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5% Fluorouracil Is the Preferred Treatment for Actinic Keratoses - POEMs - American ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The use of topical 5% fluorouracil is most likely to result in successful elimination of actinic keratoses in a field on the head or face.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p249a.html

Acne Vulgaris: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2019 - Acne vulgaris is the most prevalent chronic skin disease in the United States, affecting nearly 50 million people per year, mostly adolescents and young adults. Potential sequelae of acne, such as scarring, dyspigmentation, and low self-esteem, may result in significant morbidity. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p475.html

Acne Vulgaris: Treatment Guidelines from the AAD - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jun 1, 2017 - Acne vulgaris, which occurs in 50 million persons living in the United States, is associated with physical and psychological morbidity (e.g., scarring, poor self-image, depression) and results in more than $3 billion in direct costs annually. In addition, knowledge about its ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p740.html

Acute and Chronic Paronychia - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2017 - Paronychia is inflammation of the fingers or toes in one or more of the three nail folds. Acute paronychia is caused by polymicrobial infections after the protective nail barrier has been breached. Treatment consists of warm soaks with or without Burow solution or 1% acetic acid. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0701/p44.html

Acute and Chronic Paronychia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2008 - Paronychia is an inflammation of the folds of tissue surrounding the nail of a toe or finger. Paronychia may be classified as either acute or chronic. The main factor associated with the development of acute paronychia is direct or indirect trauma to the cuticle or nail fold. This ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p339.html

Acute and Chronic Paronychia - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - Paronychia is one of the most common infections of the hand. Clinically, paronychia presents as an acute or a chronic condition. It is a localized, superficial infection or abscess of the paronychial tissues of the hands or, less commonly, the feet. Any disruption of the seal between ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1113.html

Acute and Chronic Urticaria: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2017 - Urticaria commonly presents with intensely pruritic wheals, sometimes with edema of the subcutaneous or interstitial tissue. It has a lifetime prevalence of about 20%. Although often self-limited and benign, it can cause significant discomfort, continue for months to years, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p717.html

Adapelene/Benzoyl Peroxide (Epiduo) for Acne Vulgaris - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2011 - Adapalene/benzoyl peroxide is as effective as other combination products for the treatment of acne. Once-daily application is an advantage in terms of simplicity and adherence to therapy, but the cost is much higher than that of the individual components sold separately; this may create...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1486.html

Aesthetic Procedures in Office Practice - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2009 - Since the approval of botulinum toxin, dermal fillers, and lasers for cosmetic use, minimally invasive aesthetic procedures have rapidly become the treatments of choice for age-related facial changes.

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1231.html

Alopecia in Women - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - Alopecia can be divided into disorders in which the hair follicle is normal but the cycling of hair growth is abnormal and disorders in which the hair follicle is damaged. Androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss in women. Other disorders include alopecia areata, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p1007.html

American Academy of Pediatrics Releases Report on Infantile Hemangiomas - Practice ...

Mar 15, 2016 - The American Academy of Pediatrics has published a report to provide an update on diagnosing and managing infantile hemangiomas.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p526.html

Annular Lesions: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2018 - Annular lesions can present in a variety of diseases. Knowledge of the physical appearance and history of presentation of these skin findings can help in the diagnosis. A pruritic, annular, erythematous patch that grows centrifugally should prompt evaluation for tinea corporis. Tinea ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p283.html

Antibiotics for Uncomplicated Skin Abscesses After Incision and Drainage: BMJ Rapid ...

Sep 1, 2018 - A collaboration between the BMJ and the MAGIC group led an international panel made up of a variety of health care professionals (e.g., family physicians, internists, dermatologists) and adults with experience treating and living with skin abscesses to create recommendations regarding ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p323.html

Atopic Dermatitis: A Review of Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1999 - Atopic dermatitis is a common, potentially debilitating condition that can compromise quality of life. Its most frequent symptom is pruritus. Attempts to relieve the itch by scratching simply worsen the rash, creating a vicious circle. Treatment should be directed at limiting itching, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1191.html

Atopic Dermatitis: An Overview - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2012 - Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is a chronic pruritic skin condition affecting approximately 17.8 million persons in the United States. It can lead to significant morbidity. A simplified version of the U.K. Working Party’s Diagnostic Criteria can help make the diagnosis....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p35.html

Atopic Eczema and Early Introduction of Solid Foods - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 15, 2015 - In most children, solid foods may be introduced before four to six months of age without increasing the risk of atopic eczema.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p523.html

Atypical Moles - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - Atypical moles can be distinguished visually by clinical features of size greater than 6 mm in diameter, color variegation, indistinct borders, and textured surface. All patients who have atypical moles should be counselled about sun avoidance, screening of family members, and regular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p735.html

