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Aspirin With or Without Antiemetic for Acute Migraine Headaches in Adults - Cochrane ...

Feb 1, 2014 - Aspirin, with or without an antiemetic, is an effective treatment for acute migraine headache. Adding the antiemetic metoclopramide (Reglan) significantly reduces migraine-related nausea and vomiting compared with aspirin alone.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p176.html

Assessing Bleeding Risk in Patients Taking Anticoagulants - Point-of-Care Guides - ...

Oct 1, 2017 - Family physicians are often faced with the dilemma of balancing the benefit of stroke prevention with the risk of major bleeding when deciding on anticoagulation treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation. Over the past 10 years, several decision support tools have been developed ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p465.html

Asthma - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2004 - What are the effects of treatments for chronic and acute asthma?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p143.html

Asthma and Other Wheezing Disorders in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American...

Dec 1, 2006 - What are the effects of treatments for acute asthma in children? What is the effect of single-agent prophylaxis in children taking inhaled beta agonists as needed for asthma?What are the effects of additional prophylactic treatments in patients with childhood asthma that is inadequately...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1901.html

Asthma Update: Part II. Medical Management - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2004 - The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program recently updated its guidelines for the management of asthma. An evidence-based approach was used to examine several key issues regarding appropriate medical therapy for patients with asthma. The updated guidelines have clarified ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1061.html

Atomoxetine for ADHD - STEPS - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2003 - Atomoxetine is more effective than placebo for treating symptoms of ADHD in children and adults, based on short-term studies. Given safety concerns (growth retardation, potential adverse effects in slow metabolizers) and its high cost, atomoxetine should be considered only as an ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1827.html

Atopic Dermatitis: A Review of Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1999 - Atopic dermatitis is a common, potentially debilitating condition that can compromise quality of life. Its most frequent symptom is pruritus. Attempts to relieve the itch by scratching simply worsen the rash, creating a vicious circle. Treatment should be directed at limiting itching, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1191.html

Atrial Fibrillation (Acute) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent embolism? What are the effects of interventions for conversion to sinus rhythm? What are the effects of interventions to control heart rate?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2173.html

Atrial Fibrillation (Chronic) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - What are the effects of oral medical treatments to control heart rate in persons with chronic (longer than one week) nonvalvular atrial fibrillation? What is the effect of different treatment strategies for persons with persistent nonvalvular atrial fibrillation?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p701.html

ATS, CDC, and IDSA Update Recommendations on the Treatment of Tuberculosis - Practice ...

Nov 1, 2003 - Recommendations for the treatment of tuberculosis in settings where mycobacterial cultures, radiographic facilities, and drug susceptibility testing are available have been published by the American Thoracic Society (ATS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1854.html

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family...

May 1, 2003 - What are the effects of treatments?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0501/p1969.html

Atypical Antipsychotics for Disruptive Behavior Disorders in Children and Adolescents -...

Jun 1, 2018 - Risperidone reduces measures of aggression and improves conduct in children with disruptive behavior disorders; however, only short-term use is recommended. Weight gain of 2 to 2.5 kg (4.4 to 5.5 lb) is common. There is insufficient evidence to evaluate the benefits of other ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0601/p715.html

Atypical Pathogens and Challenges in Community-Acquired Pneumonia - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2004 - Atypical organisms such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila are implicated in up to 40 percent of cases of community-acquired pneumonia. Antibiotic treatment is empiric and includes coverage for both typical and atypical organisms. Doxycycline, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1699.html

AUA Updates Guidelines on Management of Erectile Dysfunction - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jan 15, 2006 - The American Urological Association (AUA) has updated its 1996 recommendations on the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). ED results from a combination of vascular, neurologic, hormonal, and psychologic factors.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p340.html

Autism - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - What are the effects of early, intensive, multidisciplinary intervention programs in children with autism? What are the effects of dietary interventions in children with autism? What are the effects of drug and nondrug treatments in children with autism?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p758.html

Automated Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Clinical Utility in the Family Practice...

Jun 1, 2003 - Although the percentage of patients who are treated for hypertension has increased, the percentage of those who demonstrate control of blood pressure has declined. As a result of this trend, clinicians may increasingly rely on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring to improve the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2343.html

Bacterial Conjunctivitis - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - What are the effects of empiric treatment in adults and children with suspected bacterial conjunctivitis? What are the effects of treatment in adults and children with culture-confirmed bacterial or suspected or clinically confirmed gonococcal conjunctivitis?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p665.html

Bariatric Surgery Improves Quality of Life and Results in More Weight Loss Than ...

