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A Comprehensive Newborn Exam: Part I. General, Head and Neck, Cardiopulmonary - ...

Sep 1, 2014 - A comprehensive newborn examination involves a systematic inspection. A Ballard score uses physical and neurologic characteristics to assess gestational age. Craniosynostosis is caused by premature fusion of the sutures, and 20% of children with this condition have a genetic mutation or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p289.html

A Comprehensive Newborn Exam: Part II. Skin, Trunk, Extremities, Neurologic - American ...

Sep 1, 2014 - Skin findings are common during the newborn examination. Although these findings are often benign, it is important to visualize the entire skin surface to distinguish these findings and appropriately reassure parents. The chest should be observed for symmetric movement, pectus ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p297.html

A Practical Approach to Neonatal Jaundice - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - Kernicterus and neurologic sequelae caused by severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia are preventable conditions. A structured and practical approach to the identification and care of infants with jaundice can facilitate prevention, thus decreasing rates of morbidity and mortality. Primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1255.html

AAFP Releases Position Paper on Breastfeeding - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Family physicians can have an important role in promoting breastfeeding, and are well positioned to provide support in the context of family-centered care. The position paper from the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) provides key recommendations to assist family physicians ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p56.html

AAP Develops Guidlelines for Early Detection of Dislocated Hips - Practice Guidelines -...

Feb 1, 2001 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has developed guidelines for the early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), which includes frank dislocation, partial dislocation, instability and inadequate formation of the acetabulum.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p565.html

AAP Issues Updated Guidance on Palivizumab Prophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases has updated its guidance on the use of palivizumab (Synagis) prophylaxis in infants and children at increased risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Because the palivizumab package labeling does not ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p867.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Brief Resolved Unexplained Events (BRUEs) and Evaluation of ...

Mar 1, 2017 - This guideline from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) addresses apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs), a term recommended to be replaced by brief resolved unexplained events (BRUEs).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p330.html

AAP Releases Updated Breastfeeding Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

May 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2005 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs MATTHEW J. NEFF Am Fam Physician. 2005 May 1;71(9):1819. AAP Releases Updated Breastfeeding Recommendations The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a revised policy statement on...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1819.html

AAP Revised Recommendations for Examination of Infants for ROP - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 1, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement revising its 2001 statement on screening examination of premature infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2077.html

Acetaminophen for the Treatment of Pain in Newborns - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2016 - Acetaminophen does not significantly reduce pain associated with heel lance, eye examinations, or assisted vaginal births in newborns. Acetaminophen may reduce the total amount of morphine a newborn needs in the first 48 hours following major abdominal or thoracic surgery.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p216.html

American Academy of Pediatrics Releases Report on Infantile Hemangiomas - Practice ...

Mar 15, 2016 - The American Academy of Pediatrics has published a report to provide an update on diagnosing and managing infantile hemangiomas.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p526.html

Behavioral Interventions to Promote Breastfeeding: Recommendations and Rationale - U.S....

Jan 15, 2004 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on counseling to promote breastfeeding, a new topic for the USPSTF.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p354.html

Bilious Vomiting in the Newborn: Rapid Diagnosis of Intestinal Obstruction - American ...

May 1, 2000 - Bilious vomiting in newborns is an urgent condition that requires the immediate involvement of a team of pediatric surgeons and neonatologists for perioperative management. However, initial detection, evaluation and treatment are often performed by nurses, family physicians and general ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2791.html

Bilirubin Screening in Newborns: What Should We Do? - Editorials - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2010 - A more aggressive approach to screening for hyperbilirubinemia does not have good evidence to support it, nor is it justified to abandon what we have been taught just because there is insufficient evidence at this time. In this case, a middle ground is best: continuing current practice ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p336.html

Breastfeeding and Returning to Work in the Physician's Office - Editorials - American ...

Dec 1, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 1, 2003 Issue Editorials Breastfeeding and Returning to Work in the Physician's Office DAVID MEYERS, M.D., Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 2003 Dec 1;68(11):2129-2133. Related Article A...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2129.html

Breastfeeding: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2018 - All major health organizations recommend breastfeeding as the optimal source of infant nutrition, with exclusive breastfeeding recommended for the first six months of life. After six months, complementary foods may be introduced. Most organizations recommend breastfeeding for at least ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0915/p368.html

Care of the Premature Infant: Part I. Monitoring Growth and Development - American ...

