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9-Valent HPV Vaccine Offers Only Small Advantage Over Quadrivalent Vaccine - POEMs - ...

Jul 1, 2015 - A new 9-valent HPV vaccine is generally similar in effectiveness to the older quadrivalent vaccine. There is a small benefit of the new vaccine compared with the older vaccine for women who are initially uninfected (2.4 vs. 4.2 cases per 1,000 person-years), but you would have to ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p54.html

ACCP Revises Guideline on the Diagnosis of Lung Cancer - Practice Guidelines - American...

Feb 1, 2008 - The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) has revised its original guidelines for the diagnosis and management of lung cancer to update evidence supporting the original recommendations and to include additional relevant topics.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p367.html

Accuracy of Fecal DNA and Fecal Immunochemical Test for Colorectal Cancer Detection - ...

Sep 1, 2014 - Fecal DNA testing is more sensitive but less specific than fecal immunochemical testing (FIT), and as a result, has a higher false-positive rate. It is also more expensive than other noninvasive alternatives such as FIT. We do not know which test will be better at reducing mortality.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p326a.html

ACG Guidelines for Colorectal Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2009 - The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) updated its recommendations on screening for colorectal cancer in 2008, and continues to support colonoscopy in average-risk patients every 10 years based on the evidence of effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and patient acceptance.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/p647.html

ACOG Guidelines for Managing Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2009 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has produced guidelines for physicians caring for patients with BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations. Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome is an inherited cancer-susceptibility syndrome.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1505.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines for Management of Endometrial Cancer - Practice Guidelines - ...

Aug 1, 2006 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released evidence-based guidelines for the management of endometrial cancer. Endometrial carcinoma is a common gynecologic malignancy that many physicians encounter.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p504.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines for Managing Abnormal Cervical Cytology and Histology in ...

Oct 15, 2006 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has developed new guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical cytology and histology. Because management in some instances differs for adolescent patients, ACOG also created guidelines specific to this population.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1431.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Cervical Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Dec 1, 2013 - The incidence of cervical cancer, as well as mortality rates from the disease, has decreased over the past 30 years because of widespread screening with cervical cytology. Screening technologies and risk-benefit considerations for different age groups continue to evolve. The American ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p776.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Cervical Cytology Screening - Practice Guidelines - ...

Nov 15, 2003 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recently published a clinical management guideline on cervical cytology screening. In the United States, cervical cancer remains the third most common gynecologic malignancy.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/p2081.html

ACOG Updates Guidelines on Cervical Cytology Screening - Practice Guidelines - American...

Jun 1, 2010 - One approach to further reduce the incidence of cervical cancer is to increase screening rates among women who have never been screened or who are screened infrequently. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recently updated its recommendations on screening for ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1380.html

ACP Releases Best Practice Advice on Colorectal Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines ...

Dec 15, 2012 - The American College of Physicians (ACP) recently reviewed guidelines on colorectal cancer screening available from the American Cancer Society/U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer/American College of Radiology, Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement, U.S. Preventive ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1153.html

ACP Releases Best Practice Advice on Screening for Cervical Cancer - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2015 - Based on the best available evidence, the American College of Physicians (ACP) has released best practice advice on cervical cancer screening in average-risk, asymptomatic women 21 years or older. This advice is targeted to all clinicians, and refers to screening for cervical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1215/p1107.html

ACS Guideline for the Early Detection of Cervical Cancer - Editorials - American Family...

Apr 15, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 15, 2003 Issue Editorials ACS Guideline for the Early Detection of Cervical Cancer MARTIN C. MAHONEY, M.D., PH.D., Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York DEBBIE SASLOW, PH.D., American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1677.html

ACS Guidelines for Early Detection of Cancer - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Apr 15, 2004 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) has released its annual recommendations for the early detection of cancer. These include screening guidelines for breast, cervical, colorectal, endometrial, and prostate cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/p2013.html

ACS Recommendations on Prostate Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Dec 1, 2010 - Although there have been substantive advances in the understanding of prostate cancer screening since the previous American Cancer Society (ACS) guideline update in 2001, there are still uncertainties about the overall value of early detection. Evidence that periodic prostate-specific ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1404.html

ACS Releases Guideline on Breast Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 15, 2016 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) organized an interdisciplinary guideline development group to review the available evidence on breast cancer mortality, quality of life, life expectancy, false-positive findings, overdiagnosis, and overtreatment, and to update their 2003 guideline on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0415/p711.html

ACS Releases Guideline on Screening for Lung Cancer with Low-Dose Computed Tomography -...

