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Diagnosis and Management of Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder in Adults -...

May 1, 2015 - Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and panic disorder (PD) are among the most common mental disorders in the United States, and they can negatively impact a patient’s quality of life and disrupt important activities of daily living. Evidence suggests that the rates of missed diagnoses ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p617.html

Depression in Children and Adolescents: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2019 - The prevalence of major unipolar depression in children and adolescents is increasing in the United States. In 2016, approximately 5% of 12-year-olds and 17% of 17-year-olds reported experiencing a major depressive episode in the previous 12 months. Screening for depression in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p609.html

Delirium in Older Persons: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2014 - Delirium is defined as an acute, fluctuating syndrome of altered attention, awareness, and cognition. It is common in older persons in the hospital and long-term care facilities and may indicate a life-threatening condition. Assessment for and prevention of delirium should occur at ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/p150.html

Stuttering: Understanding and Treating a Common Disability - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2019 - Childhood-onset fluency disorder, the most common form of stuttering, is a neurologic disability resulting from an underlying brain abnormality that causes disfluent speech. Stuttering can lead to significant secondary effects, including negative self-perception and negative perception ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p556.html

Initial Evaluation, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa - ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Eating disorders are life-threatening conditions that are challenging to address; however, the primary care setting provides an important opportunity for critical medical and psychosocial intervention. The recently published Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p46.html

Electronic Cigarettes: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2019 - Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are popular devices designed to heat a liquid solution, often containing nicotine, that generates an inhaled aerosol, or vapor. e-Cigarettes have been marketed as healthier alternatives to traditional cigarettes. Thus, most adult users are current or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p227.html

Buprenorphine Therapy for Opioid Use Disorder - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2018 - Opioid misuse, including the use of heroin and the overprescribing, misuse, and diversion of opioid pain medications, has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. As a result, there has been a dramatic increase in opioid use disorder and associated overdoses and deaths. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/p313.html

Medications for Alcohol Use Disorder - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2016 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians screen adults for alcohol misuse and provide persons engaged in risky or hazardous drinking behaviors with brief behavioral counseling to reduce alcohol misuse. However, only a minority of American adults with high-risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p457.html

Premenstrual Syndrome and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Premenstrual disorders affect up to 12% of women. The subspecialties of psychiatry and gynecology have developed overlapping but distinct diagnoses that qualify as a premenstrual disorder; these include premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. These conditions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p236.html

Stimulant and Designer Drug Use: Primary Care Management - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2018 - Approximately 10% of the U.S. population 12 years and older reported using illicit substances in 2015. This article reviews the clinical effects and treatment of persons who use cocaine, methamphetamines, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), synthetic cannabinoids, and synthetic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p85.html

General Parenting Strategies: Practical Suggestions for Common Child Behavior Issues - ...

May 15, 2018 - Parents often seek guidance from physicians on child behavior problems. Questions may range from general parenting strategies to managing specific child behaviors. Physicians and their staff can identify problematic parent-child interactions or behaviors within the office setting and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p642.html

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Primary Care Principles - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2016 - Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p972.html

Identification and Management of Peripartum Depression - American Family Physician

May 15, 2016 - Peripartum depression affects up to one in seven women and is associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity if untreated. A history of depression is the strongest risk factor for developing peripartum depression. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p852.html

Behavioral Disorders in Dementia: Appropriate Nondrug Interventions and Antipsychotic ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia pose management challenges for caregivers and clinicians. Firstline nonpharmacologic treatments include eliminating physical and emotional stressors, modifying the patient’s environment, and establishing daily routines. Family members ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p276.html

Common Questions About the Pharmacologic Management of Depression in Adults - American ...

Jul 15, 2015 - One in 11 U.S. adults currently meets diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder, and a similar number report that they have taken an antidepressant medication in the past 30 days. In the primary care population, medications are modestly superior to placebo in achieving ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0715/p94.html

Nonpharmacologic Management of Chronic Insomnia - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2015 - Insomnia affects 10% to 30% of the population with a total cost of $92.5 to $107.5 billion annually. Short-term, chronic, and other types of insomnia are the three major categories according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, 3rd ed. The criteria for diagnosis are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1215/p1058.html

Common Questions About Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Psychiatric Disorders - American ...

