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Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2019 - Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is caused by human enteroviruses and coxsackieviruses. Outbreaks can occur in the spring to fall and are common in North America, and most cases occur in patients younger than 10 years. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is transmitted by fecal-oral, oral-oral, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p408.html

Toilet Training: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2019 - Toilet training is a significant developmental milestone in early childhood. Most U.S. children achieve the physiologic, cognitive, and emotional development necessary for toilet training by 18 to 30 months of age. Markers of readiness for toilet training include being able to walk, put...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p468.html

Otitis Media: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2019 - Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common diagnosis in childhood acute sick visits. By three years of age, 50% to 85% of children will have at least one episode of AOM. Symptoms may include ear pain (rubbing, tugging, or holding the ear may be a sign of pain), fever, irritability, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p350.html

Depression in Children and Adolescents: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2019 - The prevalence of major unipolar depression in children and adolescents is increasing in the United States. In 2016, approximately 5% of 12-year-olds and 17% of 17-year-olds reported experiencing a major depressive episode in the previous 12 months. Screening for depression in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p609.html

Adolescent Substance Use and Misuse: Recognition and Management - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2019 - Adolescent use of illicit substances imposes an enormous burden on individuals, families, and communities. The types of illicit substances adolescents are using have changed drastically over the past decade with decreases in alcohol use (including binge alcohol use) offset by increases ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p689.html

Specific Learning Disabilities: The Family Physician's Role - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2019 - Academic underachievement, such as failing a class and the threat of being held back because of academic issues, is common. Family physicians can provide support and guidance for families as they approach their child’s unique academic challenges. Specific learning disabilities are a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p628.html

Neonatology/Newborn Issues - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2019 - This collection features AFP content on neonatology and newborn issues and related topics, including breastfeeding, circumcision, jaundice, newborn examination, newborn resuscitation, newborn screening, premature infant care, postpartum counseling, and well-child visits. This collection...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=18

Health Maintenance in School-Aged Children: Part I. History, Physical Examination, ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The goals of the health maintenance visit in school-aged children (five to 12 years) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. During the visit, the physician should address patient and parent/caregiver concerns and ask about ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p213.html

Lead Poisoning in Children - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2019 - Asymptomatic lead poisoning has become more common in children. Blood lead levels of less than 5 µg per dL are associated with impairments in neurocognitive and behavioral development that are irreversible. Risk factors for lead poisoning include age younger than five years, low ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p24.html

Health Maintenance in School-Aged Children: Part II. Counseling Recommendations - ...

Aug 15, 2019 - School-aged children (five to 12 years) are establishing patterns of behavior that may last a lifetime; therefore, during health maintenance visits, it is important to counsel families on healthy lifestyle practices. Children should eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p219.html

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Screening and Evaluation - FPIN's Help Desk ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The Conners Abbreviated Symptom Questionnaire has the best combination of positive and negative likelihood ratios.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p712.html

Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children and Pregnant Women: Recommendation...

Oct 15, 2019 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for elevated blood lead levels in asymptomatic children.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/od1.html

Thickened Feedings for Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux - FPIN's Help Desk Answers ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Bottle-fed infants with gastroesophageal reflux should be given thickened formula feedings.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p437.html

Maintenance Intravenous Fluids in Children: AAP Provides Recommendations - Practice ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The American Academy of Pediatrics has created an evidence-based guideline recommending the use of isotonic fluids for patients 28 days to 18 years of age to reduce the risk of developing hyponatremia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p251.html

Infantile Hemangioma: AAP Releases Guideline for Management - Practice Guidelines - ...

Aug 1, 2019 - Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of childhood, occurring in up to approximately 5% of infants. These benign vascular tumors are small, self-resolving, and do not require treatment.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p186.html

Laboratory-Based Prediction Model Can Rule Out Serious Bacterial Infections in Febrile ...

Oct 1, 2019 - In febrile infants up to 60 days of age, the combination of a normal urinalysis result, an absolute neutrophil count of less than 4,090 per mL (4.1 × 109 per L), and a serum procalcitonin level of less than 1.71 ng per mL is accurate at ruling out serious bacterial infections.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p440.html

Vaccines for Preventing Influenza in Healthy Children, Healthy Adults, and Older Adults...

Aug 1, 2019 - Influenza vaccination reduces rates of laboratory-confirmed influenza and symptomatic influenza-like illness in healthy children, healthy adults, and older adults. There is no consistent evidence that influenza vaccination reduces school absenteeism in children, parental absenteeism ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p143.html

Screening for HIV Infection: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Nov 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for HIV infection in adolescents and adults aged 15 to 65 years. Younger adolescents and older adults who are at increased risk of infection should also be screened.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/od2.html

Interventions to Prevent Child Maltreatment: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive...

Jul 15, 2019 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care interventions to prevent child maltreatment.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p110.html

Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum: Recommendation Statement - ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends prophylactic ocular topical medication for all newborns to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p236.html

Skin-to-Skin Contact for Improved Duration of Breastfeeding - FPIN's Help Desk Answers ...

Aug 1, 2019 - Skin-to-skin-contact in the immediate postnatal period should be recommended to all mothers because it is associated with a higher likelihood of exclusive breastfeeding at hospital discharge and for up to six months afterward (number needed to treat [NNT] = 5 to 8).

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/od2.html

Probiotic Ineffective for Treatment of Acute Gastroenteritis in Young Children - POEMs ...

Jun 1, 2019 - << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2019 Issue POEMs Patient-Oriented Evidence That Matters Probiotic Ineffective for Treatment of Acute Gastroenteritis in Young Children Am Fam Physician. 2019 Jun 1;99(11):717-718. Clinical Question Is the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p717a.html

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