Atypical Moles: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2015 - Atypical moles are benign pigmented lesions. Although they are benign, they exhibit some of the clinical and histologic features of malignant melanoma. They are more common in fair-skinned individuals and in those with high sun exposure. Atypical moles are characterized by size of 6 mm ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p762.html

Autoimmune Bullous Dermatoses: A Review - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - Bullous dermatoses can be debilitating and possibly fatal. A selection of autoimmune blistering diseases, including pemphigus vulgaris, paraneoplastic pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid, cicatricial pemphigoid, dermatitis herpetiformis and linear IgA dermatosis are reviewed. Pemphigus ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1861.html

Basal Cell Carcinoma - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - What are the effects of interventions on treatment response and recurrence (within one year of therapy) and long-term recurrence (a minimum of two years after treatment) in persons with basal cell carcinoma?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p248.html

Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome: Guidelines for Early Detection - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2002 - Basal cell nevus syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition with complete penetrance and variable expressivity. It is characterized by five major components, including multiple nevoid basal cell carcinomas, jaw cysts, congenital skeletal abnormalities, ectopic calcifications, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2501.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Jul 15, 2018 - A 25-year-old Irish American woman presents for a wellness visit for herself and her two young children, a two-year-old boy and a seven-month-old girl. All three have fair skin, red hair, and freckles. She reports that she is looking forward to an upcoming family vacation to the ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p105.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Case study: A 17-year-old white female patient with dark hair comes to your office for a refill of her seasonal allergy prescription. Her primary residence is in Minnesota. She mentions that she heard that sun tanning was bad for you and asks whether it is true.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p773.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jul 15, 2018 - The USPSTF recommends counseling young adults, adolescents, children, and parents of young children about minimizing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation for persons aged 6 months to 24 years with fair skin types to reduce their risk of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/od1.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Oct 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends counseling children, adolescents, and young adults 10 to 24 years of age who have fair skin about minimizing their exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation to reduce the risk of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od3.html

Botulinum Toxin Injection for Facial Wrinkles - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2014 - Botulinum toxin injection for treatment of facial wrinkles is the most frequently performed cosmetic procedure in the United States, and it is one of the most common entry procedures for clinicians seeking to incorporate aesthetic treatments into their practice. Treatment of frown lines...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/p168.html

Burns (Minor Thermal) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - What are the effects of treatments for minor thermal burns?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1437.html

Charcot Foot: Clinical Clues, Diagnostic Strategies, and Treatment Principles - ...

May 1, 2018 - Acute Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle is often difficult to diagnose because of limited findings in the patient history, physical examination, imaging, and laboratory studies. Delay in treatment results in the development of rigid foot and ankle deformities, increasing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p594.html

Chocolate Consumption May Make Acne Vulgaris Worse - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2017 - This study found a statistically significant increase in facial acne lesions among college students 48 hours after ingesting chocolate instead of jelly beans (average compared with baseline: 4.8 new lesions vs. 0.7 fewer lesions, respectively).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p122a.html

Choosing Topical Corticosteroids - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2009 - Topical corticosteroids are one of the oldest and most useful treatments for dermatologic conditions. There are many topical steroids available, and they differ in potency and formulation. Successful treatment depends on an accurate diagnosis and consideration of the steroid's delivery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p135.html

Chronic Plaque Psoriasis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2006 - Chronic plaque psoriasis, the most common form of psoriasis, is a papulosquamous disease defined by erythematous plaques with a silvery scale. The diagnosis usually is clinical, but occasionally a biopsy is necessary. Psoriasis affects 0.6 to 4.8 percent of the U.S. population, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p636.html

Clinical Diagnosis of Lyme Disease Frequently Misses the "Bull’s Eye" - POEMs - ...

Apr 1, 2018 - For children with suspected Lyme disease but without a classic bull's-eye lesion (erythema migrans of at least 5 cm), check serology rather than rely on your clinical impression. In this study, 12% of the children not suspected of having Lyme disease did have Lyme disease, and 31% of ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p474.html

Clinical Diagnosis of Melanoma - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - The incidence of melanoma is increasing in the United States. Although there is insufficient evidence to recommend routine screening for skin cancer, physicians and patients are encouraged to be vigilant for suspicious skin lesions. The classic mnemonic for the clinical diagnosis of ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/p1205.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Children with otitis media with effusion do not benefit from decongestants or antihistamines. Common adverse effects of these therapies are gastrointestinal upset, irritability, drowsiness, and dizziness (number needed to harm = 9).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Topical salicylic or lactic acid and cryotherapy are effective treatments for nongenital warts. Although cryotherapy is somewhat more effective, it is associated with more pain and blistering than salicylic or lactic acid. The spontaneous cure rate of nongenital warts is 50 to 70 ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001a.html

