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Asthma Update: Part II. Medical Management - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2004 - The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program recently updated its guidelines for the management of asthma. An evidence-based approach was used to examine several key issues regarding appropriate medical therapy for patients with asthma. The updated guidelines have clarified ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1061.html

Atypical Pathogens and Challenges in Community-Acquired Pneumonia - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2004 - Atypical organisms such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila are implicated in up to 40 percent of cases of community-acquired pneumonia. Antibiotic treatment is empiric and includes coverage for both typical and atypical organisms. Doxycycline, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1699.html

Childhood Asthma: Treatment Update - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - The prevalence of childhood asthma has risen significantly over the past four decades. A family history of atopic disease is associated with an increased likelihood of developing asthma, and environmental triggers such as tobacco smoke significantly increase the severity of daily asthma...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1959.html

COPD: Management of Acute Exacerbations and Chronic Stable Disease - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2001 - Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are treated with oxygen (in hypoxemic patients), inhaled beta2 agonists, inhaled anticholinergics, antibiotics and systemic corticosteroids. Methylxanthine therapy may be considered in patients who do not respond to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0815/p603.html

Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism: Current Therapy - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2017 - Pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis are the two most important manifestations of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is the third most common life-threatening cardiovascular disease in the United States. Anticoagulation is the mainstay of VTE treatment. Most patients with deep...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p295.html

Developing and Communicating a Long-Term Treatment Plan for Asthma - American Family ...

Apr 15, 2000 - The treatment of asthma, according to current guidelines, requires complex treatment regimens that change as clinical conditions improve or deteriorate. We have developed a practical way to communicate long-term treatment plans in chart form in the primary care setting that is easy for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2419.html

DVT and Pulmonary Embolism: Part II. Treatment and Prevention - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - Treatment goals for deep venous thrombosis include stopping clot propagation and preventing the recurrence of thrombus, the occurrence of pulmonary embolism, and the development of pulmonary hypertension, which can be a complication of multiple recurrent pulmonary emboli. About 30 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2841.html

Identification and Management of Latent Tuberculosis Infection - American Family Physician

May 15, 2009 - Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a condition in which a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but does not currently have active tuberculosis disease. An estimated 10 to 15 million persons in the United States have LTBI. Because 5 to 10 percent of persons with LTBI ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p879.html

Insomnia: Pharmacologic Therapy - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2017 - Insomnia accounts for more than 5.5 million visits to family physicians each year. Although behavioral interventions are the mainstay of treatment, pharmacologic therapy may be necessary for some patients. Understanding the risks and benefits of insomnia medications is critical. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0701/p29.html

Is Thrombolytic Therapy Effective For Pulmonary Embolism? - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2002 - Pulmonary embolism is a disorder that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Right-sided heart failure and recurrent pulmonary embolism are the main causes of death associated with pulmonary embolism in the first two weeks after the embolic event. Thrombolysis is a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1097.html

Leukotriene Inhibitors in the Treatment of Allergy and Asthma - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Leukotriene inhibitors are the first new class of medications for the treatment of persistent asthma that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in more than two decades. They also have been approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Prescriptions of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p65.html

Management of Active Tuberculosis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Although the overall incidence of tuberculosis has been declining in the United States, it remains an important public health concern, particularly among immigrants, homeless persons, and persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Patients who present with symptoms of active ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2225.html

Management of Acute Asthma Exacerbations - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2011 - Asthma exacerbations can be classified as mild, moderate, severe, or life threatening. Criteria for exacerbation severity are based on symptoms and physical examination parameters, as well as lung function and oxygen saturation. In patients with a peak expiratory flow of 50 to 79 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p40.html

Management of COPD Exacerbations - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2010 - Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease contribute to the high mortality rate associated with the disease. Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of multiple interventions. The first step in outpatient management should be to increase the dosage ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p607.html

Medical Therapy for Asthma: Updates from the NAEPP Guidelines - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Proper care of patients with asthma involves the triad of systematic chronic care plans, self-management support, and appropriate medical therapy. Controller medications (inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta2 agonists, and leukot- riene receptor antagonists) are the foundation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1242.html

Medications for Chronic Asthma - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Chronic asthma is a major health concern for children and adults worldwide. The goal of treatment is to prevent symptoms by reducing airway inflammation and hyperreactivity. Step-up therapy for symptom control involves initiation with low-dose treatment and increasing intensity at ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p454.html

Medications for COPD: A Review of Effectiveness - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common problem among patients presenting to primary care. This condition has multiple individual and combined treatment regimens. The goals of treatment are to improve quality of life, exercise tolerance, sleep quality, and survival; and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1141.html

Nonpharmacologic Management of Chronic Insomnia - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2015 - Insomnia affects 10% to 30% of the population with a total cost of $92.5 to $107.5 billion annually. Short-term, chronic, and other types of insomnia are the three major categories according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, 3rd ed. The criteria for diagnosis are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1215/p1058.html

Outpatient Management of Anticoagulation Therapy - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - The Seventh American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) Conference on Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy provides guidelines for outpatient management of anticoagulation therapy. The ACCP guidelines recommend short-term warfarin therapy, with the goal of maintaining an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1031.html

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in the Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - ...

Sep 15, 2010 - Pulmonary rehabilitation is a nonpharmacologic therapy that has emerged as a standard of care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, patient-centered intervention that includes patient assessment, exercise training, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p655.html

Respiratory Distress in the Newborn - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - The most common etiology of neonatal respiratory distress is transient tachypnea of the newborn; this is triggered by excessive lung fluid, and symptoms usually resolve spontaneously. Respiratory distress syndrome can occur in premature infants as a result of surfactant deficiency and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p987.html

The 'Crashing Asthmatic' - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - Asthma is a common chronic disorder, with a prevalence of 8 to 10 percent in the U.S. population. From 5 to 10 percent of patients have severe disease that does not respond to typical therapeutic interventions. To prevent life-threatening sequelae, it is important to identify patients ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p997.html

The Role of Allergens in Asthma - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel guidelines for the management of asthma recommend that patients who require daily asthma medications have allergy testing for perennial indoor allergens and that, when triggers are found, exposure to allergens and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p675.html

Treatment of Nursing Home-Acquired Pneumonia - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2009 - Pneumonia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in nursing home residents, with 30-day mortality rates ranging from 10 to 30 percent. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of nursing home-acquired pneumonia, although Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p976.html

Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2004 - Obstructive sleep apnea should be suspected in patients who are overweight snore loudly, and have chronic daytime sleepiness. The diagnosis of sleep apnea may be confirmed by sleep laboratory studies. Patients' symptoms and the frequency of respiratory events on laboratory testing are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p561.html

Treatment of Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: the GOLD Guidelines - ...

Nov 15, 2013 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common problem in primary care. COPD is diagnosed with spirometry only in clinically stable patients with a postbronchodilator forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity ratio of less than 0.70. All patients with COPD ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p655.html

Update on the Treatment of Tuberculosis - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2008 - Approximately one third of the world's population, including more than 11 million persons in the United States, is latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although most cases of tuberculosis in the United States occur in foreign-born persons from endemic countries, the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p457.html

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