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A Practical Approach to Uncomplicated Seizures in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - Uncomplicated seizures and epilepsy are common in infants and children. Family physicians should be aware of certain epilepsy syndromes that occur in children, such as febrile seizures, benign focal epilepsy of childhood, complex partial epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and video ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1109.html

AAFP and ACP Release Guideline on Dementia Treatment - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 15, 2008 - A guideline created by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and the American College of Physicians (ACP) reviews the data on the effects of pharmacologic treatment of dementia for improving cognition, global function, behavior/mood, and quality of life (QOL)/activities of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0415/p1173.html

AAFP/ACP-ASIM Release Guidelines on the Management and Prevention of Migraines - ...

Mar 15, 2003 - Guidelines for primary care physicians on the pharmacologic management of acute migraine attacks and the prevention of migraines are available from the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and the American College of Physicians–American Society of Internal Medicine (ACP-ASIM).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1392.html

AAN and EFNS Guideline on Diagnosing and Treating Trigeminal Neuralgia - Practice ...

Jun 1, 2009 - Experts from the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the European Federation of Neurological Societies (EFNS) reviewed the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Trigeminal neuralgia is defined as sudden, usually unilateral, severe, brief, stabbing, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p1001.html

AAN Guideline Reassesses the Use of Neuroimaging in the Evaluation of Seizure - ...

Apr 1, 2008 - The Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has reassessed the use of neuroimaging in patients presenting to the emergency department with seizure.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p1024.html

AAN Guidelines on Reporting Medical Conditions That May Affect Driving Competency - ...

Jul 1, 2007 - Guidelines on physician reporting of medical conditions that may affect driving competency are available from the American Academy of Neurology (AAN).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p139.html

AAN Recommendations on Symptomatic Treatment for Muscle Cramps - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Muscle cramps occur when the motor system is stressed by neuromuscular disease, a medical condition, or a physiologic process, such as dehydration or excessive exercise. Cramps are also common during the last trimester of pregnancy. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) recommends ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p540.html

AAN Releases Guideline on Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Diagnosing Acute Ischemic ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Computed tomography (CT) is the diagnostic standard for acute stroke even though its accuracy has not been formally established. Its sensitivity for diagnosing ischemic stroke in the initial hours is limited; therefore, improved accuracy is needed to develop and provide optimal stroke ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p483.html

AAN Releases Recommendations for Managing Essential Tremor - Practice Guidelines - ...

Nov 1, 2005 - Evidence-based recommendations for the initiation of pharmacologic and surgical therapies for patients with essential tremor have been released by the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1908.html

AAN Releases Recommendations for the Diagnostic Evaluation of the Child with Status ...

May 15, 2007 - The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the Child Neurology Society have created recommendations for evaluation and diagnostic laboratory testing of children with status epilepticus.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1569.html

AAN Releases Recommendations for Treating Lyme Disease Neuroborreliosis - Practice ...

Mar 1, 2008 - The Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has released recommendations for treating Lyme disease, a multisystem, tick-borne infection that often affects the nervous system (neuroborreliosis).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p700.html

AAN Releases Recommendations on Treatment of Parkinson's Disease - Practice Guidelines ...

Mar 15, 2007 - Recommendations from the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) discuss aspects and treatment of Parkinson's disease. This condition is the second most common neurodegenerative disease and is characterized by bradykinesia; tremor at rest; rigidity; and...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p922.html

AAN Updates Guideline on Treatment of Essential Tremor - Practice Guidelines - American...

Aug 1, 2012 - Propranolol and primidone (Mysoline) are the most commonly used therapies for essential tremor, but these agents are ineffective for up to one-half of patients. In 2005, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) published recommendations for the use of other therapies for essential tremor.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0801/p292.html

AAN Updates Guidelines on Evaluating Driving Risk in Patients with Dementia - Practice ...

Nov 1, 2010 - Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) updated guidelines for the evaluation and management of driving risk in persons with dementia. The new evidence-based guidelines offer characteristics that can help to identify persons that are at risk of unsafe ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1144.html

AAN Updates Guidelines on the Uses of Botulinum Neurotoxin - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - In 2008, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) published guidelines on the use of botulinum neurotoxin. This summary highlights updates on four indications: blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, spasticity in adults, and headache.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p198.html

AAN, AANEM, and AAPMR Publish Guideline for Treatment of Painful Diabetic Neuropathy - ...

Sep 1, 2012 - Painful diabetic neuropathy is a chronic disease that affects approximately 16 percent of patients who have diabetes mellitus. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN), the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM), and the American Academy of Physical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p469.html

AAN/AHS Update Recommendations for Migraine Prevention in Adults - Practice Guidelines ...

