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ACIP Releases 2017 Childhood Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 15, 2017 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the childhood immunization schedule annually to reflect recently published updates or corrections from the previous year. The 2017 childhood immunization ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p260.html

Brief Interventions for Weight Management in Kids Are Not Effective - POEMs - American ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Calculating the BMI of children and adolescents in primary care practices and counseling those who are overweight is ineffective to reduce BMI in children over several years of follow-up.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p194a.html

Foreign Body Ingestion in Children - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2005 - Because many patients who have swallowed foreign bodies are asymptomatic, physicians must maintain a high index of suspicion. The majority of ingested foreign bodies pass spontaneously, but serious complications, such as bowel perforation and obstruction, can occur. Foreign bodies ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p287.html

AAO-HNS Releases Updated Guideline on Management of Otitis Media with Effusion - ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Otitis media with effusion (OME) is defined as the presence of fluid in the middle ear in the absence of signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. This practice guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) provides recommendations to improve ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p747.html

The CDC’s Recommendations to Help Prevent Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - Editorials...

Jan 1, 2017 - Alcohol screening and brief intervention, coupled with regular discussion of the patient's reproductive life plan and ready access to effective contraception, can help ensure a healthier next generation while respecting women's autonomy.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p6.html

Prognosis Following Mild Head Injury in Children - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Dec 15, 2016 - Concussion, also referred to as mild traumatic brain injury, is a common injury in children. It is defined as a transient disturbance in mental status following head trauma, and it can cause a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional sequelae. Symptoms continuing for more than 28 ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p1006.html

Childhood and Adolescent Depression - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Major depression affects 3 to 5 percent of children and adolescents. Depression negatively impacts growth and development, school performance, and peer or family relationships and may lead to suicide. Biomedical and psychosocial risk factors include a family history of depression, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p73.html

Step-by-Step Approach to Ruling Out Infant Infection Is Accurate - POEMs - American ...

Dec 1, 2016 - The Step-by-Step approach, using a basic physical examination and readily available urine and blood tests (without lumbar puncture; see the Synopsis section), can successfully identify low-risk infants younger than 90 days who will not need empiric antibiotic treatment and lumbar ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p933.html

Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2013 - What are the effects of treatments for chronic suppurative otitis media in adults and children? What are the effects of treatments for cholesteatoma in adults and children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p694.html

Larger Bottles Associated with Greater Weight in Infants - POEMs - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2016 - In nonbreastfed infants, using large bottles (at least 6 oz [180 mL]) to feed infants two months of age was associated with greater weight gain by six months of age. The authors did not report adverse effects associated with bottle size. This is an interesting study that suggests that ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p936.html

Evaluating the Child for Sexual Abuse - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2001 - Child victims of sexual abuse may present with physical findings that can include anogenital problems, enuresis or encopresis. Behavioral changes may involve sexual acting out, aggression, depression, eating disturbances and regression. Because the examination findings of most child ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0301/p883.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of Acute Bacterial Sinusitis in ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Approximately 6% to 7% of children presenting with respiratory symptoms have acute sinusitis. This practice guideline from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which updates the 2001 guideline, discusses diagnosis and management of acute bacterial sinusitis in children one to 18 ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p676.html

Conduct Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment In Primary Care - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2001 - Conduct disorder is a common childhood psychiatric problem that has an increased incidence in adolescence. The primary diagnostic features of conduct disorder include aggression, theft, vandalism, violations of rules and/or lying. For a diagnosis, these behaviors must occur for at least...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0415/p1579.html

Croup - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - What are the effects of treatments (dexamethasone or humidification) in children with mild and moderate to severe croup?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p476.html

AAP Updates Recommendations for Routine Preventive Pediatric Health Care - Practice ...

Aug 15, 2016 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated recommendations for preventive pediatric health care services, including evidence-based screenings and assessments that should be addressed at well-child visits. The recommendations are organized by age: infancy, early childhood, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p324.html

Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Infancy and Early Childhood: An Update - American Family...

Jun 1, 2006 - Recent innovations in medical technology have changed newborn screening programs in the United States. The widespread use of tandem mass spectrometry is helping to identify more inborn errors of metabolism. Primary care physicians often are the first to be contacted by state and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1981.html

Single-Dose Dexamethasone Equals Three Days of Steroids in Children with Acute Asthma -...

