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Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family Physician

May 15, 2018 - Colorectal cancer is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Most colorectal cancers arise from preexisting adenomatous or serrated polyps. The incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer can be reduced with screening of average-risk adults 50 to 75 years of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p658.html

Aspirin for Colon Cancer Risk Prevention - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2019 - Daily low-dose aspirin can be offered to patients older than 50 years for colon cancer prevention.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/od2.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acids Do Not Prevent Cancer or Cardiovascular Disease Events - POEMs - ...

Sep 15, 2019 - This is the second large, well-designed study (the first one included patients with diabetes mellitus; this one included patients without diabetes) that found no benefit from a 1-g daily dosage of marine n-3 fatty acid supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p374a.html

Vitamin D Is Not Effective as Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease or Cancer - ...

Sep 15, 2019 - Vitamin D supplementation does not prevent cardiovascular events or cancer in mostly nondiabetic adults (men 50 years and older, women 55 years and older).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p374.html

Aspirin, Eicosapentaenoic Acid, and Placebo Equally Effective in Preventing Colorectal ...

Jun 1, 2019 - After 12 months, neither aspirin nor EPA, alone or in combination, are any better than placebo at preventing colorectal adenomas in patients with high-risk neoplasia.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p717.html

HPV Vaccine for Prevention of High-Grade Precancerous Cervical Lesions - Medicine by ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Data suggest the benefits of HPV vaccination for reducing precancerous lesions outweigh the potential harms. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/od1.html

Prophylactic Vaccination Against Human Papillomavirus to Prevent Cervical Cancer and ...

Jan 1, 2019 - HPV vaccination in women 15 to 26 years of age prevents the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 and CIN 3 in women regardless of previous HPV exposure (number needed to treat [NNT] = 39). No serious adverse effects are associated with administration of the HPV ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p15.html

Aspirin Plus a High-Dose PPI Prevents Death and Progression in Patients with Barrett ...

Mar 15, 2019 - In this study, patients with Barrett esophagus were less likely to die or develop esophageal cancer or high-grade dysplasia if they took high-dose esomeprazole (Nexium) alone or in combination with aspirin.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od5.html

Radon: A Leading Environmental Cause of Lung Cancer - Editorials - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Protracted exposure to radon is the leading environmental cause of cancer deaths in the United States. Family physicians play a key role in informing patients about the health risks.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p280.html

Colorectal Cancer: A Summary of the Evidence for Screening and Prevention - American ...

Dec 15, 2008 - Colorectal cancer causes significant morbidity and mortality in the United States. The incidence of colorectal cancer can be reduced with increasing efforts directed at mass screening of average-risk adults 50 years and older. Currently, fecal occult blood test and flexible ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1385.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Jul 15, 2018 - A 25-year-old Irish American woman presents for a wellness visit for herself and her two young children, a two-year-old boy and a seven-month-old girl. All three have fair skin, red hair, and freckles. She reports that she is looking forward to an upcoming family vacation to the ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p105.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jul 15, 2018 - The USPSTF recommends counseling young adults, adolescents, children, and parents of young children about minimizing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation for persons aged 6 months to 24 years with fair skin types to reduce their risk of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/od1.html

Lifestyle Interventions to Reduce Cancer Risk and Improve Outcomes - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2008 - There are more than one half million cancer deaths in the United States each year, and one third of these deaths are attributed to suboptimal diet and physical activity practices. Maintaining a healthy weight, staying physically active throughout life, and consuming a healthy diet can ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0601/p1573.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer:...

Oct 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends initiating low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults aged 50 to 59 years who have a 10% or greater 10-year CVD risk, are not at increased risk for bleeding, have a life expectancy of at ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/od1.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer: New ...

Feb 15, 2017 - In April 2016, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its recommendation on the use of aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because emerging evidence suggested that aspirin may also be useful for the prevention of cancer, for the first time, the USPSTF ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p222.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer ...

Oct 15, 2016 - S.L. is a 55-year-old man who presents to your office for a routine refill of his antihypertension medication. He also takes a statin and an antidepressant. Although he smokes, his blood pressure and cholesterol are well controlled. His history and physical examination are unremarkable.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p661.html

9-Valent HPV Vaccine Offers Only Small Advantage Over Quadrivalent Vaccine - POEMs - ...

Jul 1, 2015 - A new 9-valent HPV vaccine is generally similar in effectiveness to the older quadrivalent vaccine. There is a small benefit of the new vaccine compared with the older vaccine for women who are initially uninfected (2.4 vs. 4.2 cases per 1,000 person-years), but you would have to ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p54.html

Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplements for the Primary Prevention of ...

Jan 1, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the use of multivitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/od1.html

Medications for Risk Reduction of Primary Breast Cancer in Women: Recommendation ...

Nov 1, 2014 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians engage in shared, informed decision making with women who are at increased risk of breast cancer about medications to reduce their risk. For women who are at increased risk of breast cancer and at low risk of ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/od1.html

Anastrozole Decreases Rate of Breast Cancer in High-Risk Postmenopausal Women - POEMs -...