Jan 1, 2014 - In late 2010, results from the National Lung Screening Trial showed that lung cancer mortality was significantly reduced in high-risk adults who received annual screenings using low-dose computed tomography (CT). After these results were announced, the American Cancer Society (ACS) ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0101/p56.html

ACS Releases Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity During and After Cancer ...

Apr 1, 2004 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) issued a report discussing optimal nutrition and physical activity issues during the phases of cancer treatment and recovery, living after recovery from treatment, and living with advanced cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1803.html

ACS Releases Updated Guidelines on Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Sep 15, 2012 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) has released its annual update of guidelines for cancer screening, with recommendations covering cancers of the breast, cervix, colon and rectum, and prostate. For each cancer site, the guidelines address the affected population, associated tests or ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p571.html

ACS Updates Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cervical Neoplasia and Cancer - ...

May 1, 2003 - Guidelines for the early detection of cervical neoplasia and cancer are available from the American Cancer Society (ACS). The ACS recommends that cervical cancer screening begin approximately three years after the onset of vaginal intercourse or no later than 21 years of age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0501/p2011.html

ACS/ADA/AHA Issue Core Recommendations for Preventing Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, ...

Feb 15, 2005 - The American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Diabetes Association (ADA), and the American Heart Association (AHA) have issued core recommendations for the prevention and early detection of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p806.html

ACS/ASCCP/ASCP Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cervical Cancer - Editorials - ...

Sep 15, 2012 - The American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP), and the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) recently published updated recommendations for the early detection of cervical cancer. The guidelines are based on a systematic ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p501.html

Active Surveillance for Localized Prostate Cancer: No Increased Mortality, but Higher ...

Feb 1, 2017 - This landmark study compared active surveillance with radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy for patients with T1c or T2 prostate cancer. The benefits of active surveillance include avoiding radical therapy in one-half of the patients, with no effect on disease-specific survival or ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p196.html

Adding Ultrasonography to Mammography Increases False-Positive Findings Without an ...

Jan 1, 2020 - Adding ultrasonography to screening mammography in women younger than 50 years at low, intermediate, or high breast cancer risk is not associated with an increase in breast cancer detection. It is associated with increased unnecessary biopsy recommendations and results in more frequent ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p53a.html

AGA Releases Position Statement on CT Colonography - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Aug 1, 2007 - Although computed tomographic (CT) colonography is considered investigational for colorectal screening, the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) suggests that it could significantly influence patient care and how the field of gastroenterology is defined.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p447.html

American Cancer Society Issues 2002 Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cancer - ...

Aug 15, 2002 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) has issued its 2002 update of cancer screening. The screening guidelines are organized by site of cancer and include discussions of recent research, recommended tests or procedures, recommended frequency of testing, and updates on the state of research ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p682.html

American Cancer Society Releases Annual Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cancer - ...

Jun 1, 2005 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) has released its annual recommendations for the early detection of cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2202.html

American Cancer Society Releases Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for ...

Oct 15, 2002 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) has issued its 2002 update on guidelines for reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1555.html

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Updates Breast Cancer Screening ...

Mar 15, 2012 - Breast cancer–related death can be reduced through effective screening, which typically includes imaging, clinical examination, and self-examination or awareness. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends using all three techniques to screen for breast cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p654.html

Anastrozole Decreases Rate of Breast Cancer in High-Risk Postmenopausal Women - POEMs -...

Aug 15, 2014 - Postmenopausal women at high risk of developing breast cancer who take anastrozole for five years have a lower rate of developing invasive breast cancer during that time frame.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od7.html

Anticoagulation for the Long-term Treatment of VTE in Patients with Cancer - Cochrane ...

Jun 1, 2019 - Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), vitamin K antagonists, and direct oral anticoagulants, when used to prevent recurrent VTE, have a similar impact on all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p676.html

Anticoagulation for the Long-term Treatment of VTE in Patients with Cancer - Cochrane ...

Jul 1, 2009 - Although LMWH appears to be more effective than oral anticoagulants in the prevention of recurrent VTE, this does not translate into a survival benefit. LMWH and oral anticoagulants have the same reported adverse events of bleeding and thrombocytopenia.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p30.html

ASCO and AUA Release Guideline on Prostate Cancer Chemoprevention with 5-Alpha ...

Jan 1, 2010 - The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and American Urological Association (AUA) developed a practice guideline on the benefits and harms of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors for prevention of prostate cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p76.html

ASCO Updates Guideline on the Use of Pharmacologic Interventions to Reduce Breast ...

