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2005 AHA Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiac Care - Practice Guidelines - American...

May 1, 2006 - The American Heart Association (AHA) recently released new guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiac care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1644.html

A Diagnostic Approach to Pruritus - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2011 - Pruritus can be a symptom of a distinct dermatologic condition or of an occult underlying systemic disease. Of the patients referred to a dermatologist for generalized pruritus with no apparent primary cutaneous cause, 14 to 24 percent have a systemic etiology. In the absence of a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p195.html

A New View of Occult and Obscure Gastrointestinal Bleeding - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - Occult gastrointestinal bleeding usually is discovered when fecal occult blood test results are positive or iron deficiency anemia is detected. Fecal occult blood testing methods vary, but all have limited sensitivity and specificity. The initial work-up for occult bleeding typically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p875.html

A Practical Approach to Hypercalcemia - American Family Physician

May 1, 2003 - Hypercalcemia is a disorder commonly encountered by primary care physicians. The diagnosis often is made incidentally in asymptomatic patients. Clinical manifestations affect the neuromuscular, gastrointestinal, renal, skeletal, and cardiovascular systems. The most common causes of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0501/p1959.html

A Practical Approach to Neonatal Jaundice - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - Kernicterus and neurologic sequelae caused by severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia are preventable conditions. A structured and practical approach to the identification and care of infants with jaundice can facilitate prevention, thus decreasing rates of morbidity and mortality. Primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1255.html

A Practical Guide to Crisis Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - Family physicians often treat patients who are experiencing psychological or medical crises. Any event perceived as overwhelming by the patient may trigger a crisis reaction consisting of psychological and physiological symptoms. Physicians are encouraged to assist patients who are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1159.html

A Primary Care Approach to Substance Misuse - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2013 - Substance misuse is common among patients in primary care settings. Although it has a substantial health impact, physicians report low levels of preparedness to identify and assist patients with substance use disorders. An effective approach to office-based treatment includes a coherent...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p113.html

A Stepwise Approach to the Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests - American Family...

Mar 1, 2014 - Office-based pulmonary function testing, also known as spirometry, is a powerful tool for primary care physicians to diagnose and manage respiratory problems. An obstructive defect is indicated by a low forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) ratio, which...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p359.html

A Systematic Approach to the Evaluation of a Limping Child - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2015 - A limp is defined as a deviation from a normal age-appropriate gait pattern resulting in an uneven, jerky, or laborious gait. It can be caused by pain, weakness, or deformity as a result of a variety of conditions. Transient synovitis is the most common diagnosis. Other causes of acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p908.html

AAFP and AAP Issue a Practice Parameter on the Management of Minor Closed Head Injury ...

Dec 1, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 01, 1999 Issue Special Medical Reports AAFP and AAP Issue a Practice Parameter on the Management of Minor Closed Head Injury in Children MONICA PREBOTH Am Fam Physician. 1999 Dec 1;60(9):2698-2705. The Committee on Quality...

American Family Physician : Special Medical Reports

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2698.html

AAN Updates Guidelines on Evaluating Driving Risk in Patients with Dementia - Practice ...

Nov 1, 2010 - Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) updated guidelines for the evaluation and management of driving risk in persons with dementia. The new evidence-based guidelines offer characteristics that can help to identify persons that are at risk of unsafe ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1144.html

AAO-HNSF Releases Guideline on Tympanostomy Tubes in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

May 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO–HNSF) has released a guideline on the indications for tube placement in children, as well as perioperative counseling.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p754.html

AAP Releases Guidelines on Identification of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders - ...

Dec 1, 2008 - American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released guidelines on identification of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). ASDs represent three of the pervasive developmental disorders defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. (DSM-IV): ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/p1301.html

AASLD Updates Chronic Hepatitis B Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2009 - Updated recommendations from the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) include the preferred diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive approaches to chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/p338.html

Abdominal Wall Pain: Clinical Evaluation, Differential Diagnosis, and Treatment - ...