Apr 15, 2013 - Studies suggest that more than one-third of persons with migraine need preventive therapy; however, only 3 to 13 percent use it. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and American Headache Society (AHS) recently reviewed studies published since 2000 to determine which therapies reduce...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p584.html

AAP Updates Guidelines for Evaluating Simple Febrile Seizures in Children - Practice ...

Jun 1, 2011 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently updated its guidelines on the neurodiagnostic evaluation of simple febrile seizures in neurologically healthy children six to 60 months of age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1348.html

Abdominal Wall Pain: Clinical Evaluation, Differential Diagnosis, and Treatment - ...

Oct 1, 2018 - Abdominal wall pain is often mistaken for intra-abdominal visceral pain, resulting in expensive and unnecessary laboratory tests, imaging studies, consultations, and invasive procedures. Those evaluations generally are nondiagnostic, and lingering pain can become frustrating to the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/p429.html

Absence Seizures in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2015 - What are the effects of treatments for typical absence seizures in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p114.html

ACEP Policy on Evaluating Patients with Syncope in the Emergency Department - Practice ...

Aug 15, 2008 - In 2007, the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) updated its 2001 clinical policy on assessing patients with syncope in the emergency department. Syncope, which involves a brief loss of consciousness followed by spontaneous recovery, accounts for 1 to 1.5 percent of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p516.html

Acetaminophen for the Treatment of Pain in Newborns - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2016 - Acetaminophen does not significantly reduce pain associated with heel lance, eye examinations, or assisted vaginal births in newborns. Acetaminophen may reduce the total amount of morphine a newborn needs in the first 48 hours following major abdominal or thoracic surgery.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p216.html

Acupuncture Effective for Chronic Pain Conditions - POEMs - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2018 - Acupuncture, with its meridians, chi, and other concepts that do not seem to line up with anything physiologic, is vexing to most of us who trained in Western medicine. However, this meta-analysis, based on data from almost 21,000 patients, found it to be more effective than no ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/od2.html

Acupuncture for Frequent Tension-Type Headaches - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Aug 1, 2016 - Studies show an NNT of 3 to have at least a 50% reduction of headache frequency compared with routine care. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/od1.html

Acupuncture for Migraine Headaches - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2010 - Acupuncture reduces the frequency of migraine headaches when used as an adjunct to, or in place of, medical management.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p1036.html

Acupuncture for Migraine Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2017 - There is moderate-quality evidence that whole-body acupuncture is effective for migraine prevention. Compared with usual care, acupuncture is more effective at reducing headache frequency by at least 50% (number needed to treat [NNT] = 4).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0701/p23.html

Acute Brachial Plexus Neuritis: An Uncommon Cause of Shoulder Pain - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2000 - Patients with acute brachial plexus neuritis are often misdiagnosed as having cervical radiculopathy. Acute brachial plexus neuritis is an uncommon disorder characterized by severe shoulder and upper arm pain followed by marked upper arm weakness. The temporal profile of pain preceding ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2067.html

Acute Lumbar Disk Pain: Navigating Evaluation and Treatment Choices - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2008 - Acute lumbar disk herniations are the most common cause of sciatica. After excluding emergent causes, such as cauda equina syndrome, epidural abscess, fracture, or malignancy, a six-week trial of conservative management is indicated. Patients should be advised to stay active. If ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/p835.html

Acute Migraine Headache: Treatment Strategies - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2018 - Migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent attacks. Acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, triptans, antiemetics, ergot alkaloids, and combination analgesics have evidence supporting their effectiveness in the treatment of migraine. Acetaminophen ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/p243.html

Acute Migraine Treatment in Emergency Settings - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health ...

May 1, 2014 - What are the comparative benefits and adverse effects of parenteral treatments for adults who present to the emergency department with migraine headaches?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p742.html

Acute Stroke Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2009 - Stroke can be categorized as ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Awakening with or experiencing the abrupt onset of focal neurologic deficits is the hallmark of ischemic stroke diagnosis. The most common presenting symptoms for ischemic stroke are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p33.html

Acyclovir or Steroids as Pharmacologic Treatment of Bell Palsy - AFP Journal Club - ...