Aug 15, 2016 - In addition to usual beta-agonist treatment, a single dose of oral dexamethasone is as effective as three days of prednisolone (with less vomiting) in decreasing respiratory symptoms without increasing hospitalizations, follow-up visits, and days lost from school. Additional treatment ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p317.html

CBT Effective in Adolescents with Depression Who Do Not Want Medication - POEMs - ...

Sep 1, 2016 - In adolescents who eschew drug treatment of major depression, short-term CBT is more effective than treatment as usual in inducing recovery, with a number needed to treat of 4 to 10. CBT also produced faster results.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p384.html

Increased Alignment in Preventive Services Recommendations for Children - Editorials - ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Increased alignment between preventive services recommendations from the two major physician specialty groups who care for children.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p272.html

Promoting Medication Adherence in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - The problem of getting children to follow a treatment regimen is widespread and is frustrating for physicians. The extent to which any patient adheres to a medical regimen is an essential determinant of clinical success. Strategies to improve adherence in children include using ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p793.html

Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder in Young Children: Recommendation Statement - ...

May 1, 2016 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children for whom no concerns of ASD have been raised by their parents or a clinician.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p774.html

Evaluation of Poststreptococcal Illness - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis, scarlet fever, and rarely asymptomatic carrier states are associated with a number of poststreptococcal suppurative and nonsuppurative complications. As in streptococcal pharyngitis, acute rheumatic fever, pediatric autoimmune ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1949.html

Screening for Depression in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Mar 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends screening for major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. Screening should be implemented with adequate systems in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate follow-up.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p506.html

Fluoride Varnish for Preventing Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents - Cochrane ...

May 1, 2016 - Topically applied fluoride varnishes are safe and effective in preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. There is little information about adverse effects or treatment acceptability. Family physicians should consider incorporating fluoride varnish into childhood preventive ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p743.html

Viral Croup - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2004 - Viral croup is the most common form of airway obstruction in children six months to six years of age. The frightening nature of croup often prompts parents and caregivers to seek physician consultation. For children with mild croup, symptomatic care and mist therapy may be all that is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p535.html

Preventive Health Counseling for Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The leading causes of adolescent mortality are accidents (death from unintentional injury), homicide, and suicide. Additional morbidity is related to drug, tobacco, and alcohol use; risky sexual behaviors; poor nutrition; and inadequate physical activity. One third of adolescents engage...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1151.html

Retinoblastoma - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Retinoblastoma, a neuroblastic tumor, is the most common primary intraocular malignancy of childhood. Patients usually present with leukokoria (white reflex or white pupil), detected in primary care. The mean age at diagnosis is 12 months for bilateral tumors and 24 months for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1039.html

American Academy of Pediatrics Releases Report on Infantile Hemangiomas - Practice ...

Mar 15, 2016 - The American Academy of Pediatrics has published a report to provide an update on diagnosing and managing infantile hemangiomas.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p526.html

AHA/ATS Release Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Pulmonary ...

Apr 1, 2016 - These guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Thoracic Society (ATS) address evaluation and treatment of pediatric pulmonary hypertension, including diagnosis, pharmacotherapy, and outpatient treatment recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/p605.html

Childhood and Adolescent Sports-Related Overuse Injuries - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Youth sports participation carries an inherent risk of injury, including overuse injuries. Little leaguer's shoulder, a stress fracture of the proximal humerus that presents as lateral shoulder pain, usually is self-limited. Little leaguer's elbow is a medial stress injury; treatment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1014.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

Guanfacine (Intuniv) for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - STEPS - American ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Guanfacine is an effective short-term treatment option for ADHD in children six to 12 years of age. Sedation is a marked problem in many children. Patients should take the medication daily to avoid adverse effects that occur with abrupt discontinuation or when the guanfacine is restarted.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p468.html

Childhood Asthma: Treatment Update - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - The prevalence of childhood asthma has risen significantly over the past four decades. A family history of atopic disease is associated with an increased likelihood of developing asthma, and environmental triggers such as tobacco smoke significantly increase the severity of daily asthma...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1959.html

Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia in Young Children - Putting Prevention into ...

