symptoms should undergo chest ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p250.html

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