Jun 15, 2017 - Bariatric surgery using Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy was more effective than intensive medical therapy at improving quality of life and helping patients lose weight and reduce the need for medications. Anemia was more common with sleeve gastrectomy, and approximately ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/p805.html

Bariatric Surgery: Too Many Unanswered Questions - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Bariatric Surgery: Too Many Unanswered Questions ARTHUR FRANK, M.D., George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Apr 15;73(8):1335-1336. Related Article One of the obvious...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1335.html

Bartholin Duct Cyst and Gland Abscess: Office Management - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2019 - The Bartholin glands, located in the base of the labia minora, have a role in vaginal lubrication. Because of the presence of other glands, removal of a Bartholin gland does not affect lubrication. Ductal blockage of these typically pea-sized structures can result in enlargement of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p760.html

Basal Cell Carcinoma - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - What are the effects of interventions on treatment response and recurrence (within one year of therapy) and long-term recurrence (a minimum of two years after treatment) in persons with basal cell carcinoma?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p248.html

Basic Rules of Influenza: How to Combat the H1N1 Influenza (Swine Flu) Virus - ...

Jun 1, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2009 Issue Editorials Basic Rules of Influenza: How to Combat the H1N1 Influenza (Swine Flu) Virus JONATHAN L. TEMTE, MD, PhD, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p938.html

Becaplermin (Regranex) for Diabetic Foot Ulcers - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Although patients treated with becaplermin are more likely to experience complete and faster ulcer healing than patients continuing good wound care alone, the increased risk of cancer mortality and significant cost outweigh the possible benefits in most patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p255.html

Behavior Disorders of Dementia: Recognition and Treatment - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2006 - Psychosis may pose a greater challenge than cognitive decline for patients with dementia and their caregivers. The nature and frequency of psychotic symptoms varies over the course of illness, but in most patients, these symptoms occur more often in the later stages of disease. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p647.html

Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, ...

May 15, 2016 - A 40-year-old woman presents for a routine antepartum visit. She is 20 weeks pregnant and smokes half a pack of cigarettes per day despite efforts to quit. She has no other concerns, and her physical examination findings are normal. The patient asks if your clinic offers services to ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p861.html

Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, ...

May 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)–approved pharmacotherapy for cessation to adults who use tobacco.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/od1.html

Behavioral Disorders in Dementia: Appropriate Nondrug Interventions and Antipsychotic ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia pose management challenges for caregivers and clinicians. Firstline nonpharmacologic treatments include eliminating physical and emotional stressors, modifying the patient’s environment, and establishing daily routines. Family members ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p276.html

Behavioral Interventions Reduce Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute ...

Jun 15, 2016 - Requiring clinicians to justify antibiotic prescribing in the permanent electronic health record and to undergo periodic peer comparisons of prescribing rates are effective interventions for reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections. Helpful ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1037.html

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions to Prevent Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality...

Apr 15, 2019 - A.C., a 32-year-old woman, presents for her annual wellness visit. She recently had blood work completed that showed normal glucose and lipid levels. Her blood pressure is 124/76 mm Hg, weight is 221.8 lb (100.6 kg), height is 5 feet 6 inches (172 cm), and body mass index (BMI) is 34 kg...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p515.html

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions to Prevent Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality...

Apr 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer or refer adults with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) to intensive, multicomponent behavioral interventions.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/od1.html

Bell Palsy - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - What are the effects of drug, surgical and physical treatments for Bell palsy in adults and children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p947.html

Benefits and Risks of Psychiatric Medications During Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - Traditionally, psychiatric medications were withheld during pregnancy because of fear of teratogenic and other effects. The emergence of evidence of the safety of most commonly used psychiatric medications, the availability of this information in the form of online databases, and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p629.html

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - What are the effects of treatment?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1325.html

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms - Clinical Evidence ...

