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ACCF/AHA Release Guideline for Early Cardiovascular Risk Assessment - Practice ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) has a long asymptomatic latent period, there is an opportunity for early preventive measures. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF)...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p234.html

ACE Inhibitors or ARBs to Prevent CKD in Patients with Microalbuminuria - FPIN's ...

Oct 15, 2016 - ACE inhibitors reduce the risk of progression to macroalbuminuria in normotensive patients with microalbuminuria and type 1 diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p652.html

ACS/ADA/AHA Issue Core Recommendations for Preventing Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, ...

Feb 15, 2005 - The American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Diabetes Association (ADA), and the American Heart Association (AHA) have issued core recommendations for the prevention and early detection of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p806.html

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part II. Prevention of Thromboembolic ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Family physicians should be familiar with the acute management of atrial fibrillation and the initiation of chronic therapy for this common arrhythmia. Initial management should include hemodynamic stabilization, rate control, restoration of sinus rhythm, and initiation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p261.html

AHA Diet and Lifestyle Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

May 15, 2007 - Improving dietary and lifestyle habits is a critical part of any strategy for cardiovascular risk reduction. The American Heart Association (AHA) recently revised its diet and lifestyle recommendations to reflect new evidence.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1573.html

AHA Publishes Guidelines on CVD Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 1, 2007 - Guidelines presented by the American Heart Association (AHA) represent the most current clinical recommendations for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women 20 years and older.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1096.html

AHA Releases Dietary Recommendations for Children and Adolescents - Practice Guidelines...

Feb 1, 2006 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released revised nutritional guidelines for children and adolescents, with new focuses on total caloric intake and eating behaviors. This is in response to significant changes in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and nutrition ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p542.html

AHA Releases Scientific Statement on Cardiovascular Health in Childhood - Practice ...

Feb 1, 2003 - The American Heart Association (AHA) recently published a scientific statement on cardiovascular health in childhood. Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, making it responsible for about 500,000 deaths each year.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p645.html

AHA Releases Statement on Physical Activity Interventions - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jul 15, 2007 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a summary statement on physical activity interventions with the aim to provide an overview of their population-wide impact.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p297.html

AHA Releases Updated Guidelines on the Prevention of Infective Endocarditis - Practice ...

Feb 15, 2008 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released updated guidelines on the prevention of infective endocarditis. Many studies have questioned the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of infective endocarditis in patients undergoing dental or gastrointestinal (GI) or ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p538.html

AHA Updates Guidelines on CVD Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 1, 2012 - Major changes addressed in the American Heart Association's (AHA) 2011 guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) are that benefits and risks found in the clinical practice setting were strongly considered, and recommendations were not based solely on benefits found in the clinical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p70.html

AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular ...

May 15, 2013 - New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for initiating therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation. This advisory summarizes existing American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p732.html

Amiodarone for the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Although not a substitute for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), amiodarone is effective for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death when compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 33 to 100), but it does not ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p692.html

Amlodipine/Atorvastin (Caduet) for Preventing Heart Disease - STEPS - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Amlodipine/atorvastatin offers no added benefit in safety, tolerability, or effectiveness over amlodipine and atorvastatin taken separately. It has not been shown to improve mortality or morbidity in patients who have hypertension with or without dyslipidemia. The only potential ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1067.html

An Aspirin a Day Keeps the MI Away (For Some) - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 15, 2002 Issue Editorial An Aspirin a Day Keeps the MI Away (For Some) WILLIAM F. MISER, M.D., The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health, Columbus, Ohio Am Fam Physician. 2002 May 15;65(10):2000-2004....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2000.html

Anticoagulation in Older Adults - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse - ...

Jun 15, 2020 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering health care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p748.html

Antioxidant Vitamin Supplements and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction - Practice ...

Apr 1, 2005 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a science advisory on the effects of antioxidant vitamin supplements on reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1433.html

Antioxidant Vitamins and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease - American Family ...