Mar 15, 2010 - The American Society of Clinical Oncology's (ASCO) updated guideline addresses: (1) the use of tamoxifen, raloxifene (Evista), aromatase inhibitors, and fenretinide (not available in the United States) versus no pharmacologic intervention to reduce the risk of breast cancer; (2) the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p799.html

Aspirin for Colon Cancer Risk Prevention - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2019 - Daily low-dose aspirin can be offered to patients older than 50 years for colon cancer prevention.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/od2.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer: New ...

Feb 15, 2017 - In April 2016, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its recommendation on the use of aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because emerging evidence suggested that aspirin may also be useful for the prevention of cancer, for the first time, the USPSTF ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p222.html

Aspirin Plus a High-Dose PPI Prevents Death and Progression in Patients with Barrett ...

Mar 15, 2019 - In this study, patients with Barrett esophagus were less likely to die or develop esophageal cancer or high-grade dysplasia if they took high-dose esomeprazole (Nexium) alone or in combination with aspirin.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od5.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer ...

Oct 15, 2016 - S.L. is a 55-year-old man who presents to your office for a routine refill of his antihypertension medication. He also takes a statin and an antidepressant. Although he smokes, his blood pressure and cholesterol are well controlled. His history and physical examination are unremarkable.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p661.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer:...

Oct 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends initiating low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults aged 50 to 59 years who have a 10% or greater 10-year CVD risk, are not at increased risk for bleeding, have a life expectancy of at ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/od1.html

Aspirin, Eicosapentaenoic Acid, and Placebo Equally Effective in Preventing Colorectal ...

Jun 1, 2019 - After 12 months, neither aspirin nor EPA, alone or in combination, are any better than placebo at preventing colorectal adenomas in patients with high-risk neoplasia.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p717.html

Assessing Breast Cancer Risk in Women - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2008 - Understanding modifiable and nonmodifiable factors that increase or decrease breast cancer risk allows family physicians to counsel women appropriately. Nonmodifiable factors associated with increased breast cancer risk include advanced age, female sex, family history of breast cancer, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1361.html

Assessing Oral Malignancies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2002 - Oral cancers account for approximately 3 percent of all cases of cancer in the United States. An estimated 30,000 people will be diagnosed with oral cancer this year, and about one half of them will eventually die of the disease. The most common type of oral cancer is squamous cell ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0401/p1379.html

Atypical Moles: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2015 - Atypical moles are benign pigmented lesions. Although they are benign, they exhibit some of the clinical and histologic features of malignant melanoma. They are more common in fair-skinned individuals and in those with high sun exposure. Atypical moles are characterized by size of 6 mm ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p762.html

AUA Releases Guideline on Early Detection of Prostate Cancer - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jan 15, 2014 - In April 2013, the American Urological Association (AUA) released a guideline on early detection of prostate cancer, namely to reduce prostate cancer mortality.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p137.html

Basal Cell Carcinoma - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - What are the effects of interventions on treatment response and recurrence (within one year of therapy) and long-term recurrence (a minimum of two years after treatment) in persons with basal cell carcinoma?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p248.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Jul 15, 2018 - A 25-year-old Irish American woman presents for a wellness visit for herself and her two young children, a two-year-old boy and a seven-month-old girl. All three have fair skin, red hair, and freckles. She reports that she is looking forward to an upcoming family vacation to the ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p105.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Case study: A 17-year-old white female patient with dark hair comes to your office for a refill of her seasonal allergy prescription. Her primary residence is in Minnesota. She mentions that she heard that sun tanning was bad for you and asks whether it is true.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p773.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jul 15, 2018 - The USPSTF recommends counseling young adults, adolescents, children, and parents of young children about minimizing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation for persons aged 6 months to 24 years with fair skin types to reduce their risk of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/od1.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Oct 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends counseling children, adolescents, and young adults 10 to 24 years of age who have fair skin about minimizing their exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation to reduce the risk of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od3.html

Bivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Cervarix) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer - ...

