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1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons ...

Jan 1, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 1, 2000 Issue 1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons Infected with HIV: Part I. Prevention of Exposure U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE CENTERS FOR...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p163.html

A Family Physicians' Guide to Monitoring Methotrexate - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - Methotrexate has a long history of use in the treatment of various immunologic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis. Although the drug is usually prescribed by a subspecialist, a family physician may assume responsibility for monitoring methotrexate therapy. Major ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1607.html

AAP Responds to AHA Guidelines on Cardiovascular Monitoring Before Starting Stimulants ...

May 15, 2009 - A recent guideline from the American Heart Association (AHA) recommended routine electrocardiography (ECG) in children before they begin pharmacotherapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). That recommendation contradicts evidence-based recommendations from the American ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p910.html

ACOG Guidelines on Psychiatric Medication Use During Pregnancy and Lactation - Practice...

Sep 15, 2008 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released guidelines on psychiatric medication used by women during pregnancy and lactation. The use of psychotropic medications in these women is a concern because of the risks of adverse perinatal and postnatal outcomes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p772.html

ACOG Practice Bulletin on Preventing Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism - ...

Jun 1, 2001 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has developed a practice bulletin on the prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2279.html

ACOG Releases Guideline for Managment of Postpartum Bleeding - Practice Guidelines - ...

Apr 1, 2007 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has reviewed the risks associated with postpartum hemorrhage and released recommendations on its management.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1101.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Hormonal Contraceptives in Women with Coexisting Medical ...

Apr 15, 2007 - Guidelines on the use of hormonal contraceptives in women with underlying medical conditions are available from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). In some women, drugs taken for certain chronic conditions may alter the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1252.html

Addiction: Part I. Benzodiazepines-Side Effects, Abuse Risk and Alternatives - American...

Apr 1, 2000 - Benzodiazepines are widely prescribed for a variety of conditions, particularly anxiety and insomnia. They are relatively safe and, with overdose, rarely result in death. However, used chronically, benzodiazepines can be addicting. These agents are often taken in combination with other ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2121.html

Adverse Effects of Antipsychotic Medications - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2010 - The use of antipsychotic medications entails a difficult trade-off between the benefit of alleviating psychotic symptoms and the risk of troubling, sometimes life-shortening adverse effects. There is more variability among specific antipsychotic medications than there is between the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p617.html

Adverse Reactions to Contrast Material. Recognition, Prevention and Treatment - ...

Oct 1, 2002 - Adverse reactions to contrast agents range from a mild inconvenience, such as itching associated with hives, to a life-threatening emergency. Renal toxicity is a well known adverse reaction associated with the use of intravenous contrast material. Other forms of adverse reactions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1229.html

AHA Releases Recommendations on Cardiovascular Monitoring and the Use of ADHD ...

May 15, 2009 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a scientific statement and recommendations about cardiovascular monitoring and the use of stimulants in children suspected or known to have heart disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p905.html

AHA Releases Statement on Sexual Activity and Cardiovascular Disease - Practice ...

Dec 1, 2012 - Decreased sexual activity and sexual dysfunction are common in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD), and can lead to anxiety and depression. The American Heart Association (AHA) has published a scientific statement synthesizing data relevant to sexual activity and heart disease to...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1074.html

Amoxiclav Causes Diarrhea in 1 of 8 Persons Who Take It - POEMs - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2015 - The risk of diarrhea is significantly higher with amoxicillin/clavulanate (amoxiclav; Augmentin) than placebo, with a number needed to treat to harm (NNTH) of 8, which is not dissimilar from the number needed to treat for conditions such as otitis media. Contrary to popular belief, the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p877.html

Antidepressant Discontinuation Syndrome - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome occurs in approximately 20 percent of patients after abrupt discontinuation of an antidepressant medication that was taken for at least six weeks. Typical symptoms of antidepressant discontinuation syndrome include flu-like symptoms, insomnia, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p449.html

Antioxidant Supplements Do Not Improve Mortality and May Cause Harm - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2008 - In randomized controlled trials of primary and secondary prevention, vitamins A and E, and beta-carotene supplementation increased mortality. Vitamin C and selenium supplementation had no significant effect on mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1079.html

Appropriate and Safe Use of Diagnostic Imaging - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2013 - Risks of diagnostic imaging include cancer from radiation exposure and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. The increase in volume of imaging between 1980 and 2006 has led to a sixfold increase in annual per capita radiation exposure. It is predicted that 2 percent of future cancers will be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p494.html

Are Some Antidepressants Safer than Others Regarding Suicide Risk? - POEMs - American ...

