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Are Beta Blockers Effective First-line Treatments for Hypertension? - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2007 - Current evidence does not support the use of beta blockers as initial therapy for hypertension.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1306.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - Providing early opioid analgesia to patients presenting with acute abdominal pain does not affect or delay management decisions, but it lessens pain intensity as rated by the patient.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p971.html

Effectiveness of Insulin Sensitizing Drugs for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - Cochrane for...

Nov 1, 2007 - Insulin sensitizing drugs are more effective than oral contraceptives alone at improving fasting insulin levels in patients with PCOS. Compared with metformin (Glucophage) alone, oral contraceptives alone better control irregular menstrual cycles and reduce androgen levels. There is ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1308.html

Does Pioglitazone Benefit Patients With Type 2 Diabetes? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2007 - Pioglitazone produces a reduction in A1C levels similar to that produced by other drugs. One trial found that although pioglitazone, used as an adjunct to other antihyperglycemic medications, may lead to a statistically significant reduction in morbidity and mortality in patients with ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p969.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - There are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of labor induction in women with a low–transverse uterine scar. Observational studies indicate that there is a small increased risk of uterine rupture and adverse fetal outcomes, especially in women induced with prostaglandins. Although ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p971a.html

Counseling Women About Mammography: Benefits vs. Harms - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2007 - Studies of mammography show a 0.1 percent absolute reduction in breast cancer mortality with mammography. This means that if 2,000 women are offered mammography over 10 years, one woman would have her life prolonged, 10 healthy women would be treated unnecessarily for breast cancer, and...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p652.html

Advance Provision for Emergency Oral Contraception - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Sep 1, 2007 - Providing oral emergency contraceptives in advance to fertile women for use after unprotected sexual intercourse (i.e., advance provision) does not affect pregnancy rates, condom use, sexually transmitted infection rates, or type of contraception used. Advance provision more than ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p654.html

Adenosine vs. Calcium Channel Blockers for Supraventricular Tachycardia - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2007 - Adenosine and verapamil (Calan, Isoptin SR) are equally effective for treating acute supra-ventricular tachycardia in adults. Patients treated with adenosine have a higher rate of minor, transient adverse effects than patients treated with verapamil; however, rare but serious adverse ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1653.html

Antiretroviral Prophylaxis for Occupational Exposure to HIV - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Aug 1, 2007 - The literature shows that acarbose can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. However, it is unclear whether the drug stops or delays the development of the disease or masks the diagnosis. There is no evidence that ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p375.html

Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors May Reduce the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes - Cochrane for ...

Aug 1, 2007 - The literature shows that acarbose can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. However, it is unclear whether the drug stops or delays the development of the disease or masks the diagnosis. There is no evidence that ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p374.html

Exercise for Older Patients Who Are Acutely Hospitalized - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jul 1, 2007 - The effects of exercise interventions on functional outcomes are unclear, but there is a trend toward functional improvement. Multidisciplinary interventions that include exercise also show several other benefits, including reduction in length of hospitalization and hospital costs; ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p69.html

Occupational Therapy Improves Activities of Daily Living After Stroke - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2007 - Compared with standard rehabilitation, ADL-based occupational therapy significantly decreases death or institutionalization and deterioration in the ability to perform ADL after stroke. The optimal length and type of therapy is not well defined.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1651.html

Fecal Occult Blood Tests Reduce Colorectal Cancer Mortality - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Jun 1, 2007 - Fecal occult blood testing reduces colorectal cancer mortality by 16 percent. Annual testing and rehydration of samples increases testing sensitivity but also increases the number of false-positive results.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1652.html

Exercise is an Effective Intervention in Overweight and Obese Patients - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2007 - Exercise leads to a weight loss of 1 lb, 2 oz to 16 lb, 12 oz (0.5 to 7.6 kg), compared with a 3-oz (0.1-kg) weight loss to a weight gain of 1 lb, 9 oz (0.7 kg) with no treatment. Patients participating in higher-intensity exercise lose 3 lb, 5 oz (1.5 kg) more than those participating ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1333.html

Tramadol Relieves Neuropathic Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - Tramadol is an effective treatment for neuropathic pain. One out of four patients who take the medication achieves at least 50 percent pain relief.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1335.html

Nonpharmacologic vs. Anticholinergic Therapies for Overactive Bladder - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2007 - Anticholinergic medications are more effective than bladder training in reducing the number of voids per day. Combining an anti-cholinergic medication with bladder training is more effective than either therapy alone.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1336.html

Are Opioids Effective in the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain? - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Apr 1, 2007 - Eight to 60 days of opioid therapy for the treatment of neuropathic pain effectively reduces pain scores as measured by a visual analog scale. A lack of response to opioids in the first 24 hours should not be used to predict whether longer-term opioid therapy might be beneficial. There ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p999.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Children with otitis media with effusion do not benefit from decongestants or antihistamines. Common adverse effects of these therapies are gastrointestinal upset, irritability, drowsiness, and dizziness (number needed to harm = 9).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001.html

Effectiveness of Dressings for Healing Venous Leg Ulcers - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2007 - No single dressing or type of dressing appears to be superior to others in the complete healing of ulcers or in healing rate.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p649.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Topical salicylic or lactic acid and cryotherapy are effective treatments for nongenital warts. Although cryotherapy is somewhat more effective, it is associated with more pain and blistering than salicylic or lactic acid. The spontaneous cure rate of nongenital warts is 50 to 70 ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001a.html

Expectant Management vs. Surgical Treatment for Miscarriage - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Oct 1, 2006 - Expectant management and surgical treatment are safe and effective for first-trimester miscarriage. Among patients who choose expectant management, there is a lower rate of pelvic infection but higher rates of mild bleeding, need for unplanned surgical treatment, and incomplete ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1125.html

Are Oral Betamimetics Effective Maintenance Therapies After Threatened Preterm Labor? -...

Mar 1, 2007 - There is no evidence to support the use of oral betamimetics for maintenance therapy after treatment for threatened preterm labor, and there is a risk of adverse effects with these drugs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p648.html

Telephone Counseling Improves Smoking Cessation Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2007 - Telephone counseling can improve long-term smoking cessation rates. Multiple proactive calls are more effective than a single reactive call.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p650.html

The Role of Exercise in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Feb 1, 2007 - Regular exercise reduces A1C levels, adiposity, and triglyceride levels. However, no research has definitively proved a benefit of exercise on patient-oriented outcomes such as diabetes-related morbidity and mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p335.html

Vaccines for Preventing Influenza in Older Patients - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Feb 1, 2007 - According to data obtained primarily from poor-quality observational studies, influenza vaccination in older persons living in long-term care facilities appears to prevent approximately 45 percent of pneumonia cases, hospital admissions, and influenza-related deaths. In older persons ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p337.html

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