Dec 15, 2010 - Cervarix is effective in preventing known cytologic and histologic precursors of cervical cancer, although, as with Gardasil, it has not been shown to decrease rates of cervical cancer. This protection has been shown to last for six years, but it is unclear if a booster dose is needed.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1541.html

Bladder Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2017 - Bladder cancer is the sixth most prevalent malignancy in the United States and causes more than 16,000 deaths annually. The most common clinical presentation is asymptomatic hematuria, which should prompt evaluation with cystoscopy, renal function testing, and upper urinary tract ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/p507.html

Bone Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment Principles - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2018 - Primary bone cancers include osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and chondrosarcoma. They account for less than 1% of diagnosed cancers each year and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Timely diagnosis is challenging because of late patient presentation, nonspecific ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p205.html

Breast Cancer in Older Women - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1998 - The American Geriatric Society currently recommends screening mammography for women up to 85 years of age whose life expectancy is three years or longer. The value of clinical breast examinations in older women needs further study. Total mastectomy and partial mastectomy with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1163.html

Breast Cancer Prevented in Some Women with Drug Treatment - POEMs - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2013 - In some postmenopausal women at higher-than-average risk of breast cancer, tamoxifen and, to a lesser extent, raloxifene (Evista) will prevent the development of breast cancer. For every 1,000 women who receive the prophylaxis, there will be seven to nine fewer cases of diagnosed breast...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p608.html

Breast Cancer Screening Update - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2013 - Breast cancer is the most common non–skin cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in North American women. Mammography is the only screening test shown to reduce breast cancer–related mortality. There is general agreement that screening should be offered at least biennially ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0215/p274.html

Breast Cancer Screening with MRI: More False-Positives, More Biopsies - POEMs - ...

Nov 15, 2018 - Screening with MRI is not for everyone. Women who undergo breast cancer screening with MRI are much more likely to be referred for biopsy— that will ultimately be negative—than if they have screening mammography alone.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/od5.html

Breast Cancer Screening: ACP Releases Guidance Statements - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2020 - The American College of Physicians reviewed guidelines from other organizations and developed four statements to provide advice to clinicians about breast cancer screening for women who are at average risk.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p184.html

Cancer - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including various types (breast, cervical, childhood, colorectal, lung, oral, ovarian, prostate, skin, testicular, and other types of cancer). This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=31

Cancer Genetic Risk Assessment for Individuals at Risk of Familial Breast Cancer - ...

Feb 15, 2008 - Based on limited evidence from three trials, cancer genetic risk assessment reduces distress, improves accuracy of perceived breast cancer risk, and increases breast cancer and genetics knowledge.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p449.html

Cancer Screening Guidelines - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - Numerous medical organizations have developed cancer screening guidelines. Faced with the broad, and sometimes conflicting, range of recommendations for cancer screening, family physicians must determine the most reasonable and up-to-date method of screening. Major medical organizations...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1101.html

Cancer Screening in Older Patients - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2016 - Although cancer is the second leading cause of death among persons 65 years and older, there is a paucity of clinical trial data about the effectiveness and harms of cancer screening in this population. Given the heterogeneous nature of the older population, cancer screening in these ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0415/p659.html

Cancer Screening in Older Patients: Life Expectancy, Prioritization, and Health ...

Dec 15, 2008 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 15, 2008 Issue Editorials Cancer Screening in Older Patients: Life Expectancy, Prioritization, and Health Literacy JOSEPH H. FLAHERTY, MD, Saint Louis University School of Medicine and Veterans, Health Administration Geriatric...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1336.html

Cancer Screening in Perspective - Editorials - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 15, 2001 Issue Editorials Cancer Screening in Perspective THOMAS J. GATES, M.D., Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Am Fam Physician. 2001 Mar 15;63(6):1039-1043. Related Article One of the most common reasons...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1039.html

Cancer Screening in the Older Patient - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2008 - Although there are clear guidelines that advise at what age to begin screening for various cancers, there is less guidance concerning when it may be appropriate to stop screening. The decision to stop screening must take into account patients' age; overall health and life expectancy; ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1369.html

Cancer Screening Recommendations from the ACS: A Summary of the 2017 Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Each year, the American Cancer Society (ACS) releases guidelines for health care professionals and patients on current cancer screening recommendations. The annual report updates previous recommendations, provides data on cancer screening rates, and discusses issues relating to early ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/p208.html

Cancer Screening: ACS Releases Annual Summary of Recommendations - Practice Guidelines ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) provides a summary of recommendations for cancer screening each year, including any updates and recent data, and advice for when recommendations cannot be made.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p719.html

Carcinoid Tumors - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - Carcinoid tumors are rare, slow-growing neuroendocrine neoplasms that often are indolent and may not become clinically apparent until there has been metastatic spread or evidence of carcinoid syndrome. Recent evidence has revealed that the overall incidence of carcinoid tumors has been ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p429.html

Care of Cancer Survivors - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - Cancer survivors are at increased risk for recurrence of their original malignancy; development of second primary malignancies; and medical, developmental, and psychologic problems resulting from cancer therapy, genetic predisposition to cancer, and other risk factors. Surveillance ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p699.html

Care of the Colorectal Cancer Survivor - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2018 - Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the United States and has a five-year survival rate of 65%. The American Cancer Society and other experts have released guidelines on surveillance, health promotion, screening for other malignancies, and management of treatment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/p331.html

CDC Reports a Decrease in the Incidence of Breast Cancer - Practice Guidelines - ...