Oct 1, 2018 - Abdominal wall pain is often mistaken for intra-abdominal visceral pain, resulting in expensive and unnecessary laboratory tests, imaging studies, consultations, and invasive procedures. Those evaluations generally are nondiagnostic, and lingering pain can become frustrating to the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/p429.html

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - The most probable etiology of abnormal uterine bleeding relates to the patient's reproductive age, as does the likelihood of serious endometrial pathology. The specific diagnostic approach depends on whether the patient is premenopausal, perimenopausal or postmenopausal. In ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1371.html

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Associated with Hormonal Contraception - American Family ...

May 15, 2002 - Millions of women in the United States use some type of hormonal contraception: combination oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), progestin-only pills, medroxyprogesterone acetate injections, or subdermal levonorgestrel implants. Abnormal uterine bleeding is a common but rarely dangerous ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2073.html

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Premenopausal Women - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2019 - Abnormal uterine bleeding is a common symptom in women. The acronym PALM-COEIN facilitates classification, with PALM referring to structural etiologies (polyp, adenomyosis, leiomyoma, malignancy and hyperplasia), and COEIN referring to nonstructural etiologies (coagulopathy, ovulatory ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p435.html

ACC and AHA Update Guidelines for Coronary Angiography - Special Medical Reports - ...

Sep 1, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 1, 1999 Issue Special Medical Reports ACC and AHA Update Guidelines for Coronary Angiography SHARON SCOTT MOREY Am Fam Physician. 1999 Sep 1;60(3):1017-1020. The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart...

American Family Physician : Special Medical Reports

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p1017.html

ACC and AHA Update on Chronic Heart Failure Guidelines - Practice Guidelines - American...

Mar 1, 2010 - In 2009, the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) published a focused update of the ACC/AHA 2005 Guideline Update for the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Heart Failure in the Adult.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p654.html

ACC/AHA Guideline Update for the Management of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial ...

Jun 15, 2009 - The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association, in collaboration with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society, have issued an update of the 2004 guideline for the management of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The American Academy of Family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1080.html

ACC/AHA Release Guidelines on Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation for Noncardiac ...

Jun 15, 2008 - The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have created guidelines on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation and care for patients undergoing noncardiac surgery in order to provide an outline for considering cardiac risk in a variety of patients ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1748.html

ACC/AHA Release Updated Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol to Reduce ASCVD...

Aug 15, 2014 - The Blood Cholesterol Expert Panel from the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) issued an updated evidence-based guideline in 2013 that addresses the use of fixed doses of cholesterol-lowering drugs (statins) to reduce the risk of ASCVD in ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p260.html

ACIP Releases Influenza Vaccination Updates for 2013-2014 - Practice Guidelines - ...

Oct 15, 2013 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has updated its annual guidelines for routine influenza vaccination in 2013–2014. Vaccination is recommended for all persons six months or older who do not have contraindications.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p543.html

ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2011-2012 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2011 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued its annual guideline on vaccination against influenza. It includes information on a newly licensed intradermal vaccine, a change in the number of vaccine doses required ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p827.html

ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2012-2013 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2012 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued its annual guideline on influenza vaccination. This year’s guideline provides information on dosing considerations for children six months to eight years of age, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p686.html

Acne Vulgaris: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2019 - Acne vulgaris is the most prevalent chronic skin disease in the United States, affecting nearly 50 million people per year, mostly adolescents and young adults. Potential sequelae of acne, such as scarring, dyspigmentation, and low self-esteem, may result in significant morbidity. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p475.html

ACOG Guidelines for Treating Prenatal Hemoglobinopathy - Practice Guidelines - American...

Nov 1, 2005 - The Committee on Practice Bulletins–Obstetrics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released a practice bulletin on screening for and managing hemoglobinopathies during pregnancy.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1917.html

ACP Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain - Practice Guidelines -...

