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Delirium - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - Delirium is characterized by an acute change in cognition and a disturbance of consciousness, usually resulting from an underlying medical condition or from medication or drug withdrawal. Delirium affects 10 to 30 percent of hospitalized patients with medical illness; more than 50 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p1027.html

Dementia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2014 - What are the effects of treatments on cognitive, behavioral, and psychological symptoms of dementia (Alzheimer disease, Lewy body dementia, or vascular dementia)?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p117.html

Aspirin With or Without Antiemetic for Acute Migraine Headaches in Adults - Cochrane ...

Feb 1, 2014 - Aspirin, with or without an antiemetic, is an effective treatment for acute migraine headache. Adding the antiemetic metoclopramide (Reglan) significantly reduces migraine-related nausea and vomiting compared with aspirin alone.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p176.html

Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Common Cause of Spinal Cord Dysfunction in Older ...

Sep 1, 2000 - Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in older persons. The aging process results in degenerative changes in the cervical spine that, in advanced stages, can cause compression of the spinal cord. Symptoms often develop insidiously and are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1064.html

Is Intensive Blood Pressure Control Beneficial in Patients with Acute Intracerebral ...

Jan 15, 2014 - It seems to be safe to lower systolic blood pressure to a target of 140 mm Hg in those with an acute hemorrhagic stroke. However, there seems to be no clinical benefit to this approach when the data are adjusted for baseline NIH Stroke Scale scores.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p120.html

Clopidogrel Plus 21 Days of Aspirin Is Superior to Aspirin Alone Within First 24 Hours ...

Jan 1, 2014 - Patients with minor stroke (National Institutes of Health [NIH] Stroke Scale score ≤ 3) or TIA have a decreased risk of recurrent stroke if given aspirin plus clopidogrel vs. aspirin alone if started within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms. There was no significant increase in the risk...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0101/p55.html

Regional Anesthesia For Office Procedures: Part II. Extremity and Inguinal Area ...

Feb 15, 2004 - The hand can be anesthetized effectively with blocks of the median, ulnar, or radial nerve. Each digit is supplied by four digital nerves, which can be blocked with injections on each side of the digit. Anterior or posterior ankle blocks can be used for regional anesthesia for the foot....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p896.html

Headaches in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2002 - Headaches are common during childhood and become more common and increase in frequency during adolescence. The rational, cost-effective evaluation of children with headache begins with a careful history. The first step is to identify the temporal pattern of the headache--acute, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p625.html

Acute Brachial Plexus Neuritis: An Uncommon Cause of Shoulder Pain - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2000 - Patients with acute brachial plexus neuritis are often misdiagnosed as having cervical radiculopathy. Acute brachial plexus neuritis is an uncommon disorder characterized by severe shoulder and upper arm pain followed by marked upper arm weakness. The temporal profile of pain preceding ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2067.html

Hard-to-Diagnose Headache: Practical Tips for Diagnosis and Treatment - Editorials - ...

May 15, 2013 - w/ Hainer

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p672.html

Infant Botulism - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2002 - Although the worldwide incidence of infant botulism is rare, the majority of cases are diagnosed in the United States. An infant can acquire botulism by ingesting Clostridium botulinum spores, which are found in soil or honey products. The spores germinate into bacteria that colonize ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0401/p1388.html

AAN/AHS Update Recommendations for Migraine Prevention in Adults - Practice Guidelines ...

Apr 15, 2013 - Studies suggest that more than one-third of persons with migraine need preventive therapy; however, only 3 to 13 percent use it. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and American Headache Society (AHS) recently reviewed studies published since 2000 to determine which therapies reduce...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p584.html

Stroke: Strategies for Primary Prevention - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in North America. Primary prevention of stroke includes lifestyle modifications and measures to control blood pressure, cholesterol levels, diabetes mellitus, and atrial fibrillation. Lowering blood pressure in patients with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2379.html

Neurologic Complications of Prostate Cancer - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - Neurologic complications continue to pose problems in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. From 15 to 30 percent of metastases are the result of prostate cancer cells traveling through Batson's plexus to the lumbar spine. Metastatic disease in the lumbar area can cause spinal cord ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1834.html

Pharmacologic Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease: An Update - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2003 - Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the development of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, which are associated with neuronal destruction, particularly in cholinergic neurons. Drugs that inhibit the degradation of acetylcholine within synapses are the mainstay of therapy. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/p1365.html

AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular ...

May 15, 2013 - New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for initiating therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation. This advisory summarizes existing American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p732.html

Seizure Disorders in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - Seizure disorders become increasingly common after the age of 60 years and can have a significant impact on functional status. The goal of antiepileptic drug therapy is to control seizures but preserve quality of life. If possible, seizure control should be achieved with one agent given...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p325.html

Intracranial Aneurysms: Current Evidence and Clinical Practice - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - Unruptured intracranial aneurysms occur in up to 6 percent of the general population. Most persons with these aneurysms remain asymptomatic and are usually unaware of their presence. Risk factors for the formation of aneurysms include a family history of aneurysm, various inherited ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p601.html

Principles of Office Anesthesia: Part I. Infiltrative Anesthesia - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2002 - The use of effective analgesia is vital for any office procedure in which pain may be inflicted. The ideal anesthetic achieves 100 percent analgesia in a short period of time, works on intact or nonintact skin without systemic side effects, and invokes neither pain nor toxicity. Because...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p91.html

AAN Updates Guideline on Treatment of Essential Tremor - Practice Guidelines - American...

Aug 1, 2012 - Propranolol and primidone (Mysoline) are the most commonly used therapies for essential tremor, but these agents are ineffective for up to one-half of patients. In 2005, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) published recommendations for the use of other therapies for essential tremor.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0801/p292.html

Insulin for Glycemic Control in Acute Ischemic Stroke - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Dec 1, 2012 - Administering insulin to maintain glycemic control does not improve the rates of mortality or dependency, or the final neurologic outcome after an acute ischemic stroke. Additionally, in randomized controlled trials, patients in the intervention groups (those under tight glycemic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1008.html

Dietary Management of Epilepsy - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2012 - The safety and effectiveness of the ketogenic diet for the treatment of epilepsy have been known for decades. However, successful implementation of the diet requires an essential commitment by the patient and his or her family. Compliance with the ketogenic diet involves adjustments and...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1000.html

Principles of Office Anesthesia Part II: Topical Anesthesia - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2002 - The development of topical anesthetics has provided the family physician with multiple options in anesthetizing open and intact skin. The combination of tetracaine, adrenaline (epinephrine), and cocaine, better known as TAC, was the first topical agent available for analgesia of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p99.html

Early Diagnosis of Dementia - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - Until recently, the most significant issue facing a family physician regarding the diagnosis and treatment of dementia was ruling out delirium and potentially treatable etiologies. However, as more treatment options become available, it will become increasingly important to diagnose ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p703.html

Opioid Dependence - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2012 - What are the effects of drug treatments for stabilization (maintenance), withdrawal, and relapse prevention in persons with opioid dependence?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p565.html

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