Mar 15, 2009 - Does acyclovir or steroids speed recovery in adults with Bell palsy? This study suggests that it is reasonable to start prednisolone in some cases, but physicians should not forget about practical considerations, such as lubricant eye drops, pain management, and chewing instruction. ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0315/p435.html

Advances in the Treatment of Epilepsy - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2001 - Significant advances have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy over the past decade. With the advent of electroencephalographic video monitoring, physicians are now able to reliably differentiate epilepsy from other conditions that can mimic it, such as pseudoseizures. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0701/p91.html

Aerobic Activity for Cognitive Function - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2009 - Physical activity improves cardiovascular fitness in persons older than 55 years. Cognitive speed and auditory and visual attention are increased in healthy older adults who exercise.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p562.html

AHA and ASA Release Guideline for Prevention of Future Stroke in Patients with Stroke ...

Jan 15, 2015 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and American Stroke Association (ASA) have updated their guideline on prevention of future stroke in patients with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Currently, the average annual rate of future stroke in these patients is at a ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p136.html

AHA Recommendations for the Management of Intracranial Aneurysms - Practice Guidelines ...

Jun 15, 2001 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has formulated recommendations for the management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. The guidelines are intended to serve as a framework for the development of treatments and for future research.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0615/p2465.html

AHA/ACCF Statement on the Evaluation of Syncope - Practice Guidelines - American Family...

Jul 1, 2006 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) recently released a scientific statement on the evaluation of syncope (i.e., transient loss of consciousness).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p179.html

AHA/ASA Guidelines on Prevention of Recurrent Stroke - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 15, 2011 - Persons who survive a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are at increased risk of experiencing another stroke. The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA) have released updated guidelines on preventing recurrent stroke in patients who have had a...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p993.html

AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular ...

May 15, 2013 - New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for initiating therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation. This advisory summarizes existing American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p732.html

AHA/ASA Release Guideline on Stroke Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The American Heart Association and American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) have released a guideline to help physicians identify women with increased risk of stroke and initiate appropriate preventive measures. The guideline includes recommendations on pregnancy and stroke; cerebral ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p330.html

AHRQ Releases Evidence Report on Brain Injury in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 1, 2000 - The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has released an evidence-based report on the rehabilitation of children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3465.html

Alpha-adrenergic Agonists for the Management of Opioid Withdrawal - Medicine by the ...

Jan 1, 2017 - Alpha-adrenergic agonists were more efficacious than placebo in the management of opioid withdrawal, but are best reserved as an alternative to methadone.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/od1.html

Alpha-Lipoic Acid for Treatment of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy - FPIN's Help Desk ...

May 1, 2016 - Intravenous (IV) ALA can improve neuropathy symptoms when administered for three weeks, but symptom improvement with oral ALA is not clinically significant. There is no evidence evaluating long-term treatment.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p786.html

Alternative Interventions for Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Men -...

Jun 1, 2019 - In men with chronic pelvic pain and urinary dysfunction who have not responded to standard medical management, extracorporeal shock wave therapy reduces symptoms and increases quality of life. Acupuncture may also provide benefit to some patients.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p677.html

Alzheimer Disease: Monotherapy vs. Combination Therapy - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Apr 1, 2017 - Combination treatment with memantine and donepezil results in a small improvement in cognitive function that is of uncertain clinical significance in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer disease, but no improvement in patients with mild to moderate disease.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p452.html

Alzheimer Disease: Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Therapies for Cognitive and ...

Jun 15, 2017 - Alzheimer disease comprises a syndrome of progressive cognitive and functional decline. Treatments should target cognitive and functional symptoms. Cholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, and a combination of a cholinesterase inhibitor and memantine have produced statistically significant...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/p771.html

American Heart Association Scientific Statement on the Primary Prevention of Ischemic ...

Aug 1, 2001 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has issued a scientific statement on the primary prevention of ischemic stroke. The scientific statement includes an overview of established and potential risk factors and recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p513.html

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Lou Gehrig's Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly called Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive neuromuscular condition characterized by weakness, muscle wasting, fasciculations and increased reflexes. Approximately 30,000 Americans currently have the disease. The annual incidence rate is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1489.html

An Algorithm for the Evaluation of Peripheral Neuropathy - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1998 - The diagnosis of peripheral neuropathies can be frustrating, time consuming and costly. Careful clinical and electrodiagnostic assessment, with attention to the pattern of involvement and the types of nerve fibers most affected, narrows the differential diagnosis and helps to focus the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p755.html

Anticonvulsant Medications for Migraine Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

May 1, 2005 - Good evidence supports the use of anticonvulsants as a class with overall reduction in number of headaches per month and overall increase in patients achieving 50 percent reduction of headache frequency. Of the medications within this heterogeneous group, valproic acid and divalproex ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1699.html

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