Sep 1, 1999 - Clinical use of antioxidant vitamin supplementation may help to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD). Epidemiologic studies find lower CHD morbidity and mortality in persons who consume larger quantities of antioxidants in foods or supplements. Clinical trials indicate that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p895.html

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Apixaban is at least as effective as aspirin or warfarin for preventing strokes in high-risk patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, especially those who cannot or will not take warfarin. It is slightly less likely to cause major bleeding and may have better compliance because it...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p672.html

Appropriate Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Editorials: ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The factor most strongly associated with appropriate aspirin use is a conversation between the patient and physician. The National Committee for Quality Assurance has proposed that health plans measure their members' use of aspirin, as well as the extent to which physicians discuss ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1380.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Putting Prevention into Practice...

Jun 15, 2011 - Case study: K.T., a 48-year-old man, presents for a routine office visit. He is worried about cardiovascular disease (CVD) and asks whether he should take daily aspirin to lower his risk. His blood pressure is 120/60 mm Hg, and his total cholesterol is 180 mg per dL (4.66 mmol per L), ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1469.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer: New ...

Feb 15, 2017 - In April 2016, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its recommendation on the use of aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because emerging evidence suggested that aspirin may also be useful for the prevention of cancer, for the first time, the USPSTF ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p222.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of aspirin in men 45 to 79 years of age when the potential benefit of a reduction in myocardial infarctions (MIs) outweighs the potential harm of an increase in gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1464.html

Aspirin for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - Putting Prevention into ...

Nov 1, 2002 - Case study: ST is a 55-year-old man who you see regularly for hypertension and depression. He is overweight and sedentary, and his elder sister recently had a heart attack. He asks you whether he should take a daily aspirin, just in case.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1737.html

Aspirin for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - U.S. Preventive Services ...

May 15, 2002 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular events and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2107.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer ...

Oct 15, 2016 - S.L. is a 55-year-old man who presents to your office for a routine refill of his antihypertension medication. He also takes a statin and an antidepressant. Although he smokes, his blood pressure and cholesterol are well controlled. His history and physical examination are unremarkable.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p661.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer:...

Oct 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends initiating low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults aged 50 to 59 years who have a 10% or greater 10-year CVD risk, are not at increased risk for bleeding, have a life expectancy of at ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/od1.html

Aspirin’s Benefits and Harms Are Less Clear for Primary Prevention in Moderate-Risk ...

Apr 1, 2019 - In this study, after five years of treatment, patients at a moderate risk of heart disease who took low-dose aspirin did not show a decrease in coronary events and all-cause mortality and had slightly more gastrointestinal bleeding.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p459a.html

Attenuating Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - American ...

Dec 15, 2000 - Patients with type 2 diabetes (formerly known as non-insulin-resistant diabetes) have a significantly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Once clinical cardiovascular disease develops, these patients have a poorer prognosis than normoglycemic patients. By inducing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1215/p2633.html

Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity ...

Jun 15, 2013 - Case Study: G.H., a 35-year-old woman, presents for a routine preventive visit. She has no chronic illnesses or significant family history of disease. She does not smoke, but admits she does not exercise regularly or eat a very healthy diet. She drinks a moderate amount of alcohol.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p869.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

Sep 15, 2015 - J.W., a 34-year-old man who smokes, presents for his annual checkup for hypertension. Hisblood pressure is elevated (142/95 mm Hg), and he has gained 10 lb (4.5 kg) since his lastvisit. J.W. is now considered overweight, with a body mass index (BMI) of 27 kg per m2. He reports no other ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p509.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

May 1, 2015 - The USPSTF recommends offering or referring adults who are overweight or obese and have additional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/od1.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

Nov 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends that primary care professionals individualize the decision to offer or refer adults without obesity who do not have hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal blood glucose levels, or diabetes to behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/od2.html

Benefits and Harms for Low-Dose Aspirin in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus - POEMs - ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The 7,740 patients who took low-dose aspirin experienced 51 fewer vascular deaths, nonfatal myocardial infarctions, or nonfatal ischemic strokes; 29 fewer transient ischemic attacks; and 44 fewer revascularizations than patients who took placebo over a mean of 7.4 years.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p718.html

Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 1, 2005 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs CARRIE MORANTZ BRIAN TORREY Am Fam Physician. 2005 Feb 1;71(3):612-615. Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids Consumption of fish oil can help reduce deaths from heart disease, but its effects on...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p612.html

Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 15, 2005 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs CARRIE MORANTZ BRIAN TORREY Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jan 15;71(2):387. Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids Consumption of fish oil can help reduce deaths from heart disease, but its effects on...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p387.html

Beta Blockers and Noncardiac Surgery: Why the POISE Study Alone Should Not Change Your ...

