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Diagnosis and Management of IBS in Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2012 - Irritable bowel syndrome is defined as abdominal discomfort or pain associated with altered bowel habits for at least three days per month in the previous three months, with the absence of organic disease. In North America, the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome is 5 to 10 percent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p419.html

Pressure Ulcers: Prevention, Evaluation, and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - A pressure ulcer is a localized injury to the skin or underlying tissue, usually over a bony prominence, as a result of unrelieved pressure. Predisposing factors are classified as intrinsic (e.g., limited mobility, poor nutrition, comorbidities, aging skin) or extrinsic (e.g., pressure,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/p1186.html

Cluster Headache - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2013 - Cluster headache causes severe unilateral temporal or periorbital pain, lasting 15 to 180 minutes and accompanied by autonomic symptoms in the nose, eyes, and face. Headaches often recur at the same time each day during the cluster period, which can last for weeks to months. Some ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p122.html

High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2012 - High blood pressure in children and adolescents is a growing health problem that is often overlooked by physicians. Normal blood pressure values for children and adolescents are based on age, sex, and height, and are available in standardized tables. Prehypertension is defined as a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0401/p693.html

Preventive Health Care for Men Who Have Sex with Men - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2015 - Men who have sex with men (MSM) comprise at least 4% of males in the United States. MSM may describe themselves as gay, bisexual, or heterosexual. Because current medical practice does not always facilitate discussion of sexual behaviors, this group of men may face barriers to receiving...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p844.html

Management of External Genital Warts - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2014 - Genital warts affect 1% of the sexually active U.S. population and are commonly seen in primary care. Human papillomavirus types 6 and 11 are responsible for most genital warts. Warts vary from small, flat-topped papules to large, cauliflower-like lesions on the anogenital mucosa and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p312.html

A Diagnostic Approach to Pruritus - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2011 - Pruritus can be a symptom of a distinct dermatologic condition or of an occult underlying systemic disease. Of the patients referred to a dermatologist for generalized pruritus with no apparent primary cutaneous cause, 14 to 24 percent have a systemic etiology. In the absence of a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p195.html

Outpatient Burns: Prevention and Care - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2012 - Most burn injuries can be managed on an outpatient basis by primary care physicians. Prevention efforts can significantly lower the incidence of burns, especially in children. Burns should be managed in the same manner as any other trauma, including a primary and secondary survey. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p25.html

Update on Latent Tuberculosis Infection - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2014 - Latent tuberculosis infection refers to an asymptomatic, nontransmissible infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, carrying a 5% to 10% lifetime risk of progressing to active disease. One-half of this risk occurs within the first two years after infection. High-risk groups include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p889.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Impetigo - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2007 - Impetigo is a highly contagious, superficial skin infection that most commonly affects children two to five years of age. The two types of impetigo are nonbullous impetigo (i.e., impetigo contagiosa) and bullous impetigo. The diagnosis usually is made clinically, but rarely a culture ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p859.html

Cirrhosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2011 - Cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. It accounted for 29,165 deaths in 2007, with a mortality rate of 9.7 per 100,000 persons. Alcohol abuse and viral hepatitis are the most common causes of cirrhosis, although nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is emerging ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1353.html

Management of Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2009 - Keloids and hypertrophic scars represent an exuberant healing response that poses a challenge for physicians. Patients at high risk of keloids are usually younger than 30 years and have darker skin. Sternal skin, shoulders and upper arms, earlobes, and cheeks are most susceptible to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p253.html

Natural Family Planning - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2012 - Natural family planning methods provide a unique option for committed couples. Advantages include the lack of medical adverse effects and the opportunity for participants to learn about reproduction. Modern methods of natural family planning involve observation of biologic markers to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p924.html

Role of the Family Physician in the Care of Children with Down Syndrome - American ...

Dec 15, 2014 - Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal abnormality, occurring in one in 691 live births in the United States each year. Prenatally, the sequential contingent test for aneuploidy screening is highly sensitive for Down syndrome and has a low false-positive rate. The diagnosis should...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p851.html

Atopic Dermatitis: An Overview - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2012 - Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is a chronic pruritic skin condition affecting approximately 17.8 million persons in the United States. It can lead to significant morbidity. A simplified version of the U.K. Working Party’s Diagnostic Criteria can help make the diagnosis....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p35.html

Common Questions About Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2014 - Developmental dysplasia of the hip is a common musculoskeletal condition in newborns. Infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip, whether treated or untreated, have a higher incidence of early-onset hip osteoarthritis in adulthood. Evidence to support universal screening by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p843.html

Diagnosis and Management of Adnexal Masses - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2009 - Adnexal masses represent a spectrum of conditions from gynecologic and nongynecologic sources. They may be benign or malignant. The initial detection and evaluation of an adnexal mass requires a high index of suspicion, a thorough history and physical examination, and careful attention ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p815.html

Options for Women with Unintended Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2015 - Unintended pregnancy refers to unwanted, unplanned, or mistimed pregnancies. One-half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended, and family physicians are often asked to provide counseling, support, and resources for women with unintended pregnancies. Options include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p544.html

Update on Acute Ankle Sprains - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2012 - Ankle sprains are a common problem seen by primary care physicians, especially among teenagers and young adults. Most ankle sprains are inversion injuries to the lateral ankle ligaments, although high sprains representing damage to the tibiofibular syndesmosis are becoming increasingly ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1170.html

Acute and Chronic Paronychia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2008 - Paronychia is an inflammation of the folds of tissue surrounding the nail of a toe or finger. Paronychia may be classified as either acute or chronic. The main factor associated with the development of acute paronychia is direct or indirect trauma to the cuticle or nail fold. This ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p339.html

Management of Hypertriglyceridemia - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and acute pancreatitis. Along with lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and raising high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, lowering triglyceride levels in high-risk patients (e.g., ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1365.html

Recognition and Management of Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis - ...

Nov 15, 2013 - Polymyalgia rheumatica affects proximal muscles and joints, causing disability in older adults. Giant cell arteritis affects medium and large arteries and can result in blindness. These conditions overlap significantly, often occurring together. Despite the similarities, each has ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p676.html

Diagnosing and Treating Hair Loss - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - Physicians should be careful not to underestimate the emotional impact of hair loss for some patients. Patients may present with focal patches of hair loss or more diffuse hair loss, which may include predominant hair thinning or increased hair shedding. Focal hair loss can be further ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p356.html

Transient Ischemic Attack: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2012 - Transient ischemic attack is defined as transient neurologic symptoms without evidence of acute infarction. It is a common and important risk factor for future stroke, but is greatly underreported. Common symptoms are sudden and transient, and include unilateral paresis, speech ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p521.html

First Trimester Bleeding - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2009 - Vaginal bleeding in the first trimester occurs in about one fourth of pregnancies. About one half of those who bleed will miscarry. Guarded reassurance and watchful waiting are appropriate if fetal heart sounds are detected, if the patient is medically stable, and if there is no adnexal...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p985.html

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