Nov 1, 2015 - Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a time-limited, goal-oriented psychotherapy that has been extensively researched and has benefits in a number of psychiatric disorders, including anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p807.html

Schizophrenia - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2014 - Schizophrenia is the most common psychotic disease, with a global prevalence of less than 1%. It affects all ethnicities and is slightly more common in men. Patients with schizophrenia commonly experience debilitating social and occupational impairments, but some are able to function ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1201/p775.html

Antidepressant Discontinuation Syndrome - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome occurs in approximately 20 percent of patients after abrupt discontinuation of an antidepressant medication that was taken for at least six weeks. Typical symptoms of antidepressant discontinuation syndrome include flu-like symptoms, insomnia, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p449.html

The Physician's Role in Managing Acute Stress Disorder - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Acute stress disorder is a psychiatric diagnosis that may occur in patients within four weeks of a traumatic event. Features include anxiety, intense fear or helplessness, dissociative symptoms, reexperiencing the event, and avoidance behaviors. Persons with this disorder are at ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p643.html

Evaluation and Treatment of the Suicidal Patient - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2012 - Evaluation and treatment of a suicidal patient are challenging tasks for the physician. Because no validated predictive tools exist, clinical judgment guides the decision-making process. Although there is insufficient evidence to support routine screening, evidence shows that asking ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p602.html

Bipolar Disorders: A Review - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2012 - Bipolar disorders are common, disabling, recurrent mental health conditions of variable severity. Onset is often in late childhood or early adolescence. Patients with bipolar disorders have higher rates of other mental health disorders and general medical conditions. Early recognition ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p483.html

Managing Grief and Depression at the End of Life - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2012 - Psychological distress is common in terminally ill persons and can be a source of great suffering. Grief is an adaptive, universal, and highly personalized response to the multiple losses that occur at the end of life. This response may be intense early on after a loss manifesting ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0801/p259.html

Premenstrual Syndrome and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - Premenstrual syndrome is defined as recurrent moderate psychological and physical symptoms that occur during the luteal phase of menses and resolve with menstruation. It affects 20 to 32 percent of premenopausal women. Women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder experience affective or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p918.html

Postpartum Major Depression - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2010 - Postpartum major depression is a disorder that is often unrecognized and must be distinguished from baby blues. Antenatal depressive symptoms, a history of major depressive disorder, or previous postpartum major depression significantly increase the risk of postpartum major depression. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p926.html

Clinical Vignettes in Geriatric Depression - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - The diagnosis of depression in older patients is often complicated by comorbid conditions, such as cerebrovascular disease or dementia. Tools specific for this age group, such as the Geriatric Depression Scale or the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, may assist in making the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1149.html

Treatment Options for Insomnia - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2007 - The frequency of sleep disruption and the degree to which insomnia significantly affects daytime function determine the need for evaluation and treatment. Physicians may initiate treatment of insomnia at an initial visit; for patients with a clear acute stressor such as grief, no ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p517.html

Behavior Disorders of Dementia: Recognition and Treatment - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2006 - Psychosis may pose a greater challenge than cognitive decline for patients with dementia and their caregivers. The nature and frequency of psychotic symptoms varies over the course of illness, but in most patients, these symptoms occur more often in the later stages of disease. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p647.html

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2009 - Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an illness that can cause marked distress and disability. It often goes unrecognized and is undertreated. Primary care physicians should be familiar with the various ways obsessive-compulsive disorder can present and should be able to recognize clues to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p239.html

Exercise, Yoga, and Meditation for Depressive and Anxiety Disorders - American Family ...

Apr 15, 2010 - Anxiety and depression are among the most common conditions cited by those seeking treatment with complementary and alternative therapies, such as exercise, meditation, tai chi, qigong, and yoga. The use of these therapies is increasing. Several studies of exercise and yoga have ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p981.html

The Patient with Excessive Worry - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Worry is a normal response to uncertainty. Education, empathetic support, reassurance, and passage of time usually ameliorate ordinary worries. However, these common-sense strategies for dealing with transient worries often prove ineffective for patients with excessive worry, many of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1049.html

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Practical Assessment and Management - American Family ...

