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Acute Diarrhea in Adults - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Acute diarrhea in adults is a common problem encountered by family physicians. The most common etiology is viral gastroenteritis, a self-limited disease. Increases in travel, comorbidities, and foodborne illness lead to more bacteria-related cases of acute diarrhea. A history and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p180.html

Evaluation of Chronic Diarrhea - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - Chronic diarrhea, defined as a decrease in stool consistency for more than four weeks, is a common but challenging clinical scenario. It can be divided into three basic categories: watery, fatty (malabsorption), and inflammatory. Watery diarrhea may be subdivided into osmotic, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1119.html

Common Questions About Clostridium difficile Infection - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2014 - Clostridium difficile infection is a common cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. It causes no symptoms in more than one-half of infected patients, but can also cause a wide spectrum of illnesses and death. The incidence and severity have increased in recent years. The most important...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0315/p437.html

Diagnosis and Management of IBS in Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2012 - Irritable bowel syndrome is defined as abdominal discomfort or pain associated with altered bowel habits for at least three days per month in the previous three months, with the absence of organic disease. In North America, the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome is 5 to 10 percent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p419.html

Traveler's Diarrhea - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Acute diarrhea affects millions of persons who travel to developing countries each year. Food and water contaminated with fecal matter are the main sources of infection. Bacteria such as enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, enteroaggregative E. coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Shigella...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2095.html

Maintenance Intravenous Fluids in Children: AAP Provides Recommendations - Practice ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The American Academy of Pediatrics has created an evidence-based guideline recommending the use of isotonic fluids for patients 28 days to 18 years of age to reduce the risk of developing hyponatremia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p251.html

Smectite for Acute Infectious Diarrhea in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Mar 1, 2019 - When compared with placebo, smectite decreases the duration of diarrhea by about a day, with a mean difference of 24.4 fewer hours of diarrhea (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.9 to 30.9 hours). Smectite also decreases stool output by 11.4 g per kg (95% CI, 0.8 to 22 g per kg).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/p294.html

Infectious Diarrhea: IDSA Updates Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management - Practice ...

May 15, 2018 - The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has updated its 2001 guidelines for the management of children and adults with suspected or confirmed infectious diarrhea. Infectious diarrhea is usually self-limited, but diagnostic testing and treatment are indicated in some cases.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p676.html

Clostridium difficile Infection: Prevention and Treatment - Implementing AHRQ Effective...

Feb 1, 2018 - How effective are interventions to prevent and treat Clostridium difficile infection?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/p196.html

Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - Clostridium difficile infection is responsible for approximately 3 million cases of diarrhea and colitis annually in the United States. The mortality rate is 1 to 2.5 percent. Early diagnosis and prompt aggressive treatment are critical in managing C. difficile-associated diarrhea. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p921.html

Fidaxomicin (Dificid) for Clostridium difficile Infection - STEPS - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2013 - Fidaxomicin is effective for the treatment of C. difficile infection, but it is much more expensive than traditional therapy. Until it is known that the benefits outweigh the significant cost, metronidazole or oral vancomycin is the preferred treatment for most patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p211.html

Diarrhea in Adults (Acute) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2008 - What are the effects of treatments for acute diarrhea in adults living in resource-rich countries? What are the effects of treatments for mild-to-moderate traveler's diarrhea in adults from resource-rich countries traveling to resource-poor countries? What are the effects of treatments ...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p503.html

Rifaximin (Xifaxan) for Traveler's Diarrhea - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - Rifaximin is safe and effective for treatment in most patients with traveler's diarrhea, but it offers no advantages over ciprofloxacin. At the same cost, it has a less convenient dosage interval than ciprofloxacin and has more limitations.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2525.html

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