May 1, 1998 - When monitoring growth and development in the premature infant, physicians should make adjustments for the estimated due date. With minor exceptions, administration of immunizations is based on the chronologic age. Administration of hepatitis B vaccine should be delayed until the infant...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2123.html

Caring for Infants with Congenital Heart Disease and Their Families - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Congenital heart defects are classified into two broad categories: acyanotic and cyanotic lesions. The most common acyanotic lesions are ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, atrioventricular canal, pulmonary stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic stenosis and coarctation...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1857.html

Caring for Pregnant Women and Newborns with Hepatitis B or C - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Family physicians encounter diagnostic and treatment issues when caring for pregnant women with hepatitis B or C and their newborns. When hepatitis B virus is perinatally acquired, an infant has approximately a 90 percent chance of becoming a chronic carrier and, when chronically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1225.html

CDC Releases Guidelines on Indentifying and Referring Persons with Fetal Alcohol ...

Mar 1, 2006 - Prenatal exposure to alcohol can damage the developing fetus and is a leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities, such as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued consensus guidelines to help identify ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p916.html

CDC Releases Recommendations for State Newborn Screening Programs for Cystic Fibrosis -...

Apr 15, 2005 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released recommendations on the screening of newborns for cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is the second most common life-shortening, childhood-onset inherited disorder in the United States, behind sickle cell disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1605.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Many patients request delayed umbilical cord clamping in their birth plans. Delayed cord clamping allows continued perfusion while the baby transitions to newborn circulation. However, when an infant is high risk, physicians frequently clamp and cut the cord early to allow the neonatal ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Thickened feeds and metoclopramide reduce symptoms of GER in normally developing infants. However, elevating the head of the crib appears to have no effect.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091.html

Common Issues in the Care of Sick Neonates - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2002 - Newborn infants may be transferred to a special care nursery because of conditions such as prematurity (gestation less than 37 weeks), prolonged resuscitation, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and jaundice, and for evaluation of neonatal sepsis. Newborn infants' core temperature should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1685.html

Common Questions About Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2014 - Developmental dysplasia of the hip is a common musculoskeletal condition in newborns. Infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip, whether treated or untreated, have a higher incidence of early-onset hip osteoarthritis in adulthood. Evidence to support universal screening by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p843.html

Congenital Toxoplasmosis - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - Approximately 85 percent of women of childbearing age in the United States are susceptible to acute infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Transmission of T. gondii to the fetus can result in serious health problems, including mental retardation, seizures, blindness, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2131.html

Counseling for Breastfeeding - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2004 - Case study: BS, a 26-year-old woman in her second trimester of pregnancy, comes to your office for routine prenatal care. She expresses concern because one of her relatives has told her that she should not breastfeed. You want to recommend breastfeeding and wonder how to counsel her.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p149.html

Craniosynostosis - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - Skull deformity in infants continues to be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Deformational plagiocephaly is a common and somewhat benign cause of skull deformity in infants that must be distinguished from the more serious craniosynostosis, which occurs alone or as a syndrome. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2863.html

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Developmental dysplasia of the hip refers to a continuum of abnormalities in the immature hip that can range from subtle dysplasia to dislocation. The identification of risk factors, including breech presentation and family history, should heighten a physician's suspicion of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1310.html

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants: A Clinical Report from the AAP on ...

Aug 1, 2017 - Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) can range from a mild abnormality to dislocation. In infants and young children, it is asymptomatic; therefore, screening is required to diagnose it in otherwise healthy children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/p196.html

Diagnosis and Management of G6PD Deficiency - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, the most common enzyme deficiency worldwide, causes a spectrum of disease including neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, acute hemolysis, and chronic hemolysis. Persons with this condition also may be asymptomatic. This X-linked inherited disorder ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1277.html

Discharge Procedures for Healthy Newborns - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2006 - Physicians should use a checklist to facilitate discussions with new parents before discharging their healthy newborn from the hospital. The checklist should include information on breastfeeding, warning signs of illness, and ways to keep the child healthy and safe. Physicians can ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p849.html

Does Lidocaine-Prilocaine Cream (EMLA) Decrease the Pain of Neonatal Circumcision? - ...

Feb 15, 2004 - EMLA cream reduces the pain experienced by newborns during circumcision compared with placebo.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p909.html

Early Developmental Intervention Programs for Preterm Infants - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Mar 1, 2014 - Early intervention programs improve cognitive performance in preterm infants up to 36 months of age, but no effect can be detected by five years of age. A small effect of early intervention on motor performance was found in infancy, but it did not persist until preschool or school age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p336.html

Effect of Pacifier Use on Duration of Breastfeeding - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2018 - In healthy, full-term, breastfeeding infants, there is moderate evidence that unrestricted pacifier use, started at birth or after lactation has been established, does not decrease the likelihood of continued exclusive or partial breastfeeding through four months of age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/p311.html

Effective Guidelines for Counseling Parents Before Discharging a Newborn - Editorials -...