Dec 15, 2015 - C.C., a 32-year-old white woman, presents to your office with her nine-month-old son for a routine well-child visit. She is preparing to switch him from breast milk to formula and had noted that most formulas contain iron. She wonders if her son should be screened for iron deficiency ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1215/p1103.html

ACIP Releases 2016 Childhood Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 15, 2016 - Each year, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the childhood immunization schedule to incorporate any published updates or corrections from the previous year. New recommendations incorporated into ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p317.html

Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia in Young Children: Recommendation Statement - U.S....

Dec 15, 2015 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for iron deficiency anemia in children ages 6 to 24 months.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1215/od1.html

Early Peanut Introduction and Prevention of Peanut Allergy in High-Risk Infants: ...

Jan 1, 2016 - This consensus communication focuses on new data that support introducing peanuts early in infants, and it aims to assist with decisions about introduction; it can be used for guidance while formal guidelines are being developed.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p61.html

Infantile Colic - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Infantile colic can be distressing to parents whose infant is inconsolable during crying episodes. Colic is often defined by the 'rule of three': crying for more than three hours per day, for more than three days per week, and for longer than three weeks in an infant who is well-fed and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p735.html

Home Visits for Pregnant Adolescents - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2016 - Nurse home visits for pregnant adolescents seem to improve resource utilization and prenatal clinic visit show rates.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p25.html

Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Five Years and ...

Nov 15, 2015 - A two-year-old girl presents to your office for a routine well-child visit. She has had one ear infection in the past year but is otherwise healthy. Her mother has no specific concerns about her speech and language development. There is no family history of congenital disorders or ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p923.html

Diagnosis of Stridor in Children - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Stridor is a sign of upper airway obstruction. In children, laryngomalacia is the most common cause of chronic stridor, while croup is the most common cause of acute stridor. Generally, an inspiratory stridor suggests airway obstruction above the glottis while an expiratory stridor is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2289.html

Tricyclic Antidepressants for the Treatment of ADHD in Children and Adolescents - ...

Sep 1, 2015 - TCAs, specifically desipramine and nortriptyline (Pamelor), are superior to placebo at reducing ADHD symptoms in the short term (two to six weeks); however, the quality of evidence is low. Increased heart rate and diastolic blood pressure may be noted with treatment.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p352.html

Interventions Aimed at Increasing Childhood Vaccination Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Nov 1, 2015 - Community discussions, community meetings, and information campaigns may increase immunization uptake in areas with only moderate vaccine use. There is no clear evidence to guide face-to-face educational interventions, and the impact of face-to-face interventions is uncertain in areas ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p775.html

AAO-HNS Guidelines for Tonsillectomy in Children and Adolescents - Practice Guidelines ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Although tonsillectomy is common and improves patients' quality of life, there are possible risks and practice variations in the care of patients undergoing tonsillectomy. Recent guidelines from the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO–HNS) aim to provide ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p566.html

Lower Extremity Abnormalities in Children - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - Rotational and angular problems are two types of lower extremity abnormalities common in children. Rotational problems include intoeing and out-toeing. Intoeing is caused by one of three types of deformity: metatarsus adductus, internal tibial torsion, and increased femoral anteversion....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p461.html

AAO-HNSF Releases Guideline on Tympanostomy Tubes in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

May 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO–HNSF) has released a guideline on the indications for tube placement in children, as well as perioperative counseling.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p754.html

Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Aged 5 Years or ...

Aug 15, 2015 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for speech and language delay and disorders in children aged 5 years or younger.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/od1.html

Pharmacologic Therapy for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Children - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2015 - Among infants younger than 12 months diagnosed with GERD, weak evidence supports the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine H2 antagonists. Among children 12 months and older, studies have shown moderate benefit from PPIs and weak benefit from H2 antagonists for providing ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p351.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2015 - Studies show that none were helped and the impact of harms such as decreased oxygen saturation and tachycardia was uncertain.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/od1.html

Fluoride: The Family Physician's Role - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2015 - Fluoride is an important aspect of good oral care. With 181 million Americans not visiting the dentist annually, family physicians have an essential role in oral health care.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p174.html