Jul 1, 2015 - Mirtazapine (Remeron) and venlafaxine are associated with higher rates of completed suicide in primary care patients. Rates of suicide attempts and completion are similar with the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p52a.html

Assessing Bleeding Risk in Patients Taking Anticoagulants - Point-of-Care Guides - ...

Oct 1, 2017 - Family physicians are often faced with the dilemma of balancing the benefit of stroke prevention with the risk of major bleeding when deciding on anticoagulation treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation. Over the past 10 years, several decision support tools have been developed ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p465.html

Atypical Pathogens and Challenges in Community-Acquired Pneumonia - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2004 - Atypical organisms such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila are implicated in up to 40 percent of cases of community-acquired pneumonia. Antibiotic treatment is empiric and includes coverage for both typical and atypical organisms. Doxycycline, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1699.html

Autism and Childhood Vaccinations: Debunking the Myth - AFP Journal Club - American ...

Sep 15, 2010 - Are childhood vaccinations associated with subsequent development of autism? This month's article provides the science and statistics to dispel the theory that childhood vaccinations induce autism.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p586.html

Becaplermin (Regranex) for Diabetic Foot Ulcers - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Although patients treated with becaplermin are more likely to experience complete and faster ulcer healing than patients continuing good wound care alone, the increased risk of cancer mortality and significant cost outweigh the possible benefits in most patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p255.html

Benefits and Risks of Psychiatric Medications During Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - Traditionally, psychiatric medications were withheld during pregnancy because of fear of teratogenic and other effects. The emergence of evidence of the safety of most commonly used psychiatric medications, the availability of this information in the form of online databases, and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p629.html

Beta-Blocker Use in Patients with COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2006 - In 20 studies of cardioselective beta blockers in patients with COPD, participants had no adverse pulmonary or respiratory effects. Because of their salutary cardiovascular effects, cardioselective beta blockers should not be withheld from patients with COPD.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1858.html

Beta2 Agonists in the Treatment of Asthma - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Beta2 Agonists in the Treatment of Asthma BARBARA YAWN, M.D., M.SC., Olmsted Medical Center, Rochester, Minnesota Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jul 15;74(2):232. The alert by the U.S. Food and Drug...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p232.html

Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw in Patients with Osteoporosis - ...

Jun 15, 2012 - In 2007, more than 5.4 million patients in the United States were taking oral bisphosphonates. However, bisphosphonates are under scrutiny because of the risk of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1134.html

Bleeding with Anticoagulants: ACC Releases Expert Consensus Decision Pathway to Guide ...

Jul 1, 2018 - This Expert Consensus Decision Pathway from the American College of Cardiology (ACC) aims to provide physicians with decision-making assistance for managing bleeding events in patients taking anticoagulants.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p57.html

Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics Increase Adverse Events in Children with Acute Respiratory ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Broad-spectrum antibiotics are no more effective than narrow-spectrum antibiotics for treating acute respiratory tract infections in infants and children, and adverse events are significantly more common in children treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p474a.html

Cardiovascular Risk of Combined Oral Contraceptive Use - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Dec 15, 2012 - Because of an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, the use of combined oral contraceptives (OCs) should be considered carefully in women who smoke and in those with hypertension or hyperlipidemia.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/od4.html

CDC Develops Guideline for Opioid Prescribing - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2016 - A recently released guideline aims to establish patient-centered approaches to initiating, managing, and discontinuing opioid use. The recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) emphasize the serious risks and harms associated with opioids.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1042.html

CDC Publishes Statement on Cough and Cold Medications in Children - Practice Guidelines...

Jul 15, 2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a statement on the risks of cough and cold medications in children younger than two years. Health care professionals also should be aware of the risks of serious illness or fatal overdose.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p298.html

CDC Recommendations to Reduce Central Line Infections - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 1, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a report detailing interventions to help prevent central line bloodstream infections in hospitals.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p546.html

CDC Releases Guidelines for Treating Adverse Reactions to Smallpox Vaccination - ...

Apr 15, 2003 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued guidelines for diagnosing and treating adverse reactions to smallpox vaccination in the preoutbreak setting. Smallpox vaccine is made from live vaccinia virus but does not contain variola virus, which causes smallpox.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1827.html

CDC Reports on End-stage Renal Disease in Patients with Diabetes - Practice Guidelines ...

Aug 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a report detailing the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of ESRD in the United States, accounting for 44 percent of new cases in 2002.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0815/p677.html

CDC Reports on Postmarketing Safety of the Rotateq Vaccine - Practice Guidelines - ...

