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1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons ...

Jan 1, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 1, 2000 Issue 1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons Infected with HIV: Part I. Prevention of Exposure U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE CENTERS FOR...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p163.html

1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons ...

Jan 15, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 15, 2000 Issue 1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons Infected with HIV: Part II. Prevention of the First Episode of Disease U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, PUBLIC HEALTH...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p441.html

1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons ...

Feb 1, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 1, 2000 Issue 1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons Infected with HIV: Part III. Prevention of Disease Recurrence U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p771.html

AAN Releases Recommendations for Treating Lyme Disease Neuroborreliosis - Practice ...

Mar 1, 2008 - The Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has released recommendations for treating Lyme disease, a multisystem, tick-borne infection that often affects the nervous system (neuroborreliosis).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p700.html

AAP Issues Recommendations for the Management of Sinusitis in Children - Practice ...

Mar 15, 2002 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued recommendations for physicians to diagnose, evaluate, and treat patients between one and 21 years of age who present with uncomplicated acute, subacute, and recurrent acute bacterial sinusitis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1216.html

AAP Releases Clinical Report on Head Lice - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2003 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a statement clarifying issues of diagnosis and treatment of head lice and making recommendations for dealing with it in the school setting.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1391.html

ACCP Releases Consensus Statement on Outpatient Treatment for CAP - Practice Guidelines...

Oct 15, 2005 - The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) recently issued a clinical position statement on outpatient management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1607.html

ACIP Releases 2003 Guidelines on the Prevention and Control of Influenza - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2003 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued recommendations on the prevention and control of influenza for the 2003–2004 influenza season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/p1426.html

ACIP Releases 2007 Recommendations on Prevention and Control of Influenza - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2007 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released updated recommendations for influenza control for the 2007–08 season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p1046.html

ACIP Updates Guidelines on Prevention and Control of Influenza - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 15, 2005 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released updated recommendations for the prevention and control of influenza.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1119.html

ACOG Guidelines on the Management of Human Papillomavirus Infection - Practice ...

Jul 1, 2005 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released guidelines on the clinical management of women with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p178.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Gynecologic Procedures - ...

Apr 1, 2007 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released guidelines on the appropriate use of antibiotic prophylaxis in women undergoing gynecologic procedures.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1094.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Managing Herpes in Pregnancy - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2008 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released a practice bulletin to outline the spectrum of maternal and neonatal genital herpes infection and to provide guidelines on managing the infection during pregnancy.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p369.html

ACP/CDC Provide Guidelines on the Use of Antibiotics for Acute Respiratory Tract ...

Dec 15, 2016 - The American College of Physicians (ACP) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guideline on appropriate antibiotic use in the treatment of healthy adults with acute respiratory tract infection outlines one of the medical community's top priorities.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p1016.html

Acute and Chronic Paronychia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2008 - Paronychia is an inflammation of the folds of tissue surrounding the nail of a toe or finger. Paronychia may be classified as either acute or chronic. The main factor associated with the development of acute paronychia is direct or indirect trauma to the cuticle or nail fold. This ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p339.html

Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis in Adults: Part II. Treatment - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - Although most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by viruses, acute bacterial rhinosinusitis is a fairly common complication. Even though most patients with acute rhinosinusitis recover promptly without it, antibiotic therapy should be considered in patients with prolonged or more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1697.html

Acute Hand Infections - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2019 - Acute hand infections are often caused by puncture wounds and are generally classified into superficial or deep infections. Superficial infections occur in the skin and subcutaneous tissues, whereas deep infections can involve the tendon sheaths, adjacent anatomic compartments, deep ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p228.html

Acute Infective Sore Throat - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

May 15, 2015 - What are the effects of interventions to reduce symptoms of acute infective sore throat?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p689.html

Acute Otitis Media - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - What are the effects of treatments and preventive interventions for acute otitis media?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p467.html

Acute Otitis Media in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2017 - What are the effects of treatments (analgesics, antibiotics, and myringotomy) in children with acute otitis media?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p109.html

Acute Otitis Media in Children - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians recently released an evidence-based practice guideline to help physicians provide the most up-to-date care for children with AOM. The subcommittee that developed the guideline included primary care ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2896.html

Acute Otitis Media: Part II. Treatment in an Era of Increasing Antibiotic Resistance - ...

