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Alpha Blockers to Speed Ureteral Stone Passage - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Feb 1, 2015 - Compared with patients receiving standard therapy (e.g., fluids, analgesics), placebo, or calcium channel blockers, patients receiving alpha blockers had about three fewer days to ureteral stone expulsion and were less likely to be hospitalized. Adverse effects of alpha blocker therapy ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p164.html

Zinc Supplementation in Children Six Months to 12 Years of Age - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Preventive zinc supplementation for children in low- and middle-income countries appears to reduce rates of diarrhea and may slightly reduce rates of growth failure.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p27.html

Risk of Venous Thromboembolism with Use of Combined Oral Contraceptives - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2015 - All combined oral contraceptives increase VTE risk. The risk is greater for those containing desogestrel, drospirenone, gestodene (not available in the United States), and cyproterone acetate (not available in the United States) when compared with levonorgestrel. All combined oral ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p287.html

Controlled-Release Oxycodone for Neuropathic Pain and Fibromyalgia in Adults - Cochrane...

Mar 1, 2015 - Oxycodone CR has limited effectiveness for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy or postherpetic neuralgia. Evidence is lacking regarding treatment benefit for other neuropathic pain syndromes or fibromyalgia. Adverse effects of oxycodone CR therapy are common.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p286.html

Buprenorphine Maintenance vs. Methadone Maintenance or Placebo for Opioid Use Disorder ...

Feb 1, 2015 - At dosages greater than 2 mg per day, buprenorphine maintains treatment retention better than placebo. When flexible dosing (doses adjusted based on patient symptoms) is used, the effectiveness of buprenorphine is comparable to that of methadone in suppressing opioid use.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p165.html

Methotrexate Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Methotrexate monotherapy demonstrated statistically significant and clinically relevant improvement of symptoms and physical function compared with placebo at 12 to 52 weeks. Multiple adverse effects were reported with methotrexate use, and patients were twice as likely to discontinue ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p26.html

Safety of Long-Acting Beta Agonists in Adults with Asthma - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2014 - LABAs appear to be safe when used with inhaled corticosteroids. LABA monotherapy is associated with an increase in asthma-related mortality and nonfatal serious adverse events, but not in all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/p453.html

Intranasal Corticosteroids for Acute Bacterial Sinusitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2014 - Compared with patients not treated with intranasal corticosteroids, those who receive them have greater improvement or resolution of symptoms at two to three weeks, regardless of whether antibiotics are used. In a single head-to-head study, patients taking intranasal corticosteroids ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p286.html

Topiramate for the Prophylaxis of Episodic Migraine in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Jul 1, 2014 - Topiramate in a dosage of 100 mg per day is effective for decreasing the frequency of headaches in adults with episodic migraine.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p24.html

Psychological Therapies for Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - Cochrane for ...

Oct 1, 2014 - Trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) are more effective than other therapies in reducing PTSD symptom severity up to four months after treatment, but more robust studies are needed to evaluate the long-term effectiveness.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/p454.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2014 - Albuterol does not improve any clinical outcomes in the outpatient or inpatient setting and should not be used in the treatment of bronchiolitis in a child 24 months or younger.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p622.html

Antibiotics for Sore Throat - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2014 - Compared with placebo, antibiotics can shorten the duration of sore throat symptoms by about 16 hours and can reduce complications. In countries where the absolute rates of complications are higher, antibiotic therapy is more likely to be effective. The effectiveness of antibiotic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p23.html

Exercise Programs for Older Patients with Dementia - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Sep 1, 2014 - There is some evidence that exercise improves cognitive function and the ability to perform activities of daily living in patients with dementia.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p287.html

Gabapentin for the Prophylaxis of Episodic Migraine in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians...

May 1, 2014 - Gabapentin does not decrease the frequency of migraine headaches and is not recommended for prophylactic therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p714.html

Effectiveness of Calcium Channel Blockers for Raynaud Phenomenon - Cochrane for ...

Aug 1, 2014 - CCBs are modestly effective at reducing the frequency of attacks of primary Raynaud phenomenon. There is no evidence that attack severity or physiologic measurements are reduced by CCBs. Treatment is associated with adverse effects such as headache, flushing, and edema.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/p143.html

Antenatal Perineal Massage to Prevent Birth Trauma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Mar 1, 2014 - Antenatal digital perineal massage in the final month of pregnancy is safe and well tolerated. Women who have not had a previous vaginal delivery and perform digital perineal massage in the final month of pregnancy experience less perineal birth trauma, mostly through fewer ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p335.html

Prophylactic Antibiotics for the Prevention of COPD Exacerbation - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2014 - Continuous prophylactic antibiotic therapy significantly decreases COPD exacerbations for up to three years. However, it does not decrease mortality, and it puts the patient at risk of antibiotic-resistant colonization and infection.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p870.html

Psychosocial and Psychological Interventions for Preventing Postpartum Depression - ...

Jun 1, 2014 - A range of prevention strategies can reduce the risk of postpartum depression, but more study is needed to determine which interventions are most effective.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p871.html

Progestin-Only Contraceptives: Effects on Weight - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

May 1, 2014 - There is little evidence that progestin-only contraceptives cause weight gain; in this review, mean weight gain was less than 2 kg (4.4 lb) for most studies up to 12 months.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p715.html

Collaborative Care for Depression and Anxiety - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Apr 1, 2014 - The collaborative care model is effective for treating adults with depression and/or anxiety using a multiprofessional approach to patient care, a structured management plan, scheduled patient follow-ups, and enhanced interprofessional communication.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p524.html

Are Cranberry Products Effective for the Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections? - ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Cranberry products are not effective and should not be recommended for the prevention of UTIs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p745.html

Early Developmental Intervention Programs for Preterm Infants - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Mar 1, 2014 - Early intervention programs improve cognitive performance in preterm infants up to 36 months of age, but no effect can be detected by five years of age. A small effect of early intervention on motor performance was found in infancy, but it did not persist until preschool or school age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p336.html

Role of Breathing Exercises in the Treatment of COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jan 1, 2014 - Patients with COPD who are treated with breathing exercises vs. standard care showed an improvement in exercise capacity, with inconsistent changes in dyspnea and health-related quality of life. Adding breathing exercises to a pulmonary rehabilitation program did not show any increased ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0101/p15.html

The Impact of Personalized Risk Communication on Screening Decisions - Cochrane for ...

Feb 1, 2014 - Patients presented with personalized risk information are more likely to make informed decisions about screening than patients who are presented with generic risk information. Individualizing risk appears to improve the accuracy of patients' risk perception and decrease anxiety.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p175.html

Aspirin With or Without Antiemetic for Acute Migraine Headaches in Adults - Cochrane ...

Feb 1, 2014 - Aspirin, with or without an antiemetic, is an effective treatment for acute migraine headache. Adding the antiemetic metoclopramide (Reglan) significantly reduces migraine-related nausea and vomiting compared with aspirin alone.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p176.html

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