Chronic Abdominal Pain in Childhood: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1999 - More than one third of children complain of abdominal pain lasting two weeks or longer. The diagnostic approach to abdominal pain in children relies heavily on the history provided by the parent and child to direct a step-wise approach to investigation. If the history and physical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1823.html

What to Do at Well-Child Visits: The AAFP’s Perspective - Editorials - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2015 - Well-child visits provide the best opportunities to deliver evidence-based preventive services. Family physicians have limited time at these visits and therefore should prioritize preventive services that have strong evidence of net benefit.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p362.html

Zinc Supplementation in Children Six Months to 12 Years of Age - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Preventive zinc supplementation for children in low- and middle-income countries appears to reduce rates of diarrhea and may slightly reduce rates of growth failure.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p27.html

Hand Washing Children's Dishes Associated with Fewer Allergies - POEMs - American ...

Aug 1, 2015 - These results add further credence to the idea that the gastrointestinal system plays a big role in the development of our immune system (i.e., the hygiene hypothesis). Washing children's bottles and eating utensils by hand instead of using an automatic dishwasher was associated with a ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p228.html

AAP Releases Guideline for the Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children - ...

Mar 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has published a guideline on the management of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in children based on recommendations from the North American and European Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. It is important to ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p395.html

Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1999 - Acute gastroenteritis is a common and costly clinical problem in children. It is a largely self-limited disease with many etiologies. The evaluation of the child with acute gastroenteritis requires a careful history and a complete physical examination to uncover other illnesses with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2555.html

Ondansetron for Gastroenteritis in Children and Adolescents - Medicine by the Numbers -...

Apr 1, 2015 - Studies show vomiting stopped in 1 in 5 patients and diarrhea was a consistent adverse effect. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/od3.html

Diagnosis and Nonsurgical Treatment of DDH in Infants Up to Six Months of Age: ...

Jun 15, 2015 - The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has provided guidance, based on limited and moderate evidence, on diagnosing and nonsurgical treatments for developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants up to six months of age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p882.html

Primary Care Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Illicit Drug and Nonmedical ...

Jun 15, 2015 - J.P. is a 16-year-old white female nonsmoker who presents for a sports clearance physical. She is in good overall health, excels academically, and plays water polo at school. During the patient history, she mentions that she and three friends were suspended from school for drinking ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p865.html

AAP Releases Policy Statement on Screening for Nonviral Sexually Transmitted Infections...

May 1, 2015 - This policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides recommendations on routine screening for nonviral STIs in adolescents and young adults (25 years and younger).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p652.html

Diagnosis of Streptococcal Pharyngitis - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2014 - Sore throat was the chief symptom in 1.3% of all outpatient office visits in 2010, and is even more common in primary care practice. An Australian study found that among families with at least one child three to 12 years of age, the incidence of sore throat was 33 and 14 episodes per ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0615/p976.html

Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation ...

Feb 15, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for primary hypertension in asymptomatic children and adolescents to prevent subsequent cardiovascular disease in childhood or ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/od1.html

Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents - Putting Prevention ...

Feb 15, 2015 - L.S. is a 14-year-old black adolescent who presents for a routine school physical examination. Her mother tells you that she and her husband have hypertension, and they worry about their daughter's blood pressure. She asks you whether L.S. should be periodically checked for high blood ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p257.html

Evaluation and Management of Apparent Life-Threatening Events in Children - American ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Apparent life-threatening event syndrome predominantly affects children younger than one year. This syndrome is characterized by a frightening constellation of symptoms in which the child exhibits some combination of apnea, change in color, change in muscle tone, coughing, or gagging. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2301.html

Absence Seizures in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2015 - What are the effects of treatments for typical absence seizures in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p114.html

Primary Care Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Illicit Drug and Nonmedical ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care–based behavioral interventions to prevent or reduce illicit drug or nonmedical pharmaceutical use in children and adolescents. This recommendation applies to ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/od2.html

Prevention of Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Five Years of Age: ...