Jun 1, 2008 - To address the issue of the evaluation and management of low back pain, the American College of Physicians (ACP) created a guideline consisting of seven key recommendations for diagnosing and treating low back pain in the primary care setting.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0601/p1607.html

Acute Abdominal Pain in Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2016 - Acute abdominal pain accounts for approximately 9% of childhood primary care office visits. Symptoms and signs that increase the likelihood of a surgical cause for pain include fever, bilious vomiting, bloody diarrhea, absent bowel sounds, voluntary guarding, rigidity, and rebound ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p830.html

Acute Abdominal Pain in Children - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2003 - Acute abdominal pain in children presents a diagnostic dilemma. Although many cases of acute abdominal pain are benign, some require rapid diagnosis and treatment to minimize morbidity. Numerous disorders can cause abdominal pain. The most common medical cause is gastroenteritis, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2321.html

Acute and Chronic Urticaria: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2017 - Urticaria commonly presents with intensely pruritic wheals, sometimes with edema of the subcutaneous or interstitial tissue. It has a lifetime prevalence of about 20%. Although often self-limited and benign, it can cause significant discomfort, continue for months to years, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p717.html

Acute Appendicitis: Efficient Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2018 - Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute abdominal pain in adults and children, with a lifetime risk of 8.6% in males and 6.7% in females. It is the most common nonobstetric surgical emergency during pregnancy. Findings from the history, physical examination, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p25.html

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2016 - Acute bacterial prostatitis is an acute infection of the prostate gland that causes pelvic pain and urinary tract symptoms, such as dysuria, urinary frequency, and urinary retention, and may lead to systemic symptoms, such as fevers, chills, nausea, emesis, and malaise. Although the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0115/p114.html

Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis in Adults: Part II. Treatment - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - Although most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by viruses, acute bacterial rhinosinusitis is a fairly common complication. Even though most patients with acute rhinosinusitis recover promptly without it, antibiotic therapy should be considered in patients with prolonged or more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1697.html

Acute Coronary Syndrome: Current Treatment - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2017 - Acute coronary syndrome continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Family physicians need to identify and mitigate risk factors early, as well as recognize and respond to acute coronary syndrome events quickly in any clinical setting. Diagnosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p232.html

Acute Coronary Syndrome: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2017 - Myocardial infarction (MI), a subset of acute coronary syndrome, is damage to the cardiac muscle as evidenced by elevated cardiac troponin levels in the setting of acute ischemia. Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. Chest pain is a common ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p170.html

Acute Diarrhea in Adults - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Acute diarrhea in adults is a common problem encountered by family physicians. The most common etiology is viral gastroenteritis, a self-limited disease. Increases in travel, comorbidities, and foodborne illness lead to more bacteria-related cases of acute diarrhea. A history and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p180.html

Acute Dyspnea in the Office - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2003 - Respiratory difficulty is a common presenting complaint in the outpatient primary care setting. Because patients may first seek care by calling their physician's office, telephone triage plays a role in the early management of dyspnea. Once the patient is in the office, the initial goal...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1803.html

Acute Kidney Injury: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Acute kidney injury is characterized by abrupt deterioration in kidney function, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine level with or without reduced urine output. The spectrum of injury ranges from mild to advanced, sometimes requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnostic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p631.html

Acute Kidney Injury: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2019 - Acute kidney injury is a clinical syndrome characterized by a rapid decline in glomerular filtration rate and resultant accumulation of metabolic waste products. Acute kidney injury is associated with an increased risk of mortality, cardiovascular events, and progression to chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p687.html

Acute Knee Effusions: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - Knee effusions may be the result of trauma, overuse or systemic disease. An understanding of knee pathoanatomy is an invaluable part of making the correct diagnosis and formulating a treatment plan. Taking a thorough medical history is the key component of the evaluation. The most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2391.html

Acute Knee Injuries: Use of Decision Rules for Selective Radiograph Ordering - American...

