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AAN Recommendations on Symptomatic Treatment for Muscle Cramps - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Muscle cramps occur when the motor system is stressed by neuromuscular disease, a medical condition, or a physiologic process, such as dehydration or excessive exercise. Cramps are also common during the last trimester of pregnancy. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) recommends ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p540.html

AAP Releases Recommendations on Overuse Injuries and Overtraining in Child Athletes - ...

Dec 1, 2007 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently released guidelines to assist in identifying and counseling children at risk of overuse injuries and overtraining syndrome.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1725.html

AAP Reports on Healthy Weight-Control Practices in Young Athletes - Practice Guidelines...

Jun 1, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released recommendations on healthy weight-control behaviors in young athletes to address counseling issues that physicians may encounter in caring for these patients. Children and adolescents often are involved in sports in which weight loss...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2069.html

AAP statement on sports participation in children and adolescents. - Practice ...

Oct 15, 2001 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a position statement on medical conditions that affect sports participation in children and adolescents. According to the AAP, children and adolescents with medical conditions present special issues in athletic participation.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1015/p1464.html

ACC Statement on Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening for Competitive Athletes - ...

Aug 1, 2005 - The American College of Cardiology (ACC) has released new eligibility guidelines for competitive athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities and clinical guidelines for preparticipation screening.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p523.html

ACSM Recommendations for Endurance Athletes - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2006 - The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) has released evidence-based recommendations for athletes to prevent hyponatremia and dehydration during sporting events.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p547.html

Acute Ankle Sprain: An Update - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2006 - Acute ankle injury, a common musculoskeletal injury, can cause ankle sprains. Some evidence suggests that previous injuries or limited joint flexibility may contribute to ankle sprains. The initial assessment of an acute ankle injury should include questions about the timing and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1115/p1714.html

Acute Knee Effusions: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - Knee effusions may be the result of trauma, overuse or systemic disease. An understanding of knee pathoanatomy is an invaluable part of making the correct diagnosis and formulating a treatment plan. Taking a thorough medical history is the key component of the evaluation. The most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2391.html

Acute Shoulder Injuries in Adults - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - Acute shoulder injuries in adults are often initially managed by family physicians. Common acute shoulder injuries include acromioclavicular joint injuries, clavicle fractures, glenohumeral dislocations, proximal humerus fractures, and rotator cuff tears. Acromioclavicular joint ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p119.html

AHA Releases Recommendations on Preparticipation Screening in Student Athletes - ...

Nov 15, 2007 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has issued recommendations that address preparticipation screening in high school and college athletes, which may identify cardiovascular disease (CVD) that could progress or cause sudden death.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1115/p1568.html

Altitude Illness: Risk Factors, Prevention, Presentation, and Treatment - American ...

Nov 1, 2010 - Altitude illness affects 25 to 85 percent of travelers to high altitudes, depending on their rate of ascent, home altitude, individual susceptibility, and other risk factors. Acute mountain sickness is the most common presentation of altitude illness and typically causes headache and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1103.html

Altitude Sickness - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2006 - What are the effects of treatments and interventions to prevent acute mountain sickness?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p879.html

AMA Policy Statement on Cardiovascular Screening of Student Athletes - Editorials - ...

Aug 15, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Aug 15, 2000 Issue Editorials AMA Policy Statement on Cardiovascular Screening of Student Athletes JAMES M. LYZNICKI, M.S., M.P.H., Council on Scientific Affairs, Chicago, Illinois NANCY H. NIELSEN, M.D., PH.D, State University of New...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0815/p737.html

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention - American ...

Oct 15, 2010 - There are an estimated 80,000 to 100,000 anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repairs in the United States each year. Most ACL tears occur from noncontact injuries. Women experience ACL tears up to nine times more often than men. Evaluation of the ACL should be performed immediately after ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p917.html

Assessment and Management of Concussion in Sports - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - The most common head injury in sports is concussion. Athletes who sustain a prolonged loss of consciousness should be transported immediately to a hospital for further evaluation. Assessment of less severe injuries should include a thorough neurologic examination. The duration of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p887.html

Bicycle-Related Injuries - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - Bicycle riding is a popular form of recreation among persons of all ages, and related injuries cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most injuries occur in males and are associated with riding at high speed; most serious injuries and fatalities result from collisions with motor ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p2007.html

Braces and Splints for Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - Braces and splints can be useful for acute injuries, chronic conditions, and the prevention of injury. There is good evidence to support the use of some braces and splints; others are used because of subjective reports from patients, relatively low cost, and few adverse effects, despite...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p342.html

Cardiomyopathy and Myocarditis in Competitive Athletes: Recommendations from the ...

