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hypertension

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AAP Report on Pregnancy in Adolescents - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently published a clinical report on the state of adolescent pregnancy in the United States. The average age at first intercourse is 16 years for males and 17 years for females.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1398.html

ACOG practice bulletin on diagnosing and managing preeclampsia and eclampsia. - ...

Jul 15, 2002 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has developed a practice bulletin on the diagnosis and management of preeclampsia and eclampsia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p330.html

ACOG Practice Bulletin on Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy - Practice Guidelines - American...

May 15, 2002 - Guidelines developed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) discuss changes in thyroid function during pregnancy, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and clinical considerations; and provides recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2158.html

ACOG Releases Guideline on Gestational Diabetes - Practice Guidelines - American Family...

Sep 15, 2014 - Gestational diabetes increases the risk of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, cesarean delivery, and developing diabetes later in life. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released a guideline that provides recommendations based on good-quality ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0915/p416.html

Antihypertensive Drug Therapy for Mild to Moderate Hypertension During Pregnancy - ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Compared with placebo, antihypertensive drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension (defined by the authors as a blood pressure of 140 to 169 mm Hg systolic or 90 to 109 mm Hg diastolic) caused by chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, or preeclampsia during pregnancy does ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p403.html

Calcium Supplementation for Preventing Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy - Cochrane ...

Oct 1, 2015 - High-dose calcium supplementation (i.e., at least 1,000 mg per day) during pregnancy reduces the risk of developing hypertension and preeclampsia. The most significant risk reduction occurs in women at risk of hypertensive disorders and those with low-calcium diets.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p570.html

Cesarean Delivery: Counseling Issues and Complication Management - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2015 - Nearly one-third of all deliveries in the United States are cesarean deliveries. Compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions that decrease the chance of a cesarean delivery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p178.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Mar 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - NPH insulin and metformin taken at bedtime appears to be the most favorable combination studied, but this conclusion is based on poor-quality, inconsistent studies that measure disease-oriented outcomes. There are no data on the effect of these drug combinations on patient-oriented ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p899.html

Counseling for Breastfeeding - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2004 - Case study: BS, a 26-year-old woman in her second trimester of pregnancy, comes to your office for routine prenatal care. She expresses concern because one of her relatives has told her that she should not breastfeed. You want to recommend breastfeeding and wonder how to counsel her.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p149.html

Diagnosis and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2009 - Gestational diabetes occurs in 5 to 9 percent of pregnancies in the United States and is growing in prevalence. It is a controversial entity, with conflicting guidelines and treatment protocols. Recent studies show that diagnosis and management of this disorder have beneficial effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p57.html

Diagnosis and Management of Preeclampsia - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2004 - Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific multisystem disorder of unknown etiology. The disorder affects approximately 5 to 7 percent of pregnancies and is a significant cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Preeclampsia is defined by the new onset of elevated blood pressure ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1215/p2317.html

Evidence-Based Prenatal Care: Part I. General Prenatal Care and Counseling Issues - ...

Apr 1, 2005 - Effective prenatal care should integrate the best available evidence into a model of shared decision making. Pregnant women should be counseled about the risks of smoking and alcohol and drug use. Structured educational programs to promote breastfeeding are effective. Routine fetal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1307.html

Exercise and Pregnancy Loss - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2015 - Regular exercise for up to seven or more hours per week (including low-intensity and high-intensity aerobics, jogging, cycling, and swimming) is not associated with increased rates of miscarriage in the first to mid-second trimesters. Patients may continue bending and lifting at work, ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p437.html

Fetal Chromosomal Abnormalities: Antenatal Screening and Diagnosis - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2009 - Pregnant women of all ages should be offered screening and invasive diagnostic testing for chromosomal abnormalities before 20 weeks' gestation. New developments in screening methods have increased the number of options for patients. Diagnostic options include chorionic villus sampling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p117.html

Genitourinary Infections and Their Association with Preterm Labor - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Genitourinary tract infections are one cause of preterm delivery. Prematurity is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in the United States. Uterine contractions may be induced by cytokines and prostaglandins, which are released by microorganisms. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p241.html

HELLP Syndrome: Recognition and Perinatal Management - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - HELLP, a syndrome characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels and a low platelet count, is an obstetric complication that is frequently misdiagnosed at initial presentation. Many investigators consider the syndrome to be a variant of preeclampsia, but it may be a separate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p829.html

High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2001 - ...expert-consensus methodology. The evidence-grading scheme used was the same as that used in the Sixth Joint National Committee Report on Hypertension, which was also produced by the NHLBI.3 Adherence to an evidence-based process led to the NHLBI panel's decision not to use the...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0715/p225.html

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2016 - Elevated blood pressure in pregnancy may represent chronic hypertension (occurring before 20 weeks’ gestation or persisting longer than 12 weeks after delivery), gestational hypertension (occurring after 20 weeks’ gestation), preeclampsia, or preeclampsia superimposed on chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0115/p121.html

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2008 - The National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy has defined four categories of hypertension in pregnancy: chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension. A maternal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p93.html

Late Pregnancy Bleeding - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Effective management of vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy requires recognition of potentially serious conditions, including placenta previa, placental abruption, and vasa previa. Placenta previa is commonly diagnosed on routine ultrasonography before 20 weeks' gestation, but in nearly ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1199.html

Liver Disease in Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - Acute viral hepatitis is the most common cause of jaundice in pregnancy. The course of acute hepatitis is unaffected by pregnancy, except in patients with hepatitis E and disseminated herpes simplex infections, in which maternal and fetal mortality rates are significantly increased. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p829.html

Low-Dose Aspirin Use for the Prevention of Morbidity and Mortality from Preeclampsia: ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of low-dose aspirin (81 mg per day) as preventive medication after 12 weeks of gestation in women who are at high risk of preeclampsia.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/od1.html

Management of Pregnancy Beyond 40 Weeks' Gestation - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - A post-term or prolonged pregnancy is one that reaches 42 weeks' gestation; approximately 5 to 10 percent of pregnancies are post-term. Studies have shown a reduction in the number of pregnancies considered post-term when early ultrasound dating is performed. Maternal and fetal risks ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1935.html

Metformin for Improving Maternal and Infant Outcomes in Pregnant Women Who Are Obese - ...

Mar 1, 2019 - This meta-analysis showed no clear benefit for metformin in reducing the risk of large for gestational age infants. Additionally, there was no difference in important secondary outcomes such as gestational diabetes, hypertensive disease in pregnancy, shoulder dystocia, advanced perineal...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/od1.html

NHBPEP Report on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy: A Summary for Family Physicians - ...

Jul 15, 2001 - The National High Blood Pressure Education Program's Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy recently issued a report implicating hypertension as a complication in 6 to 8 percent of pregnancies. Hypertension in pregnancy is related to one of four conditions: (1) chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0715/p263.html

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