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Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

Assessment of Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria in Adults - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2013 - Although routine screening for bladder cancer is not recommended, microscopic hematuria is often incidentally discovered by primary care physicians. The American Urological Association has published an updated guideline for the management of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria, which is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p747.html

Assessment of Microscopic Hematuria in Adults - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - Microscopic hematuria, a common finding on routine urinalysis of adults, is clinically significant when three to five red blood cells per high-power field are visible. Etiologies of microscopic hematuria range from incidental causes to life-threatening urinary tract neoplasm. The lack ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1748.html

Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - A common dilemma in clinical medicine is whether to treat asymptomatic patients who present with bacteria in their urine. There are few scenarios in which antibiotic treatment of asymptomatic bacteruria has been shown to improve patient outcomes. Because of increasing antimicrobial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p985.html

Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria in Adults: Summary of the AUA Best Practice Policy ...

Mar 15, 2001 - The American Urological Association (AUA) convened the Best Practice Policy Panel on Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria to formulate policy statements and recommendations for the evaluation of asymptomatic microhematuria in adults. The recommended definition of microscopic hematuria is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1145.html

AUA Updates Guidelines on Management of Erectile Dysfunction - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jan 15, 2006 - The American Urological Association (AUA) has updated its 1996 recommendations on the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). ED results from a combination of vascular, neurologic, hormonal, and psychologic factors.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p340.html

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms - Clinical Evidence ...

Aug 15, 2012 - What are the effects of medical, herbal, and surgical treatments in men with BPH?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p359.html

Clinical Management of Urinary Incontinence in Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2013 - Most cases of urinary incontinence in women fall under one of three major subtypes: urge, stress, or mixed. A stepped-care approach that advances from least invasive (behavioral modification) to more invasive (surgery) interventions is recommended. Bladder retraining and pelvic floor ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0501/p634.html

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Pyelonephritis in Adults - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - There are approximately 250,000 cases of acute pyelonephritis each year, resulting in more than 100,000 hospitalizations. The most common etiologic cause is infection with Escherichia coli. The combination of the leukocyte esterase test and the nitrite test (with either test proving ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p933.html

Diagnosis and Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - American Family Physician

May 15, 2008 - Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common condition affecting older men. Typical presenting symptoms include urinary hesitancy, weak stream, nocturia, incontinence, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Acute urinary retention, which requires urgent bladder catheterization, is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1403.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Acute urinary tract infections are relatively common in children, with 8 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys having at least one episode by seven years of age. The most common pathogen is Escherichia coli, accounting for approximately 85 percent of urinary tract infections in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p409.html

Diagnostic Evaluation of Erectile Dysfunction - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2000 - Erectile dysfunction, the persistent inability to attain or maintain penile erection sufficient for sexual intercourse, affects millions of men to various degrees. The majority of cases have an organic etiology, most commonly vascular disease that decreases blood flow into the penis. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p95.html

Dysuria: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis in Adults - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2015 - The most common cause of acute dysuria is infection, especially cystitis. Other infectious causes include urethritis, sexually transmitted infections, and vaginitis. Noninfectious inflammatory causes include a foreign body in the urinary tract and dermatologic conditions. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p778.html

Erectile Dysfunction - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. It is common, affecting at least 12 million U.S. men. The five-question International Index of Erectile Function allows rapid clinical assessment of ED. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p820.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Hematospermia - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2009 - Hematospermia can be a distressing symptom for patients, but most cases are effectively managed by a primary care physician. Although the condition is usually benign, significant underlying pathology must be excluded by history, physical examination, laboratory evaluation, and, in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1421.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1998 - Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections encountered by primary care physicians. Although UTIs do not occur with as great a frequency in children as in adults, they can be a source of significant morbidity in children. For reasons that are not yet ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1573.html

Finasteride Prevents Low-Grade Prostate Cancers, but Does Not Reduce Mortality - POEMs ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Although finasteride prevents low-grade prostate tumors, it does not affect overall survival or survival after prostate cancer diagnosis. Although high-grade cancers were more common among men taking finasteride, up to 18 years of follow-up failed to show increased mortality in this group.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p744.html

Genitourinary Infections and Their Association with Preterm Labor - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Genitourinary tract infections are one cause of preterm delivery. Prematurity is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in the United States. Uterine contractions may be induced by cytokines and prostaglandins, which are released by microorganisms. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p241.html

Kidney Stones: Treatment and Prevention - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2019 - Kidney stones are a common disorder, with an annual incidence of eight cases per 1,000 adults. During an episode of renal colic, the first priority is to rule out conditions requiring immediate referral to an emergency department, then to alleviate pain, preferably with a nonsteroidal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p490.html

Management of Erectile Dysfunction - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the most common sexual problem in men. The incidence increases with age and affects up to one third of men throughout their lives. It causes a substantial negative impact on intimate relationships, quality of life, and self-esteem. History and physical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p305.html

Medical Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Mar 1, 2008 - Although alpha blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors each reduce BPH symptoms more than placebo, alpha blockers are more effective than 5-alpha reductase inhibitors.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p665.html

Newer Pharmacologic Alternatives for Erectile Dysfunction - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1999 - With the introduction of effective pharmacologic therapies for erectile dysfunction, more men are seeking treatment. The underlying cause of erectile dysfunction is usually a chronic medical illness or a side effect of certain drugs. Less commonly, the problem is psychogenic. Even after...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1159.html

Noninfectious Penile Lesions - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2018 - Noninfectious penile lesions are classified by clinical presentation as papulosquamous (e.g., psoriasis), inflammatory (e.g., lichen sclerosus, lichen nitidus, lichen planus), vascular (e.g., angiokeratomas), or neoplastic (e.g., carcinoma in situ, invasive squamous cell carcinoma). ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0115/p102.html

OnabotulinumtoxinA Injections for Urge Incontinence - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Detrusor muscle injections of onabotulinumtoxinA can be used to decrease the number of episodes of urinary incontinence in women for whom treatment with anticholinergic agents has been ineffective.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/od3.html

Prostate Disorders - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2019 - This collection features content on prostates disorders and related issues, including benign prostatic hyperplasia, hematospermia, and prostatitis. This collection features content on prostates disorders and related issues, including benign prostatic hyperplasia, hematospermia, and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=97

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