Dec 1, 1999 - Family physicians often encounter patients with acute knee trauma. Radiographs of injured knees are commonly ordered, even though fractures are found in only 6 percent of such patients and emergency department physicians can usually discriminate clinically between fracture and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2599.html

Acute Lumbar Disk Pain: Navigating Evaluation and Treatment Choices - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2008 - Acute lumbar disk herniations are the most common cause of sciatica. After excluding emergent causes, such as cauda equina syndrome, epidural abscess, fracture, or malignancy, a six-week trial of conservative management is indicated. Patients should be advised to stay active. If ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/p835.html

Acute Monoarthritis: Diagnosis in Adults - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - Acute monoarthritis can be the initial manifestation of many joint disorders. The most common diagnoses in the primary care setting are osteoarthritis, gout, and trauma. It is important to understand the prevalence of specific etiologies and to use the appropriate diagnostic modalities....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p810.html

Acute Pancreatitis: Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Treatment - American Family Physician

May 15, 2007 - Mild acute pancreatitis has a low mortality rate, but patients with severe acute pancreatitis are more likely to develop complications and have a much higher death rate. Although serum amylase and lipase levels remain the most widely used diagnostic assays for acute pancreatitis, other ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1513.html

Acute Pericarditis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2014 - Acute pericarditis, inflammation of the pericardium, is found in approximately 5% of patients admitted to the emergency department for chest pain unrelated to acute myocardial infarction. It occurs most often in men 20 to 50 years of age. Acute pericarditis has a number of potential ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p553.html

Acute Renal Failure - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Acute renal failure occurs in 5 percent of hospitalized patients. Etiologically, this common condition can be categorized as prerenal, intrinsic or postrenal. Most patients have prerenal acute renal failure or acute tubular necrosis (a type of intrinsic acute renal failure that is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2077.html

Acute Stroke Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2009 - Stroke can be categorized as ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Awakening with or experiencing the abrupt onset of focal neurologic deficits is the hallmark of ischemic stroke diagnosis. The most common presenting symptoms for ischemic stroke are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p33.html

Addison Disease: Early Detection and Treatment Principles - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2014 - Primary adrenal insufficiency, or Addison disease, has many causes, the most common of which is autoimmune adrenalitis. Autoimmune adrenalitis results from destruction of the adrenal cortex, which leads to deficiencies in glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and adrenal androgens. In ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p563.html

Addressing Suspected Labor Trafficking in the Office - Curbside Consultation - American...

Dec 15, 2015 - An estimated 18,000 persons are trafficked into the United States for labor each year. They most commonly originate from Latin America (31%), Southeast Asia (26%), and South Asia (13%), and 71% of persons enter on lawful visas. Health care may be one of the few fields in which ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1215/p1092.html

Adolescent Health Screening and Counseling - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2012 - Serious health problems, risky behavior, and poor health habits persist among adolescents despite access to medical care. Most adolescents do not seek advice about preventing leading causes of morbidity and mortality in their age group, and physicians often do not find ways to provide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1109.html

Adolescent Substance Use and Misuse: Recognition and Management - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2019 - Adolescent use of illicit substances imposes an enormous burden on individuals, families, and communities. The types of illicit substances adolescents are using have changed drastically over the past decade with decreases in alcohol use (including binge alcohol use) offset by increases ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p689.html

Adult Rhinosinusitis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2001 - Rhinosinusitis can be divided among four subtypes: acute, recurrent acute, subacute and chronic, based on patient history and a limited physical examination. In most instances, therapy is initiated based on this classification. Antibiotic therapy, supplemented by hydration and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0101/p69.html

Adverse Drug Reactions: Types and Treatment Options - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2003 - Drug hypersensitivity results from interactions between a pharmacologic agent and the human immune system. These types of reactions constitute only a small subset of all adverse drug reactions. Allergic reactions to medications represent a specific class of drug hypersensitivity ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1781.html

AGA Releases Updated Recommendations on Dyspepsia - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 1, 2006 - The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released a position statement to reflect new evidence on the evaluation of dyspepsia. The AGA defines dyspepsia as chronic or recurrent pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p185.html

AGS Releases Guideline for Prevention of Falls in Older Persons - Practice Guidelines -...

Jul 1, 2010 - Recommendations from the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) guide physicians in screening older patients for risk of falling and preventing falls among those at increased risk.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p81.html

AHA Publishes Statement on Drug Therapy for Lipid Abnormalities in Children and ...