Dec 15, 2007 - Although breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in U.S. women, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that the incidence of breast cancer has decreased since 1999.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1880.html

Cervical Cancer - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in women worldwide, after breast cancer. A preponderance of evidence supports a causal link between human papillomavirus infection and cervical neoplasia. The presence of high-risk human papillomavirus genital subtypes increases ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1369.html

Cervical Cancer - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2012 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent cervical cancer? What are the effects of interventions to manage early-stage cervical cancer? What are the effects of additional interventions to manage bulky early-stage cervical cancer?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1186.html

Cervical Cancer Screening - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2018 - Screening in women has decreased the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer. Precancerous cervical lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasias) and cervical carcinomas are strongly associated with sexually-transmitted high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which causes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p441.html

Cervical Cancer: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2018 - Human papillomavirus infection is the precursor for the development of cervical cancer and is detectable in 99.7% of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma cases. Early detection of precancerous lesions with Papanicolaou testing remains the primary mechanism for cancer prevention. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p449.html

Cervical Colposcopy: Indications and Risk Assessment - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2020 - The practice of colposcopy, a diagnostic procedure to evaluate for vaginal, vulvar, and cervical dysplasia, has evolved to incorporate patient risk factors for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cancer. Changes in cervical cancer screening and guidelines, human ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p39.html

CIN Treatment May Increase Miscarriages but Does Not Affect Fertility - POEMs - ...

Apr 1, 2015 - In this analysis of 15 observational studies (it would be difficult and unethical to do randomized research on this topic), excision using any method for CIN did not affect fertility, although second trimester miscarriages were more likely. A study published at the same time found the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p490.html

Clinical Diagnosis of Melanoma - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - The incidence of melanoma is increasing in the United States. Although there is insufficient evidence to recommend routine screening for skin cancer, physicians and patients are encouraged to be vigilant for suspicious skin lesions. The classic mnemonic for the clinical diagnosis of ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/p1205.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2004 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Combined evidence from two clinical trials of calcium supplementation lasting for several years revealed a reduced rate of recurrent colorectal adenoma. However, evidence is insufficient to recommend supplementation with dietary calcium for patients who have never had an adenoma.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2109.html

Colonoscopy Surveillance After Polypectomy and Colorectal Cancer Resection - American ...

Apr 1, 2008 - This article describes a joint update of guidelines by the American Cancer Society and the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer delineating evidence-based surveillance recommendations for patients after polypectomy and colorectal cancer resection. Although there are some ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p995.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - Both FOBT and flexible sigmoidoscopy are effective in screening for colorectal cancer. FOBT can reduce mortality from colorectal cancer.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p959.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2003 - Case study: MB is a 51-year-old woman who visits you for a refill of her antihypertensive medication. Noticing that she has not been screened for colorectal cancer, you inquire about her family history and conduct a pertinent review of systems, both of which are unremarkable.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p129.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family Physician

May 15, 2018 - Colorectal cancer is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Most colorectal cancers arise from preexisting adenomatous or serrated polyps. The incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer can be reduced with screening of average-risk adults 50 to 75 years of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p658.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening and Surveillance - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2015 - Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women. The incidence and mortality rate of the disease have been declining over the past two decades because of early detection and treatment. Screening in persons at average risk should begin at 50 years of age; the U.S. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p93.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening and Surveillance in Individuals at Increased Risk - ...

Jan 15, 2018 - Individuals at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer include those with a personal or family history of advanced adenomas or colorectal cancer, a personal history of inflammatory bowel disease, or genetic polyposis syndromes. In general, these persons should undergo more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0115/p111.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening Modalities: Variable Uptake, Variable Yield - POEMs - ...

