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Dysmenorrhea - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - Dysmenorrhea is the leading cause of recurrent short-term school absence in adolescent girls and a common problem in women of reproductive age. Risk factors for dysmenorrhea include nulliparity, heavy menstrual flow, smoking, and depression. Empiric therapy can be initiated based on a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p285.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - From 2 to 10 percent of women of reproductive age have severe distress and dysfunction caused by premenstrual dysphoric disorder, a severe form of premenstrual syndrome. Current research implicates mechanisms of serotonin as relevant to etiology and treatment. Patients with mild to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1239.html

Diaphragm Fitting - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2004 - When used with a spermicide, the diaphragm can be a more effective barrier contraceptive than the male condom. The diaphragm allows female-controlled contraception. It also provides moderate protection against sexually transmitted diseases and is less expensive than some contraceptive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0101/p97.html

The Evaluation of Common Breast Problems - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - The most common breast problems for which women consult a physician are breast pain, nipple discharge and a palpable mass. Most women with these complaints have benign breast disease. Breast pain alone is rarely a presenting symptom of cancer, and imaging studies should be reserved for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2371.html

Emergency Contraception - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Women can use emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy after known or suspected failure of birth control or after unprotected intercourse. Many patients do not ask for emergency contraception because they do not know of its availability. Emergency contraception has been an off-label...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p707.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Galactorrhea - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - Galactorrhea, or inappropriate lactation, is a relatively common problem that occurs in approximately 20 to 25 percent of women. Lactation requires the presence of estrogen, progesterone and, most importantly, prolactin. Stress, suckling, sleep, sexual intercourse and medications may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1763.html

Endometrial Biopsy - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - Endometrial biopsy is an office procedure that serves as a helpful tool in diagnosing various uterine abnormalities. The technique is fairly easy to learn and may be performed without assistance. The biopsy is obtained through the use of an endometrial suction catheter that is inserted ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1131.html

Returning to Work While Breastfeeding - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Mothers who work outside the home initiate breastfeeding at the same rate as mothers who stay at home. However, the breastfeeding continuance rate declines sharply in mothers who return to work. While the work environment may be less than ideal for the breastfeeding mother, obstacles ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2201.html

The Woman with Dysuria - American Family Physician

May 1, 1998 - Bacterial cystitis is the most common bacterial infection occurring in women. Thirty percent of women will experience at least one episode of cystitis during their lifetime. About one third of patients presenting with symptoms of cystitis have upper urinary tract infection. A careful ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2155.html

Urinary Incontinence in Women: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2000 - Because the prevalence of urinary incontinence increases with age, a working knowledge of the diagnosis and treatment of the various types of urinary incontinence is fundamental to the care of women. As the population of the United States ages, primary care physicians can expect to see ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1201/p2433.html

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: It's Not Just Infertility - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - Recent diagnostic and pharmacologic developments have focused renewed attention on polycystic ovary syndrome. Clinical features of the syndrome include anovulation, hyperandrogenism and menstrual dysfunction, but several other abnormalities, including hyperinsulinemia, luteinizing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1079.html

Preconception Health Care - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2002 - Appropriate preconception health care improves pregnancy outcomes. When started at least one month before conception, folic acid supplements can prevent neural tube defects. Targeted genetic screening and counseling should be offered on the basis of age, ethnic background, or family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2507.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Endometriosis - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 1999 - Endometriosis is a progressive disease affecting 5 to 10 percent of women. It can cause dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea, low back pain and infertility. A definitive diagnosis can be made only by means of laparoscopy. Medical treatment designed to interfere with ovulation generally provides ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1015/p1753.html

The Female Athlete Triad - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - The female athlete triad is defined as the combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This disorder often goes unrecognized. The consequences of lost bone mineral density can be devastating for the female athlete. Premature osteoporotic fractures can occur, and lost ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3357.html

Optimal Management of Cholesterol Levels and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in women, is largely preventable. Lifestyle modifications (e.g., diet and exercise) are the cornerstone of primary and secondary prevention. Elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides and low levels of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p217.html

Initial Management of Breastfeeding - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2001 - Breast milk is widely accepted as the ideal source of nutrition for infants. In order to ensure success in breastfeeding, it is important that it be initiated as early as possible during the neonatal period. This is facilitated by skin-to-skin contact between the mother and infant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p981.html

Female Sexual Dysfunction: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2000 - Sexual dysfunction includes desire, arousal, orgasmic and sex pain disorders (dyspareunia and vaginismus). Primary care physicians must assume a proactive role in the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders. Long-term medical diseases, minor ailments, medications and psychosocial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0701/p127.html

Managing Menopause - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - Many women will spend one third of their lifetime after menopause. A growing number of options are available for the treatment of menopausal symptoms like vasomotor instability and vaginal atrophy, as well as the long-term health risks such as cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1391.html

Promoting and Supporting Breast-Feeding - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - The family physician can significantly influence a mother's decision to breast-feed. Prenatal support, hospital management and subsequent pediatric and maternal visits are all-important components of breast-feeding promotion. Prenatal encouragement increases breast-feeding rates and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2093.html

Management of Female Sexual Assault - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1998 - A sexual assault occurs once every 6.4 minutes in the United States. One in every six women will be raped during her lifetime. Although a woman is four times more likely to be assaulted by someone she knows than by someone she does not know, the majority of these crimes go unreported ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p920.html

Screening for Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - Approximately 10 to 15 percent of all breast cancers are thought to be familial and about one third of these cases are due to an inherited mutation in a BRCA1 or BRCA2 breast cancer-susceptibility gene. The lifetime incidence of breast cancer in mutation carriers is above 50 percent, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p99.html

Estimating the Risk of Ovarian Cancer - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2009 - Every year, 25,000 women in the United States (about one in 3,000 women older than 40 years) receive ovarian cancer diagnoses, and 14,000 die of the disease. Risk factors for ovarian cancer include family history of ovarian cancer, personal history of breast cancer, obesity, not ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/p632.html

Predicting Hip Fracture Risk in Older Women - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2007 - Approximately one in six women will have a hip fracture during her lifetime, and approximately one in 35 of all women will die of complications from hip fracture.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p273.html

Treating Adult Women with Suspected UTI - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2006 - More than 7 million women are diagnosed with urinary tract infections (UTIs) annually, making it one of the most commonly seen conditions in primary care.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p293.html

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