Mar 1, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 1, 2006 Issue Editorials Effective Guidelines for Counseling Parents Before Discharging a Newborn VIRGINIA A. MOYER, M.D., M.P.H, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Houston, Texas Am Fam Physician. 2006 Mar...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p771.html

Effectiveness of Intrapartum Antibiotics for Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid - Medicine...

Nov 1, 2018 - This review concluded that there is insufficient evidence to recommend prophylactic intrapartum antibiotics in laboring women with meconium-stained amniotic fluid because of the lack of difference in rates of neonatal sepsis between the antibiotic and placebo groups.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/od1.html

Effectiveness of Skin-to-Skin Care for Procedure-Related Pain in Newborns - Cochrane ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Skin-to-skin care, also known as kangaroo care, effectively reduces physiologic and behavioral measures of pain in neonates during painful procedures and has no identified adverse effects. Infants who received skin-to-skin care during painful procedures had a heart rate of 10.8 beats ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/p170.html

Effects of Soy Protein-Based Formula in Full-Term Infants - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries -...

Jan 1, 2008 - There are no significant long-term detrimental effects associated with the use of currently available, commercially produced, isolated soy protein-based formula in full-term infants.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p87.html

Erythematous Lesion on a Newborn's Scalp - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2017 - A newborn examination revealed an erythematous lesion on the scalp. Ultrasonography revealed an anechoic subcutaneous mass that was not connected to the brain.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/p673.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Constipation in Infants and Children - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2006 - Constipation in children usually is functional and the result of stool retention. However, family physicians must be alert for red flags that may indicate the presence of an uncommon but serious organic cause of constipation, such as Hirschsprung's disease (congenital aganglionic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p469.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2014 - Although neonatal jaundice is common, acute bilirubin encephalopathy and kernicterus (i.e., chronic bilirubin encephalopathy) are rare. Universal screening for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is controversial. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends universal screening with bilirubin ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p873.html

Evaluation of Apparent Life-threatening Events in Infants - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries -...

Jul 1, 2007 - A comprehensive, detailed history and physical examination with pulse oximetry and nondilated funduscopy (to look for traumatic retinal hemorrhage) helps to determine the underlying etiology of an ALTE in 70 percent of infants.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p124.html

Evaluation of Infants Born to Mothers with West Nile Virus Infection - Practice ...

Jul 1, 2004 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released interim guidelines for the evaluation of infants born to mothers with West Nile virus infection. West Nile virus is a single-stranded RNA flavivirus with antigenic similarities to Japanese encephalitis and St. Louis ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p204.html

Evaluation of Newborns with Preauricular Skin Lesions - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

May 15, 2012 - All newborns should be screened for hearing loss, whether or not they have preauricular skin lesions. Newborns with these anomalies may be at increased risk of hearing impairment.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p993.html

Expanded Newborn Screening: Information and Resources for the Family Physician - ...

Jun 1, 2017 - Each year, 4 to 5 million newborns receive state-mandated screening. Although the Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children has identified 34 core conditions that should be incorporated into screening programs, each state manages, funds, and maintains its own ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p703.html

Expanded Newborn Screening: Information and Resources for the Family Physician - ...

Apr 1, 2008 - Family physicians treat an increasing number of children with metabolic disorders identified through newborn screening, and they are often the first line of defense in responding to an abnormal screening result. How the family physician chooses to interpret information from the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p987.html

Failure to Pass Meconium: Diagnosing Neonatal Intestinal Obstruction - American Family ...

Nov 1, 1999 - Timely passage of the first stool is a hallmark of the well-being of the newborn infant. Failure of a full-term newborn to pass meconium in the first 24 hours may signal intestinal obstruction. Lower intestinal obstruction may be associated with disorders such as Hirschsprung's disease,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2043.html

FDA Implements New Labeling for Medications Used During Pregnancy and Lactation - ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Deciding which medications to take during pregnancy and lactation can be a complex and individualized decision that should be discussed with a physician. The new PLLR can help remove some of the uncertainty clinicians and patients face by replacing the potentially confusing letter ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p12.html

Feed Thickener for Newborn Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Feed thickeners decrease the number of reflux episodes in full-term formula-fed infants. Additionally, full-term formula-fed infants with GER who are given thickeners are more than twice as likely to be asymptomatic compared with infants not receiving thickeners at one to eight weeks of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p275.html

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