May 1, 2009 - Generalized anxiety disorder is common among patients in primary care. Affected patients experience excessive chronic anxiety and worry about events and activities, such as their health, family, work, and finances. The anxiety and worry are difficult to control and often lead to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p785.html

Primary Care for Children with Autism - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2010 - The earliest sign of autism in children is the delayed attainment of social skill milestones, including joint attention, social orienting, and pretend play. Language impairment is a common, but less specific, sign of autism. Repetitive behaviors and restricted interests may not be noted...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p453.html

Pharmacologic Management of Adult Depression - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2008 - Major depression is a common and treatable disease. Many patients benefit from pharmacologic treatment and, because there is little variation in antidepressant effectiveness, medication choices should be made based on patient characteristics, safety, and anticipated side effects. Most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/p785.html

Generalized Anxiety Disorder - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - Patients with generalized anxiety disorder experience worry or anxiety and a number of physical and psychologic symptoms. The disorder is frequently difficult to diagnose because of the variety of presentations and the common occurrence of comorbid medical or psychiatric conditions. The...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1591.html

Oppositional Defiant Disorder - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2008 - Oppositional defiant disorder is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., as a recurrent pattern of developmentally inappropriate, negativistic, defiant, and disobedient behavior toward authority figures. This behavior often appears in the preschool...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/p861.html

Current Strategies in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Childhood ...

Apr 15, 2009 - Symptoms of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder affect cognitive, academic, behavioral, emotional, social, and developmental functioning. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is the most commonly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorder in children and adolescents. An ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p657.html

Treatment of Panic Disorder - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia occurs commonly in patients in primary care settings. This article assesses multiple evidence-based reviews of effective treatments for panic disorder. Antidepressant medications successfully reduce the severity of panic symptoms and eliminate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p733.html

The Mirror Lies: Body Dysmorphic Disorder - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Body dysmorphic disorder is an increasingly recognized somatoform disorder, clinically distinct from obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, and depression. Patients with body dysmorphic disorder are preoccupied with an imagined deficit in the appearance of one or more body ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p217.html

Methamphetamine Abuse - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Methamphetamine is a stimulant commonly abused in many parts of the United States. Most methamphetamine users are white men 18 to 25 years of age, but the highest usage rates have been found in native Hawaiians, persons of more than one race, Native Americans, and men who have sex with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1169.html

Treating Eating Disorders in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2008 - Binge-eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, and anorexia nervosa are potentially life-threatening disorders that involve complex psychosocial issues. A strong therapeutic relationship between the physician and patient is necessary for assessing the psychosocial and medical factors used to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0115/p187.html

Primary Care Issues in Patients with Mental Illness - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2008 - Family physicians commonly care for patients with serious mental illness. Patients with psychotic and bipolar disorders have more comorbid medical conditions and higher mortality rates than patients without serious mental illness. Many medications prescribed for serious mental illness ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p355.html

Schizophrenia: A Review - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental illness that affects 1 percent of the population in all cultures. It affects equal numbers of men and women, but the onset is often later in women than in men. Schizophrenia is characterized by positive and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1821.html

Club Drugs: MDMA, Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Rohypnol, and Ketamine - American Family...

Jun 1, 2004 - Club drugs are substances commonly used at nightclubs, music festivals, raves, and dance parties to enhance social intimacy and sensory stimulation. The most widely used club drugs are 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), also known as ecstasy; gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB); ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/p2619.html

Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB): A Newer Drug of Abuse - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2000 - Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is an illicitly marketed substance that has recently gained popularity among body builders and party attendees as a drug of abuse. GHB is a depressant that acts on the central nervous system. It is purported as a strength enhancer, euphoriant and aphrodisiac ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1201/p2478.html

Childhood and Adolescent Depression - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Major depression affects 3 to 5 percent of children and adolescents. Depression negatively impacts growth and development, school performance, and peer or family relationships and may lead to suicide. Biomedical and psychosocial risk factors include a family history of depression, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p73.html

Managing Opioid Addiction with Buprenorphine - American Family Physician

May 1, 2006 - Legislation has enabled physicians to treat opioid-dependent patients with an office-based maintenance program using buprenorphine, a partial mu-opioid receptor agonist. Clinical studies indicate buprenorphine effectively manages opioid addiction. Buprenorphine is more effective than ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1573.html