Aug 15, 2012 - What are the effects of medical, herbal, and surgical treatments in men with BPH?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p359.html

Best Alternatives to Statins for Treating Hyperlipidemia - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Oct 1, 2007 - Most alternatives to statin therapy reduce cholesterol levels but do not consistently demonstrate a reduction in cardiac-related and all-cause mortality in patients with or without coronary heart disease (CHD). Fibrates and niacin decrease the risk of major coronary events; however, no ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p1027.html

Beta Blocker Therapy for Chronic Heart Failure - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Recent studies have shown that beta blocker therapy improves survival and reduces hospitalizations in patients who have chronic heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction, the majority of whom are under the management of primary care physicians. Appropriate patient ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2267.html

Beta Blockers and Congestive Heart Failure - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 1, 2000 Issue Editorials Beta Blockers and Congestive Heart Failure ASSAD MOVAHED, M.D., East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina Am Fam Physician. 2000 Dec 1;62(11):2402-2404. Related Article...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1201/p2402.html

Beta Blockers Compared with Other Drug Options for the Treatment of Hypertension - ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Although beta blockers seem to have a positive impact on patient-oriented evidence that matters in patients with hypertension, they appear to be inferior when compared with other medications.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/od1.html

Beta-Blocker Use in Patients with COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2006 - In 20 studies of cardioselective beta blockers in patients with COPD, participants had no adverse pulmonary or respiratory effects. Because of their salutary cardiovascular effects, cardioselective beta blockers should not be withheld from patients with COPD.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1858.html

Beta-Lactam Not as Effective as Beta-Lactam Plus Macrolide for Treating CAP in the ...

May 15, 2015 - In this noninferiority trial, monotherapy with a beta-lactam was not as effective as combination therapy with a beta-lactam and a macrolide for achieving clinical stability in seven days for hospitalized patients with moderately severe CAP.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p720.html

Beta2 Agonists for Acute Cough or a Clinical Diagnosis of Acute Bronchitis - Cochrane ...

May 1, 2017 - There is insufficient evidence to determine whether beta2 agonists can improve symptoms for children with acute cough or bronchitis with wheeze. Beta2 agonists are not likely to benefit and may cause adverse effects in adults who do not have evidence of airflow restriction (number ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p551.html

Beta2 Agonists in the Treatment of Asthma - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Beta2 Agonists in the Treatment of Asthma BARBARA YAWN, M.D., M.SC., Olmsted Medical Center, Rochester, Minnesota Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jul 15;74(2):232. The alert by the U.S. Food and Drug...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p232.html

Beyond Analgesia in Palliative Care and End-of-Life Interventions - Editorials - ...

Jul 1, 2014 - Family physicians need a basic skill set that includes facilitating discussions on advance planning and goals, identifying and treating depression and anxiety, and managing pain and symptoms at the end of life.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p20.html

Bipolar Disorder - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2004 - What are the effects of treatments in mania and bipolar depression? What are the effects of interventions to prevent relapse?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1715.html

Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw in Patients with Osteoporosis - ...

Jun 15, 2012 - In 2007, more than 5.4 million patients in the United States were taking oral bisphosphonates. However, bisphosphonates are under scrutiny because of the risk of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1134.html

Bisphosphonates: Safety and Efficacy in the Treatment and Prevention of Osteoporosis - ...

May 1, 2000 - Osteoporosis affects more than 28 million Americans. With the advent of accessible and affordable diagnostic studies, awareness and recognition of this disease by patients and clinicians are growing. Osteoporotic fractures of the spine and hip are costly and associated with significant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2731.html

Bleeding with Anticoagulants: ACC Releases Expert Consensus Decision Pathway to Guide ...

Jul 1, 2018 - This Expert Consensus Decision Pathway from the American College of Cardiology (ACC) aims to provide physicians with decision-making assistance for managing bleeding events in patients taking anticoagulants.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p57.html

Blood Pressure Goal of 140 to 150 mm Hg Is Best for Patients with Diabetes - POEMs - ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Although most recent practice guidelines have relaxed the blood pressure goals for patients with diabetes, there are still a few holdouts that suggest aggressive treatment. This analysis shows that the ideal range for hypertension control in patients with diabetes is between 140 and 150...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p59a.html

Blood Pressure Targets for Patients with Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease - ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Achieving a target BP of 135/85 mm Hg or less does not decrease the risk of total cardiovascular events vs. treating to a target of 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. Further, treating to the lower BP target does not improve total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, or serious adverse effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p276.html

Blood Pressure Treatment Targets for Uncomplicated Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Apr 1, 2010 - To date, there is no evidence to support treating patients with uncomplicated hypertension to blood pressure goals lower than the standard blood pressure target of less than or equal to 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. In randomized controlled trials, patients treated to lower blood pressure...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p848.html

BMI Monitoring in the Management of Obesity in Toddlers - Editorials - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Nov 1, 2006 Issue Editorials BMI Monitoring in the Management of Obesity in Toddlers QING HE, PH.D.,New York Obesity Research Center, St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital, Institute of Human Nutrition and Department of Pediatrics, Columbia...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1483.html

Bone Density Testing to Monitor Osteoporosis Therapy in Clinical Practice - Editorials:...

