Search Results for

*

1-50 of 65 ResultsHelp using search on aafp.org Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

More Evidence Against Antibiotics for Acute Asthma Exacerbations - POEMs - American ...

Aug 1, 2019 - Antibiotics do not benefit patients hospitalized with an asthma exacerbation. Evidence from this study suggests worse outcomes with antibiotic use, including a longer hospital stay, higher costs, and greater risk of diarrhea.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p185.html

Chronic Cough After Acute Viral Bronchiolitis: Suggestions from the ACCP - Practice ...

May 15, 2019 - To address the high prevalence of bronchiolitis, the effects of chronic cough on patients' quality of life, and adverse effects from inappropriate use of medications, an expert panel from the American College of Chest Physicians performed systematic reviews to develop several ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/p654.html

Asthma - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2019 - This collection features AFP content on asthma and related issues, including allergens, beta agonists, chronic cough, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, inhalers, and wheezing. This collection features AFP content on asthma and related issues, including allergens, beta agonists, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=3

Intravenous Magnesium Sulfate for Acute Asthma Exacerbations - FPIN's Clinical ...

Jan 15, 2019 - Patients presenting to the emergency department with an acute asthma exacerbation that has not responded to first-line therapy (bronchodilators and corticosteroids) can be treated effectively with intravenous magnesium sulfate.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p127.html

LABA Plus Inhaled Corticosteroid Reduces Exacerbations, But Not Hospitalizations - ...

Jan 1, 2019 - Adding a LABA to an inhaled corticosteroid is safe but does not reduce the likelihood of a serious exacerbation requiring hospitalization. There is a small reduction in nonsevere asthma exacerbations, with one fewer exacerbation for every 53 patients treated for six months.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p53.html

As-Needed Use of Budesonide Plus Formoterol As Good As Daily Use of Steroid - POEMs - ...

Nov 15, 2018 - As-needed use of budesonide/formoterol is as effective as the daily use of maintenance budesonide plus as-needed terbutaline at preventing severe exacerbations, and results in a much lower cumulative steroid dose.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/od4.html

Culture-Specific Asthma Education Programs for Minority Groups - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2018 - In children from minority groups, culture-specific asthma education programs (CAEPs) reduce the number of severe asthma exacerbations requiring hospitalization and improve asthma control as measured by the Childhood Asthma Control Test but not the Asthma Control Questionnaire. CAEPs ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p572.html

Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonists plus Inhaled Steroids is Equal to Long-Acting ...

Oct 15, 2018 - Long-acting muscarinic antagonists added to inhaled corticosteroids are a superior treatment to placebo for improving asthma control in adults and children 12 years or older. Long-acting muscarinic antagonist add-on therapy is not superior to long-acting beta agonist (LABA) add-on therapy.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/od2.html

Single Maintenance and Reliever Therapy More Effective Than Inhaled Corticosteroids and...

Sep 15, 2018 - When compared with standard therapy (inhaled corticosteroids with or without LABAs and SABAs as relief therapy), SMART is associated with a reduced risk of acute asthma exacerbations in patients 12 years or older.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0915/p383.html

Combined Inhaled Short-Acting Beta2 Agonist and Anticholinergic Agents for Asthma - ...

Jun 1, 2018 - Although the quality of evidence included in this review was low to moderate, the potential benefits of decreased hospitalization and relapse rates and the comparatively mild and limited adverse events suggest that patients presenting with acute asthma exacerbations are likely to ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0601/od1.html

Qvar for Treatment of Chronic Asthma - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2018 - Learn the results of a Cochrane review which studied the effectiveness of Qvar in two sets of patients with chronic asthma: those receiving oral corticosteroids and those not receiving them.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p538.html

Combination LABA Inhalers Compared with High-Dose Inhaled Steroids for Adults with ...

Mar 1, 2018 - We designated the use of long-acting beta agonist inhalers for adults with asthma as having no benefits because of a small potential benefit of questionable clinical utility (avoiding a brief burst of oral steroids) and the possibility of a fatal harm. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/od1.html

Reslizumab (Cinqair) for Eosinophilic Asthma - STEPS - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2017 - Reslizumab is an expensive treatment option for decreasing exacerbations in patients with severe asthma and pronounced eosinophilia. Because of the risk of anaphylaxis, it should only be administered in an appropriate facility by a medical professional. Reslizumab is best considered ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/p671.html

Mite-Impermeable Covers Decrease Hospital Visits in Kids with Asthma - POEMs - American...

Nov 15, 2017 - In children with house dust mite allergies and asthma, the use of mite-impermeable bedding decreases the frequency of asthma exacerbations.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/od4.html

Vitamin D for the Management of Asthma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2017 - Despite the authors' caution that further data are needed to clarify the role of vitamin D in care, this Cochrane review found that its use reduces the average number of asthma exacerbations requiring corticosteroid treatment from 0.44 to 0.28 per person per year.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p290.html

Effects of Yoga in Patients with Asthma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2017 - Regular yoga improves quality of life as measured on the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (mean difference = 0.57 units on a seven-point scale; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37 to 0.77); improves asthma symptoms (standardized mean difference = 0.37; 95% CI, 0.09 to 0.65); and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/p159.html

One-Third of Adults with Diagnosed Asthma Can Be Weaned Off All Asthma Medications - ...