Apr 15, 2000 - Antibiotic resistance is increasing among the pathogens that commonly cause acute otitis media. This development may merit changes in the traditional antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media. Risk factors for resistant pathogens include recent antibiotic treatment of acute otitis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2410.html

Adefovir (Hepsera) for Chronic Hepatitis B Infection - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Adefovir offers an effective first-line alternative for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. It also may prove to be useful in patients who have failed therapy with lamivudine as well as in patients who have difficulty tolerating interferon alfa-2b. How it compares with other agents or...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2429.html

AHA Guidelines on Prevention of Rheumatic Fever and Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute ...

Feb 1, 2010 - Group A streptococcus (GAS) infections of the pharynx are the precipitating cause of rheumatic fever. Proper diagnosis and adequate antibiotic treatment of GAS infections can prevent acute rheumatic fever in most cases. The American Heart Association (AHA) recently updated its ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p346.html

AHRQ Data on Antibiotic Use in Children with Otitis Media - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 15, 2005 - As part of its Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) examined the use of antibiotics to treat otitis media in children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2382.html

Aminoglycosides: A Practical Review - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1998 - Aminoglycosides are potent bactericidal antibiotics that act by creating fissures in the outer membrane of the bacterial cell. They are particularly active against aerobic, gram-negative bacteria and act synergistically against certain gram-positive organisms. Gentamicin is the most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/p1811.html

Amoxicillin/Clavulanate or Ibuprofen No Better Than Placebo for Acute Bronchitis - ...

Feb 1, 2014 - Treating acute bronchitis with amoxicillin/clavulanate or the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen is no more effective than placebo in decreasing symptoms in general or duration of frequent cough. Treatment does, however, produce adverse effects in one in eight patients.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p225.html

Amoxiclav Causes Diarrhea in 1 of 8 Persons Who Take It - POEMs - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2015 - The risk of diarrhea is significantly higher with amoxicillin/clavulanate (amoxiclav; Augmentin) than placebo, with a number needed to treat to harm (NNTH) of 8, which is not dissimilar from the number needed to treat for conditions such as otitis media. Contrary to popular belief, the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p877.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Severe Acute Pancreatitis - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Jan 1, 2019 - No, antibiotic prophylaxis does not decrease mortality in patients with severe acute pancreatitis, defined as pancreatitis associated with pancreatic necrosis.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p49.html

Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States: Stepping Back from the Brink - ...

Jun 15, 2014 - Preventing and controlling resistance requires the engagement of many different sectors of society. However, the physician's role in this effort is singularly important.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0615/p938.html

Antibiotic Use in Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - Upper respiratory tract infections account for millions of visits to family physicians each year in the United States. Although warranted in some cases, antibiotics are greatly overused. This article outlines the guidelines and indications for appropriate antibiotic use for common upper...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/p817.html

Antibiotics for Acute Maxillary Sinusitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2009 - Although there is some evidence that antibiotics are effective in the treatment of acute uncomplicated sinusitis, this benefit is modest. Most patients with acute sinusitis improve within two weeks without antibiotics. The potential risk of adverse effects from antibiotics may outweigh ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p757.html

Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media in Young Children - AFP Journal Club - American ...

Nov 15, 2011 - Two studies aim to clarify the appropriate use of antibiotic treatment in young children with acute otitis media.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1095.html

Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media in Young Children: The Case of the Shifting End ...

Jan 15, 2012 - A discussion of why the conclusion of a high-profile study, which suggests that antibiotics are beneficial in children six to 23 months of age with acute otitis media, is incorrect.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p104.html

Antibiotics for Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Because of the relatively high rate of reported adverse effects and the high likelihood of resolution of symptoms with supportive care and symptomatic management, the authors recommend selective antibiotic use in patients with acute sinusitis. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/od1.html

Antibiotics for Otitis Media in Children - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2018 - This meta-analysis concludes that the risk of a prolonged course of antibiotics was twice as high for children younger than two years with bilateral acute otitis media than for children two years and older with unilateral acute otitis media, indicating that antibiotics might be ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0615/od3.html

Antibiotics for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Apr 1, 2005 - Prophylactic antibiotics can reduce the number of recurrent UTIs in nonpregnant women while they are taking the medication (relative risk [RR], 0.21; number needed to treat [NNT], 2). No antibiotic was significantly better than others at decreasing the number of UTIs, and all ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1301.html

Antibiotics for Sore Throat - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2014 - Compared with placebo, antibiotics can shorten the duration of sore throat symptoms by about 16 hours and can reduce complications. In countries where the absolute rates of complications are higher, antibiotic therapy is more likely to be effective. The effectiveness of antibiotic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p23.html

Antibiotics for Uncomplicated Skin Abscesses After Incision and Drainage: BMJ Rapid ...