Aug 1, 2016 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) have provided recommendations regarding eligibility and disqualification of competitive athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities. This summary focuses on cardiomyopathy and myocarditis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p249.html

Cardiovascular Screening of Student Athletes - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2000 - Each year, a number of children and adolescents die suddenly from cardiac problems that are associated with a small subgroup of disorders and high-risk behaviors. While sudden cardiac death in any child or adolescent is distressing, it can be particularly devastating when it occurs in a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0815/p765.html

Childhood and Adolescent Sports-Related Overuse Injuries - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Youth sports participation carries an inherent risk of injury, including overuse injuries. Little leaguer's shoulder, a stress fracture of the proximal humerus that presents as lateral shoulder pain, usually is self-limited. Little leaguer's elbow is a medial stress injury; treatment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1014.html

Cognitive Rest in Concussion Management - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2012 - In recent years, there have been significant and progressive changes in the evaluation, management, and return-to-play principles of sports concussions. Today, the medical community manages each case individually by applying guidelines that are based on the best scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p100.html

Common Conditions in the Overhead Athlete - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2014 - The overhead athlete is at unique risk for injury because of the mechanics associated with rapid shoulder elevation, abduction, and external rotation. Angulation of the humeral head against the posterosuperior glenoid can cause rotator cuff tendon and labral impingement. The throwing or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p537.html

Common Overuse Tendon Problems: A Review and Recommendations for Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2005 - There is a common misconception that symptomatic tendon injuries are inflammatory; because of this, these injuries often are mislabeled as tendonitis. Acute inflammatory tendinopathies exist, but most patients seen in primary care will have chronic symptoms suggesting a degenerative ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p811.html

Common Problems in Endurance Athletes - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - Endurance athletes alternate periods of intensive physical training with periods of rest and recovery to improve performance. An imbalance caused by overly intensive training and inadequate recovery leads to a breakdown in tissue reparative mechanisms and eventually to overuse injuries....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p237.html

Common Running Injuries: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2018 - Running is a common form of exercise but predisposes athletes to several running-related injuries. Most running injuries are due to overuse and respond to conservative treatment. Tendinopathies in the patellar, Achilles, and hamstring tendons are common, and are primarily treated with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p510.html

Concussion in Sports - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2001 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 15, 2001 Issue Editorials Concussion in Sports THEODORE G. GANIATS, M.D. University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine La Jolla, California Am Fam Physician. 2001 Sep 15;64(6):938-941. Related Article Evidence-based...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p938.html

Concussion in Sports - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 1, 1999 Issue Editorials Concussion in Sports THOMAS R. TERRELL, M.D., and ANDREW M. TUCKER, M.D., University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Am Fam Physician. 1999 Sep 1;60(3):738-742. Related Article In the...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p738.html

Concussion in Sports: Minimizing the Risk for Complications - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2001 - Mild traumatic brain injury, or concussion, is a common consequence of collisions, falls and other forms of contact in sports. Concussion may be defined as an acute trauma-induced alteration of mental function lasting fewer than 24 hours, with or without preceding loss of consciousness....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p1007.html

Corticosteroid Injections for Common Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2015 - Family physicians considering corticosteroid injections as part of a comprehensive treatment plan for musculoskeletal diagnoses will find few high-quality studies to assist with evidence-based decision making. Most studies of corticosteroid injections for the treatment of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1015/p694.html

Corticosteroid Injections for Trigger Finger - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Sep 1, 2009 - Based on limited evidence, corticosteroid injection combined with lidocaine (Xylocaine) was more effective than lidocaine alone for the treatment of trigger finger in adults. Compared with those who received lidocaine alone, 38 percent more of the patients who received corticosteroid ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p454.html

Current Concepts in Concussion: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2012 - Concussion is a disturbance in brain function caused by direct or indirect force to the head. It is a functional rather than structural injury that results from shear stress to brain tissue caused by rotational or angular forces—direct impact to the head is not required. Initial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p123.html

Current Concepts in Concussion: Initial Evaluation and Management - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Mild traumatic brain injury, also known as concussion, is common in adults and youth and is a major health concern. Concussion is caused by direct or indirect external trauma to the head resulting in shear stress to brain tissue from rotational or angular forces. Concussion can affect a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p426.html

Decompression Surgery No More Effective Than Exercise for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome...

