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ACOG Guidelines on Noncontraceptive Uses of Hormonal Contraceptives - Practice ...

Aug 1, 2010 - Many of women use hormonal contraception for its noncontraceptive benefits, such as making menstruation more predictable and correcting menstrual irregularities caused by oligo-ovulation or anovulation. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) provides guidelines ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p288.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Hormonal Contraceptives in Women with Coexisting Medical ...

Apr 15, 2007 - Guidelines on the use of hormonal contraceptives in women with underlying medical conditions are available from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). In some women, drugs taken for certain chronic conditions may alter the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1252.html

Advantages of the No-Scalpel Vasectomy Technique - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Jun 15, 2012 - NSV should be used instead of the standard incisional method.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/od1.html

An Update on Emergency Contraception - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2014 - Emergency contraception decreases the risk of unintended pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse or after suspected failure of routine contraception (e.g., a condom breaking). Oral methods include combined contraceptive pills (i.e., Yuzpe method), single- or split-dose ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p545.html

Appropriate Use of the Intrauterine Device - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - The intrauterine device, a common form of birth control in the early 1970s, is now avoided by American physicians and women because of concern about complications. This concern is largely the result of the problems reported with use of an intrauterine device that is no longer ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2077.html

CDC Updates Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use - Practice Guidelines - American...

Dec 1, 2016 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) first published the U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, which is a companion document to the U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, in 2010 to provide guidelines on safely using a variety of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p942.html

CDC Updates Recommendations for Contraceptive Use - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 15, 2017 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) first published the U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use (U.S. SPR) in 2013 to provide direction for safe and effective use of contraceptive methods. These guidelines update the 2013 report.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p125.html

CDC Updates Recommendations for Contraceptive Use in the Postpartum Period - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2011 - Initiating appropriate contraception in the postpartum period is important to avoid negative outcomes related to short birth intervals. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently reevaluated the safety of contraceptive use in the postpartum period.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1422.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Although no difference in effectiveness has been demonstrated in existing trials, too few patients have been studied to detect small but clinically important differences in pregnancy rates. Low-dose estrogen pills have higher rates of discontinuation and bleeding disturbances.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - There is limited, weak evidence that a low glycemic index diet improves risk factors for CHD, but there are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing a reduction in morbidity or mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224.html

Combined Oral Contraceptives for Mothers Who Are Breastfeeding - FPIN's Clinical ...

Oct 1, 2005 - There is currently no evidence of harm; however, few patients have been studied and existing studies have many limitations. Therefore, it is not possible to definitively answer this question at this time. The existing low-quality evidence suggests that combined oral contraceptives may ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1303.html

Contraceptive Education for Women After Childbirth - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Jun 1, 2013 - Postpartum education may increase contraceptive use and reduce unplanned repeat pregnancies, although the evidence is mixed. The optimal timing and content of educational programs are not known.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p761.html

Contraceptive Patch and Vaginal Ring vs. Combined Oral Contraceptives - Cochrane for ...

Aug 1, 2009 - Based on moderate quality evidence, contraceptive effectiveness of the vaginal ring or patch is similar to COC. Compliance is better with the patch, but its use is discontinued more often than COCs or the ring because of adverse effects. Vaginal ring and COC users have similar rates of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p232.html

Counseling Issues in Tubal Sterilization - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2003 - Female sterilization is the number one contraceptive choice among women in the United States. Counseling issues include ensuring that the woman understands the permanence of the procedure and knowing the factors that correlate with future regret. The clinician should be aware of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1287.html

Cyclic vs. Continuous or Extended- Cycle Combined Contraceptives - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2006 - Evidence shows no difference in safety or effectiveness between cyclic and continuous or extended-cycle combined contraceptives. There are fewer menstrual symptoms with extended-cycle contraceptives. Patients’ satisfaction and adherence is similar for all types.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p804.html

Effect of Antiepileptic Drugs on Oral Contraceptives - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 1, 2008 - We found no studies that measure, or even estimate, any increase in pregnancy rates in women taking antiepileptic drugs. Antiepileptic drugs known to induce the hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP450) isoenzyme cause decreased sex hormone levels in women taking oral contraceptives, raising the...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p634.html

Emergency Contraception - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Women can use emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy after known or suspected failure of birth control or after unprotected intercourse. Many patients do not ask for emergency contraception because they do not know of its availability. Emergency contraception has been an off-label...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p707.html

