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Foot Fractures That Are Frequently Misdiagnosed As Ankle Sprains - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2002 - Most ankle injuries are straightforward ligamentous injuries. However, the clinical presentation of subtle fractures can be similar to that of ankle sprains, and these fractures are frequently missed on initial examination. Fractures of the talar dome may be medial or lateral, and they ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p785.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Acute Low Back Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Acute low back pain with or without sciatica usually is self-limited and has no serious underlying pathology. For most patients, reassurance, pain medications, and advice to stay active are sufficient. A more thorough evaluation is required in selected patients with

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1181.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part I. Initial Evaluation - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2006 - Musculoskeletal pain can be difficult for children to characterize. Primary care physicians must determine whether the pain may be caused by a systemic disease. Change in activity, constitutional symptoms such as fevers and fatigue, or abnormal examination findings without obvious ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p115.html

Clinical Evaluation and Treatment Options for Herniated Lumbar Disc - American Family ...

Feb 1, 1999 - Degeneration of the intervertebral disc from a combination of factors can result in herniation, particularly at the L4-5 and L5-S1 levels. The presence of pain, radiculopathy and other symptoms depends on the site and degree of herniation. A detailed history and careful physical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0201/p575.html

Hand and Wrist Injuries: Part I. Nonemergent Evaluation - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2004 - Diagnosis of upper extremity injuries depends on knowledge of basic anatomy and biomechanics of the hand and wrist. The wrist is composed of two rows of carpal bones. Flexor and extensor tendons cross the wrist to allow function of the hand and digits. The ulnar, median, and radial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/p1941.html

Cerebral Palsy: An Overview - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The presentation of cerebral palsy can be global mental and physical dysfunction or isolated disturbances in gait, cognition, growth, or sensation. It is the most common childhood physical disability and affects 2 to 2.5 children per 1,000 born in the United States. The differential ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p91.html

Braces and Splints for Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - Braces and splints can be useful for acute injuries, chronic conditions, and the prevention of injury. There is good evidence to support the use of some braces and splints; others are used because of subjective reports from patients, relatively low cost, and few adverse effects, despite...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p342.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Hip and Knee - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - Joint injection of the hip and knee regions is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. In this article, the injection procedure for the greater trochanteric bursa, the knee joint, the pes anserine bursa, the iliotibial band, and the prepatellar bursa is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2147.html

Common Problems in Endurance Athletes - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - Endurance athletes alternate periods of intensive physical training with periods of rest and recovery to improve performance. An imbalance caused by overly intensive training and inadequate recovery leads to a breakdown in tissue reparative mechanisms and eventually to overuse injuries....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p237.html

Common Conditions of the Achilles Tendon - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - The Achilles tendon, the largest tendon in the body, is vulnerable to injury because of its limited blood supply and the combination of forces to which it is subjected. Aging and increased activity (particularly velocity sports) increase the chance of injury to the Achilles tendon. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1805.html

Acute Finger Injuries: Part II. Fractures, Dislocations, and Thumb Injuries - American ...

Mar 1, 2006 - Family physicians can treat most finger fractures and dislocations, but when necessary, prompt referral to an orthopedic or hand surgeon is important to maximize future function. Examination includes radiography (oblique, anteroposterior, and true lateral views) and physical examination...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p827.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Ankle and Foot - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2003 - Joint and soft tissue injection of the ankle and foot region is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. This article reviews the injection procedure for the plantar fascia, ankle joint, tarsal tunnel, interdigital space, and first metatarsophalangeal joint. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/p1356.html

Acute Knee Effusions: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - Knee effusions may be the result of trauma, overuse or systemic disease. An understanding of knee pathoanatomy is an invaluable part of making the correct diagnosis and formulating a treatment plan. Taking a thorough medical history is the key component of the evaluation. The most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2391.html

Management of Head and Neck Injuries by the Sideline Physician - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Injuries to the head and neck are common in sports. Sideline physicians must be attentive and prepared with an organized approach to detect and manage these injuries. Because head and neck injuries often occur simultaneously, the sideline physician can combine the head and neck ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1357.html

Management of Hip Fracture: The Family Physician's Role - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2006 - The incidence of hip fracture is expected to increase as the population ages. One in five persons dies in the first year after sustaining a hip fracture, and those who survive past one year may have significant functional limitation. Although surgery is the main treatment for hip ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2195.html

Joint and Soft Tissue Injection - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2002 - Injection techniques are helpful for diagnosis and therapy in a wide variety of musculoskeletal conditions. Diagnostic indications include the aspiration of fluid for analysis and the assessment of pain relief and increased range of motion as a diagnostic tool. Therapeutic indications ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p283.html

Plantar Fasciitis and Other Causes of Heel Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1999 - The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis. It is usually caused by a biomechanical imbalance resulting in tension along the plantar fascia. The diagnosis is typically based on the history and the finding of localized tenderness. Treatment consists of medial arch support, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2200.html

Management of Shoulder Impingement Syndrome and Rotator Cuff Tears - American Family ...

Feb 15, 1998 - Rotator cuff impingement syndrome and associated rotator cuff tears are commonly encountered shoulder problems. Symptoms include pain, weakness and loss of motion. Causes of impingement include acromioclavicular joint arthritis, calcified coracoacromial ligament, structural ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p667.html

Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2004 - Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the vertebral canal that compresses spinal nerves and may cause leg pain and difficulty walking. The symptoms of degenerative lumbar stenosis commonly occur in elderly adults and can be treated conservatively with pain-relieving agents or aggressively ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p517.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Elbow Region - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - Joint injection of the elbow is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. In this article, the injection procedures for the elbow joint, medial and lateral epicondylitis, and olecranon bursitis are reviewed. Persistent pain related to inflammatory conditions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2097.html

Common Overuse Tendon Problems: A Review and Recommendations for Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2005 - There is a common misconception that symptomatic tendon injuries are inflammatory; because of this, these injuries often are mislabeled as tendonitis. Acute inflammatory tendinopathies exist, but most patients seen in primary care will have chronic symptoms suggesting a degenerative ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p811.html

Plantar Fasciitis: Evidence-Based Review of Diagnosis and Therapy - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2005 - Plantar fasciitis causes heel pain in active as well as sedentary adults of all ages. The condition is more likely to occur in persons who are obese or in those who are on their feet most of the day. A diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is based on the patient's history and physical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2237.html

Childhood and Adolescent Sports-Related Overuse Injuries - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Youth sports participation carries an inherent risk of injury, including overuse injuries. Little leaguer's shoulder, a stress fracture of the proximal humerus that presents as lateral shoulder pain, usually is self-limited. Little leaguer's elbow is a medial stress injury; treatment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1014.html

Tarsal Navicular Stress Fractures - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2003 - Stress fractures of the tarsal navicular bone are being recognized with increasing frequency in physically active persons. Diagnosis is commonly delayed, and outcome often suffers because physicians lack familiarity with the condition. Navicular stress fractures typically present in a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p85.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

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