Mar 15, 2010 - Should we stop using beta blockers to prevent myocardial infarction in persons undergoing noncardiac surgery? The data remain inconclusive. Although the POISE study is an important contribution to the literature, it uses a protocol that is unrealistic and should not change current ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p717.html

Bridging Warfarin Before Colonoscopy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation - FPIN's ...

Apr 15, 2019 - A limited number of trials that examined the risk of temporary interruption of anticoagulation before a variety of procedures did not find a reduction in the risk of stroke, but they did show an increased risk of bleeding events and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients who were ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p519.html

Calcium Supplementation for Preventing Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy - Cochrane ...

Oct 1, 2015 - High-dose calcium supplementation (i.e., at least 1,000 mg per day) during pregnancy reduces the risk of developing hypertension and preeclampsia. The most significant risk reduction occurs in women at risk of hypertensive disorders and those with low-calcium diets.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p570.html

Can Reduced or Modified Dietary Fat Prevent Cardiovascular Disease? - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2002 - Reducing or modifying the amount or type of fat in a patient's diet and replacing it with polyunsaturated fats will not significantly reduce the risk of death from all causes of cardiovascular disease but could reduce the risk of an important cardiovascular disease event by 16 percent. ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0101/p53.html

Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 1, 2007 Issue Editorials Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women THEODORE G. GANIATS, M.D., University of California San Diego, San Diego, California DOUGLAS CAMPOS-OUTCALT, M.D., M.P.A., University of Arizona College of...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p984.html

Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Children - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2007 - A growing body of literature points to the significance of premature cardiovascular disease in certain childhood diagnoses and emphasizes the importance of risk reduction by disease stratification.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1873.html

Cholesterol Management: ACC/AHA Updates Guideline - Practice Guidelines - American ...

May 1, 2019 - The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) task force on clinical practice guidelines has updated its 2013 cholesterol guideline.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p589.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Although no difference in effectiveness has been demonstrated in existing trials, too few patients have been studied to detect small but clinically important differences in pregnancy rates. Low-dose estrogen pills have higher rates of discontinuation and bleeding disturbances.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - There is limited, weak evidence that a low glycemic index diet improves risk factors for CHD, but there are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing a reduction in morbidity or mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224.html

Dabigatran (Pradaxa) for Prevention of Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American...

Dec 15, 2011 - Dabigatran is superior to warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation, with similar rates of major bleeding. Because it does not require laboratory monitoring, dabigatran therapy is less complicated than warfarin therapy, but it costs significantly more.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1397.html

Dapagliflozin (Farxiga) for Preventing Hospitalization for Heart Failure - STEPS - ...

Jul 15, 2020 - Dapagliflozin can be added to existing treatment to reduce the risk of hospitalization for heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes who have established CVD or are at high risk of CVD. It may also decrease the risk of renal disease progression and death from renal failure.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/p115.html

DGAC Makes Food-Based Recommendations in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans...

Mar 15, 2016 - The Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) has released the 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which update the previous 2010 guideline, to provide guidance regarding healthy eating.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p525.html

Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2016 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. One-third of these deaths may be preventable through healthy lifestyle choices including diet and physical activity. The Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality, whereas the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p919.html

Dietary Advice to Lower Cardiovascular Risk - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

May 1, 2006 - Dietary advice to lower fat and salt intake and increase intake of fruits, vegetables, and fiber produces modest improvements in cardiovascular risk factors. More intensive counseling yields greater effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1551.html

Dietary Fat Modification and the Risk of Future Cardiovascular Events and Mortality - ...

