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Effectiveness of Brief Alcohol Interventions in Primary Care - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Mar 1, 2009 - For men who engage in excessive or hazardous drinking and present to their primary care physician for issues not specifically related to alcohol treatment, an intervention of one to four sessions administered by a physician, nurse, or psychologist is effective in reducing weekly alcohol...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p370.html

Oral Anticoagulants vs. Antiplatelet Therapy - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

May 1, 2008 - Compared with antiplatelet therapy, oral anticoagulation significantly reduces stroke at an average follow-up of one to three years, but does not reduce mortality. Intracranial or extracranial hemorrhage is more common with anticoagulation and must be weighed against its therapeutic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1250.html

Antioxidant Supplements Do Not Improve Mortality and May Cause Harm - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2008 - In randomized controlled trials of primary and secondary prevention, vitamins A and E, and beta-carotene supplementation increased mortality. Vitamin C and selenium supplementation had no significant effect on mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1079.html

Alendronate for Fracture Prevention in Postmenopause - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2008 - In postmenopausal women, a 10-mg daily dose of alendronate is effective for secondary (number needed to treat [NNT] = 16) and primary (NNT = 50) prevention of vertebral fractures. It is also effective for secondary prevention of nonvertebral fractures, including hip or wrist fractures ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p579.html

Induction of Labor at or Beyond Term - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2008 - Fetal or neonatal deaths in women who delivered after their due date and before 42 weeks occur at a rate of less than 0.5 percent, regardless of whether labor is induced or spontaneous. Compared with awaiting spontaneous labor, inducing labor between 41 and 42 weeks is associated with ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p581.html

Cranberry Products for Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Aug 1, 2008 - Over a 12-month period, cranberry products decrease the incidence of symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs), especially in women with recurrent UTIs. Optimal dosage and form of administration (juice, tablets, or capsules) is unclear. There are no studies comparing cranberry juice ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p332.html

Arthroscopic Surgery for Knee Osteoarthritis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Aug 1, 2008 - Compared with other modalities of treatment such as sham surgery, joint lavage, and joint washout, arthroscopic debridement does not improve outcomes for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p331.html

Over-the-Counter Medications for Acute Cough Symptoms - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jul 1, 2008 - It is uncertain whether OTC cough medications are effective in reducing cough symptoms in adults; in children, no trials show a statistically significant benefit in the treatment compared with the placebo groups. Overall, the quality of evidence is poor; adult studies show conflicting ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p52.html

Antidepressants to Treat Nonspecific Low Back Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Jul 1, 2008 - Although antidepressants have been shown to be superior to placebo in some forms of chronic pain, they do not reduce pain or improve functional status or depression in patients with nonspecific low back pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p51.html

Subclinical Hypothyroidism - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2008 - Although there is evidence that thyroid hormone therapy in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism may improve lipid profiles, cognitive function, and echographic left ventricular function, there is no evidence that this will decrease morbidity or mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p953.html

Are SSRIs Effective for Treating OCD? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2008 - SSRIs are effective for the treatment of OCD. If it is assumed that 10 percent of persons with OCD will recover without treatment, then 12 persons with OCD need to be treated for one additional person to have a response within six to 13 weeks. If it is assumed that 20 percent of persons...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1252.html

Use of Inhaled Corticosteroids to Treat Stable COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jun 1, 2008 - Although the use of inhaled corticosteroids for COPD will not reduce mortality or affect long-term disease progression, inhaled corticosteroids can be useful for reducing COPD exacerbations and slowing declines in quality of life.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0601/p1532.html

Low Glycemic Diets for Obesity Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2008 - Compared with high glycemic index diets or conventional energy-restricted weight loss diets, low glycemic index diets better reduce body mass index (BMI) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. The weighted mean difference showed that patients lost an additional 1 to 2 BMI units ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0601/p1534.html

Abstinence-Plus Programs for Prevention of HIV - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Apr 1, 2008 - Abstinence-plus is sex education that includes information on abstinence, condom use, and contraception. Compared with a variety of controls—including usual care, no intervention, or other programs—there is no evidence of increased rates of pregnancy or sexually transmitted infection ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p955.html

Aspirin Combined with Clopidogrel (Plavix) Decreases Cardiovascular Events in Patients ...

Dec 1, 2007 - A combination of aspirin and clopidogrel decreased cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease and in those with acute coronary syndrome. However, the risk of major bleeding events outweighed the benefits in all high-risk patients except those with acute ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1643.html

Medical Treatments in the Short-term Management of Reflux Esophagitis - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2008 - Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the most effective short-term treatment for reflux esophagitis. Histamine H2 blockers are also effective compared with placebo, but are inferior to PPIs. There is limited evidence about adverse events with these therapies, but long-term therapy with ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p620.html

Are Long-acting Insulin Analogues Better Than Isophane Insulin? - Cochrane for ...

Feb 15, 2008 - Based on poor quality evidence, this review suggests that insulin glargine and insulin detemir have no advantage over isophane insulin in reducing A1C levels. In one study, isophane insulin reduced A1C levels slightly more than insulin detemir. However, patients on insulin glargine and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p447.html

Interventions to Improve Antibiotic Prescribing Practices for Hospital Inpatients - ...

Mar 1, 2008 - The choice of antibiotic, timing, dosage and route of administration in hospitalized patients can be improved through educational (persuasive) and restrictive measures. Although both types of interventions are effective, based on heterogeneous studies, restrictive measures appear to ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p618.html

Cancer Genetic Risk Assessment for Individuals at Risk of Familial Breast Cancer - ...

Feb 15, 2008 - Based on limited evidence from three trials, cancer genetic risk assessment reduces distress, improves accuracy of perceived breast cancer risk, and increases breast cancer and genetics knowledge.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p449.html

ACE Inhibitors vs. ARBs for Patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2007 - Studies comparing ACE inhibitors or ARBs with placebo found no mortality benefit in patients with diabetic kidney disease. A subgroup analysis of five studies (2,034 total patients) found that, when given at full or maximally tolerated doses, ACE inhibitors reduce all-cause mortality ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p68.html

Patient-Controlled Analgesia for Postoperative Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Dec 1, 2007 - Patient-controlled opioid analgesia is safe and provides a statistically significant improvement in analgesia in postoperative patients, but the clinical significance of the improvement is marginal.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1645.html

Are Beta Blockers Effective First-line Treatments for Hypertension? - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2007 - Current evidence does not support the use of beta blockers as initial therapy for hypertension.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1306.html

Effectiveness of Insulin Sensitizing Drugs for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - Cochrane for...

Nov 1, 2007 - Insulin sensitizing drugs are more effective than oral contraceptives alone at improving fasting insulin levels in patients with PCOS. Compared with metformin (Glucophage) alone, oral contraceptives alone better control irregular menstrual cycles and reduce androgen levels. There is ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1308.html

Is Oral Vitamin B12 as Effective as Intramuscular Injection? - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Jan 1, 2006 - In patients with vitaminB12 deficiency, two oral regimens have been shown to achieve neurologic and hematologic response in the short term. Effective dosages were (1) 2,000 mcg daily or (2) 1,000 mcg daily for 10 days, then weekly and monthly.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p65.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - Providing early opioid analgesia to patients presenting with acute abdominal pain does not affect or delay management decisions, but it lessens pain intensity as rated by the patient.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p971.html

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