Sep 1, 2018 - A collaboration between the BMJ and the MAGIC group led an international panel made up of a variety of health care professionals (e.g., family physicians, internists, dermatologists) and adults with experience treating and living with skin abscesses to create recommendations regarding ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p323.html

Antibiotics for Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - FPIN's Clinical ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Antibiotic therapy does not benefit children with bronchiolitis, the common cold, or nonstreptococcal pharyngitis. If purulent rhinitis is present for more than 10 days, antibiotics shorten the duration of runny nose symptoms.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p747.html

Antihistamines for the Common Cold - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2004 - Antihistamines are of minimal to no benefit as mono-therapy for the common cold, and first-generation antihistamines may increase sedation in patients with a cold. Antihistamine-decongestant combinations reduce nasal symptoms and improve the recovery rate in older children and adults, ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p486.html

Antimicrobial Resistence: A Plan of Action for Community Practice - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2001 - Antibiotic resistance was once confined primarily to hospitals but is becoming increasingly prevalent in family practice settings, making daily therapeutic decisions more challenging. Recent reports of pediatric deaths and illnesses in communities in the United States have raised ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1087.html

Antiretroviral Therapy to Prevent Transmission in HIV-Discordant Couples - Cochrane for...

Mar 1, 2012 - Rates of HIV transmission are at least three times lower in HIV-discordant couples in which the partner with infection is receiving antiretroviral therapy, compared with HIV-discordant couples in which the partner with infection is not receiving therapy. Among HIV-discordant couples in ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p445.html

Antiviral Agents for Pregnant Women with Genital Herpes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Nov 1, 2005 - There is no evidence that the use of antiviral agents in women who are pregnant and have a history of genital herpes prevents perinatal transmission of herpes simplex virus (HSV) to neonates.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1807.html

Antiviral Drugs in Healthy Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - Several antiviral agents are available to treat viral illnesses in healthy children. In some children, treatment with acyclovir is an alternative to vaccination for the treatment and prevention of chickenpox. Acyclovir also can be useful in the treatment or prevention of herpes simplex ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1073.html

Antiviral Drugs in the Immunocompetent Host: Part I. Treatment of Hepatitis, ...

Feb 15, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 15, 2003 Issue Antiviral Drugs in the Immunocompetent Host: Part I. Treatment of Hepatitis, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes Infections RICHARD COLGAN, M.D., University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland ROBERT...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p757.html

Antiviral Drugs in the Immunocompetent Host: Part II. Treatment of Influenza and ...

Feb 15, 2003 - Family physicians should be familiar with the various drugs available for treating and preventing viral infections. Part II of this two-part article focuses on agents used to manage influenza and respiratory syncytial virus. Rimantadine and amantadine traditionally have been used to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p763.html

Appendicitis - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2016 - What are the effects of surgery compared with antibiotics for acute appendicitis?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0115/p142.html

Appropriate Antibiotic Use: Family Physicians Have the Power of the Pen - Editorials - ...

Nov 1, 2012 - Visits for acute URIs account for more than one-half of all antibiotic prescriptions for outpatients, and these infections lead to more unnecessary and inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions than any other infectious syndrome.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/p810.html

Appropriate Antimicrobial Prescribing: Approaches that Limit Antibiotic Resistance - ...

Sep 15, 2001 - Since the introduction of antimicrobial agents, there has been an association between antibiotic use and the development of antimicrobial resistance. Antibiotic therapy eradicates not only pathogenic organisms but also the protective normal flora. This so-called

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p999.html

Appropriate Prescribing of Oral Beta-Lactam Antibiotics - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2000 - Beta-lactam antibiotics include penicillins, cephalosporins and related compounds. As a group, these drugs are active against many gram-positive, gram-negative and anaerobic organisms. Information based on

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0801/p611.html

Appropriate Use of Antibiotics for URIs in Children: Part I. Otitis Media and Acute ...