May 1, 2013 - According to the authors of this Cochrane review, reducing or modifying a patient's dietary fat intake did not lower the rates of either total or cardiovascular-related mortality when compared with usual or control diets. Reducing the intake of total or saturated fats decreased the risk...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0501/p609.html

Dietary Fat: Quantity and Quality - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Aug 15, 2009 Issue Editorials Dietary Fat: Quantity and Quality PATRICK E. McBRIDE, MD, MPH, and GAIL UNDERBAKKE, RD, MS, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician. 2009 Aug...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p330.html

Diets for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: What Is the Evidence? - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2009 - Patients often initiate commercial dietary plans to reduce obesity and prevent cardiovascular disease. Such plans include very low-carbohydrate, low-carbohydrate, very low-fat, and Mediterranean diets. Published evidence on several popular diets has made it easier for physicians to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p571.html

Diets for Health: Goals and Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2018 - Diet is the single most significant risk factor for disability and premature death. Patients and physicians often have difficulty staying abreast of diet trends, many of which focus primarily on weight loss rather than nutrition and health. Recommending an eating style can help patients...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0601/p721.html

Direct Oral Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin to Prevent Stroke and Embolic Events in ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Direct oral anticoagulants are as likely as warfarin to prevent all strokes and systemic embolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation and CKD stage 3. They do not increase the risk of major bleeding events. The evidence remains insufficient to make recommendations for the use of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p422.html

Do Vitamin C Supplements Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Mortality? - FPIN's Clinical ...

Apr 1, 2004 - Vitamin C, when taken as a dietary supplement, does not appear to reduce mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1723.html

Does Widespread Calcium Supplementation Pose Cardiovascular Risk? No: Concerns Are ...

Feb 1, 2013 - When patients are randomized and cardiovascular events are carefully adjudicated, there is no compelling evidence that calcium supplementation increases the rate of major cardiovascular events.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/od2.html

Does Widespread Calcium Supplementation Pose Cardiovascular Risk? Yes: The Potential ...

Feb 1, 2013 - The bolus administration of this micronutrient should be abandoned in most circumstances, and patients should be encouraged to obtain their calcium intake from an appropriately balanced diet.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/od1.html

Effectiveness and Safety of Factor Xa Inhibitors in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation -...

Oct 1, 2019 - Treatment of AFib with a factor Xa inhibitor results in a decrease in the combined end point of stroke and embolic events (odds ratio [OR] = 0.89; 95% CI, 0.82 to 0.97), as well as a decrease in intracranial hemorrhage (OR = 0.50; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.59) and all-cause mortality (OR = ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p405.html

Effectiveness of B-Complex Vitamins for Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - Cochrane ...

Apr 1, 2010 - Eight randomized clinical trials that included 24,210 patients did not show a reduction in MI, stroke, or all-cause mortality with B-complex vitamin therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p850.html

Endocarditis Prophylaxis: An Evolution of Change - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2008 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 15, 2008 Issue Editorials Endocarditis Prophylaxis: An Evolution of Change KATHRYN A. TAUBERT, PhD, American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas Am Fam Physician. 2008 Feb 15;77(4):421-422. Related Content In 1955, the American...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p421.html

Evaluating Benefits and Harms of Anticoagulation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation -...

Dec 15, 2018 - In patients with NVAF, anticoagulants decrease the risk of stroke by approximately 60%. However, they also significantly increase the risk of a major bleeding event or intracranial hemorrhage.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1215/p751.html

Evidence-Based Initiation of Warfarin (Coumadin) - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Feb 15, 2005 - Many physicians continue to use clinical judgment alone as the basis for initiating and adjusting warfarin dosages in patients who require oral anticoagulation. A number of studies have validated approaches to initiation of anticoagulation that provide more rapid anticoagulation with ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p763.html

Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 1, 2005 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs CARRIE MORANTZ BRIAN TORREY Am Fam Physician. 2005 Feb 1;71(3):611-612. Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women The American Heart Association (AHA) has developed new...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p611.html

Heart Disease Prevention Begins in Childhood - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 15, 1999 Issue Editorials Heart Disease Prevention Begins in Childhood PATRICK E. MCBRIDE, M.D., M.P.H., University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician. 1999 Apr 15;59(8):2093-2097. Related Article...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2093.html

Hormone Therapy for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal ...