Mar 1, 2008 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has published a scientific statement on drug therapy for the treatment of high-risk lipid abnormalities in children and adolescents.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p694.html

AHA Updates Guidelines on CVD Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 1, 2012 - Major changes addressed in the American Heart Association's (AHA) 2011 guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) are that benefits and risks found in the clinical practice setting were strongly considered, and recommendations were not based solely on benefits found in the clinical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p70.html

Alopecia in Women - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - Alopecia can be divided into disorders in which the hair follicle is normal but the cycling of hair growth is abnormal and disorders in which the hair follicle is damaged. Androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss in women. Other disorders include alopecia areata, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p1007.html

Alpha and Beta Thalassemia - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - The thalassemias are a group of inherited hematologic disorders caused by defects in the synthesis of one or more of the hemoglobin chains. Alpha thalassemia is caused by reduced or absent synthesis of alpha globin chains, and beta thalassemia is caused by reduced or absent synthesis of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p339.html

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Technology with a Purpose - Editorials - American...

Jun 1, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2003 Issue Editorials Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Technology with a Purpose MICHAEL E. ERNST, PHARM.D., BCPS College of Pharmacy and Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa GEORGE R....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2262.html

Ambulatory Devices for Chronic Gait Disorders in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2003 - Gait disorders in the elderly are common and in most cases cannot be treated medically or surgically. Therefore, treatment often relies on ambulatory devices such as canes, crutches, and walkers. Before selecting a device, the patient should be evaluated to define whether one or both ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1717.html

Ambulatory Management of Burns - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2000 - Burns often happen unexpectedly and have the potential to cause death, lifelong disfigurement and dysfunction. A critical part of burn management is assessing the depth and extent of injury. Burns are now commonly classified as superficial, superficial partial thickness, deep partial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2015.html

Amenorrhea: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2019 - Menstrual patterns can be an indicator of overall health and self-perception of well-being. Primary amenorrhea, defined as the lifelong absence of menses, requires evaluation if menarche has not occurred by 15 years of age or three years post-thelarche. Secondary amenorrhea is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p39.html

Amenorrhea: An Approach to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2013 - Although amenorrhea may result from a number of different conditions, a systematic evaluation including a detailed history, physical examination, and laboratory assessment of selected serum hormone levels can usually identify the underlying cause. Primary amenorrhea, which by definition...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p781.html

Amenorrhea: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - A thorough history and physical examination as well as laboratory testing can help narrow the differential diagnosis of amenorrhea. In patients with primary amenorrhea, the presence or absence of sexual development should direct the evaluation. Constitutional delay of growth and puberty...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1374.html

An Algorithm for the Evaluation of Peripheral Neuropathy - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1998 - The diagnosis of peripheral neuropathies can be frustrating, time consuming and costly. Careful clinical and electrodiagnostic assessment, with attention to the pattern of involvement and the types of nerve fibers most affected, narrows the differential diagnosis and helps to focus the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p755.html

An Approach to Drug Abuse, Intoxication and Withdrawal - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - The symptomatic effects of drug abuse are a result of alterations in the functioning of the following neurotransmitters or their receptors: acetylcholine, dopamine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, norepinephrine, opioids and serotonin. Anticholinergic drugs antagonize acetylcholine receptors. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2763.html

An Approach to Interpreting Spirometry - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - Spirometry is a powerful tool that can be used to detect, follow, and manage patients with lung disorders. Technology advancements have made spirometry much more reliable and relatively simple to incorporate into a routine office visit. However, interpreting spirometry results can be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1107.html

An Office Approach to the Diagnosis of Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - Chronic cough is a common problem in patients who visit family physicians. The three most common causes of chronic cough in those who are referred to pulmonary specialists are postnasal drip, asthma and gastroesophageal reflux. The initial treatment of patients with cough is often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2015.html