Aug 15, 2014 - Postmenopausal women at high risk of developing breast cancer who take anastrozole for five years have a lower rate of developing invasive breast cancer during that time frame.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od7.html

Finasteride Prevents Low-Grade Prostate Cancers, but Does Not Reduce Mortality - POEMs ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Although finasteride prevents low-grade prostate tumors, it does not affect overall survival or survival after prostate cancer diagnosis. Although high-grade cancers were more common among men taking finasteride, up to 18 years of follow-up failed to show increased mortality in this group.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p744.html

Breast Cancer Prevented in Some Women with Drug Treatment - POEMs - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2013 - In some postmenopausal women at higher-than-average risk of breast cancer, tamoxifen and, to a lesser extent, raloxifene (Evista) will prevent the development of breast cancer. For every 1,000 women who receive the prophylaxis, there will be seven to nine fewer cases of diagnosed breast...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p608.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Oct 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends counseling children, adolescents, and young adults 10 to 24 years of age who have fair skin about minimizing their exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation to reduce the risk of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od3.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Case study: A 17-year-old white female patient with dark hair comes to your office for a refill of her seasonal allergy prescription. Her primary residence is in Minnesota. She mentions that she heard that sun tanning was bad for you and asks whether it is true.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p773.html

Recent Developments in Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Colorectal cancer is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Studies published in the early 1990s, showing that screening for colorectal cancer can reduce colorectal cancer-related mortality, led many organizations to recommend screening in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p297.html

Bivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Cervarix) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer - ...

Dec 15, 2010 - Cervarix is effective in preventing known cytologic and histologic precursors of cervical cancer, although, as with Gardasil, it has not been shown to decrease rates of cervical cancer. This protection has been shown to last for six years, but it is unclear if a booster dose is needed.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1541.html

Sunscreen Use for Skin Cancer Prevention - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2010 - Daily sunscreen use reduces the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma but not the incidence of basal cell carcinoma.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p989.html

Prevention and Early Detection of Malignant Melanoma - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - In addressing the problem of malignant melanoma, family physicians should emphasize primary prevention. This includes educating patients about the importance of avoiding excessive sun exposure and preventing sunburns, and advising them about the importance of prompt self-referral for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2277.html

ASCO Updates Guideline on the Use of Pharmacologic Interventions to Reduce Breast ...

Mar 15, 2010 - The American Society of Clinical Oncology's (ASCO) updated guideline addresses: (1) the use of tamoxifen, raloxifene (Evista), aromatase inhibitors, and fenretinide (not available in the United States) versus no pharmacologic intervention to reduce the risk of breast cancer; (2) the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p799.html

ASCO and AUA Release Guideline on Prostate Cancer Chemoprevention with 5-Alpha ...

Jan 1, 2010 - The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and American Urological Association (AUA) developed a practice guideline on the benefits and harms of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors for prevention of prostate cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p76.html

Routine Aspirin or Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs for the Primary Prevention of ...

Feb 15, 2009 - Case study: B.L., a 37-year-old Asian man, comes to your office for a physical examination. He mentions that he started taking a daily aspirin because he heard that it would reduce his risk of heart attack and colorectal cancer.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/p325.html

Quadrivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Gardasil) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer -...

Aug 15, 2007 - The HPV vaccine is safe and effective in preventing genital warts and cervical changes that may lead to cervical cancer, and it is recommended as part of the vaccination series in females 11 to 12 years of age. It can be given to females as young as 9 or 10 years of age, and catch-up ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p573.html

Routine Aspirin or Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs for the Primary Prevention of ...

Jul 1, 2007 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on routine aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for the primary prevention of colorectal cancer and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p109.html

Practice Guidelines - Oct 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) analyzed data from the 2004 National Immunization Survey to find current estimates of racial and economic disparities in breastfeeding in the United States.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1230.html

Practice Guidelines - Oct 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee on Gynecologic Practice has reviewed the risks of tamoxifen in postmenopausal women and released recommendations on its use in this population.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1230a.html

Practice Guidelines - Jan 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a report on vaccination coverage in children. The report states that coverage levels are notable given the supply shortage of several vaccines between 2001 and 2004.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p346.html

Practice Guidelines - Jan 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a report on breast cancer screening for women in 35 major metropolitan areas in 2000 and 2002.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p346a.html

ACS/ADA/AHA Issue Core Recommendations for Preventing Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, ...

Feb 15, 2005 - The American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Diabetes Association (ADA), and the American Heart Association (AHA) have issued core recommendations for the prevention and early detection of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p806.html

Efficacy of Antioxidants in GI Cancer Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Feb 1, 2005 - There is no evidence that supplementation with beta carotene or vitamins A, C, or E prevents GI cancer. Data for selenium is inconsistent and based on poor-quality studies, and supplementation with this mineral should not be recommended routinely. Most importantly, combinations of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p465.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2004 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Combined evidence from two clinical trials of calcium supplementation lasting for several years revealed a reduced rate of recurrent colorectal adenoma. However, evidence is insufficient to recommend supplementation with dietary calcium for patients who have never had an adenoma.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2109.html

Routine Vitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease - Putting ...

Aug 1, 2004 - Case study: JB, a 35-year-old smoker, comes to your office for a well-woman examination. Reviewing her medication list, you learn that she is taking numerous vitamin supplements, including vitamins A, C, E, and beta-carotene.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p559.html

Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendations and Rationale - U.S. Preventive ...

Feb 15, 2004 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on counseling to prevent skin cancer and the supporting scientific evidence, and updates the 1996 recommendation contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, second edition.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p903.html

Routine Vitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease: ...

Dec 15, 2003 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on routine vitamin supplementation to prevent cancer and cardiovascular disease and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2422.html

Chemoprevention of Breast Cancer - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - American ...

Mar 15, 2003 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for the chemoprevention of breast cancer and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1309.html

American Cancer Society Releases Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for ...

Oct 15, 2002 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) has issued its 2002 update on guidelines for reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1555.html

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