Common Bacterial Skin Infections - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2002 - Family physicians frequently treat bacterial skin infections in the office and in the hospital. Common skin infections include cellulitis, erysipelas, impetigo, folliculitis, and furuncles and carbuncles. Cellulitis is an infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue that has poorly ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p119.html

Common Benign Skin Tumors - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2003 - Benign skin tumors are commonly seen by family physicians. The ability to properly diagnose and treat common benign tumors and to distinguish them from malignant lesions is a vital skill for all family physicians. Any lesions for which the diagnosis is uncertain, based on the history ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p729.html

Common Hair Loss Disorders - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2003 - Hair loss (alopecia) affects men and women of all ages and often significantly affects social and psychologic well-being. Although alopecia has several causes, a careful history, dose attention to the appearance of the hair loss, and a few simple studies can quickly narrow the potential...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0701/p93.html

Common Hyperpigmentation Disorders in Adults: Part I. Diagnostic Approach, Cafe au Lait...

Nov 15, 2003 - The cause of hyperpigmentation usually is traced to the activity and presence of melanocytes. Cafe au lait macules may be solitary benign findings or may indicate the presence of neurofibromatosis with its associated complications. Diffuse hyperpigmentation should prompt a search for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/p1955.html

Common Hyperpigmentation Disorders in Adults: Part II. Melanoma, Seborrheic Keratoses, ...

Nov 15, 2003 - Nevi, or moles, are localized nevocytic tumors. The American Cancer Society's ABCD rules are useful for differentiating a benign nevus from malignant melanoma. While acanthosis nigricans may signal an underlying malignancy (e.g., gastrointestinal tumor), it more often is associated with...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/p1963.html

Common Occupational Disorders: Asthma, COPD, Dermatitis, and Musculoskeletal Disorders ...

Jun 15, 2016 - An occupational illness is an event or exposure that occurs in the workplace that causes or contributes to a condition or worsens a preexisting condition. If an occupational disorder is suspected, a directed history should be taken with particular attention to establishing a temporal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1000.html

Common Pigmentation Disorders - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2009 - Common causes of hyperpigmentation include postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, solar lentigines, ephelides (freckles), and cafe-au-lait macules. Although most hyperpigmented lesions are benign and the diagnosis is straightforward, it is important to exclude melanoma and its ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p109.html

Common Questions About Pressure Ulcers - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2015 - Patients with limited mobility due to physical or cognitive impairment are at risk of pressure ulcers. Primary care physicians should examine at-risk patients because pressure ulcers are often missed in inpatient, outpatient, and long-term care settings. High-risk patients should use ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p888.html

Common Skin Conditions During Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - Common skin conditions during pregnancy generally can be separated into three categories: hormone-related, preexisting, and pregnancy-specific. Normal hormone changes during pregnancy may cause benign skin conditions including striae gravidarum (stretch marks); hyperpigmentation (e.g., ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p211.html

Common Skin Rashes in Children - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2015 - Because childhood rashes may be difficult to differentiate by appearance alone, it is important to consider the entire clinical presentation to help make the appropriate diagnosis. Considerations include the appearance and location of the rash; the clinical course; and associated ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p211.html

Common Spider Bites - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2007 - There are more than 30,000 species of spiders, most of which cannot inflict serious bites to humans because of their delicate mouthparts and impotent or prey-specific venoms. However, some spiders produce toxic venoms that can cause skin lesions, systemic illnesses, and neurotoxicity. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p869.html

Common Tinea Infections in Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2008 - The common dermatophyte genera Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton are major causes of superficial fungal infections in children. These infections (e.g., tinea corporis, pedis, cruris, and unguium) are typically acquired directly from contact with infected humans or animals or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1415.html

Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Atopic Dermatitis - FPIN's Clinical ...

Apr 15, 2012 - Evening primrose oil may be effective for the treatment of atopic dermatitis.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0415/p817.html

Corns and Calluses Resulting from Mechanical Hyperkeratosis - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2002 - The formation of corns and calluses can be caused by mechanical stresses from faulty footgear (the wearing of poorly fitting shoes), abnormal foot mechanics (deformity of the foot exerting abnormal pressure), and high levels of activity. Corns and calluses result from hyperkeratosis, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/p2277.html

Cosmetic Procedures in Family Medicine - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2014 - Office-based cosmetic procedures are in high demand in the United States. Cosmetic procedures are one of the possible ancillary service options for family physicians who enjoy performing procedures and choose to provide aesthetic care for their patients.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/p136.html

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