Dementia With Lewy Bodies: An Emerging Disease - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - Dementia with Lewy bodies appears to be the second most common form of dementia, accounting for about one in five cases. The condition is characterized by dementia accompanied by delirium, visual hallucinations, and parkinsonism. Other common symptoms include syncope, falls, sleep ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1223.html

Cognitive Therapy for Depression - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - Cognitive therapy is a treatment process that enables patients to correct false self-beliefs that can lead to negative moods and behaviors. The fundamental assumption is that a thought precedes a mood; therefore, learning to substitute healthy thoughts for negative thoughts will improve...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p83.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - From 2 to 10 percent of women of reproductive age have severe distress and dysfunction caused by premenstrual dysphoric disorder, a severe form of premenstrual syndrome. Current research implicates mechanisms of serotonin as relevant to etiology and treatment. Patients with mild to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1239.html

Ambulatory Detoxification of Patients with Alcohol Dependence - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - Detoxification from alcohol can be undertaken in ambulatory settings with patients who are alcohol-dependent and show signs of mild to moderate withdrawal when they are not drinking. An appropriate candidate for outpatient detoxification should have arrangements to start an alcohol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p495.html

Childhood Bullying: Implications for Physicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - Childhood bullying has potentially serious implications for bullies and their targets. Bullying involves a pattern of repeated aggression, a deliberate intent to harm or disturb a victim despite the victim's apparent distress, and a real or perceived imbalance of power. Bullying can ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1723.html

Diagnosis and Management of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating anxiety disorder that may cause significant distress and increased use of health resources, the condition often goes undiagnosed. The lifetime prevalence of PTSD in the United States is 8 to 9 percent, and approximately 25...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2401.html

School Refusal in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - School refusal is a problem that is stressful for children, families, and school personnel. Failing to attend school has significant short- and long-term effects on children's social, emotional, and educational development. School refusal often is associated with comorbid psychiatric ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1555.html

Diagnosis of Eating Disorders in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - Eating disorders, particularly anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, are significant causes of morbidity and mortality among adolescent females and young women. Eating disorders are associated with devastating medical and psychologic consequences, including death, osteoporosis, growth ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p297.html

Problem Drinking and Alcoholism: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - Alcoholism is one of the most common psychiatric disorders with a prevalence of 8 to 14 percent. This heritable disease is frequently accompanied by other substance abuse disorders (particularly nicotine), anxiety and mood disorders, and antisocial personality disorder. Although ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p441.html

Chronic Insomnia: A Practical Review - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - Insomnia has numerous, often concurrent etiologies, including medical conditions, medications, psychiatric disorders and poor sleep hygiene. In the elderly, insomnia is complex and often difficult to relieve because the physiologic parameters of sleep normally change with age. In most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1431.html

Recognition of Alcohol and Substance Abuse - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - Ten percent of the population abuses drugs or alcohol, and 20 percent of patients seen by family physicians have substance-abuse problems, excluding tobacco use. These patients can be identified by relying on regular screening or a high index of suspicion based on

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1529.html

Benefits and Risks of Psychiatric Medications During Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - Traditionally, psychiatric medications were withheld during pregnancy because of fear of teratogenic and other effects. The emergence of evidence of the safety of most commonly used psychiatric medications, the availability of this information in the form of online databases, and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p629.html

Management of Bipolar Disorder - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2000 - Bipolar disorder most commonly is diagnosed in persons between 18 and 24 years of age. The clinical presentations of this disorder are broad and include mania, hypomania and psychosis. Frequently associated comorbid conditions include substance abuse and anxiety disorders. Patients with...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0915/p1343.html

Smoking Cessation: Integration of Behavioral and Drug Therapies - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2002 - Family physicians should take advantage of each contact with smokers to encourage and support smoking cessation. Once a patient is identified as a smoker, tools are available to assess readiness for change. Using motivational interviewing techniques, the physician can help the patient ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1107.html

Neurotic Excoriations - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2001 - Neurotic excoriations are self-inflicted skin lesions produced by repetitive scratching. Because there is no known physical problem of the skin, this is a physical manifestation of an emotional problem. The classic lesions are characterized by clean, linear erosions, scabs and scars ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1215/p1981.html