Oct 1, 1998 - Five conditions--otitis media, acute sinusitis, cough, pharyngitis and the common cold--account for most of the outpatient use of antibiotics in the United States. The first part of this two-part article presents guidelines that encourage physicians to make an appropriate distinction ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1113.html

Appropriate Use of Antibiotics for URIs in Children: Part II. Cough, Pharyngitis and ...

Oct 15, 1998 - This article summarizes the principles of judicious antimicrobial therapy for three of the five conditions--cough, pharyngitis, the common cold--that account for most of the outpatient use of these drugs in the United States. The principles governing the other two conditions, otitis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1335.html

Are Cranberry Products Effective for the Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections? - ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Cranberry products are not effective and should not be recommended for the prevention of UTIs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p745.html

Are Neuraminidase Inhibitors Effective for Preventing and Treating Influenza in Healthy...

Oct 1, 2012 - Treating previously healthy patients with oseltamivir (Tamiflu) reduces the duration of influenza symptoms by approximately 21 hours, but it does not reduce the risk of hospitalization in this population.1 The data are insufficient to determine whether oseltamivir reduces the ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p624.html

ART for HIV: Recommendations from the International Antiviral Society—USA Panel - ...

Mar 15, 2015 - The International Antiviral Society—USA Panel has provided recommendations for management of HIV infection with antiretroviral therapy (ART). Evidence has shown that ART for treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is effective in preventing transmission among couples. ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p396.html

ATS, CDC, and IDSA Update Recommendations on the Treatment of Tuberculosis - Practice ...

Nov 1, 2003 - Recommendations for the treatment of tuberculosis in settings where mycobacterial cultures, radiographic facilities, and drug susceptibility testing are available have been published by the American Thoracic Society (ATS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1854.html

Atypical Pathogens and Challenges in Community-Acquired Pneumonia - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2004 - Atypical organisms such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila are implicated in up to 40 percent of cases of community-acquired pneumonia. Antibiotic treatment is empiric and includes coverage for both typical and atypical organisms. Doxycycline, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1699.html

Basic Rules of Influenza: How to Combat the H1N1 Influenza (Swine Flu) Virus - ...

Jun 1, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2009 Issue Editorials Basic Rules of Influenza: How to Combat the H1N1 Influenza (Swine Flu) Virus JONATHAN L. TEMTE, MD, PhD, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p938.html

Behavioral Interventions Reduce Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute ...

Jun 15, 2016 - Requiring clinicians to justify antibiotic prescribing in the permanent electronic health record and to undergo periodic peer comparisons of prescribing rates are effective interventions for reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections. Helpful ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1037.html

Beta-Lactam Not as Effective as Beta-Lactam Plus Macrolide for Treating CAP in the ...

May 15, 2015 - In this noninferiority trial, monotherapy with a beta-lactam was not as effective as combination therapy with a beta-lactam and a macrolide for achieving clinical stability in seven days for hospitalized patients with moderately severe CAP.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p720.html

Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics Increase Adverse Events in Children with Acute Respiratory ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Broad-spectrum antibiotics are no more effective than narrow-spectrum antibiotics for treating acute respiratory tract infections in infants and children, and adverse events are significantly more common in children treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p474a.html

Bronchitis (Acute) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2004 - What are the effects of treatment in people without chronic respiratory disease?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p557.html

Caring for Pregnant Women and Newborns with Hepatitis B or C - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Family physicians encounter diagnostic and treatment issues when caring for pregnant women with hepatitis B or C and their newborns. When hepatitis B virus is perinatally acquired, an infant has approximately a 90 percent chance of becoming a chronic carrier and, when chronically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1225.html

CDC Recommends New Treatment Regimen for Latent Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection - ...

Aug 15, 2012 - Tuberculosis is a contagious and potentially fatal disease transmitted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued recommendations for the treatment of latent M. tuberculosis infection. The new regimen consists of isoniazid and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p370.html

CDC Releases 2002 Guidelines for Treating STDs: Part I. Diseases Characterized by ...

Nov 1, 2002 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published the 2002 guidelines for treating sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Information on diseases characterized by vaginal discharge, as well as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is included.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1777.html

CDC Releases 2002 Guidelines for Treating STDs: Part II. Human Papillomavirus and ...

Nov 15, 2002 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published the 2002 guidelines for treating sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Information on human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis is included.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1115/p1996.html

CDC Releases 2015 Guidelines on the Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Disease - ...