Oct 1, 2007 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have monitored the postmarketing safety of Rotateq through the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System and the Vaccine Safety Datalink. The CDC determined that there was not a statistically ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p1060.html

Cesarean Delivery: Counseling Issues and Complication Management - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2015 - Nearly one-third of all deliveries in the United States are cesarean deliveries. Compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions that decrease the chance of a cesarean delivery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p178.html

Charcot Foot: The Diagnostic Dilemma - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2001 - Primary care physicians involved in the management of patients with diabetes are likely to encounter the diagnostic and treatment challenges of pedal neuropathic joint disease, also known as Charcot foot. The acute Charcot foot is characterized by erythema, edema and elevated ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1101/p1591.html

Chocolate Consumption May Make Acne Vulgaris Worse - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2017 - This study found a statistically significant increase in facial acne lesions among college students 48 hours after ingesting chocolate instead of jelly beans (average compared with baseline: 4.8 new lesions vs. 0.7 fewer lesions, respectively).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p122a.html

Chronic Illness and Sexual Functioning - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - Chronic illness and its treatments can have a negative impact on sexual functioning. The mechanism of interference may be neurologic, vascular, endocrinologic, musculoskeletal, or psychologic. Patients may mistakenly perceive a medical prohibition to the resumption of sexual activity, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p347.html

Chronic Kidney Disease: Prevention and Treatment of Common Complications - American ...

Nov 15, 2004 - Chronic kidney disease is a progressive condition that results in significant morbidity and mortality. Because of the important role the kidneys play in maintaining homeostasis, chronic kidney disease can affect almost every body system. Early recognition and intervention are essential ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1115/p1921.html

CIN Treatment May Increase Miscarriages but Does Not Affect Fertility - POEMs - ...

Apr 1, 2015 - In this analysis of 15 observational studies (it would be difficult and unethical to do randomized research on this topic), excision using any method for CIN did not affect fertility, although second trimester miscarriages were more likely. A study published at the same time found the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p490.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part II. Complications and Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2006 - Major complications of cirrhosis include ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatic encephalopathy, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding, and hepatorenal syndrome. Diagnostic studies on ascitic fluid should include a differential leukocyte count, total protein level, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p767.html

Clinically Relevant Drug-Drug Interactions in Primary Care - American Family Physician

May 1, 2019 - Drug interactions are common in the primary care setting and are usually predictable. Identifying the most important and clinically relevant drug interactions in primary care is essential to patient safety. Strategies for reducing the risk of drug-drug interactions include minimizing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p558.html

Clinically Significant Drug Interactions - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - A large number of drugs are introduced every year, and new interactions between medications are increasingly reported. Consequently, it is no longer practical for physicians to rely on memory alone to avoid potential drug interactions. Multiple drug regimens carry the risk of adverse ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1745.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2004 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Combined evidence from two clinical trials of calcium supplementation lasting for several years revealed a reduced rate of recurrent colorectal adenoma. However, evidence is insufficient to recommend supplementation with dietary calcium for patients who have never had an adenoma.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2109.html

Common Adverse Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Disease - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2011 - Family physicians are treating patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in their practices more often. Long-term complications of this disease are multifactorial and can be related to the virus itself or to adverse effects of antiretroviral therapy. Each drug class has side ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1443.html

Common Herbal Dietary Supplement—Drug Interactions - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2017 - Nearly 25% of U.S. adults report concurrently taking a prescription medication with a dietary supplement. Some supplements, such as St. John’s wort and goldenseal, are known to cause clinically important drug interactions and should be avoided by most patients receiving any ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0715/p101.html

Complications of Adjustable Gastric Banding Surgery for Obesity - American Family ...

May 15, 2014 - Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding procedures have a favorable risk-benefit profile and are increasingly important as part of the overall management of obesity. These procedures are effective at inducing weight loss and improving comorbid conditions, including diabetes mellitus, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p813.html

Complications of Body Piercing - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - The trend of body piercing at sites other than the earlobe has grown in popularity in the past decade. The tongue, lips, nose, eyebrows, nipples, navel, and genitals may be pierced. Complications of body piercing include local and systemic infections, poor cosmesis, and foreign body ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2029.html

Complications of HIV Infection: A Systems-Based Approach - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2011 - Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection often develop multiple complications and comorbidities. Opportunistic infections should always be considered in the evaluation of symptomatic patients with advanced HIV/AIDS, although the overall incidence of these infections ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p395.html

Considerations for Safe Use of Statins: Liver Enzyme Abnormalities and Muscle Toxicitiy...

Mar 15, 2011 - Statins play an important role in the care of patients with cardiovascular disease and have a good safety record in clinical practice. The risk of hepatic injury caused by statins is estimated to be about 1 percent, similar to that of patients taking a placebo. Patients with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p711.html

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