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AAFP Releases Guidelines on Trial of Labor After Cesarean Delivery - Practice ...

Nov 15, 2005 - The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) has released an evidence-based clinical practice guideline on trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2126.html

AAFP Releases Position Paper on Breastfeeding - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Family physicians can have an important role in promoting breastfeeding, and are well positioned to provide support in the context of family-centered care. The position paper from the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) provides key recommendations to assist family physicians ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p56.html

AAP Releases Updated Breastfeeding Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

May 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2005 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs MATTHEW J. NEFF Am Fam Physician. 2005 May 1;71(9):1819. AAP Releases Updated Breastfeeding Recommendations The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a revised policy statement on...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1819.html

ACOG Develops Guidelines for Induction of Labor - Practice Guidelines - American Family...

Jul 15, 2000 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has issued new guidelines on the induction of labor, which review the current methods of cervical ripening and induction of labor and summarizes the effectiveness of each method on the basis of outcomes research.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p445.html

ACOG Guidelines on Psychiatric Medication Use During Pregnancy and Lactation - Practice...

Sep 15, 2008 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released guidelines on psychiatric medication used by women during pregnancy and lactation. The use of psychotropic medications in these women is a concern because of the risks of adverse perinatal and postnatal outcomes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p772.html

ACOG Issues Guidelines on Fetal Macrosomia - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2001 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has issued new clinical management guidelines on fetal macrosomia. The term fetal macrosomia implies fetal growth beyond a specific weight, regardless of the fetal gestational age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0701/p169.html

ACOG Releases Guideline for Managment of Postpartum Bleeding - Practice Guidelines - ...

Apr 1, 2007 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has reviewed the risks associated with postpartum hemorrhage and released recommendations on its management.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1101.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines for Prophylactic Antibiotic Use in Labor and Delivery - ...

Feb 1, 2004 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released a practice bulletin about the use of prophylactic antibiotics during labor and delivery. The bulletin presents a review of clinical situations in which prophylactic antibiotics frequently are prescribed and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p740.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines for Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2004 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recently issued clinical management guidelines for vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) in various situations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1397.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Management of Post-term Pregnancy - Practice Guidelines - ...

Dec 1, 2004 - Post-term pregnancy is defined as a pregnancy that has extended to or beyond 42 weeks of gestation. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recently issued guidelines for the clinical management of post-term pregnancy.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2221.html

ACOG Releases Recommendations on Screening for Perinatal Depression - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2015 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released recommendations on screening women for perinatal depression, with the purpose of increasing awareness of depression and lessening the effects it has on pregnant and post-partum women and their families.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p648.html

ACOG Releases Report on Dystocia and Augmentation of Labor - Practice Guidelines - ...

Mar 1, 2004 - Dystocia is characterized by the slow and abnormal progression of labor and is the leading indication for primary cesarean delivery in the United States. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recently published a clinical practice guideline on dystocia and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1290.html

ACOG Updates Recommendations on Vaginal Birth After Previous Cesarean Delivery - ...

Jan 15, 2011 - The rate of cesarean delivery has increased dramatically in the United States over the past four decades, perpetuated somewhat by the dictum once a cesarean, always a cesarean. However, evidence has shown that many women who have had a cesarean delivery can safely deliver vaginally in ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p214.html

AHRQ Review of Routine Episiotomy in Uncomplicated Births - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 15, 2005 - A review of the use of routine episiotomy in uncomplicated vaginal births is now available from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2383.html

An Approach to the Postpartum Office Visit - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - The postpartum period (typically the first six weeks after delivery) may underscore physical and emotional health issues in new mothers. A structured approach to the postpartum office visit ensures that relevant conditions and concerns are discussed and appropriately addressed. Common ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2491.html

Antenatal Perineal Massage to Prevent Birth Trauma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Mar 1, 2014 - Antenatal digital perineal massage in the final month of pregnancy is safe and well tolerated. Women who have not had a previous vaginal delivery and perform digital perineal massage in the final month of pregnancy experience less perineal birth trauma, mostly through fewer ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p335.html

Assisted Vaginal Delivery Using the Vacuum Extractor - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2000 - Vacuum extractors have replaced forceps for many situations in which assistance is required to achieve vaginal delivery. Compared with metal-cup vacuum extractors, soft-cup devices are easier to use and cause fewer neonatal scalp injuries; however, they detach more frequently. Vacuum ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0915/p1316.html

Breastfeeding: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2018 - All major health organizations recommend breastfeeding as the optimal source of infant nutrition, with exclusive breastfeeding recommended for the first six months of life. After six months, complementary foods may be introduced. Most organizations recommend breastfeeding for at least ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0915/p368.html

Caregiver Support for Women During Childbirth: Does the Presence of a Labor-Support ...