Emergency Contraception: AAP Review - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that education and counseling about emergency contraception be incorporated into the annual preventive visits of adolescent patients when issues of sexuality are addressed.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p168.html

Emergency Contraception: An Ongoing Debate - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Aug 15, 2004 Issue Editorials Emergency Contraception: An Ongoing Debate CAROLINE WELLBERY M.D., Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Aug 15;70((4)):655-659. Related Article From a...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p655.html

Emergency Contraception: Still Not Too Late - Editorials - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Nov 15, 2000 Issue Editorials Emergency Contraception: Still Not Too Late CAROLINE WELLBERY, M.D., Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Nov 15;62(10):2222-2226. Related Article Related...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2222.html

Emergency Postcoital Contraception - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Emergency postcoital contraception, a method used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse, is a highly effective but underutilized birth control option. Two hormone regimens, ethinyl estradiol (100 microg) with levonorgestrel (0.5 mg) or high-dose levonorgestrel (0.75 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2287.html

Ethinyl Estradiol/Drospirenone (Yasmin): A Newer Oral Contraceptive - STEPS - American ...

May 15, 2004 - An effective oral contraceptive, ethinyl estradiol/drospirenone can elevate potassium levels when given in combination with other potassium-elevating agents and offers no advantage over traditional oral contraceptives.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0515/p2425.html

Ethinyl Estradiol/Levonorgestrel (Seasonale) for Oral Contraception - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2005 - Women using ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel can expect similar or improved effectiveness and fewer menstrual cycles. Due in part to an increased incidence of unexpected bleeding in the first six months of use, a greater percentage of women will discontinue this regimen than will those ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1581.html

Guidelines for the Use of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives - Practice Guidelines -...

Feb 15, 2012 - The use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) has increased from 1.3 to 5.5 percent over the past decade. There are three LARCs available in the United States: the etonogestrel single-rod implant and two types of intrauterine devices (IUDs; copper T380A and levonorgestrel ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p403.html

Hormonal Contraceptives and Weight Gain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2005 - There is no causal relationship between combination contraceptives and weight gain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p68.html

Informed Consent and Emergency Contraception - Editorials - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Nov 15, 2000 Issue Editorials Informed Consent and Emergency Contraception ALAN L. MCGAUGHRAN, M.D., Blairsville Family Health Center, Blairsville, Pennsylvania Am Fam Physician. 2000 Nov 15;62(10):2219-2220. Related Article...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2219.html

Initiating Hormonal Contraception - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Most women can safely begin taking hormonal birth control products immediately after an office visit, at any point in the menstrual cycle. Because hormonal contraceptives do not accelerate cervical neoplasia or interfere with cervical cytology, women who have not had a recent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p105.html

Insertion and Removal of Intrauterine Devices - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2005 - The intrauterine device (IUD) is an effective contraceptive for many women. The copper-releasing IUD can be used for 10 years before replacement and is a good choice for women who cannot, or choose not to, use hormone-releasing contraceptives. However, some women experience an increase ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p95.html

Intrauterine Devices: An Update - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2014 - Three intrauterine devices (IUDs) are available in the United States: the copper T 380A and two levonorgestrel-releasing IUDs, one that releases 20 mcg of levonorgestrel per 24 hours, and one that releases 14 mcg per 24 hours. All are safe and effective methods of contraception that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0315/p445.html

IUDs: Time for a Renaissance - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 01, 1998 Issue Editorials IUDs: Time for a Renaissance DAVID A. GRIMES, M.D., and DAVID HUBACHER, PH.D., Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina Am Fam Physician. 1998 Dec 1;58(9):1963-1964. Related...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p1963.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System (Mirena) for Contraception - STEPS - ...

May 15, 2006 - The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is a reliable, reversible, low-maintenance method of long-term contraception. Rates of failure are similar to those of female sterilization, and the risk of expulsion is minimal for most users.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1799.html

Levonorgestrel/Ethinyl Estradiol (Lybrel) for Continuous Contraception - STEPS - ...

Jan 15, 2008 - Lybrel appears to be as safe and effective as other combined oral contraceptives; however, at this time, there is little published data about this specific product. Other combined monophasic oral contraceptives, some of which cost less than Lybrel, can be used continuously and have been...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0115/p222.html

Local Anesthesia for IUD Insertion or Endometrial Biopsy - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Dec 1, 2017 - Topical application of lidocaine/prilocaine cream to the cervix reduces mean pain scores during IUD insertion. Intrauterine instillation of liquid anesthesia reduces median pain scores during endometrial biopsy.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1201/od3.html

Misoprostol Alone is Associated with High Rate of Successful First-Trimester Abortion -...