Oct 1, 2018 - No benefit was observed in postmenopausal women receiving hormone therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/od1.html

Hormone Therapy for the Prevention of Chronic Conditions in Postmenopausal Women - U.S....

Jul 15, 2005 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on hormone therapy for the prevention of chronic conditions in post-menopausal women and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the Task Force’s 2002 recommendations on hormone replacement...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p311.html

How Family Physicians Can Help Spread "The Heart Truth" - Editorials - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 15, 2004 Issue Editorials How Family Physicians Can Help Spread ‘The Heart Truth’ CRISTINA V. BEATO, M.D., U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C Am Fam Physician. 2004 Sep 15;70(6):1026-1028. Heart disease...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1026.html

Hyperlipidemia: Drugs for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Adults - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the U.K. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) indicate that lipid-lowering drugs have benefit for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p78.html

In Healthy Older Adults, Low-Dose Aspirin Increases All-Cause and Cancer-Specific ...

Jul 15, 2019 - The findings are completely unexpected. Although recent studies by this group and other groups of researchers have failed to find a cardiovascular benefit, likely because of better control of other cardiovascular risk factors, this study found increased all-cause mortality, primarily ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p118a.html

In Very High-Risk Patients with Vascular Disease, Evolocumab Slightly Reduces Nonfatal ...

Oct 1, 2017 - In an extremely high-risk group of patients with known vascular disease, taking evolocumab instead of placebo in addition to standard statin therapy for slightly more than two years will prevent one myocardial infarction (MI) for every 83 persons treated and prevent one stroke for every...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p470.html

Influenza Vaccination for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2016 - Influenza vaccination may reduce cardiovascular mortality in patients with established cardiovascular disease. The effect of vaccination is unclear among patients in the general population without known cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p357.html

Influenza Vaccine Reduces Risk of Adverse Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk Patients -...

Feb 1, 2014 - This meta-analysis found that the influenza vaccine is associated with a significantly lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in adults with coronary disease. The benefit of influenza vaccination is strongest in adults with a history of recent acute coronary syndrome within ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p224a.html

Interventions to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Apr 15, 1999 - Certain modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease have their beginnings in childhood. Cigarette smoking, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia, homocysteinemia and poor nutrition in childhood and adolescence may all contribute to the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2211.html

Joint Guideline on Intensive Glycemic Control and the Prevention of Cardiovascular ...

Nov 15, 2009 - Recommendations from the American Diabetes Association (ADA), American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACC), and American Heart Association (AHA) for glycemic control and prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1167.html

Linking the Hospital and the Office in Cardiovascular Secondary Prevention - Editorials...

Feb 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 1, 2005 Issue Editorials Linking the Hospital and the Office in Cardiovascular Secondary Prevention KENNETH A. LABRESH, M.D., MassPRO, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts PATRICIA A. TYLER, R.N., C.C.R.N., American Heart Association...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p430.html

NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p776.html

Nutrition Myths and Healthy Dietary Advice in Clinical Practice - American Family ...

May 1, 2015 - Healthy dietary intake is important for the maintenance of general health and wellness, the prevention of chronic illness, the optimization of life expectancy, and the clinical management of virtually all disease states. Dietary myths (i.e., concepts about nutrition that are poorly ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p634.html

Nutritional Assessment and Counseling for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular ...

Jan 15, 2006 - Physicians face several barriers to counseling their patients about nutrition, including conflicting evidence of the benefit of counseling, limited training and understanding of the topic, and imperfect and varied guidelines to follow. Because cardiovascular disease remains the leading ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p257.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation Does Not Decrease CVD-Related Outcomes - POEMs - ...

Nov 1, 2014 - Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation does not decrease the risk of cardiovascular outcomes in this older population. Although the numbers are small, supplementation may prevent heart disease in patients already at low risk; that is, patients without a history of cardiovascular disease ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p662.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health ...

May 1, 2018 - What is the effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on cardiovascular outcomes?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p562.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Aug 15, 2019 - High-quality evidence suggests that long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids do not prevent mortality (all-cause or cardiovascular) or cardiovascular disease events when used as primary or secondary prevention. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p209.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acids Do Not Prevent Cancer or Cardiovascular Disease Events - POEMs - ...