Feb 1, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care clinicians prescribe oral fluoride supplementation starting at six months of age for children whose water supply is deficient in fluoride.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/od1.html

Child Safety Seat Counseling: Three Keys to Safety - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2005 - The number one cause of death for children younger than 14 years is vehicular injury. Child safety seats and automobile safety belts protect children in a crash if they are used correctly, but if a child does not fit in the restraint correctly, it can lead to injury. A child safety seat...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p473.html

ACIP Releases 2015 Childhood Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2015 - The 2015 immunization schedule for children and the catch-up schedule from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have a few changes that are pertinent for family physicians.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p265.html

Evidence Does Not Show Benefit of Treating Mycoplasma Pneumonia in Children - POEMs - ...

Jan 15, 2015 - After all these years of knowing about Mycoplasma pneumoniae as a cause of lower respiratory tract infections and the effectiveness of various antibiotics against it in a Petri dish, we still do not know whether treating mycoplasma pneumonia in children is effective. This study does not...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p132.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents: ...

Nov 15, 2014 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care clinicians provide interventions, including education or brief counseling, to prevent initiation of tobacco use in school-aged children and adolescents.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1115/od1.html

AAP Issues Updated Guidance on Palivizumab Prophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases has updated its guidance on the use of palivizumab (Synagis) prophylaxis in infants and children at increased risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Because the palivizumab package labeling does not ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p867.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2014 - Albuterol does not improve any clinical outcomes in the outpatient or inpatient setting and should not be used in the treatment of bronchiolitis in a child 24 months or younger.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p622.html

A Practical Guide to Infant Oral Health - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Early childhood caries is the most common chronic disease in young children and may develop as soon as teeth erupt. Bacteria, predominately mutans streptococci, metabolize simple sugars to produce acid that demineralizes teeth, resulting in cavities. Physicians should examine children's...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2113.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents - Putting...

Nov 15, 2014 - A 14-year-old male high school student presents for a preparticipation physical examination. He just started the 9th grade and is trying out for his school's football team. He is a nonsmoker and has never used illicit drugs. However, his parents are longtime smokers, and some of his ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1115/p723.html

Antibiotics for Sore Throat - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2014 - Compared with placebo, antibiotics can shorten the duration of sore throat symptoms by about 16 hours and can reduce complications. In countries where the absolute rates of complications are higher, antibiotic therapy is more likely to be effective. The effectiveness of antibiotic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p23.html

Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2014 - There are no studies directly comparing the various screening tools. The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) is the tool most commonly used by physicians, followed by the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT). All other tools account for about 3% of usage.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p574.html

Recurrent Epistaxis in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2014 - What are the effects of treatments for recurrent idiopathic epistaxis in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p105.html

Electronic Cigarettes: Cautions and Concerns - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2014 - E-cigarettes are gaining popularity as a novel approach to smoking cessation, but data regarding safety and effectiveness are lacking. Until there is further research into the benefits and risks of e-cigarettes, physicians should recommend more familiar alternatives to help their ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p282.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Child Maltreatment - Putting Prevention into ...

Aug 15, 2014 - A young couple comes to your clinic with their adopted four-year-old daughter for her annual well-child visit. On physical examination, the patient appears to be well developed and well nourished, and measures in the 75th percentile for her height and weight.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p255.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Child Maltreatment: Recommendation Statement - ...

Aug 15, 2014 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care interventions to prevent child maltreatment. This recommendation applies to children who do not have signs or symptoms of ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od1.html

Failure to Thrive - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2003 - Failure to thrive is a condition commonly seen by primary care physicians. Prompt diagnosis and intervention are important for preventing malnutrition and developmental sequelae. Medical and social factors often contribute to failure to thrive. Either extreme of parental attention ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p879.html

Anemia in Children - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2001 - Anemia in children is commonly encountered by the family physician. Multiple causes exist, but with a thorough history, a physical examination and limited laboratory evaluation a specific diagnosis can usually be established. The use of the mean corpuscular volume to classify the anemia...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1015/p1379.html

High-Potency Topical Corticosteroids Effective for Alopecia Areata in Children - POEMs ...

Jun 1, 2014 - Clobetasol propionate, 0.05%, applied in a thin layer for six weeks on, six weeks off, is a highly effective and safe treatment for alopecia areata in children; hydrocortisone, 1%, is not.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p913.html

Treatment of Otitis Media with Perforated Tympanic Membrane - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Apr 15, 2009 - Acute otitis media with tympanic membrane perforation in children should be treated with an oral antibiotic.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p650.html

Antiviral Drugs in Healthy Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - Several antiviral agents are available to treat viral illnesses in healthy children. In some children, treatment with acyclovir is an alternative to vaccination for the treatment and prevention of chickenpox. Acyclovir also can be useful in the treatment or prevention of herpes simplex ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1073.html

AAP Releases Report on the Evaluation of Children When Sexual Abuse Is Suspected - ...