Jan 15, 2016 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has updated its 2010 recommendations to help guide physicians in preventing and treating sexually transmitted diseases. This summary practice guideline will focus on the updates.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0115/p144.html

CDC Releases Guidelines on Antimicrobial Agents for the Treatment and Postexposure ...

Jul 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released guidelines on antimicrobial agents for the treatment and postexposure prophylaxis of pertussis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p333.html

CDC Releases Updated Guidelines for Postexposure Prophylaxis After Sexual, Injection ...

Sep 1, 2016 - Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with anti-retroviral drugs to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) following sexual or injection drug use exposures (nonoccupational PEP or nPEP) is an essential intervention requiring a timely response. Updated guidelines from the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p392.html

CDC Updates Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - ...

Jul 1, 2011 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently updated its guidelines on the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The new guidelines focus on treatment, but also discuss prevention strategies and diagnostic recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p123.html

CDC Updates Interim Guidelines for Anthrax Exposure Management and Antimicrobial ...

Dec 1, 2001 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released an update to guidelines for anthrax exposure. The update includes the susceptibility patterns of Bacillus anthracis isolates, and provides interim recommendations for managing potential threats and exposures and for ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1201/p1901.html

Challenges of Improving Adherence to HIV Therapy - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2011 - The availability of effective antiretroviral medications has greatly improved the clinical management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Current clinical guidelines provide evidence-based approaches that, when used properly, can assist in maximizing efforts to suppress HIV...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p375.html

Chest Physiotherapy for Pneumonia in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Dec 1, 2010 - There is little evidence to support the effectiveness of chest physiotherapy for adults with pneumonia. In two small studies by the same investigator, only osteopathic manipulation was shown to improve some outcomes (i.e., length of stay and duration of antibiotic therapy).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1340.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Three days of antibiotic therapy is as effective as longer courses for treatment of uncomplicated UTIs in women.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2219.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - In patients with moderate or severe COPD, tiotropium reduces exacerbations, hospitalizations, and symptom scores and improves health-related quality of life compared with placebo and ipratropium (Atrovent). However, more study is needed to determine tiotropium’s role in the treatment of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2219a.html

Colchicine Effective for First Episode of Acute Pericarditis - POEMs - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2014 - When used in addition to conventional anti-inflammatory therapy, colchicine decreases the rate of incessant or recurrent pericarditis. You would need to treat four patients with colchicine to prevent one such episode.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p226.html

Cold Symptoms Unaffected by Regular Analgesic Dosing or Use of Steam - POEMs - American...

Sep 1, 2014 - Advice regarding the use of steam inhalation, ibuprofen alone or with acetaminophen, acetaminophen alone, and regular vs. as-needed use of analgesics did not show any improved effectiveness in treating symptoms of acute respiratory tract infections. Ibuprofen may be beneficial in ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p335.html

Combination Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1998 - The primary goal of antiretroviral therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is suppression of viral replication. Evidence indicates that the optimal way to achieve this goal is by initiating combination therapy with two or more antiretroviral agents. The agents now ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2789.html

Common Adverse Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Disease - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2011 - Family physicians are treating patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in their practices more often. Long-term complications of this disease are multifactorial and can be related to the virus itself or to adverse effects of antiretroviral therapy. Each drug class has side ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1443.html

Common Cold - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2011 - What are the effects of treatments for common cold?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1390.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2011 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent community-acquired pneumonia? What are the effects of treatments for community-acquired pneumonia in outpatient settings and in persons admitted to a hospital or receiving instensive care?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p218.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2002 - What are the effects of antibiotics in outpatient settings? What are the effects of treatments in people admitted to the hospital? What are the effects of treatments in people in intensive care? What are the effects of guidelines? What are the effects of preventive interventions?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p135.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Determining Safe Treatment in the Outpatient Setting - ...

Jun 15, 2019 - When is it safe to treat a patient with community-acquired pneumonia a an outpatient?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p768.html

Controversy in Otitis Media Management: Should We Follow the CDC Recommendations? - ...

Jan 15, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 15, 2000 Issue Editorials Controversy in Otitis Media Management: Should We Follow the CDC Recommendations? JOHN R. MCCONAGHY, M.D., and STEVEN R. SMITH, M.S., R.PH., Toledo Hospital Family Practice Residency, Toledo, Ohio Am Fam...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p317.html

Corticosteroids for Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2016 - Studies show that 1 in 20 patients avoided mechanical ventilation and 1 in 16 patients avoided ARDS; 1 in 29 patients developed hyperglycemia requiring treatment. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/od1.html

Corticosteroids for Presumed Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Patients with HIV Infection - ...

