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Appropriate Prescribing of Medications: An Eight-Step Approach - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - A systematic approach advocated by the World Health Organization can help minimize poor-quality and erroneous prescribing. This six-step approach to prescribing suggests that the physician should (1) evaluate and dearly define the patient's problem; (2) specify the therapeutic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p231.html

Oppositional Defiant Disorder - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2008 - Oppositional defiant disorder is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., as a recurrent pattern of developmentally inappropriate, negativistic, defiant, and disobedient behavior toward authority figures. This behavior often appears in the preschool...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/p861.html

Pharmacologic Management of Adult Depression - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2008 - Major depression is a common and treatable disease. Many patients benefit from pharmacologic treatment and, because there is little variation in antidepressant effectiveness, medication choices should be made based on patient characteristics, safety, and anticipated side effects. Most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/p785.html

Catheter Ablation of Supraventricular Arrhythmias and Atrial Fibrilation - American ...

Nov 15, 2009 - Supraventricular arrhythmias are relatively common, often persistent, and rarely life-threatening cardiac rhythm disturbances that arise from the sinus node, atrial tissue, or junctional sites between the atria and ventricles. The term

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1089.html

Treatment of Seborrheic Dermatitis - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting areas of the head and trunk where sebaceous glands are most prominent. Lipophilic yeasts of the Malassezia genus, as well as genetic, environmental and general health factors, contribute to this disorder. Scalp seborrhea...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2703.html

LASIK: A Primer for Family Physicians - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2010 - Surgical correction of vision is becoming increasingly popular. Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is the most popular method of corneal refractive surgery. LASIK is usually limited to adults who have stable refraction. Contraindications include the use of certain ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p42.html

The Patient with Excessive Worry - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Worry is a normal response to uncertainty. Education, empathetic support, reassurance, and passage of time usually ameliorate ordinary worries. However, these common-sense strategies for dealing with transient worries often prove ineffective for patients with excessive worry, many of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1049.html

Diagnosis and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2009 - Gestational diabetes occurs in 5 to 9 percent of pregnancies in the United States and is growing in prevalence. It is a controversial entity, with conflicting guidelines and treatment protocols. Recent studies show that diagnosis and management of this disorder have beneficial effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p57.html

Management of Herpes Zoster (Shingles) and Postherpetic Neuralgia - American Family ...

Apr 15, 2000 - Herpes zoster (commonly referred to as

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2437.html

Acute Lumbar Disk Pain: Navigating Evaluation and Treatment Choices - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2008 - Acute lumbar disk herniations are the most common cause of sciatica. After excluding emergent causes, such as cauda equina syndrome, epidural abscess, fracture, or malignancy, a six-week trial of conservative management is indicated. Patients should be advised to stay active. If ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/p835.html

Identification and Management of Latent Tuberculosis Infection - American Family Physician

May 15, 2009 - Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a condition in which a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but does not currently have active tuberculosis disease. An estimated 10 to 15 million persons in the United States have LTBI. Because 5 to 10 percent of persons with LTBI ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p879.html

Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Lateral epicondylitis is a common overuse syndrome of the extensor tendons of the forearm. It is sometimes called tennis elbow, although it can occur with many activities. The condition affects men and women equally and is more common in persons 40 years or older. Despite the prevalence...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p843.html

Treatment of Panic Disorder - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia occurs commonly in patients in primary care settings. This article assesses multiple evidence-based reviews of effective treatments for panic disorder. Antidepressant medications successfully reduce the severity of panic symptoms and eliminate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p733.html

Cardiac Rehabilitation - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2009 - An estimated 80 million (nearly one in three) Americans have cardiovascular disease, which is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the United States alone, more than 850,000 deaths are attributed annually to cardiovascular disease, and more than 8 million Americans...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p955.html

Lipoma Excision - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - Lipomas are adipose tumors that are often located in the subcutaneous tissues of the head, neck, shoulders, and back. Lipomas have been identified in all age groups but usually first appear between 40 and 60 years of age. These slow-growing, nearly always benign, tumors usually present ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p901.html

Restless Legs Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Restless legs syndrome is a common neurologic movement disorder that affects approximately 10 percent of adults. Of those affected with this condition, approximately one third have symptoms severe enough to require medical therapy. Restless legs syndrome may be a primary condition, or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p235.html

Knee Joint Aspiration and Injection - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2002 - Knee joint aspiration and injection are performed to aid in diagnosis and treatment of knee joint diseases. The knee joint is the most common and the easiest joint for the physician to aspirate. One approach involves insertion of a needle 1 cm above and 1 cm lateral to the superior ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1497.html

Nonpharmacologic Management of Chronic Insomnia - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2009 - Chronic insomnia is highly prevalent in our society, with an incidence of 10 to 30 percent. It is a major cost to society in terms of health care expenditure and reduced productivity. Nonpharmacologic interventions have been studied and shown to produce reliable and sustained ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p125.html

Acupuncture for Pain - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2009 - Acupuncture is increasingly used as an alternative or complementary therapy for the treatment of pain. It is well tolerated, with a low risk of serious adverse effects. Traditional and modern acupuncture techniques may result in reported improvement in pain patterns. Research on ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p481.html

Treatment of Prostatitis - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - The term prostatitis is applied to a series of disorders, ranging from acute bacterial infection to chronic pain syndromes, in which the prostate gland is inflamed. Patients present with a variety of symptoms, including urinary obstruction, fever, myalgias, decreased libido or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3015.html

Chronic Nonmalignant Pain in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - A systematic approach to chronic nonmalignant pain includes a comprehensive evaluation; a treatment plan determined by the diagnosis and mechanisms underlying the pain; patient education; and realistic goal setting. The main goal of treatment is to improve quality of life while ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/p1155.html

Testosterone Treatments: Why, When, and How? - American Family Physician

May 1, 2006 - Testosterone treatment is controversial for men and even more so for women. Although long-term outcome data are not available, prescriptions for testosterone are becoming more common. Testosterone is used primarily to treat symptoms of sexual dysfunction in men and women and hot flashes...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1591.html

Management of Vaginitis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Common infectious forms of vaginitis include bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, and trichomoniasis. Vaginitis also can occur because of atrophic changes. Bacterial vaginosis is caused by proliferation of Gardnerella vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, and anaerobes. The diagnosis...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2125.html

Treatment of Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - Vulvovaginal candidiasis is considered recurrent when at least four specific episodes occur in one year or at least three episodes unrelated to antibiotic therapy occur within one year. Although greater than 50 percent of women more than 25 years of age develop vulvovaginal candidiasis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3306.html

Tourette's Syndrome - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2008 - Tourette's syndrome is a movement disorder most commonly seen in school-age children. The incidence peaks around preadolescence with one half of cases resolving in early adulthood. Tourette's syndrome is the most common cause of tics, which are involuntary or semivoluntary, sudden, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p651.html

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