Oct 1, 2002 - This review indicates that continuous caregiver support during childbirth has a number of benefits with minimal to no risks. It was less likely that women would need pain medications or have an operative vaginal delivery, a cesarean section, or a five-minute Apgar score of less than 7 ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1205.html

Caring for Pregnant Women and Newborns with Hepatitis B or C - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Family physicians encounter diagnostic and treatment issues when caring for pregnant women with hepatitis B or C and their newborns. When hepatitis B virus is perinatally acquired, an infant has approximately a 90 percent chance of becoming a chronic carrier and, when chronically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1225.html

CDC Evaluates the Effect of Revised Guidelines on the Prevention of Group B ...

Dec 15, 2007 - Revised guidelines for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococci (GBS) disease were released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in 2002. The CDC has ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1878.html

Cesarean Delivery Rate Hits All-Time High - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2007 - According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly one in three live births in the United States in 2005 was a cesarean delivery, marking the highest U.S. total cesarean rate ever reported.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p444.html

Cesarean Delivery: Counseling Issues and Complication Management - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2015 - Nearly one-third of all deliveries in the United States are cesarean deliveries. Compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions that decrease the chance of a cesarean delivery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p178.html

Chewing Gum for Reducing Post-Cesarean Section Ileus - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Although the current body of literature suggests a need for higher-quality, more robust research, the simplicity, frugality, and safety of chewing gum makes it a viable option to offer women undergoing cesarean section.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/od2.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - For empiric treatment of GERD or endoscopy-negative reflux disease, a short trial of a proton pump inhibitor increases the chance of remission. Histamine H2-receptor antagonists are less expensive and work well in many patients, particularly those with less severe symptoms or ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1303a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - Based on three good studies of 462 patients, discontinuing epidural analgesia in the second stage of labor does not significantly change rates of instrumented delivery or other delivery outcomes, but it increases rates of inadequate pain relief.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1303.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jul 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Intravenous lidocaine and oral mexiletine provide a modest reduction in neuropathic pain with no indication of serious adverse effects. However, safety data are limited because most studies were of relatively short duration and fewer than 400 patients have been studied in total for each...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p79.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jul 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Induction of labor in patients with PROM does not increase the rates of cesarean delivery or operative vaginal delivery. Among patients who are induced there is a slightly lower incidence of chorioamnionitis (relative risk [RR] 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 0.97) and a ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p79a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Many patients request delayed umbilical cord clamping in their birth plans. Delayed cord clamping allows continued perfusion while the baby transitions to newborn circulation. However, when an infant is high risk, physicians frequently clamp and cut the cord early to allow the neonatal ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Thickened feeds and metoclopramide reduce symptoms of GER in normally developing infants. However, elevating the head of the crib appears to have no effect.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - Providing early opioid analgesia to patients presenting with acute abdominal pain does not affect or delay management decisions, but it lessens pain intensity as rated by the patient.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p971.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - There are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of labor induction in women with a low–transverse uterine scar. Observational studies indicate that there is a small increased risk of uterine rupture and adverse fetal outcomes, especially in women induced with prostaglandins. Although ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p971a.html

Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Postpartum Depression - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Aug 15, 2019 - In women with postpartum depression, the addition of CBT reduces depressive symptoms more effectively than usual care alone (medication and other therapies), with a medium effect size at the end of the intervention and a residual small effect size six months later.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p244.html

Complementary and Integrative Treatments for Pain Management in Labor - Cochrane for ...