Sep 15, 2019 - This is the second large, well-designed study (the first one included patients with diabetes mellitus; this one included patients without diabetes) that found no benefit from a 1-g daily dosage of marine n-3 fatty acid supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p374a.html

Omega-3 Oil Does Not Reduce Serious Cardiovascular Events for Patients with Diabetes ...

Jul 15, 2019 - In this study, there was no significant difference in the likelihood of a composite vascular outcome or all-cause mortality in patients given an omega-3 fatty acid supplement compared with those given an olive oil placebo.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p120.html

Optimal Management of Cholesterol Levels and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in women, is largely preventable. Lifestyle modifications (e.g., diet and exercise) are the cornerstone of primary and secondary prevention. Elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides and low levels of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p217.html

Oral Anticoagulants vs. Antiplatelet Therapy - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

May 1, 2008 - Compared with antiplatelet therapy, oral anticoagulation significantly reduces stroke at an average follow-up of one to three years, but does not reduce mortality. Intracranial or extracranial hemorrhage is more common with anticoagulation and must be weighed against its therapeutic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1250.html

Overuse of Statins in Older Adults - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse - ...

Dec 15, 2019 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering heath care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p742.html

Perioperative Cardiac Risk Reduction - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2012 - Cardiovascular complications are the most common cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality. Noninvasive stress testing is rarely helpful in assessing risk, and for most patients there is no evidence that coronary revascularization provides more protection against perioperative ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p239.html

Physical Activity: Updated Recommendations from HHS - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 1, 2019 - The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recently published updated recommendations on physical activity based on a systematic review of the effect of physical activity on health. The committee addressed 38 questions and 104 subquestions and graded the evidence based on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p58.html

Pioglitazone After Stroke or TIA Reduces Stroke and MI, but Also Has Significant Harms ...

Aug 15, 2016 - In patients with a recent stroke or TIA and evidence of insulin resistance, pioglitazone reduces the likelihood of myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke (number needed to treat [NNT] = 36 over five years) but increases the risk of significant weight gain (number needed to treat to harm ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p319.html

Practice Guidelines - Dec 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) introductory self-study course, Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice, 3rd ed., is now available online. The course provides an introduction to applied epidemiology and biostatistics.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1976.html

Practice Guidelines - Dec 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2006 - Influenza-related death is more common in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) than in patients with any other chronic condition. The American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) recommend annual influenza immunization with the same enthusiasm as ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1976a.html

Practice Guidelines - Feb 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - Survey results from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have been released that assess the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in adolescents and the education and counseling practices of health care professionals.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p422.html

Practice Guidelines - Feb 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-hormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are markers for heart failure diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) systematically reviewed available literature to further study these ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p422a.html

Practice Guidelines - Mar 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - The Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention of the American Heart Association (AHA) has released a scientific statement on exercise testing to screen asymptomatic patients for disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1111a.html

Practice Guidelines - Mar 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was approved in 2000 to prevent pneumococcal disease in children younger than five years. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released results from a study evaluating the vaccine’s impact on invasive pneumococcal ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1111.html

Practice Guidelines - May 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is investigating an outbreak of mumps that began in Iowa in December 2005. Other cases that were thought to be linked to the Iowa outbreak were being investigated in Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, and Wisconsin.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1847.html

Practice Guidelines - May 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - A subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) reviewed articles on carotid endarterectomy to assess the effectiveness of the procedure in preventing stroke in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1847a.html

Preparation of the Cardiac Patient for Noncardiac Surgery - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Approximately 20 to 40 percent of patients at high risk of cardiac-related morbidity develop myocardial ischemia perioperatively. The preferred approach to diagnostic evaluation depends on the interactions of patient-specific risk factors, surgery-specific risk factors, and exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p656.html

Preventing Bacterial Endocarditis: American Heart Association Guidelines - American ...

Feb 1, 1998 - The American Heart Association recently revised its guidelines for the prevention of bacterial endocarditis. These guidelines are meant to aid physicians, dentists and other health care providers, but they are not intended to define the standard of care or to serve as a substitute for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0201/p457.html

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