Jul 15, 2013 - Adjunctive corticosteroids decrease mortality in patients with HIV infection who have moderate to severe hypoxemia and suspected or confirmed pneumocystis pneumonia. Corticosteroids lead to a higher incidence of herpetic lesions, but not other opportunistic conditions.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/od1.html

Corticosteroids for the Treatment of Sore Throat - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jan 1, 2014 - In adults with suspected bacterial pharyngitis who require antibiotic therapy, adding a corticosteroid may increase the likelihood of complete pain resolution at 24 hours. Further study is needed to assess the safety of corticosteroids and whether they can be recommended for presumed ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0101/p14.html

Cranberry Products for Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Aug 1, 2008 - Over a 12-month period, cranberry products decrease the incidence of symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs), especially in women with recurrent UTIs. Optimal dosage and form of administration (juice, tablets, or capsules) is unclear. There are no studies comparing cranberry juice ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p332.html

Curbing Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing: What Works? - Editorials - American ...

Aug 1, 2016 - The reasons for antibiotic overprescribing are multifactorial, so efforts to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing should combine shared decision making, incentives, quality-control measures, and similar interventions designed to improve clinical practice.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p203.html

Delafloxacin (Baxdela) for Skin Infections - STEPS - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2018 - Delafloxacin is a new fluoroquinolone antibiotic available in intravenous and oral formulations for the treatment of serious skin and skin structure infections in patients requiring initial intravenous therapy. It is effective for infections caused by MRSA or P. aeruginosa, in addition ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p246.html

Delayed Antibiotic Prescription for New-Onset Cough Associated with Decreased ...

Jan 1, 2018 - Delayed antibiotic treatment (that is, giving a prescription with a suggestion to fill it only if symptoms are still present after three days) was associated with decreased revisits by adults with new-onset cough deemed to be infective.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p53.html

Delayed Prescription for Respiratory Infections Produces Similar Results and ...

May 1, 2016 - In almost 400 Spanish primary care patients with mild to moderate symptoms of respiratory infection of less than one week's duration, both a take-and-hold prescription and a come back and pick up, if necessary prescription produced a similar clinical response—and similar patient ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p789.html

Delayed Prescription Strategies Decrease Antibiotic Use - POEMs - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2014 - A delayed prescription approach in children and adults with acute respiratory tract infections, combined with explicit instructions for symptom control, is effective in decreasing antibiotic use, while not adversely affecting patient satisfaction or symptom duration or severity.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p110.html

Delaying Antibiotics for Respiratory Infections - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Feb 1, 2005 - Delayed prescribing appears to be a reasonable and safe option in patients with cough and in those who do not appear very ill, but it cannot be recommended for children with sore throat unless streptococcal pharyngitis has been ruled out. Delayed prescribing of antibiotics results in a ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p466.html

Diabetic Foot Infection - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2008 - Foot infections are common in patients with diabetes and are associated with high morbidity and risk of lower extremity amputation. Diabetic foot infections are classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and beta-hemolytic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p71.html

Diagnosis and Initial Management of Acute HIV Infection - American Family Physician

May 15, 2010 - Recognition and diagnosis of acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the primary care setting presents an opportunity for patient education and health promotion. Symptoms of acute HIV infection are nonspecific (e.g., fever, malaise, myalgias, rash), making misdiagnosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1239.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2011 - Urinary tract infections are the most common bacterial infections in women. Most urinary tract infections are acute uncomplicated cystitis. Identifiers of acute uncomplicated cystitis are frequency and dysuria in an immunocompetent woman of childbearing age who has no comorbidities or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p771.html

Dog and Cat Bites - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Animal bites account for 1% of all emergency department visits in the United States and more than $50 million in health care costs per year. Most animal bites are from a dog, usually one known to the victim. Most dog bite victims are children. Bite wounds should be cleaned, copiously ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p239.html

Drug Treatment for URIs: Back to the Drawing Board - Editorials - American Family ...

Oct 1, 1998 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Oct 1, 1998 Issue Editorials Drug Treatment for URIs: Back to the Drawing Board CAROLINE WELLBERY, M.D., Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 1998 Oct 1;58(5):1066-1068. Related Article...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1066.html

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