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hypertension

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Risk-Assessment Tools for Detecting Undiagnosed Diabetes - Point-of-Care Guides - ...

Jul 15, 2009 - Early intervention with lifestyle modifications or pharmacotherapy has been shown to effectively delay or prevent type 2 diabetes in adults.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0715/p175.html

Diagnosis and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2009 - Gestational diabetes occurs in 5 to 9 percent of pregnancies in the United States and is growing in prevalence. It is a controversial entity, with conflicting guidelines and treatment protocols. Recent studies show that diagnosis and management of this disorder have beneficial effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p57.html

Management of Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2009 - Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus focus on three areas: intensive lifestyle intervention that includes at least 150 minutes per week of physical activity, weight loss with an initial goal of 7 percent of baseline weight, and a low-fat, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/p29.html

Pharmacologic Management of Hypertension in Patients with Diabetes - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2008 - Hypertension is a common comorbidity in patients with diabetes, and adequate control of blood pressure significantly reduces the risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications. Patients with diabetes should achieve a target blood pressure of less than 130/80 mm Hg. The use of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/p1277.html

Subclinical Hypothyroidism - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2008 - Although there is evidence that thyroid hormone therapy in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism may improve lipid profiles, cognitive function, and echographic left ventricular function, there is no evidence that this will decrease morbidity or mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p953.html

Metformin Therapy and Diabetes Prevention in Adolescents Who Are Obese - FPIN's ...

Nov 1, 2007 - No studies have addressed the question of whether metformin reduces development of diabetes among adolescents who are obese. Metformin treatment in adolescents who are obese can modestly reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including elevated body mass index (BMI), fasting insulin ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1357.html

Effectiveness of Insulin Sensitizing Drugs for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - Cochrane for...

Nov 1, 2007 - Insulin sensitizing drugs are more effective than oral contraceptives alone at improving fasting insulin levels in patients with PCOS. Compared with metformin (Glucophage) alone, oral contraceptives alone better control irregular menstrual cycles and reduce androgen levels. There is ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1308.html

Management of Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: An Update - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - Although type 1 diabetes historically has been more common in patients eight to 19 years of age, type 2 diabetes is emerging as an important disease in this group. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 8 to 45 percent of new childhood diabetes. This article is an update from the National ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p658.html

Angiotensin Blockade in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries ...

Aug 1, 2007 - When used to delay the progression of early nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are not superior to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p423.html

Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors May Reduce the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes - Cochrane for ...

Aug 1, 2007 - The literature shows that acarbose can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. However, it is unclear whether the drug stops or delays the development of the disease or masks the diagnosis. There is no evidence that ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p374.html

Home Monitoring of Glucose and Blood Pressure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - Home monitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure levels can provide patients and physicians with valuable information in the management of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Home monitoring allows patients to play an active role in their care and may improve treatment adherence and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p255.html

ACE Inhibitors vs. ARBs for Patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2007 - Studies comparing ACE inhibitors or ARBs with placebo found no mortality benefit in patients with diabetic kidney disease. A subgroup analysis of five studies (2,034 total patients) found that, when given at full or maximally tolerated doses, ACE inhibitors reduce all-cause mortality ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p68.html

Practice Guidelines - Jan 15, 2007 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - The American Heart Association (AHA) published recommendations for the detection of chronic kidney disease in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Chronic kidney disease is common in patients with CVD; moreover, it also is a risk factor for developing CVD.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p268.html

Tight Control of Type 1 Diabetes: Recommendations for Patients - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - Tight control of blood glucose levels and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (e.g., hypertension, hypercholesterolemia) can substantially reduce the incidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications from type 1 diabetes. Physicians play an important role in helping ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p971.html

AHA and NHLBI Review Diagnosis and Management of the Metabolic Syndrome - Practice ...

Sep 15, 2006 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) have released joint recommendations on the management and diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p1039.html

ADA Releases Standards of Medical Care for Patients with Diabetes - Practice Guidelines...

Sep 1, 2006 - The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has published a position statement containing evidence-based recommendations for diabetes care, treatment goals, and tools to evaluate the quality of care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p871.html

Antihypertensive Agents for Prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2006 - Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are the only antihypertensive agents with proven effectiveness for the primary prevention of diabetic nephropathy (defined as an albumin excretion of less than 30 mg per day on three serial measurements) caused by type 1 or type 2 diabetes....

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p77.html

Diabetic Nephropathy - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatments in persons with type 1 diabetes and early or late nephropathy? What are the effects of treatments in persons with type 2 diabetes and early or late nephropathy?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2299.html

Subclinical Thyroid Disease - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - Subclinical thyroid dysfunction is defined as an abnormal serum thyroid-stimulating hormone level (reference range: 0.45 to 4.50 microU per mL) and free thyroxine and triiodothyronine levels within their reference ranges. The management of subclinical thyroid dysfunction is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1517.html

Statin Therapy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Sep 1, 2005 - Based on current evidence, statin therapy should be offered to all patients with type 2 diabetes who are known to have coronary artery disease.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p866.html

Diabetic Nephropathy: Common Questions - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - Diabetic nephropathy, or diabetic kidney disease, affects 20 to 30 percent of patients with diabetes. It is a common cause of kidney failure. Diabetic nephropathy presents in its earliest stage with low levels of albumin (microalbuminuria) in the urine. The most practical method of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p96.html

Evaluation and Prevention of Diabetic Neuropathy - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Diabetic neuropathy is a debilitating disorder that occurs in nearly 50 percent of patients with diabetes. It is a late finding in type 1 diabetes but can be an early finding in type 2 diabetes. The primary types of diabetic neuropathy are sensorimotor and autonomic. Patients may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2123.html

Diabetic Ketoacidosis - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - A diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis requires the patient's plasma glucose concentration to be above 250 mg per dL (although it usually is much higher), the pH level to be less than 7.30, and the bicarbonate level to be 18 mEq per L or less. Beta-hydroxybutyrate is a better measurement ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1705.html

Practice Guidelines - Apr 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2005 - ...of disease control (e.g., serum A1C levels, blood pressure) and physician adherence (e.g., serial monitoring of A1C levels, control of hypertension, management of cardiovascular risk factors). The researchers found 58 articles reporting a total of 66 trials that met the established...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1612.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Mar 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - NPH insulin and metformin taken at bedtime appears to be the most favorable combination studied, but this conclusion is based on poor-quality, inconsistent studies that measure disease-oriented outcomes. There are no data on the effect of these drug combinations on patient-oriented ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p899.html

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