Anaphylaxis: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening, systemic allergic reaction that is almost always unanticipated and may lead to death by airway obstruction or vascular collapse. Anaphylaxis occurs as the result of an allergen response, usually immunoglobulin E–mediated, which leads to mast ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1111.html

Anemia in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2018 - Anemia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in older adults. Diagnostic cutoff values for defining anemia vary with age, sex, and possibly race. Anemia is often asymptomatic and discovered incidentally on laboratory testing. Patients may present with symptoms related to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/p437.html

Anemia in Older Persons - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2010 - Anemia in older persons is commonly overlooked despite mounting evidence that low hemoglobin levels are a significant marker of physiologic decline. Using the World Health Organization definition of anemia (hemoglobin level less than 13 g per dL [130 g per L] in men and less than 12 g ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p480.html

Anemia in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - Anemia should not be accepted as an inevitable consequence of aging. A cause is found in approximately 80 percent of elderly patients. The most common causes of anemia in the elderly are chronic disease and iron deficiency. Vitamin B12 deficiency, folate deficiency, gastrointestinal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1565.html

Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists in the Treatment of Hypertension - American Family ...

Sep 15, 1999 - The sixth report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) includes recommendations for the assessment of overall cardiovascular risk and the need for active antihypertensive drug therapy. Once the decision to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1185.html

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2016 - Aortic stenosis affects 3% of persons older than 65 years. Although survival in asymptomatic patients is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, it decreases rapidly after symptoms appear. During the asymptomatic latent period, left ventricular hypertrophy and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p371.html

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - Aortic stenosis is the most important cardiac valve disease in developed countries, affecting 3 percent of persons older than 65 years. Although the survival rate in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, the average ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p717.html

APA Releases Guidelines on Treating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - Practice Guidelines...

Jul 1, 2008 - In 2007, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) published treatment recommendations for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Management of OCD can involve many therapeutic actions depending on the needs, capacities, and desires of the patient.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p131.html

Approach to the Adult Patient with Fever of Unknown Origin - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Fever of unknown origin (FUO) in adults is defined as a temperature higher than 38.3 degrees C (100.9 degrees F) that lasts for more than three weeks with no obvious source despite appropriate investigation. The four categories of potential etiology of FUO are classic, nosocomial, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2223.html

Are Long-acting Insulin Analogues Better Than Isophane Insulin? - Cochrane for ...

Feb 15, 2008 - Based on poor quality evidence, this review suggests that insulin glargine and insulin detemir have no advantage over isophane insulin in reducing A1C levels. In one study, isophane insulin reduced A1C levels slightly more than insulin detemir. However, patients on insulin glargine and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p447.html

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dyplasia - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a disorder in which normal myocardium is replaced by fibrofatty tissue. This disorder usually involves the right ventricle, but the left ventricle and septum also may be affected. Although the exact prevalence of ARVD is unknown, it ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1391.html

Aseptic and Bacterial Meningitis: Evaluation, Treatment, and Prevention - American ...

Sep 1, 2017 - The etiologies of meningitis range in severity from benign and self-limited to life-threatening with potentially severe morbidity. Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency that requires prompt recognition and treatment. Mortality remains high despite the introduction of vaccinations ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p314.html

Assessment of Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria in Adults - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2013 - Although routine screening for bladder cancer is not recommended, microscopic hematuria is often incidentally discovered by primary care physicians. The American Urological Association has published an updated guideline for the management of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria, which is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p747.html

Assessment of Microscopic Hematuria in Adults - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - Microscopic hematuria, a common finding on routine urinalysis of adults, is clinically significant when three to five red blood cells per high-power field are visible. Etiologies of microscopic hematuria range from incidental causes to life-threatening urinary tract neoplasm. The lack ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1748.html

Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria in Adults: Summary of the AUA Best Practice Policy ...