May 15, 2014 - Childhood sexual abuse is common and can lead to lifelong physical and psychological problems. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a report to assist physicians in evaluating children who may have been sexually abused, determining when to report the case, and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p830.html

Childhood Bullying: Implications for Physicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - Childhood bullying has potentially serious implications for bullies and their targets. Bullying involves a pattern of repeated aggression, a deliberate intent to harm or disturb a victim despite the victim's apparent distress, and a real or perceived imbalance of power. Bullying can ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1723.html

A Simple Cough Algorithm for Children with Chronic Cough - POEMs - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2013 - In children with chronic cough, a simple approach of ruling out specific indicators of cause, followed by treating a wet cough with antibiotics, results in a significant decrease in the duration of cough. Some of the causes of chronic cough were reactive airway disease, bronchiectasis, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/od1.html

School Refusal in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - School refusal is a problem that is stressful for children, families, and school personnel. Failing to attend school has significant short- and long-term effects on children's social, emotional, and educational development. School refusal often is associated with comorbid psychiatric ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1555.html

Gastroesophageal Reflux in Infants and Children - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2001 - Gastroesophageal reflux is a common, self-limited process in infants that usually resolves by six to 12 months of age. Effective, conservative management involves thickened feedings, positional treatment, and parental reassurance. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a less common,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1201/p1853.html

Depression in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Depression among children and adolescents is common but frequently unrecognized. It affects 2 percent of prepubertal children and 5 to 8 percent of adolescents. The clinical spectrum of the disease can range from simple sadness to a major depressive or bipolar disorder. Risk factors ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2297.html

Early Developmental Intervention Programs for Preterm Infants - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Mar 1, 2014 - Early intervention programs improve cognitive performance in preterm infants up to 36 months of age, but no effect can be detected by five years of age. A small effect of early intervention on motor performance was found in infancy, but it did not persist until preschool or school age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p336.html

PPIs, Childhood Asthma, and the Problem of Therapeutic Creep - AFP Journal Club - ...

Mar 15, 2014 - The use of a therapy in patients one would intuitively think might benefit, but in whom no benefit has been documented, is called therapeutic creep. The use of proton pump inhibitors for poorly controlled asthma is an example of this phenomenon.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0315/p476.html

Impact of Bracing in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis - POEMs - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2014 - When compared with observation, bracing significantly slows progression of high-risk curves to the surgery threshold (Cobb angle greater than 50 degrees), with a number needed to treat (NNT) of 4 in the randomized portion of the trial. This benefit is greater with more daily hours of ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0315/p481.html

What's New in Childhood Vaccines - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Recommending and providing childhood vaccines is a vital part of a family physician's role in delivering health care to our youth. This editorial reviews several changes in childhood vaccines in the past two years.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p153.html

ACIP Releases 2014 Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2014 - There are a few changes to the 2014 immunization schedule for children and adolescents, as well as the catch-up schedule, from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) that are pertinent for family physicians.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p229.html

Diagnosis and Management of Positional Head Deformity - American Family Physician

May 1, 2003 - In children with positional head deformity (posterior plagiocephaly), the occiput is flattened with corresponding facial asymmetry. The incidence of positional head deformity increased dramatically between 1992 and 1999, and now occurs in one of every 60 live births. One proposed cause ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0501/p1953.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Managing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients 10 to 18 Years ...

Nov 15, 2013 - Childhood type 2 diabetes poses a challenge to many physicians who are not used to treating this disease in such young patients. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a guideline of evidence-based recommendations for treating type 2 diabetes in patients 10 to 18 years of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p710.html

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Radiologic Decision-Making - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - Adolescent onset of severe idiopathic scoliosis has traditionally been evaluated using standing posteroanterior radiographs of the full spine to assess lateral curvature with the Cobb method. The most tilted vertebral bodies above and below the apex of the spinal curve are used to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1817.html

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