Feb 1, 2019 - There is evidence that all of the studied interventions have some benefit in labor, but the evidence is of low to very low quality. Massage, thermal interventions (warm and cold packs), relaxation techniques, yoga, and music reduce pain during latent labor, but not during active labor.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p154.html

Complications of Epidural Analgesia During Labor - Editorials - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1998 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Nov 15, 1998 Issue Editorials Complications of Epidural Analgesia During Labor JAMES A. THORP, M.D., St. Luke's Hospital of Kansas City, Missouri Am Fam Physician. 1998 Nov 15;58(8):1743-1745. Related Article In this issue of...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/p1743.html

Contraceptive Education for Women After Childbirth - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Jun 1, 2013 - Postpartum education may increase contraceptive use and reduce unplanned repeat pregnancies, although the evidence is mixed. The optimal timing and content of educational programs are not known.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p761.html

Counseling for Breastfeeding - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2004 - Case study: BS, a 26-year-old woman in her second trimester of pregnancy, comes to your office for routine prenatal care. She expresses concern because one of her relatives has told her that she should not breastfeed. You want to recommend breastfeeding and wonder how to counsel her.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p149.html

Current Trends in Cervical Ripening and Labor Induction - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Aug 01, 1999 Issue Current Trends in Cervical Ripening and Labor Induction This is a corrected version of the article that appeared in print. JEFFERSON H. HARMAN, JR., LT COL, USAF, MC, FS, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida ANDREW KIM,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p477.html

Current Trends in Cervical Ripening and Labor Induction - Editorials - American Family ...

Aug 1, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Aug 01, 1999 Issue Editorials Current Trends in Cervical Ripening and Labor Induction BARBARA S. APGAR, M.D., M.S., University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan Am Fam Physician. 1999 Aug 1;60(2):418-420. Related...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p418.html

Dystocia in Nulliparous Women - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - Dystocia is common in nulliparous women and is responsible for more than 50 percent of primary cesarean deliveries. Because cesarean delivery rates continue to rise, physicians providing maternity care should be skilled in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of dystocia. If labor ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1671.html

Effectiveness of Intrapartum Antibiotics for Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid - Medicine...

Nov 1, 2018 - This review concluded that there is insufficient evidence to recommend prophylactic intrapartum antibiotics in laboring women with meconium-stained amniotic fluid because of the lack of difference in rates of neonatal sepsis between the antibiotic and placebo groups.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/od1.html

Epidural Analgesia and Risk of Cesarean Delivery - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Nov 1, 2018 - There is no difference in the risk of cesarean delivery in women who receive epidural analgesia before 4 to 5 cm cervical dilation compared with later dilation.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/od2.html

Epidural Analgesia During Labor - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1998 - Epidural analgesia is a commonly employed technique of providing pain relief during labor. The number of parturients given intrapartum epidural analgesia is reported to be over 50 percent at many institutions in the United States. The procedure has few contraindications, the primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/p1785.html

Epidural Analgesia for Labor Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2012 - Compared with other types of analgesia or no analgesia, epidurals offered better pain relief, but were associated with a longer second stage of labor and increased risk of instrumental vaginal delivery, maternal fever, and oxytocin (Pitocin) administration. There were no statistically ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0801/p241.html

Examination of the Placenta - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - A one-minute examination of the placenta performed in the delivery room provides information that may be important to the care of both mother and infant. The findings of this assessment should be documented in the delivery records. During the examination, the size, shape, consistency ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1045.html

Family Physicians Practicing High-Volume Obstetric Care Have Recently Dropped by ...

Jun 15, 2017 - Previous research has shown a decline in the percentage of family physicians practicing low- or medium-volume obstetrics. Using 13 years of data through 2016, we found continued declines in low- and medium-volume obstetrics, in addition to a new 50% decrease in family physicians ...

American Family Physician : Graham Center Policy One-Pagers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/p762.html

FDA Implements New Labeling for Medications Used During Pregnancy and Lactation - ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Deciding which medications to take during pregnancy and lactation can be a complex and individualized decision that should be discussed with a physician. The new PLLR can help remove some of the uncertainty clinicians and patients face by replacing the potentially confusing letter ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p12.html

Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: A Practice Bulletin from ACOG - Practice ...

Nov 15, 2019 - Globally, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are one of the main causes of maternal death. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has released a practice bulletin to outline diagnosis and treatment recommendations for these conditions.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p649.html

HIV: Mother-to-Child Transmission - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - What are the effects of measures to reduce mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1181.html

Identification and Management of Peripartum Depression - American Family Physician

May 15, 2016 - Peripartum depression affects up to one in seven women and is associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity if untreated. A history of depression is the strongest risk factor for developing peripartum depression. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p852.html

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