Oct 1, 2010 - The bottom line in caring for patients with osteoporosis is that monitoring for treatment effect is appropriate and desirable. A statistically significant BMD loss may lead to further evaluation and possibly a change in treatment. The strategy of monitoring therapy with BMD testing is ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p749.html

Botulinum Toxin Injection for Facial Wrinkles - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2014 - Botulinum toxin injection for treatment of facial wrinkles is the most frequently performed cosmetic procedure in the United States, and it is one of the most common entry procedures for clinicians seeking to incorporate aesthetic treatments into their practice. Treatment of frown lines...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/p168.html

Braces and Splints for Common Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2018 - Braces and splints can immobilize and protect joints, reduce pain, decrease swelling, and facilitate healing of acute injuries. They are also used for injury prevention and chronic pain reduction, and to alter the function of a joint. The medial unloading (valgus) knee brace is an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/p570.html

Braces and Splints for Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - Braces and splints can be useful for acute injuries, chronic conditions, and the prevention of injury. There is good evidence to support the use of some braces and splints; others are used because of subjective reports from patients, relatively low cost, and few adverse effects, despite...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p342.html

Breast Cancer Prevented in Some Women with Drug Treatment - POEMs - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2013 - In some postmenopausal women at higher-than-average risk of breast cancer, tamoxifen and, to a lesser extent, raloxifene (Evista) will prevent the development of breast cancer. For every 1,000 women who receive the prophylaxis, there will be seven to nine fewer cases of diagnosed breast...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p608.html

Breast Pain - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

May 15, 2016 - What are the effects of treatments for breast pain?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p872.html

Breast-Conserving Surgery for Breast Cancer - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2002 - Surgical treatment of breast cancer has changed significantly in recent years. Fine-needle aspirations or core-needle biopsies can be used in the diagnostic process, thus avoiding scarring incisions. The preferred method of treatment for many women with early breast cancer is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2271.html

Bridging Anticoagulation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Associated with More ...

Sep 1, 2015 - This study provides more evidence that bridging in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation does not improve outcomes, and is actually associated with a higher risk of bleeding complications and cardiovascular events.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p398.html

Bridging Warfarin Before Colonoscopy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation - FPIN's ...

Apr 15, 2019 - A limited number of trials that examined the risk of temporary interruption of anticoagulation before a variety of procedures did not find a reduction in the risk of stroke, but they did show an increased risk of bleeding events and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients who were ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p519.html

Brief Interventions for Weight Management in Kids Are Not Effective - POEMs - American ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Calculating the BMI of children and adolescents in primary care practices and counseling those who are overweight is ineffective to reduce BMI in children over several years of follow-up.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p194a.html

Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics Increase Adverse Events in Children with Acute Respiratory ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Broad-spectrum antibiotics are no more effective than narrow-spectrum antibiotics for treating acute respiratory tract infections in infants and children, and adverse events are significantly more common in children treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p474a.html

Bromocriptine Mesylate (Cycloset) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American ...

May 15, 2013 - Cycloset will lower A1C levels by 0.3 to 0.5 percent when taken alone or in combination with a sulfonylurea, without undesirable adverse effects such as hypoglycemia and weight gain. It will not cause further improvement of glucose control when used with insulin, metformin, or other ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p718.html

Bronchitis (Acute) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2004 - What are the effects of treatment in people without chronic respiratory disease?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p557.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2014 - Albuterol does not improve any clinical outcomes in the outpatient or inpatient setting and should not be used in the treatment of bronchiolitis in a child 24 months or younger.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p622.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2015 - Studies show that none were helped and the impact of harms such as decreased oxygen saturation and tachycardia was uncertain.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/od1.html

Bulimia Nervosa - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - What are the effects of treatments for bulimia nervosa in adults? What are the effects of discontinuing treatment in persons in remission?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1699.html

Buprenorphine Maintenance vs. Methadone Maintenance or Placebo for Opioid Use Disorder ...