Evaluation and Treatment of ADHD - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are present in as many as 9 percent of school-age children. ADHD-specific questionnaires can help determine whether children meet diagnostic criteria for the disorder. The recommended evaluation also includes documenting the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p817.html

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2002 - Severe fatigue is a common complaint among patients. Often, the fatigue is transient or can be attributed to a definable organic illness. Some patients present with persistent and disabling fatigue, but show no abnormalities on physical examination or screening laboratory tests. In ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1083.html

Depression in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Depression among children and adolescents is common but frequently unrecognized. It affects 2 percent of prepubertal children and 5 to 8 percent of adolescents. The clinical spectrum of the disease can range from simple sadness to a major depressive or bipolar disorder. Risk factors ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2297.html

Spirituality and Medical Practice: Using the HOPE Questions as a Practical Tool for ...

Jan 1, 2001 - The relationship between spirituality and medicine has been the focus of considerable interest in recent years. Studies suggest that many patients believe spirituality plays an important role in their lives, that there is a positive correlation between a patient's spirituality or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0101/p81.html

Recognition and Management of Tourette's Syndrome and Tic Disorders - American Family ...

Apr 15, 1999 - Tic disorders and Tourette's syndrome are conditions that primary care physicians are likely to encounter. Up to 20 percent of children have at least a transient tic disorder at some point. Once believed to be rare, Tourette's syndrome is now known to be a more common disorder that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2263.html

Adult ADHD: Evaluation and Treatment in Family Medicine - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2000 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 30 to 50 percent of adults who had ADHD in childhood. Accurate diagnosis of ADHD in adults is challenging and requires attention to early development and symptoms of inattention, distractibility, impulsivity and emotional lability....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2077.html

Identifying and Managing Preparatory Grief and Depression at the End of Life - American...

Mar 1, 2002 - Grief and depression present similarly in patients who are dying. Conventional symptoms (e.g., frequent crying, weight loss, thoughts of death) used to assess for depression in these patients may be imprecise because these symptoms are also present in preparatory grief and as a part of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p883.html

Social Anxiety Disorder: A Common, Underrecognized Mental Disorder - American Family ...

Nov 15, 1999 - Social phobia is a highly prevalent yet often overlooked psychiatric disorder that can cause severe disability but fortunately has shown responsiveness to specific pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. Recognition of its essential clinical features and the use of brief, targeted screening ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2311.html

Assessment and Treatment of Depression Following Myocardial Infarction - American ...

Aug 15, 2001 - Approximately 65 percent of patients with acute myocardial infarction report experiencing symptoms of depression. Major depression is present in 15 to 22 percent of these patients. Depression is an independent risk factor in the development of and mortality associated with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0815/p641.html

Postpartum Major Depression: Detection and Treatment - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1999 - Postpartum major depression occurs in approximately one of 10 childbearing women and is considerably underdiagnosed. If left untreated, the disorder can have serious adverse effects on the mother and her relationship with significant others, and on the child's emotional and psychologic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2247.html

The Child With ADHD: Using the AAP Clinical Practice Guideline - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - The American Academy of Pediatrics developed an evidence-based clinical practice guideline that provides recommendations for the assessment and diagnosis of school-aged children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This guideline, the first of two guidelines to provide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1803.html

Somatizing Patients: Part II. Practical Management - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - Somatization is the experiencing of physical symptoms in response to emotional distress. It is a common and costly disorder that is frustrating to patients and physicians. Successful treatment of somatization requires giving an acceptable explanation of the symptoms to the patient, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1423.html

Mass Psychogenic Illness: Role of the Individual Physician - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2000 - Mass psychogenic illness is characterized by symptoms, occurring among a group of persons with shared beliefs regarding those symptoms, that suggest organic illness but have no identifiable environmental cause and little clinical or laboratory evidence of disease. Mass psychogenic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1215/p2649.html

Recognition and Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1998 - Obsessive-compulsive disorder is relatively common; however, its actual incidence has only recently become clear. The neurotransmitter serotonin appears to have a central role in this disorder. Males and females are affected equally, with onset usually occurring in late adolescence. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1623.html

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