Feb 1, 2019 - Despite being one of the most common orthopedic surgeries performed, subacromial decompression is not significantly better than physical therapy to treat patients with pain and limited function caused by shoulder impingement.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p190.html

Effect of Exercise Intensity on Osteoarthritis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Sep 1, 2004 - Although land-based exercise improves physical function, there is no evidence that high-intensity cycling offers benefits over low-intensity cycling for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p865.html

Effectiveness of ACL Injury Prevention Programs - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Feb 1, 2018 - ACL injury prevention programs reduce the incidence of ACL injuries by at least 50% in a variety of sports, and should be used for all athletes. There is no evidence that any particular prevention program or component is superior.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/od2.html

Ergogenic Aids: Counseling the Athlete - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2001 - Numerous ergogenic aids that claim to enhance sports performance are used by amateur and professional athletes. Approximately 50 percent of the general population have reported taking some form of dietary supplements, while 76 to 100 percent of athletes in some sports are reported to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0301/p913.html

Ergogenic Aids: Powders, Pills and Potions to Enhance Performance - Editorials - ...

Mar 1, 2001 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 1, 2001 Issue Editorials Ergogenic Aids: Powders, Pills and Potions to Enhance Performance MARK B. STEPHENS, LCDR, MC, USN, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland Am Fam Physician. 2001 Mar...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0301/p842.html

Evaluating Acutely Injured Patients for Internal Derangement of the Knee - American ...

Feb 1, 2012 - Although historical findings have some value in diagnosing internal derangement of the knee, a thorough physical examination can often rule out fracture and ligamentous and meniscal injuries. The Ottawa Knee Rule can help physicians determine which patients require radiography. Positive...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p247.html

Evaluation and Management of Concussion in Athletes: Recommendations from the AAN - ...

Apr 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) studied the incidence of concussion in high school and college athletes to address related clinical questions.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p585.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Heat-Related Illnesses - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2002 - The body's ability to regulate core temperature depends on both host (internal) and environmental (external) factors. Although athletes are commonly thought to be most at risk for heat illnesses, children and the elderly are particularly vulnerable. Heat cramps, which are caused by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/p2307.html

Evaluation of Overuse Elbow Injuries - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - The evaluation of elbow pain can be challenging because of the complexity of the joint and its central location in the upper extremity. Diagnosing the injury correctly requires an understanding of the anatomy of the elbow, which includes three articulations, two ligament complexes, four...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p691.html

Exercise-Related Syncope in the Young Athlete: Reassurance, Restriction or Referral? - ...

Nov 1, 1999 - A common event in young adults, syncope is usually benign and only rarely requires more than simple reassurance. However, exercise-related syncope always requires investigation because it may be the only symptom that precedes a sudden cardiac death. Syncope that occurs during exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2001.html

Factors at Play in the Athletic Preparticipation Examination - Editorials - American ...

May 1, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2000 Issue Editorials Factors at Play in the Athletic Preparticipation Examination DOUGLAS B. MCKEAG, M.D., M.S., Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana ROBERT E. SALLIS, M.D., UCR/UCLA Biomedical Sciences...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2617.html

Fitness-Related Cardiac Arrhythmias - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2019 - How many clinicians are aware that high levels of physical fitness predispose patients to cardiac rhythm abnormalities? Find out more.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p78.html

Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Better Than Placebo to Relieve Pain in ...

Oct 1, 2015 - In this study, unlike others, patients with chronic plantar fasciitis treated with extra-corporeal shock wave therapy had greater pain relief than those treated with placebo.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p635.html

Groin Injuries in Athletes - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2001 - Groin injuries comprise 2 to 5 percent of all sports injuries. Early diagnosis and proper treatment are important to prevent these injuries from becoming chronic and potentially career-limiting. Adductor strains and osteitis pubis are the most common musculoskeletal causes of groin pain...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1015/p1405.html

Health Issues for Surfers - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2005 - Surfers are prone to acute injuries as well as conditions resulting from chronic environmental exposure. Sprains, lacerations, strains, and fractures are the most common types of trauma. Injury from the rider's own surfboard may be the prevailing mechanism. Minor wound infections can be...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2313.html

Health-Related Concerns of the Female Athlete: A Lifespan Approach - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2009 - Exercise is beneficial for women of all ages and is associated with long-term health benefits and enhanced well-being. Nevertheless, active women and girls are at risk for conditions resulting from sports and exercise participation. Because of their unique physiology, children are more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0315/p489.html

High-Altitude Medicine - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1998 - As more people enjoy the outdoors, high-altitude illness is increasingly becoming a problem that family physicians across the country must treat. High-altitude illness, which usually occurs at altitudes of over 1,500 m (4,921 ft), is caused primarily by hypoxia but is compounded by cold...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1907.html

Hip Pain in Athletes - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Hip pain in athletes involves a wide differential diagnosis. Adolescents and young adults are at particular risk for various apophyseal and epiphyseal injuries due to lack of ossification of these cartilaginous growth plates. Older athletes are more likely to present with tendinitis in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2109.html

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