Feb 1, 2015 - At dosages greater than 2 mg per day, buprenorphine maintains treatment retention better than placebo. When flexible dosing (doses adjusted based on patient symptoms) is used, the effectiveness of buprenorphine is comparable to that of methadone in suppressing opioid use.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p165.html

Buprenorphine Maintenance vs. Placebo for Opioid Dependence - Medicine by the Numbers -...

Mar 1, 2017 - Buprenorphine causes lower physical dependence, milder withdrawal symptoms, and is less likely to cause an overdose than methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/od1.html

Buprenorphine Therapy for Opioid Use Disorder - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2018 - Opioid misuse, including the use of heroin and the overprescribing, misuse, and diversion of opioid pain medications, has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. As a result, there has been a dramatic increase in opioid use disorder and associated overdoses and deaths. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/p313.html

Buprenorphine: Effective Treatment of Opioid Addiction Starts in the Office - ...

May 1, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2006 Issue Editorials Buprenorphine: Effective Treatment of Opioid Addiction Starts in the Office DAVID A. FIELLIN, M.D., Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut Am Fam Physician. 2006 May 1;73(9):1513-1514....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1513.html

Burns (Minor Thermal) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - What are the effects of treatments for minor thermal burns?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1437.html

Caffeine as an Analgesic Adjuvant for Acute Pain in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jan 1, 2013 - Overall, there appears to be a small but clinically significant benefit to adding caffeine to analgesic therapy for various types of acute pain. More research is needed to determine the optimal dosing.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p11.html

Calcium Channel Antagonists: Morbidity and Mortality - What's the Evidence? - American ...

Apr 1, 1998 - Recent studies have shown an association between the use of calcium channel antagonists for the treatment of hypertension and an increased risk of myocardial infarction, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and cancer. The interpretation of the results of these studies and their application to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1551.html

Calcium Supplementation for Preventing Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy - Cochrane ...

Oct 1, 2015 - High-dose calcium supplementation (i.e., at least 1,000 mg per day) during pregnancy reduces the risk of developing hypertension and preeclampsia. The most significant risk reduction occurs in women at risk of hypertensive disorders and those with low-calcium diets.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p570.html

Can Melatonin Prevent or Treat Jet Lag? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2002 - Daily doses of 0.5 to 5 mg of melatonin, taken at the target bedtime at the destination for two to five days after arrival, lessen the effects of jet lag.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2087.html

Cannabinoids Somewhat Helpful for Nausea, Maybe Helpful for Spasticity, Probably Not ...

Oct 15, 2018 - This umbrella review found a modest benefit of cannabinoids for the treatment of neuropathic pain; a greater benefit for the treatment of spasticity and nausea and vomiting; and substantial harms. The studies were extremely heterogeneous in terms of the comparators, dose, duration, and ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/od3.html

Capsaicin for Nonallergic Rhinitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Intranasal capsaicin is safe and effective for reducing symptoms of nonallergic rhinitis (number needed to treat = 4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1 to 22). There is insufficient evidence to compare the effectiveness of capsaicin to other topical or systemic medications.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p217.html

Carbamazepine for Acute and Chronic Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2006 - Two small trials have shown carbamazepine to be beneficial in the treatment of diabetic neuropathic pain. Carbamazepine shows similar clinical effect to gabapentin (Neurontin) and phenytoin (Dilantin), but there have been no head-to-head trials directly comparing these drugs. ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1549.html

Cardiac Rehabilitation - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2009 - An estimated 80 million (nearly one in three) Americans have cardiovascular disease, which is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the United States alone, more than 850,000 deaths are attributed annually to cardiovascular disease, and more than 8 million Americans...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p955.html

Cardiac Rehabilitation: Improving Function and Reducing Risk - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - Cardiac rehabilitation is a comprehensive multidisciplinary program individually tailored to the needs of patients with cardiovascular disease. The overall goals focus on improving daily function and reducing cardiovascular risk factors. Cardiac rehabilitation includes interventions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p37.html

Caring for Older Patients Who Have Significant Hearing Loss - Curbside Consultation - ...