May 1, 2017 - This study found that current asthma was ruled out after repeated testing in one-third of adults with physician-diagnosed asthma. Patients ruled out for current asthma were less likely to be using asthma medications or daily controlling medications and less likely to have undergone ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p586.html

Single-Dose Dexamethasone an Option for Acute Adult Asthma - POEMs - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2017 - A single dose of 12-mg dexamethasone, which has a longer duration of action than prednisone, is almost as effective as five days of 60-mg prednisone for the prevention of relapse in adults with acute asthma treated in an emergency department.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/od1.html

Medications for Chronic Asthma - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Chronic asthma is a major health concern for children and adults worldwide. The goal of treatment is to prevent symptoms by reducing airway inflammation and hyperreactivity. Step-up therapy for symptom control involves initiation with low-dose treatment and increasing intensity at ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p454.html

Inhaled Fluticasone-Salmeterol Better Than Fluticasone Alone for Moderate to Severe ...

Sep 1, 2016 - The combination of fluticasone and salmeterol (Advair), with the steroid dose adjusted for disease severity, reduces the number of severe asthma exacerbations more than fluticasone (Flovent) alone (number needed to treat [NNT] = 50 over 26 weeks), with no difference in terms of ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p387.html

Single-Dose Dexamethasone Equals Three Days of Steroids in Children with Acute Asthma -...

Aug 15, 2016 - In addition to usual beta-agonist treatment, a single dose of oral dexamethasone is as effective as three days of prednisolone (with less vomiting) in decreasing respiratory symptoms without increasing hospitalizations, follow-up visits, and days lost from school. Additional treatment ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p317.html

Intermittent Inhaled Corticosteroid Therapy for Mild Persistent Asthma in Children and ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Intermittent inhaled corticosteroid therapy reduces the risk of asthma exacerbations in children and adults with mild persistent asthma. Intermittent use appears to be safe in these patients.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p21.html

Common Occupational Disorders: Asthma, COPD, Dermatitis, and Musculoskeletal Disorders ...

Jun 15, 2016 - An occupational illness is an event or exposure that occurs in the workplace that causes or contributes to a condition or worsens a preexisting condition. If an occupational disorder is suspected, a directed history should be taken with particular attention to establishing a temporal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1000.html

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists in the Treatment of Acute Asthma - Medicine by the ...

Apr 1, 2016 - Studies show there were no patient-important benefits and no hospital admissions were prevented. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/p552.html

Safety of Long-Acting Beta Agonists in Adults with Asthma - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2014 - LABAs appear to be safe when used with inhaled corticosteroids. LABA monotherapy is associated with an increase in asthma-related mortality and nonfatal serious adverse events, but not in all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/p453.html

PPIs, Childhood Asthma, and the Problem of Therapeutic Creep - AFP Journal Club - ...

Mar 15, 2014 - The use of a therapy in patients one would intuitively think might benefit, but in whom no benefit has been documented, is called therapeutic creep. The use of proton pump inhibitors for poorly controlled asthma is an example of this phenomenon.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0315/p476.html

A Stepwise Approach to the Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests - American Family...

Mar 1, 2014 - Office-based pulmonary function testing, also known as spirometry, is a powerful tool for primary care physicians to diagnose and manage respiratory problems. An obstructive defect is indicated by a low forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) ratio, which...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p359.html

Acute Asthma and Other Recurrent Wheezing Disorders in Children - Clinical Evidence ...

Jul 15, 2013 - What are the effects of treatments for acute asthma in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p130.html

Physical Training for Patients with Asthma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2013 - Physical training lasting for at least 20 to 30 minutes, two to three times a week for at least six weeks, improves physical fitness in patients with asthma. Physical training is not associated with worsening of asthma symptoms, and it improves health-related quality of life.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p313.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - Initial evaluation of the patient with chronic cough (i.e., of more than eight weeks’ duration) should include a focused history and physical examination, and in most patients, chest radiography. Patients who are taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor should switch to a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p887.html

Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction describes the narrowing of the airway that occurs with exercise. More than 10 percent of the general population and up to 90 percent of persons previously diagnosed with asthma have exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Common symptoms include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p427.html

Management of Acute Asthma Exacerbations - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2011 - Asthma exacerbations can be classified as mild, moderate, severe, or life threatening. Criteria for exacerbation severity are based on symptoms and physical examination parameters, as well as lung function and oxygen saturation. In patients with a peak expiratory flow of 50 to 79 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p40.html

Medical Therapy for Asthma: Updates from the NAEPP Guidelines - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Proper care of patients with asthma involves the triad of systematic chronic care plans, self-management support, and appropriate medical therapy. Controller medications (inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta2 agonists, and leukot- riene receptor antagonists) are the foundation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1242.html