Jun 15, 2016 - Based on the initial round of screening in this randomized trial, it appears that more patients complete fecal immunochemical testing than colonography or colonoscopy. Using the most conservative estimate, the yields of advanced adenomas and advanced neoplasms are similar.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1032a.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening Works—If We Do It - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2008 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 15, 2008 Issue Editorials Colorectal Cancer Screening Works—If We Do It DOUG CAMPOS-OUTCALT, MD, MPA, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix, Arizona Am Fam Physician. 2008 Dec 15;78(12):1340. Related Article...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1340.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening: ACS Updates Guideline for Adults with Average Risk - ...

Jan 15, 2019 - To support early identification and treatment, the American Cancer Society (ACS) has updated its 2008 guidance on counseling and referring patients at average risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) based on new evidence regarding screening options and the ever-changing risk of CRC.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p129.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening: Don't Just Do It, Do It Right - Editorials - American ...

May 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Colorectal Cancer Screening: Don't Just Do It, Do It Right RICHARD C. WENDER, M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Am Fam Physician. 2006 May...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1707.html

Colorectal Cancer: A Summary of the Evidence for Screening and Prevention - American ...

Dec 15, 2008 - Colorectal cancer causes significant morbidity and mortality in the United States. The incidence of colorectal cancer can be reduced with increasing efforts directed at mass screening of average-risk adults 50 years and older. Currently, fecal occult blood test and flexible ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1385.html

Common Questions About Barrett Esophagus - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2014 - Barrett esophagus is a precancerous metaplasia of the esophagus that is more common in patients with chronic reflux symptoms, although it also occurs in patients without symptomatic reflux. Other risk factors include smoking, male sex, obesity, white race, hiatal hernia, and increasing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p92.html

Counseling Patients About Prostate Cancer Screening - Editorials - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2018 - The AAFP finds that the net benefit of population screening for prostate cancer is small at best, and it does not recommend routinely discussing PSA-based screening if the patient does not request it.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/p478.html

Counseling Patients About Prostate Cancer Screening - Editorials - American Family ...

May 1, 2002 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2002 Issue Editorial Counseling Patients About Prostate Cancer Screening LEWIS E. FOXHALL, M.D. ANDREW C. VON ESCHENBACH, M.D. Texas Medical Center Houston, Texas Am Fam Physician. 2002 May 1;65(9):1752-1757. A more recent...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1752.html

Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendations and Rationale - U.S. Preventive ...

Feb 15, 2004 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on counseling to prevent skin cancer and the supporting scientific evidence, and updates the 1996 recommendation contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, second edition.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p903.html

Counseling Women About Breast Cancer Screening - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2016 - Practical strategies can help family physicians and women in their 40s make more informed decisions about breast cancer screening.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0415/p652.html

Counseling Women About Mammography: Benefits vs. Harms - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2007 - Studies of mammography show a 0.1 percent absolute reduction in breast cancer mortality with mammography. This means that if 2,000 women are offered mammography over 10 years, one woman would have her life prolonged, 10 healthy women would be treated unnecessarily for breast cancer, and...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p652.html

Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma: A Primary Care Perspective - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2012 - Cutaneous malignant melanoma accounts for 3 to 5 percent of all skin cancers and is responsible for approximately 75 percent of all deaths from skin cancer. Persons with an increased number of moles, dysplastic (also called atypical) nevi, or a family history of the disease are at ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p161.html

Cutaneous Melanoma: Update on Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment - ...

Jul 15, 2005 - Melanoma is an increasingly common malignancy, and it affects a younger population than most cancers. Risk factors for melanoma include white race, sun sensitivity, family history of melanoma, and melanocytic nevi. Sunburn and intermittent sun exposure appear to increase the risk of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p269.html

Delivering Bad or Life-Altering News - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2018 - Delivering serious, bad, or life-altering news to a patient is one of the most difficult tasks physicians encounter. Broadly defined as information that may alter a patient’s view of his or her future, bad news may include information related to a chronic disease (e.g., diabetes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p99.html

Diagnosis and Management of Adnexal Masses - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2016 - Adnexal masses can have gynecologic or nongynecologic etiologies, ranging from normal luteal cysts to ovarian cancer to bowel abscesses. Women who report abdominal or pelvic pain, increased abdominal size or bloating, difficulty eating, or rapid satiety that occurs more than 12 times ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0415/p676.html

Diagnosis and Management of Endometrial Cancer - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2016 - Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy. It is the fourth most common cancer in women in the United States after breast, lung, and colorectal cancers. Risk factors are related to excessive unopposed exposure of the endometrium to estrogen, including unopposed ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p468.html

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