Mar 1, 2013 - This scenario illustrates issues related to end-of-life care and placement in a long-term care facility for older individuals with significant hearing loss. An analysis of data from the 1999 to 2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and statistics from the ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p360.html

Caring for Patients with Job Insecurity Who Are Experiencing Chronic Work-Related Pain ...

Jul 15, 2016 - In addition to providing direct medical care, the physician can help this patient by obtaining an occupational history, formulating hypotheses about the cause of the pain and potential interventions, and establishing a therapeutic relationship.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p145.html

Caring for Pregnant Women and Newborns with Hepatitis B or C - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Family physicians encounter diagnostic and treatment issues when caring for pregnant women with hepatitis B or C and their newborns. When hepatitis B virus is perinatally acquired, an infant has approximately a 90 percent chance of becoming a chronic carrier and, when chronically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1225.html

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - What are the effects of drug, nondrug, and surgical treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p830.html

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - What are the effects of drug, nondrug, and surgical treatment? What are the effects of postoperative treatment?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p381.html

Catheter Ablation of Supraventricular Arrhythmias and Atrial Fibrilation - American ...

Nov 15, 2009 - Supraventricular arrhythmias are relatively common, often persistent, and rarely life-threatening cardiac rhythm disturbances that arise from the sinus node, atrial tissue, or junctional sites between the atria and ventricles. The term

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1089.html

CBT Effective for Chronic Insomnia - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2016 - A five-component approach to changing patients' beliefs and behaviors surrounding sleep is effective, at least in the short term, in getting persons to fall asleep and stay asleep, although total sleep time is not increased.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p60.html

CBT Effective in Adolescents with Depression Who Do Not Want Medication - POEMs - ...

Sep 1, 2016 - In adolescents who eschew drug treatment of major depression, short-term CBT is more effective than treatment as usual in inducing recovery, with a number needed to treat of 4 to 10. CBT also produced faster results.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p384.html

CDC Develops Guideline for Opioid Prescribing - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2016 - A recently released guideline aims to establish patient-centered approaches to initiating, managing, and discontinuing opioid use. The recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) emphasize the serious risks and harms associated with opioids.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1042.html

CDC Publishes Statement on Cough and Cold Medications in Children - Practice Guidelines...

Jul 15, 2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a statement on the risks of cough and cold medications in children younger than two years. Health care professionals also should be aware of the risks of serious illness or fatal overdose.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p298.html

CDC Recommendations on Prevention and Management of High Blood Lead Levels in Children ...

Apr 15, 2008 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released recommendations on prevention and management of high blood lead levels in children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0415/p1175.html

CDC Recommends New Treatment Regimen for Latent Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection - ...

Aug 15, 2012 - Tuberculosis is a contagious and potentially fatal disease transmitted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued recommendations for the treatment of latent M. tuberculosis infection. The new regimen consists of isoniazid and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p370.html

CDC Releases 2002 Guidelines for Treating STDs: Part I. Diseases Characterized by ...

Nov 1, 2002 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published the 2002 guidelines for treating sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Information on diseases characterized by vaginal discharge, as well as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is included.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1777.html

CDC Releases 2002 Guidelines for Treating STDs: Part II. Human Papillomavirus and ...

Nov 15, 2002 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published the 2002 guidelines for treating sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Information on human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis is included.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1115/p1996.html

CDC Releases 2015 Guidelines on the Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Disease - ...

Jan 15, 2016 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has updated its 2010 recommendations to help guide physicians in preventing and treating sexually transmitted diseases. This summary practice guideline will focus on the updates.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0115/p144.html

CDC Releases Guidelines on Antimicrobial Agents for the Treatment and Postexposure ...

Jul 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released guidelines on antimicrobial agents for the treatment and postexposure prophylaxis of pertussis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p333.html

CDC Releases Updated Guidelines for Postexposure Prophylaxis After Sexual, Injection ...

Sep 1, 2016 - Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with anti-retroviral drugs to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) following sexual or injection drug use exposures (nonoccupational PEP or nPEP) is an essential intervention requiring a timely response. Updated guidelines from the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p392.html

CDC Updates Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use - Practice Guidelines - American...

Dec 1, 2016 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) first published the U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, which is a companion document to the U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, in 2010 to provide guidelines on safely using a variety of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p942.html

CDC Updates Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - ...

Jul 1, 2011 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently updated its guidelines on the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The new guidelines focus on treatment, but also discuss prevention strategies and diagnostic recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p123.html

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