Addition of Long-Acting Beta Agonists for Asthma in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Mar 1, 2010 - In children with persistent asthma who are already taking inhaled corticosteroids, the addition of a LABA does not lower the rate of exacerbations requiring oral steroids, rescue medication, or hospitalizations, but it improves measurable lung function.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p598.html

Should Salmeterol Be Used for Long-Term Asthma Control? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jun 1, 2009 - Salmeterol may help improve asthma symptoms, but it should only be used as part of a comprehensive asthma management plan including inhaled corticosteroids and a short-acting beta agonist. There is currently insufficient evidence to confirm that salmeterol does not increase the risk of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p957.html

Overview of Changes to Asthma Guidelines: Diagnosis and Screening - American Family ...

May 1, 2009 - The Expert Panel Report 3 of the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program represents a major advance in the approach to asthma care by emphasizing the monitoring of clinically relevant aspects of care and the importance of planned primary care, and by providing patients ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p761.html

The New Asthma Guidelines - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2009 Issue Editorials The New Asthma Guidelines BARBARA YAWN, MD, MSc, Olmsted Medical Center, Rochester, Minnesota Am Fam Physician. 2009 May 1;79(9):727-731. Related Article In this issue of American Family Physician,...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p727.html

Inhaled Steroid Use and Asthma Control in Patients with Mild Persistent Asthma - AFP ...

Jul 1, 2008 - Can patients with mild persistent asthma safely decrease or eliminate inhaled steroids? The results of these studies may not be generalizable to the average primary care patient. Patients should be appropriately classified and treated using 2007 National Asthma Education and Prevention ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p21.html

Albuterol vs. Levalbuterol for Asthma Treatment in Children - AFP Journal Club - ...

May 1, 2008 - For children with acute asthma exacerbations, is levalbuterol better than albuterol? There is no difference between the medications in effectiveness or side effects.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1214.html

The Diagnosis of Wheezing in Children - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2008 - Wheezing in children is a common problem encountered by family physicians. Approximately 25 to 30 percent of infants will have at least one wheezing episode, and nearly one half of children have a history of wheezing by six years of age. The most common causes of wheezing in children ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0415/p1109.html

The Role of Allergens in Asthma - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel guidelines for the management of asthma recommend that patients who require daily asthma medications have allergy testing for perennial indoor allergens and that, when triggers are found, exposure to allergens and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p675.html

Levalbuterol Tartrate (Xopenex HFA) for the Treatment of Bronchospasm - STEPS - ...

Jan 15, 2007 - Levalbuterol tartrate appears to be no more effective and offers no improvement in the side-effect profile compared with albuterol. The higher cost may make it appropriate for only a limited group of patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p247.html

Leukotriene Inhibitors in the Treatment of Allergy and Asthma - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Leukotriene inhibitors are the first new class of medications for the treatment of persistent asthma that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in more than two decades. They also have been approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Prescriptions of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p65.html

Asthma and Other Wheezing Disorders in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American...

Dec 1, 2006 - What are the effects of treatments for acute asthma in children? What is the effect of single-agent prophylaxis in children taking inhaled beta agonists as needed for asthma?What are the effects of additional prophylactic treatments in patients with childhood asthma that is inadequately...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1901.html

Beta2 Agonists in the Treatment of Asthma - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Beta2 Agonists in the Treatment of Asthma BARBARA YAWN, M.D., M.SC., Olmsted Medical Center, Rochester, Minnesota Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jul 15;74(2):232. The alert by the U.S. Food and Drug...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p232.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - An antidepressant such as imipramine (Tofranil) or sertraline (Zoloft), possibly with the addition of an antipsychotic, is the preferred initial pharmacologic treatment for psychotic depression.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1935.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - For adult patients who are taking a minimum maintenance dosage of inhaled corticosteroid for asthma, adding a long-acting beta2 agonist permits reduction of the dosage of inhaled corticosteroid by 253 mcg beclomethasone equivalent per day without worsening the patient's symptoms. In ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1935a.html

Childhood Asthma: Treatment Update - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - The prevalence of childhood asthma has risen significantly over the past four decades. A family history of atopic disease is associated with an increased likelihood of developing asthma, and environmental triggers such as tobacco smoke significantly increase the severity of daily asthma...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1959.html

Omalizumab (Xolair) for Treatment of Asthma - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - Omalizumab is an immunomodulatory therapy for the control of symptoms in patients with moderate to severe allergic asthma uncontrolled with conventional therapy. Given its high cost, the requirement that it be administered in a physician’s office, and side effects, it is appropriate for...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p341.html

Practice Guidelines - Jan 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 1, 2005 Issue Practice Guidelines Briefs CARRIE MORANTZ BRIAN TORREY Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jan 1;71(1):197. DVDs on Childhood Overweight and Obesity The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has developed two DVDs to teach...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p197.html

Page  1 2 Next

25 50 100 results per page