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Addition of Long-Acting Beta Agonists for Asthma in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Mar 1, 2010 - In children with persistent asthma who are already taking inhaled corticosteroids, the addition of a LABA does not lower the rate of exacerbations requiring oral steroids, rescue medication, or hospitalizations, but it improves measurable lung function.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p598.html

Should Salmeterol Be Used for Long-Term Asthma Control? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jun 1, 2009 - Salmeterol may help improve asthma symptoms, but it should only be used as part of a comprehensive asthma management plan including inhaled corticosteroids and a short-acting beta agonist. There is currently insufficient evidence to confirm that salmeterol does not increase the risk of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p957.html

Over-the-Counter Medications for Acute Cough Symptoms - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jul 1, 2008 - It is uncertain whether OTC cough medications are effective in reducing cough symptoms in adults; in children, no trials show a statistically significant benefit in the treatment compared with the placebo groups. Overall, the quality of evidence is poor; adult studies show conflicting ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p52.html

Use of Inhaled Corticosteroids to Treat Stable COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jun 1, 2008 - Although the use of inhaled corticosteroids for COPD will not reduce mortality or affect long-term disease progression, inhaled corticosteroids can be useful for reducing COPD exacerbations and slowing declines in quality of life.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0601/p1532.html

Telephone Counseling Improves Smoking Cessation Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2007 - Telephone counseling can improve long-term smoking cessation rates. Multiple proactive calls are more effective than a single reactive call.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p650.html

Beta-Blocker Use in Patients with COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2006 - In 20 studies of cardioselective beta blockers in patients with COPD, participants had no adverse pulmonary or respiratory effects. Because of their salutary cardiovascular effects, cardioselective beta blockers should not be withheld from patients with COPD.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1858.html

Antibiotics for Exacerbations of COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2006 - There is consistent evidence from a small number of studies that antibiotics significantly reduce mortality (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8) and treatment failure (NNT = 3) in more severely ill patients with COPD who are hospitalized because of an exacerbation. Two smaller studies ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p749.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - An antidepressant such as imipramine (Tofranil) or sertraline (Zoloft), possibly with the addition of an antipsychotic, is the preferred initial pharmacologic treatment for psychotic depression.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1935.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - For adult patients who are taking a minimum maintenance dosage of inhaled corticosteroid for asthma, adding a long-acting beta2 agonist permits reduction of the dosage of inhaled corticosteroid by 253 mcg beclomethasone equivalent per day without worsening the patient's symptoms. In ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1935a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - The single clinical trial on this topic found that inhaled beta agonists do not reduce cough frequency or improve symptoms in children with chronic, nonspecific cough.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1191a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - Benzodiazepines are safe and effective for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal, particularly for the prevention of withdrawal seizures, although their superiority to anticonvulsants has not been demonstrated convincingly. There is no clear benefit of one benzodiazepine over another or ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1191.html

Oral Appliances for Obstructive Sleep Apnea? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Mar 1, 2006 - Although oral appliances provide improved subjective sleepiness and sleep-disordered breathing, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is more effective. Oral appliances should not be used as a first-line treatment but rather should be reserved for patients who cannot tolerate CPAP ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p801.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Three days of antibiotic therapy is as effective as longer courses for treatment of uncomplicated UTIs in women.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2219.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - In patients with moderate or severe COPD, tiotropium reduces exacerbations, hospitalizations, and symptom scores and improves health-related quality of life compared with placebo and ipratropium (Atrovent). However, more study is needed to determine tiotropium’s role in the treatment of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2219a.html

Corticosteroids for Pulmonary Sarcoidosis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2005 - Patients who take oral corticosteroids are more likely to show improvement in their chest radiographs than those taking placebo, although improvements in symptoms and lung function are less certain. The typical dosage used in randomized trials was 20 mg daily or 40 mg every two days ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1702.html

Systemic Corticosteroids for Acute Exacerbations of COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2005 - Systemic corticosteroids improve symptoms of acute COPD exacerbations at three days and reduce the likelihood of treatment failure. There is no evidence that they reduce mortality or prevent recurrence at 30 days, but the existing studies may be too small to detect such a benefit. ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p437.html

Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin for Initial Treatment of Venous Thromboembolism - Cochrane...

Jul 1, 2005 - LMWH is safer and more effective than unfractionated heparin for initial treatment of venous thromboembolism.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p75.html

Delaying Antibiotics for Respiratory Infections - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Feb 1, 2005 - Delayed prescribing appears to be a reasonable and safe option in patients with cough and in those who do not appear very ill, but it cannot be recommended for children with sore throat unless streptococcal pharyngitis has been ruled out. Delayed prescribing of antibiotics results in a ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p466.html

Home Oxygen Therapy for Treatment of Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary ...

Sep 1, 2004 - There is good evidence that the addition of home long-term continuous oxygen therapy for COPD increases survival rates in patients with severe hypoxemia (i.e., O2 saturation of less than 90 percent or partial pressure of arterial oxygen [PaO2] of less than 8 kPa per 60 mm Hg) but not in...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p864.html

Are Metered-Dose Inhalers with Holding Chambers Better Than Nebulizers for Treating ...

Jan 1, 2003 - In the emergency room, MDIs with holding chambers are as effective as nebulizers for delivering beta2 agonists to treat acute asthma in adults and children older than age two. There might be slightly less beta2 agonist–induced tachycardia in children when MDIs with holding chambers are ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p62.html

Do Children with Acute Asthma Benefit More from Anticholinergics and Beta2 Agonists ...

Aug 1, 2002 - Children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbations experience improved respiratory function and are less likely to require hospital admission when treated with multiple doses of beta2 agonists combined with anticholinergics. The same benefit has not been proved in children with mild ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p417.html

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