Mar 15, 2001 - The American Urological Association (AUA) convened the Best Practice Policy Panel on Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria to formulate policy statements and recommendations for the evaluation of asymptomatic microhematuria in adults. The recommended definition of microscopic hematuria is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1145.html

Atrial Fibrillation: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2011 - Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. It impairs cardiac function and increases the risk of stroke. The incidence of atrial fibrillation increases with age. Key treatment issues include deciding when to restore normal sinus rhythm, when to control rate only, and how...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p61.html

Atypical Presentations of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2008 - Gastroesophageal reflux disease typically manifests as heartburn and regurgitation, but it may also present with atypical or extraesophageal symptoms, including asthma, chronic cough, laryngitis, hoarseness, chronic sore throat, dental erosions, and noncardiac chest pain. Diagnosing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p483.html

AUA Guideline Addresses Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Follow-Up of Asymptomatic ...

May 1, 2013 - The American Urological Association (AUA) has released a guideline to direct physicians and patients during the diagnosis, evaluation, and follow-up of asymptomatic microhematuria in adults. Microhematuria is defined as the presence of three or more red blood cells per high-power field ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0501/p649.html

AUA Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment of Overactive Bladder - Practice ...

Jun 1, 2013 - Overactive bladder is characterized by urinary symptoms including urgency, frequency, and nocturia, with or without urge incontinence. The American Urological Association (AUA) recently published recommendations to provide a clinical framework for the diagnosis and treatment of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p800.html

Bladder Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2017 - Bladder cancer is the sixth most prevalent malignancy in the United States and causes more than 16,000 deaths annually. The most common clinical presentation is asymptomatic hematuria, which should prompt evaluation with cystoscopy, renal function testing, and upper urinary tract ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/p507.html

Blunt Trauma in Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - Trauma is the most common cause of nonobstetric death among pregnant women in the United States. Motor vehicle crashes, domestic violence, and falls are the most common causes of blunt trauma during pregnancy. All pregnant patients with traumatic injury should be assessed formally in a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1303.html

Breast-Conserving Surgery for Breast Cancer - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2002 - Surgical treatment of breast cancer has changed significantly in recent years. Fine-needle aspirations or core-needle biopsies can be used in the diagnostic process, thus avoiding scarring incisions. The preferred method of treatment for many women with early breast cancer is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2271.html

Cardiomyopathy: An Overview - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2017 - The definition and classification of cardiomyopathy have evolved considerably in recent years. Cardiomyopathy can be separated into primary (genetic, mixed, or acquired) and secondary categories, which result in varied phenotypes including dilated, hypertrophic, and restrictive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/p640.html

Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Children - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2007 - A growing body of literature points to the significance of premature cardiovascular disease in certain childhood diagnoses and emphasizes the importance of risk reduction by disease stratification.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1873.html

Care of Incarcerated Patients - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2018 - The United States has the highest incarceration rate of any nation in the world. Approximately 870 of every 100,000 U.S. citizens are currently in jails or prisons. U.S. inmates are disproportionately young males, racial and ethnic minorities, and persons of low socioeconomic status. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/p577.html

Care of the College Student - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2013 - There are approximately 20 million students in U.S. colleges and universities. Although this population is characterized as having good health, 600,000 students report some form of disability or some type of medical problem, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p596.html

Care of the Military Veteran: Selected Health Issues - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2019 - According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 18.2 million veterans were living in the United States in 2017, of whom 1.6 million were female. Less than one-half of all veterans receive care at a Veterans Health Administration or military treatment facility, leaving most to receive services from...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p544.html

Causes and Evaluation of Mildly Elevated Liver Transaminase Levels - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2011 - Mild elevations in levels of the liver enzymes alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase are commonly discovered in asymptomatic patients in primary care. Evidence to guide the diagnostic workup is limited. If the history and physical examination do not suggest a cause, a stepwise...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1101/p1003.html

CDC Issues New Recommendations for the Prevention and Control of Hepatitis C Virus ...

Mar 1, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 1, 1999 Issue Special Medical Reports CDC Issues New Recommendations for the Prevention and Control of Hepatitis C Virus Infection VERNA L. ROSE Am Fam Physician. 1999 Mar 1;59(5):1321-1323. The Centers for Disease Control and...

American Family Physician : Special Medical Reports

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0301/p1321.html

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