Jul 15, 2019 - Misoprostol alone was associated with a nearly 80% success rate in the first trimester of pregnancy on meta-analysis.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p119.html

New Contraceptive Options - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - Almost one half of pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Primary reasons for the high rate of unplanned pregnancy include dissatisfaction with or underuse of effective contraceptive methods and poor compliance with contraceptive methods that require daily adherence. Several ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p853.html

New Contraceptive Options: Patient Adherence and Satisfaction - Editorials - American ...

Feb 15, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 15, 2004 Issue Editorials New Contraceptive Options: Patient Adherence and Satisfaction LAURA B. HANSEN, PHARM.D. JOSEPH J. SASEEN, PHARM.D. University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado Am Fam Physician. 2004...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p811.html

Noncontraceptive Uses of the Levonorgestrel Intrauterine System - Practice Guidelines -...

Nov 15, 2006 - Although the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena) is approved for contraception, it also may have noncontraceptive uses, such as treating idiopathic menorrhagia. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) published a committee opinion to address the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1115/p1792.html

Oral Contraceptive Use During the Menopausal Years - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 1998 - Few guidelines exist for the use of estrogen, particularly low-dose oral contraceptives, during the perimenopausal years. Use of low-dose oral contraceptive pills in women over 35 years of age provides protection against unwanted pregnancy, maintains a stable hormonal environment and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1373.html

Preventing Unintended Pregnancy: Implications for Physicians - Editorials - American ...

Jun 15, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 15, 2004 Issue Editorials Preventing Unintended Pregnancy: Implications for Physicians RUTH LESNEWSKI, M.D., Institute for Urban Family Health New York, New York Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jun 15;69(12):2779-2782. The U.S. Preventive...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2779.html

Provision of Contraception: Key Recommendations from the CDC - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released comprehensive recommendations for provision of family planning services. Contraceptive services may be addressed in five steps, and counseling may be provided in a tiered approach, whereby the most effective options are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p625.html

Risk of Venous Thromboembolism with Use of Combined Oral Contraceptives - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2015 - All combined oral contraceptives increase VTE risk. The risk is greater for those containing desogestrel, drospirenone, gestodene (not available in the United States), and cyproterone acetate (not available in the United States) when compared with levonorgestrel. All combined oral ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p287.html

Risks and Benefits of Combination Contraceptives - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Dec 1, 2006 - The risks of using oral combination contraceptives include: a three- to sixfold increase in the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) apparent by the fourth month of use and highest between six and 12 months of use; a two- to sixfold increase in the risk of ischemic stroke among ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1915.html

Same-Day Initiation of Hormonal Contraceptives - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Oct 1, 2009 - Giving an injection of medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera) on any day of a patient's menstrual cycle decreases unintended pregnancies. For other hormonal methods, there is limited evidence. Compared with deferring until the patient's next menses, immediate start of hormonal methods ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1001/p690.html

The Effects of Combination Contraceptives on Weight - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Dec 1, 2012 - Compared with placebo or no intervention, the use of combination contraceptives was not associated with weight gain. Most studies comparing different types of combination contraceptives showed no statistically significant effects on weight.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1009.html

Treatment Duration for Etonogestrel Implant - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Aug 1, 2018 - The etonogestrel subdermal implant is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for contraception for up to three years, but it seems to be effective for up to five years.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/od3.html

Ulipristal (Ella) for Emergency Contraception - STEPS - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2012 - Ulipristal is a prescription-only emergency contraceptive. It is at least as effective as levonorgestrel when administered within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse, and is more effective than levonorgestrel in the 72- to 120-hour window.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p365.html

Update on Oral Contraceptive Pills - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 1999 - Oral contraceptive pills are widely used and are generally safe and effective for many women. The World Health Organization has developed a risk classification system to help physicians advise patients about the safety of oral contraceptive pills. The choice of pill formulation is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2073.html

Using Progestins in Clinical Practice - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2000 - Progestational agents have many important functions, including regulation of the menstrual cycle, treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding, prevention of endometrial cancer and hyperplastic precursor lesions, and contraception. Because of the reported side effects of synthetic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1839.html

Vasectomy: An Update - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - Vasectomy remains an important option for contraception. Research findings have clarified many questions regarding patient selection, optimal technique, postsurgical follow-up, and risk of long-term complications. Men who receive vasectomies tend to be non-Hispanic whites, well ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2069.html

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